by the way - incidentally, as a side topic

craw - the stomach + soppper - one who sops (to dip, soak, or steep (bread, etc.) in some liquid) + crawthumper (Anglo-Irish) - ostentatiously devout Roman Catholic (pejorative) + grasshopper.

in addition - additionally

reade = red + Reade, Thomas, & Co - Mr Senn says, a Dublin cutler (one who makes, deals in, or repairs knives and similar cutting utensils).

cutlass - a short sword with a flat wide slightly curved blade, adapted more for cutting than for thrusting; now esp. the sword with which sailors are armed; Comb., cutlass-blade, etc.

centi- - combining form of L. centum hundred, used in the French Metric system of weights and measures to denote the hundredth part of the unit

hobson's choice - the option of taking the one thing offered or nothing [Joyce's note: 'Hobson's Choice']

aunt (Slang) - prostitute + ant + Isolde was Tristan's aunt. Freddy Bywaters here plays role of Tristan, Edith Thompson is Isolde, and her husband, Percy Thompson is king Mark. Freddy Bywaters stabbed and killed Percy Thompson on October 3, 1922 after the Thompsons attended a performance at the Criterion Theatre in London’s Piccadilly Circus.

bash - to strike with a heavy blow that tends to beat or smash in the surface struck

pitch black - extremely dark, intensly dark + FDV: Yes and when the waylayer aggravated assaulter [mentioning that he had loaded pistol, [there being just two alternatives [as either he would shoot him or, failing that, bash in his face beyond recognition,]] pointedly] asked him where he got the fender he was answered [by the aggravated assaulted] in a disguised voice that that was for him to find out? 

pointedly - with directness, explicitly, exactly

gall - assurance, impudence

vodka - an ardent spirit used orig. esp. in Russia, chiefly distilled from rye, but also from barley or potatoes + what + wódka (Polish) - vodka (from 'water of life').

blizzard - a furious blast of frost-wind and blinding snow, in which man and beast frequently perish

Thornton, Ned (Ellmamn says) or Dick (Stanislaus Joyce says) - original of Mr Kernan in Grace and Ulysses.

Kane, Matthew (d.1904) - original of Martin Cunningham in Grace (Dubliners) and Ulysses. He and Ned Thornton were cronies of John Joyce's. Kane drowned. 

fender - a metal frame placed in front of a fire to keep falling coals from rolling out into the room (PICTURE) + LDV: More than that when the waylayer (not a Lucalizodite) mentioning that he had a loaded pistol which left only two alternatives as either he would surely shoot him or, failing of that, bash in his face beyond all recognition, pointedly asked him how he came by the fender he was answered by the aggravated assaulted that that was for him to find out.

aggravated - exasperated, irritated, provoked

assaulted - assailed, attacked + aggravated assault - any of various assaults that are more serious than a common assault, especially one performed with an intent to commit a crime.  

snap - something worth securing or getting hold of, a good place or job; a sudden snatch or catch at something; Theat. A short engagement + snaps = schnapps - an ardent spirit resembling Hollands gin.

midweek - the middle of the week + Mittwoch (ger) - Wednesday (literally 'midweek').

sultry - associated with oppressive heat, passionate, voluptuous

showery - raining in showers; resembling a shower

transpear - to appear or become visible through something; also fig. to be apparent + FDV: But how correctly untrue. Six feet is not tall. + LDV: But how transparently untrue!

parson - person + person, gender, number, case (grammar terms).

lumber - useless odds and ends + number

euhemerema (gr) - success, good luck + marama (Serbian) - scarf.

arch of colours (rainbow)

flaggy - abounding with flags, soft and flabby, hanging limply + (notebook 1924): 'Flaggy Bridge' Connacht Tribune 19 Apr 1924, 3/3: 'Maintenance Contracts. District Roads': 'To maintain for 43 years, 400 perches, of road 16 ft wide, from Portumna to Gort, between Derrybrien Chapel and Flaggy Bridge' + Flaggy Bridge - roadbridge in County Galway, five kilometres east of Derrybrien on the Gort-Portumna road.

