paduasoy - a luxurious strong corded or grosgrain silk textile that originated in Early Modern Europe, much worn in the 18th c. by both sexes, of which poult-de-soie is the modern representative. Also attrib., and ellipt. a garment of this material.

girdle - a corset, usu. elasticated, that does not extend above the waist + Mrs Anne Bracegirdle (1674- 1748) - English actress.

braces - suspenders, one of a pair of straps of leather or webbing used to support the trousers

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 154: (of 18th century shopping) 'At "The Half-Moon and Seven Stars", in Francis Street, Irish poplin was to be had.'

russet - a reddish-brown color: + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 156: (of 18th century shopping) 'Damask, Tabbies, Ducapes, Lute String, Paduasoys, black calicoes, and russets for petticoats all could be seen at "The Blackamoor's Head", where the owner moved from Francis Street into Dame Street'.

blackamoor - a Negro; any very dark-skinned person; a devil + THE BLACKAMOOR'S HEAD - 18th-century shop in Francis Street, later in Dame Street. According to Peter's Dublin Fragments (156), paduasoys and "russets for petticoats" could be seen there.  

amongst = among + FW changes level 9: 'amongst the climbing boys at the >his< Eagle and Child and over the corn and hay emptors at their Black and All Black,'... "In the addition, note that Joyce crossed off “the” before “Eagle and Child” and replaced it with “his”. The initial motivation for the overlay had not therefore been primarily to get that particular “HCE” in, though it may well have been for “corn and hay emptors”. But he spotted the target of opportunity and took it." (Bill Cadbury)

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 154: (of 18th century shopping) '"The Eagle and Child" was the abode of a chimney-sweeper' + The Eagle and Child is a common pub name. The pub's sign shows and eagle carrying a small child in a fold of cloth suspended from a claw. It is said to bear a resemblance to artistic representations of the abduction of Ganymede by Zeus in the guise of an eagle in Greek Mythology. + (HEC).

corn - the seed of the cereal plants as a produce of agriculture; grain; corn-whiskey

hay - grass cut or mown, and dried for use as fodder + Burgundy hay - wine made in Burgundy, a red wine resembling the Burgundy of France.

emptor - purchaser, buyer + "And the chimney sweeps and businessmen are further proof that it [pewty parlour] is a brothel, since they would be unlikely to be in a literal beauty parlour." (Bill Cadbury)

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 157: (of 18th century shopping) 'at... the house known as "Black and All Black"... corn and hay were sold'.

Mrs Fairfield Andrews - Rebecca West + sweet Fanny Adams (Slang) = sweet F.A. - nothing at all + (Adam's squeeze).

speak aside - i.e. apart, so as to be inaudible to the general company + aside - in theatre, words spoken by an actor and supposedly not heard by the other characters on stage.

confidante - a female confidant + *J* + Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 32: (of the soprano of the old Italian school) 'she was always provided with a patient confidante, on whom she could conveniently lean in the intervals of her paroxysms'.

stage whisper - in theatre, a loud whisper meant to be heard by the audience

recooper - to repair faults in, recovery + FW Changes at level 4: 'Mrs F_ A_ said, while <righting> recoopering her cartwheel hat,'

chapeau (fr) - hat + capote anglaise (French slang) - french letter, condom + cartwheel hat - a hat with wide brim (PICTURE) + (notebook 1922-23): 'cartwheel hat'.

thimble - applied (usually in pl.) to certain flowers and plants + Thomas à Becket - 12th century archbishop of Canterbury and contemporary of Laurence O'Toole.

baquet - a small tub + bouquet - a bunch of flowers + baquet (French slang) - vulva.

lallen (ger) - babble + lance (Slang) - penis + "with larrons o'toolers clittering up and tombles a'buckets clottering down" [FW 5.03-.04].

Sir Arthur Guinness + Siddhartha Gautama Buddha + Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

git = get + (Bhagavad) Gita - Hindu spiritual treatise.

portrait - a drawing, painting, or other delineation of any object; a picture (now rare or obs.) + (notebook 1922-23): 'Xmas pardon' + FW Changes at level 4: 'she hoped he would git a >Chrissmas< Chrissman's portrout with >hollegg< holleggs and ether <and two pound> >porcel< <because> as the worryld had been uncained.'

orchid - any plant of the orchis family

holler - a loud cry or shout + holly - any tree or shrub of the genus Ilex having red berries and shiny evergreen leaves with prickly edges + {she wishes for Earwicker what she wishes for herself, some fancy flowers and shouts of approval, as she receives after a successful performance}

ether - the clear sky + holly and ivy.

theatre + Feast of the Innocents - Childermas.

innocent - doing no evil; free from moral wrong, sin, or guilt (in general); pure, unpolluted + FW changes level 9: 'she hoped he would git a Chrissman's portrout >of orange and lemonsized orchids< with hollegs and ether >, from the feeatre of the incident >Innocident< <'.

unkind + (notebook 1922-23): 'The world had been unkind' + Cain - the proper name of the first fratricide and murderer.

