paduasoy - a strong corded or gros-grain silk fabric, much worn in the 18th c. by both sexes, of which poult-de-soie is the modern representative. Also attrib., and ellipt. a garment of this material.

girdle - a corset, usu. elasticated, that does not extend above the waist + Mrs Anne Bracegirdle (1674- 1748) - English actress.

braces - suspenders, one of a pair of straps of leather or webbing used to support the trousers.

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 154: (of 18th century shopping) 'At "The Half-Moon and Seven Stars", in Francis Street, Irish poplin was to be had'

russet - coarse homespun cloth formerly used by country people + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 156: (of 18th century shopping) 'Damask, Tabbies, Ducapes, Lute String, Paduasoys, black calicoes, and russets for petticoats all could be seen at "The Blackamoor's Head", where the owner moved from Francis Street into Dame Street'.

blackamoor - a Negro; any very dark-skinned person; a devil + THE BLACKAMOOR'S HEAD - 18th-century shop in Francis Street, later in Dame Street. According to Peter's Dublin Fragments (156), paduasoys and "russets for petticoats" could be seen there.  

amongst = among

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 154: (of 18th century shopping) '"The Eagle and Child" was the abode of a chimney-sweeper'

corn - the seed of the cereal plants as a produce of agriculture; grain; corn-whiskey.

hay - grass cut or mown, and dried for use as fodder + Burgundy hay - wine made in Burgundy, a red wine resembling the Burgundy of France.

emptor - purchaser, buyer

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 157: (of 18th century shopping) 'at... the house known as "Black and All Black"... corn and hay were sold'. 

sweet Fanny Adams (Slang) = sweet F.A. - nothing at all

to speak aside - i.e. apart, so as to be inaudible to the general company

confidante - a female confidant + Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 32: (of the soprano of the old Italian school) 'she was always provided with a patient confidante, on whom she could conveniently lean in the intervals of her paroxysms'.

recooper - to repair faults in, recovery

cartwheel - hat with wide brim + (notebook 1922-23): 'cartwheel hat'.

hat + chapeau (fr) - hat + capote anglaise (fr) - (slang) french letter, condom.

thimble - applied (usually in pl.) to certain flowers and plants

baquet - a small tub + bouquet - a bunch of flowers + baquet (French, Slang) - vulva.

lallen (ger) - babble + lance (Slang) - penis.

git = get

portrait - a drawing, painting, or other delineation of any object; a picture (now rare or obs.) + (notebook 1922-23): 'Xmas pardon'.

orchid - any plant of the orchis family

ether - the clear sky


innocent - doing no evil; free from moral wrong, sin, or guilt (in general); pure, unpolluted.

unkind + (notebook 1922-23): 'The world had been unkind' + Cain - the proper name of the first fratricide and murderer.

odorous - sweet-smelling, fragrant

comparison - the act of comparing + In 'Much Ado About Nothing', Shakespeare gives Dogberry the line 'comparisons are odorous'. It seems he was using this ironically, knowing it to be a misuse of what would have been a phrase ''Comparisons are odious'' well known by 1598/99 when the play was written.


veritable + virid - green, verdant.

rainworm - the common earth-worm

night + (notebook 1922-23): 'An actress 'Then he has been so wonderful''.

Maha, Maya - mother of Buddha 

prana - in Hindu religion, the 'breath of life'; hence in extended uses, a life-giving force or inspiration.

tart - a loose girl, prostitute

obiter - something said, done, or occurring by the way. Also, an obiter dictum (thing said in passing).

dictaphone - phonographic instrument used as dictating machine

etymologist - one who treats of, or is versed in, the science of etymology; one who searches into the history and origin of words + entychia (gr) - conversation + entychalogistos (gr) - specialist in conversation.

praenomen - in Rom. Antiq., The first name, preceding the nomen and cognomen; the personal name; thus the prænomen of Marcus Tullius Cicero was Marcus +       prope-nomen (l) - almost name.

properispomenon - a word having a circumflex accent on the penultimate syllable.

dustman - a trash or garbage collector + Joyce's note: 'a dustman named Churches in the employ - of 'We have been discussing the case All the fellows -' Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'A dustman named Churches, in the employ of the City Corporation, said:- "We have been discussing the case at our wharf, and most of the fellows will sign the petition; in fact, I believe we shall all sign it. Bywaters is only a young fellow, and ought to be let off the death sentence. The woman dominated him and led him astray'.