liv (Danish) - life + 'There is but one God and Mohammed is his prophet' (the shahada, the Muslim declaration of belief).

hir = her

New Bridge, in Leixlip, is probably the oldest bridge in Ireland, certainly the oldest on the Liffey river (built 1308).

chamber - in old revolvers, each of the barrels, and in new, each of the compartments of the breeching which contain the charge

shrievalty - the office or dignity of sheriff + FDV: Was it to explode & to force entrance that the man in a butcher blue blouse [from a men's wear store,] with a bottle of stout in his possession seized by the town guard in his very gateway was in the gateway.

butcher blue - a dressmaker's name for a particular shade of dark blue like the colour of a butcher's apron

able-bodied - in full health, robust + Abel.

men's wear - clothes for men

decisive - that is beyond question or doubt, that cannot be mistaken

single - mild ale or beer + LDV: Was it supposedly to explode or to force an entrance that the man in a butcher blue blouse from a men's wear store with a bottle of single stout in his possession seized by the town guard in H.C.E.'s very gateway, was in the gateway?

emerod - hemorroid

temperance - restraint; the proper mixture of elements or qualities + (notebook 1924): '*F* temperance hotel'.

gateway - gate

FDV: How true at first time of hearing his statement that he had had a lot too much to drink and was falling against the gate yet how lame proceeds his then excuse that he was merely trying to open the bottle of stout by hammering it against the gate for the boots, Maurice Behan, who threw on a pair of pants and came down in his socks without a coat attracted by noise of gunplay was in bed wakened up out of the land of byelo in bed by loud hearing hammering at emanating from the gate.  

soliloquizingly - rel. to talking to oneself, uttering in soliloquy (talking to oneself, uttering one's thoughts aloud without addressing any person) + paralysingly.

wretch - one who is sunk in deep distress, sorrow, misfortune, or poverty; a miserable, unhappy, or unfortunate person; a vile, sorry, or despicable person

Hengest and Horsa - brothers who led the Saxon invasion of Kent

[a] thoise fion ([a] hushe fin) (gael) - [his] capacity of wine

THE HOUSE OF BLAZES - 17th-century tavern on Aston's Quay + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 93: (of 18th century Dublin public houses and inns) '"House of Blazes" on Aston's Quay'.

THE PARROT - 18th-century tavern in the area near Christchurch Cathedral known as "Hell"

THE ORANGE TREE - 18th-century tavern in Castle Street + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 95: (of 18th century Dublin public houses and inns) '"The Orange Tree" was likewise in Castle Street, and "The Glibb" near to "The Sun". "The Parrot" was in "Hell"'. 

The Glibb - 18th-century tavern in Thomas Street, Dublin

THE SUN - (1) 18th-century tavern in Thomas Street, near Castle Street. (2) 17th century tavern in Nicholas Street. 

The Holy Lamb - 18th-century tavern in the old Corn Market + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 96: (of 18th century Dublin public houses and inns) '"The Holy Lamb" was in the old Corn Market' + the Father, the Son, the Holy Ghost. 

lapse - a slight error, a mistake + last but not least (phrase).

leash - to attach or connect by a leash

ram - to cram, stuff, thrust (a person or thing) into something

SHIP HOTEL AND TAVERN - It was at 5 Lower Abbey Street. In Ulysses, Stephen is to meet Buck Mulligan there, but doesn't [Joyce's note: 'Ship hotel'].   

distinguish + Muslim Ramadan fast is observed from dawn, defined as the time when a black and a white thread can be distinguished, till dusk (Muslims are not allowed to drink alcohol).

declose = disclose - to unclose, unfold, to show itself, to come to light.

Murray - Joyce's mother's maiden name + Angelus: 'The Angel of the Lord declared unto Mary...' (said at six in the morning, at noon, and at six in the evening).