odorous - sweet-smelling, fragrant

comparison - the act of comparing + In Much Ado About Nothing, Shakespeare gives Dogberry the line 'comparisons are odorous'. It seems he was using this ironically, knowing it to be a misuse of what would have been a phrase ''Comparisons are odious'' well known by 1598/99 when the play was written.

birthday + fruits ripened upon the birth of Buddha.

veritable + virid - green, verdant.


rainworm - the common earth-worm

climates + dermatitis - inflammation of the skin + klêmatis (gr) - vinebranch.

night + (notebook 1922-23): 'An actress 'Then he has been so wonderful'.'

entirely + untiredly + FW Changes at level 4: 'Then <he> it has been <so> such a <entirely> wanderful noyth en untirely, added she.'. "That she is “interfeud” in the beauty parlour suggests its rowdiness, and it becomes a “waistend” rather than “westend” place (with I take it reference to the bottom end of the waist). The climactic change at level 4 is from “he has been so entirely wanderful” to “it has been such a wanderful noyth untirely”. “Wanderful” was already there, suggesting straying, but now the “actress” is noting not the wonderful man but the wonderful night with him, with “untirely” suggesting an untiring performance. (Bill Cadbury)

Maha, Maya (-prajapati) - Buddha's stepmother, first woman admitted to a Buddhist order

prana - in Hindu religion, the 'breath of life'; hence in extended uses, a life-giving force or inspiration + prajna (Sanskrit) - intelligence, wisdom + pansy - a popular cultivated viola with flowers in rich colors.

tart - a loose girl, prostitute

obiter - something said, done, or occurring by the way. Also, an obiter dictum (thing said in passing).

dictaphone - phonographic instrument used as dictating machine

etymologist - one who searches into the history and origin of words + entychon (gr) - one met by chance + entychia (gr) - conversation + entychalogistos (gr) - specialist in conversation.

praenomen - in Rom. Antiq., The first name, preceding the nomen and cognomen; the personal name; thus the prænomen of Marcus Tullius Cicero was Marcus +       prope-nomen (l) - almost name + proper name.

properispomenon - a word having a circumflex accent (^) on the penultimate syllable [e.g. Iris (rainbow goddess), Menis (wrath of the gods)] + peri (gr) - around + smenos (gr) - beehive, swarm.

dustman - a trash or garbage collector + Joyce's note: 'a dustman named Churches in the employ - of 'We have been discussing the case All the fellows -' Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'A dustman named Churches, in the employ of the City Corporation, said:- "We have been discussing the case at our wharf, and most of the fellows will sign the petition; in fact, I believe we shall all sign it. Bywaters is only a young fellow, and ought to be let off the death sentence. The woman dominated him and led him astray'.

Sevenchurches - place near Glendalough + (Kevin).

messrs - pl. of Mr. + (*VYC*).

saltpetre - (so called because the salt occurs as an incrustation on stones) white crystalline substance having a saline taste, the chief constituent of gunpowder + charcoal & saltpetre & sulphur = gunpowder.

'(out of the) ash reborn' - a phoenix reference

prayer + FW level 4: 'in the employ of Messrs >Ashburn< <Bullwinkle> Soulpetre and McHanger >McTigue< M'Tigue >Ashburn> Ashreborn,  <prayermakers> prairmakers, Glintalook,'

glint - to look quickly or briefly, peep, glance + (take a peek) + Gleann-da-loch (glound'alokh) (gael) - Two Lake Valley, Co. Wicklow; anglic. Glendalough; monastic settlement founded by St. Kevin. There are seven monastic churches on that site.

(*IJ*) + FW level 4: 'was asked by the <brotherhood< sisterhood the >vexed< question'  

vexed question - a much debated or contested question

midday - the middle of the day, noon

collation - a light meal or repast + FW level 4: 'during the >his< midday repast >collation'

leaver = liver + {dustman is eating Prometheus' internal organs}

buckrams (obs) - wild garlic + "Liver and bacon. Steak and kidney pie. Right, sir. Right, Pat." (Ulysses)

steak - a thick slice or strip of meat cut for roasting by grilling or frying, sometimes used in a pie or pudding

kidney pie - pie made of or containing kidneys + Steak and kidney pie - a savoury pie that is filled principally with a mixture of diced beef, diced kidney (often of ox, lamb, or pork), fried onion, and brown gravy (PICTURE).

hushhush - secret + hash house - a cheap eating house + hash - a dish consisting of meat which has been previously cooked, cut small, and warmed up with gravy and sauce or other flavouring + FW level 4: 'of the spuds and tripes in a <hashhouse> hashhoush and, thankeaven, replied >responsed< impulsively'

thank heaven + Caoimhghein (kivgen) (gael) - "Comely-birth"; 7th century saint, founder of Glendalough; anglic. Kevin.

propagate - to spread from person to person, or from place to place; to disseminate, diffuse (a statement, belief, doctrine, practice, etc.) + propaganda = propagandize - to carry on a propaganda. Also, to disseminate propaganda.

nullity - the condition of being null or nought; in law, judicial declaration of invalidity of a marriage + FDV: A dustman named Churches in the employ of Bullwinkle and McHanger McTigue was asked the question in a hashhouse and replied: We have been just discussing this case. All the fellows say he is a game gamey one.