FDV: A dustman named Churches in the employ of Bullwinkle and McHanger McTigue was asked the question in a hashhouse and replied: We have been just discussing this case. All the fellows say he is a game gamey one.

messrs - pl. of Mr.

salpetre - (so called because the salt occurs as an incrustation on stones) white crystalline substance having a saline taste; it is the chief constituent of gunpowder.

glint - to look quickly or briefly, peep, glance + Gleann-da-loch (glound'alokh) (gael) - Two Lake Valley, Co. Wicklow; anglic. Glendalough; monastic settlement founded by St. Kevin.

vexed question - a much debated or contested question

midday - the middle of the day, noon

collation - a light meal or repast

leaver = liver

bacon + buckrams (obs) - wild garlic.

steak - a thick slice or strip of meat cut for roasting by grilling or frying, sometimes used in a pie or pudding.

kidney pie - pie made of or containing kidneys

hushhush - secret + hash house - a cheap eating house + hash - a dish consisting of  meat which has been previously cooked, cut small, and warmed up with gravy and sauce or other flavouring.

Caoimhghein (kivgen) (gael) - "Comely-birth"; 7th century saint, founder of Glendalough; anglic. Kevin.

propagate - to spread from person to person, or from place to place; to disseminate, diffuse (a statement, belief, doctrine, practice, etc.) + propaganda = propagandize - to carry on a propaganda. Also, to disseminate propaganda.

nullity - the condition of being null or nought; a state of nothingness

crush - destruction, ruin; an intense infatuation; a tightly packed crowd

calamus (l) - pen, reed

cemented - treated with cement + demented - out of one's mind, crazed, mad; infatuated.

brick - a good fellow

buck - to act in opposition to, oppose, resist

(notebook 1922-23): 'a taxicab driver' + Joyce's levels: A more than usually sober [3taxidriverA>trapdriverB>cardriver<B<A3]...

jauntingly - in a jaunty, gay or airy manner

hose - to water or drench with a hose + FDV: A taxi driver took a strong view and said: He Earywigger is a damned scoundrel in private life but folks say he has parliamentary privilege.

runabout - a small light horse-vehicle + song The Irish Jaunting Car + Joyce;s note: 'a runabout'.

Carlyle, Jane Welsh (1801-66) - wife of Thomas, subject of Landor's poem, "Jenny Kissed Me," which is faintly echoed here + (notebook 1923): 'Ginger Jane (car)'. 

take a short view - to think of possible results in the near future when considering something + Joyce's note: 'took a strong view' Daily Mail 23 Jan 1923, 10/4: 'Prison for Typist. Release Before Her Child Arrives': 'In passing sentence Mr. Francis, the Magistrate, said... "I take a strong view... that no child should be born in prison"'.

lorry - a long flat wagon without sides running on four low wheels + Joyce's levels: [3B>He talked A>Lorry hosed<A3] as he [3workedA>talked<A3] . . . . + song The Irish Jaunting Car: 'It belongs to Larry Doolin'. 

rewriteman - a newspaperman who specializes in rewriting (to write in reply; to make revision of, to alter previously published material).

pink - holding to have advanced liberal or moderately radical political views

joint - joined, united, combined

reformer - an advocate or supporter of political or parliamentary reform + Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'A taxicab driver: Bywaters is a silly young fellow, but he ought not to pay the full penalty'.

Joyce's note: 'folks'

brehon - one of the class of lawyers in ancient Ireland

Eiskaffee (ger) - iced coffee

Louigi - Mr Wilder says, a fashionable London restaurateur

mon foie (fr) - my liver + ma foi! (fr) - really!, to be sure!

have + ave (Portuguese) - bird.

omelet - a dish mainly consisting of eggs whipped up, seasoned, and fried

Leber (ger) - liver; heart (fig.) + mein lieber Gott! (ger) - dear God!

egg + proverb You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs.

poele = pole + pole (fr) - frying pan.

unbedingt (ger) - certainly, absolutely

perspire - to give out watery fluid through the pores of the skin; to breathe out, to exhale (obs.)

keep up appearences - to continue to do what is expected in public + tennis flannels - flannel trousers.

pant - to breathe hard or spasmodically, as when out of breath; to utter gaspingly.

infamation - the spreading of an ill report, defamation

flannels - garments of flannel, for boating, cricket etc.; spec. flannel trousers

fullblown - puffed out; in full bloom

frisky - lively, playful

trota (Italian) - trout, fish → trotarella = little trout + trotterella (Italian) - (he/she/it) trots along, toddles.

Joyce's note: 'a barmaid - it wd be a shame'