Phil the Fluter's Ball - song by Percy French: "Have you heard of Phil the fluter / From the town of Ballymuck / The times was going hard for him / In fact the man was broke / So he sent an invitation / To his neighbours one and all / As how he'd like their company / That evening at a ball / And when writing out / He was careful to suggest to them / That if they found a hat of his / Convenient to the door / The more they put in / Whenever he requested them / The better would the music be / For battering the floor"
 

knock or run up against - to come across, to fall in with + LDV: How true on first time of hearing his statement that he had had a lot too much to drink and was only falling against the gate

pier - a pillar or post on which a gate or door is hung + (notebook 1923): 'gatepier'.

caterpillar (Slang) - soldier + William Blake: The Gates of Paradise: The Keys: 'The Caterpillar on the Leaf / Reminds thee of thy Mother's Grief'.

lamely - haltingly; imperfectly, defectively

hobble - to proceed irregularly and haltingly in action or speech

hoy - a cry used to call attention; a heavy or clumsy fellow + hobbledehoy (Colloquial) - a youth between boyhood and manhood (especially, a clumsy or awkward one).

pseudo- - fake, sham, feigned

Joacax - nickname of Joyce when at university + jokax (l) - joker.

'According to his own story to his theory' (Joyce's note) Freeman's Journal 11 Apr 1924, 5/5: 'Labourer Shot': (of shots fired in Waterford) 'According to his own story, Furlong was armed with a revolver and immediately returned the fire of his assailants... Furlong collapsed opposite his own door on a military ground sheet which, according to his theory, was placed there previously by the attackers to ensure correctness of aim'.

process server - a sheriff's officer who serves processes or summonses; an officer of justice under a sheriff, who executes writs and processes, distrains, and arrests

Zosimus - (1) 5th-century pope; (2) 5th century Greek historian who lived in Constantinople; (3) 6th-century hermit who came on every Good Friday eve to give the sacrament to St Mary the Egyptian in a cave on the banks of the Jordan; (4) a strolling band of Dublin, a beggar, sometimes called "the last of the minstrels"; (5) an illustrated Dublin paper (1870-1871) + Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves: 'Open Sesame!'

Staub (ger) - dust + bottled stout.

mortial - mortal + mortally - to an extreme degree, intensly.

hammer - to strike with or as with a hammer

magnum bonum - a bottle containing two quarts of wine or spirits; also, the measure of liquor contained in such a bottle + magnum bonum (l) - the great good.

curt - short in linear dimension, shortened

club - any club-shaped structure or organ

sore - severe, stern, hard, or harsh

savage - an uncivilized, wild person; a cruel or fierce person

bloody + bludgeon + LDV: yet how lamely proceeds his then explanation that he was merely trying to open the bottle of stout by hammering it against the gate for the boots in the place, Maurice Behan,

man about town - one who is constantly seen at public and private assemblies in 'town' + THE SWAN - Inn in the play by Charles Selby, "The Boots at the Swan" (1842). Jacob Earwig, the boots, is comically deaf. For much of the play he impersonates a policeman, gets locked in a closet after drinking too much, thumps loudly at the door, etc.  

Maurice (meaning "Moor") - one of the Man Servant's names (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

..."hastily / threw on a pair of old sir Bunchamon’s pants, stepped / into his shoes"... (Lost in the same stage as the line on FW 009.01, by the typesetter of the Finnegans Wake galleys. The result is an ungrammatical sentence, in which the reader is not allowed to know that Sigerson / Behan wears the handmedown trousers of his boss, HCE / Sir Bunchamon.) (Dirk Van Hulle / Lost & Found).

hald - hold + hand + LDV: who threw on a pair of pants and came down in his socks without a coat attracted by noise of gunplay was in bed wakened up out of the land of byelo in bed by loud hearing hammering at emanating from the gate.

bar - excluding from consideration, excepting, except + bare + barra (bore) (gael) - top, tip, point; bar, hindrance + bara (Irish) - palm of hand + barra (Arabic) - outside.

come down to tin tacks - to concern oneself with basic facts or realities ('tin tacks' is rhyming slang for 'facts') + tin tack - a tack, or short light iron nail, coated with tin + teinteach (tint'ukh) (gael) - lightning + tinnteach (Irish) - scabbard.

hop step and jump - a field event in which participants cover as much ground as possible by a hop, stride and jump in succession usu. after a running start + lamp + Ham, Shem, and Japhet.