crush - destruction, ruin; an intense infatuation; a tightly packed crowd

aratar (Irish) - plough + Arthur.

calamus (l) - pen, reed + Arata-Kalama - hermit who sheltered Buddha.

cemented - treated with cement + demented - out of one's mind, crazed, mad; infatuated.

brick - a good fellow + prick.

buck - to act in opposition to, oppose, resist + fuck.

a taxicab driver (notebook 1922-23) Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'A taxicab driver: Bywaters is a silly young fellow, but he ought not to pay the full penalty' + FW level 3: A more than usually sober [3taxidriverA>trapdriverB>cardriver<B<A3]...

jauntingly - in a jaunty, gay or airy manner + The Irish Jaunting Car (song) + The Blooms basement kitchen features a "row of five coiled spring housebells" over "the recess beside the chimney pier" (U 670). Their function is to call servants. They go back to a time when the residents of 7 Eccles Street maintained a "downstairs" retinue, answering to one room or other according to which bell was rung, each bell having its own tune. The Blooms have no live-in maid, but the housebells are there all the same, and their presence is a reminder of a question never far from Bloom's mind: who at 7 Eccles Street is the master, who the servant? On June 16, the answer is obvious. Two things in particular torment Bloom when he thinks of Boylan's affair with Molly: the idea that he has become a servant in his own home, and the sound of (jaunty) jingle. (John Gordon: The Secret of Boylan's Bottom Drawer).

hose - to water or drench with a hose + FDV: A taxi driver took a strong view and said: He Earywigger is a damned scoundrel in private life but folks say he has parliamentary privilege.

runabout - a small light horse-vehicle + Joyce's note: 'a runabout'.

Ginger Jane (car) [notebook 1923] + Joyce's note: 'Ginger James (cad)'.

took a strong view (Joyce's note) Daily Mail 23 Jan 1923, 10/4: 'Prison for Typist. Release Before Her Child Arrives': 'In passing sentence Mr. Francis, the Magistrate, said... "I take a strong view... that no child should be born in prison".'

lorry - a long flat wagon without sides running on four low wheels + Larry (name of a cab driver) + FW level 3: [3B>He talked A>Lorry hosed<A3] as he [3workedA>talked<A3] . . . . + The Irish Jaunting Car (song): 'It belongs to Larry Doolin'.

hose (slang) - to have sexual intercourse, especially in casual circumstances 

rewriteman - a newspaperman who specializes in rewriting (to write in reply; to make revision of, to alter previously published material) + rewrite man - redact: someone who puts text into appropriate form for publication.

pink - holding to have advanced liberal or moderately radical political views

joint - joined, united, combined

reformer - an advocate or supporter of political or parliamentary reform + Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'A taxicab driver: Bywaters is a silly young fellow, but he ought not to pay the full penalty'.

folks (Joyce's note)

brehon - one of the class of lawyers in ancient Ireland + Brehon Laws - old Irish legal system which governed everyday life and politics in Ireland until the Norman invasion of 1171 (the word "Brehon" is an Anglicisation of breitheamh (earlier brithem), the Irish word for a judge). The laws were written in the Old Irish period (ca. 600–900 AD) and probably reflect the traditional laws of pre-Christian Ireland.  

Eiskaffee (ger) - iced coffee + Auguste Escoffier - famous 19th-20th century French chef.

Louigi - Mr Wilder says, a fashionable London restaurateur

Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin - famous 18th-19th century French gastronome

mon foie (fr) - my liver + ma foi! (fr) - really!, to be sure!

have + ave (Portuguese) - bird.

omelet - a dish mainly consisting of eggs whipped up, seasoned, and fried

Leber (ger) - liver; heart (fig.) + mein Leber (ger) - my liver + Mein Lieber (ger) - my dear + mein lieber Gott! (ger) - dear God!

egg + You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs (proverb).

poele = pole + poêle (fr) - frying pan.

unbedingt (ger) - certainly, absolutely + and be damned!

perspire - to give out watery fluid through the pores of the skin; to breathe out, to exhale (obs.)

keep up appearences - to continue to do what is expected in public + tennis flannels - flannel trousers.

pant - to breathe hard or spasmodically, as when out of breath; to utter gaspingly

infamation - the spreading of an ill report, defamation + knew how hard 'twas to collect information.

flannels - garments of flannel, for boating, cricket etc.; spec. flannel trousers + (different pair of trousers climbed the wall and trespassed on Eve's clitoris; it woke her up).

fullblown - puffed out; in full bloom

bradán (Irish) - salmon + Mary Elizabeth Braddon: Lady Audley's Secret (sensational novel about bigamy).

frisky - lively, playful + Frisky Shorty.

trota (Italian) - trout, fish → trotarella = little trout + trotterella (Italian) - (he/she/it) trots along, toddles.

a barmaid - it wd be a shame (Joyce's note) Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'A barmaid in the West End: It would be a shame if Bywaters died' + {barmaid on the bar car of the train}.