by the way - incidentally, as a side topic

craw - the stomach + soppper - one who sops (to dip, soak, or steep (bread, etc.) in some liquid) + crawthumper (Anglo-Irish) - ostentatiously devout Roman Catholic (pejorative).

in addition - additionally

reade = red + Reade, Thomas, & Co - Mr Senn says, a Dublin cutler (cutler - one who makes, deals in, or repairs knives and similar cutting utensils).

cutlass - a short sword with a flat wide slightly curved blade, adapted more for cutting than for thrusting; now esp. the sword with which sailors are armed; Comb., cutlass-blade, etc.

centi - - combining form of L. centum hundred, used in the French Metric system of weights and measures to denote the hundredth part of the unit.

hobson's choice - the option of taking the one thing offered or nothing [Joyce's note: 'Hobson's Choice']

aunt (Slang) - prostitute

bash - to strike with a heavy blow that tends to beat or smash in the surface struck.

pitch black - extremely dark, intensly dark

pointedly - with directness, explicitly, exactly

gall - assurance, impudence

vodka - an ardent spirit used orig. esp. in Russia, chiefly distilled from rye, but also from barley or potatoes + what + wódka (Polish) - vodka (from 'water of life').

blizzard - a furious blast of frost-wind and blinding snow, in which man and beast frequently perish.

Thornton, Ned (Ellmamn says) or Dick (Stanislaus Joyce says) - original of Mr Kernan in "Grace" and Ulysses.

Kane, Matthew (d.1904) - original of Martin Cunningham in "Grace" (Dubliners) and Ulysses. He and Ned Thornton were cronies of John Joyce's. Kane drowned. 

fender - a metal frame placed in front of a fire to keep falling coals from rolling out into the room + PICTURE

aggravated - exasperated, incensed, irritated, provoked

assaulted - assailed, attacked + aggravated assault - any of various assaults that are more serious than a common assault, especially one performed with an intent to commit a crime.  

snap - something worth securing or getting hold of, a good place or job; a sudden snatch or catch at something; Theat. A short engagement + snaps = schnapps - an ardent spirit resembling Hollands gin + snaps (Danish) - schnapps, spirits.

midweek - the middle of the week

sultry - associated with oppressive heat, passionate, voluptuous

showery - raining in showers; resembling a shower

transpear - to appear or become visible through something; also fig. to be apparent + FDV: But how correctly untrue. Six feet is not tall.


feet - pl. of foot (12 inches)

parson - person

lumber - useless odds and ends + number

flaggy - abounding with flags, soft and flabby, hanging limply + (notebook 1924): 'Flaggy Bridge' Connacht Tribune 19 Apr 1924, 3/3: 'Maintenance Contracts. District Roads': 'To maintain for 43 years, 400 perches, of road 16 ft wide, from Portumna to Gort, between Derrybrien Chapel and Flaggy Bridge'.

liv (Danish) - life

hir = her

chamber - in old revolvers, each of the barrels, and in new, each of the compartments of the breeching which contain the charge.

shrievalty - the office or dignity of sheriff + FDV: Was it to explode & to force entrance that the man in a butcher blue blouse [from a men's wear store,] with a bottle of stout in his possession seized by the town guard in his very gateway was in the gateway.

butcher blue - a dressmaker's name for a particular shade of dark blue like the colour of a butcher's apron.

able-bodied - in full health, robust

men's wear - clothes for men

decisive - that is beyond question or doubt, that cannot be mistaken

emerod - hemorroid

temperance - restraint; the proper mixture of elements or qualities + (notebook 1924): '*F* temperance hotel'.

gateway - gate

soliloquizingly - rel. to talking to oneself, uttering in soliloquy (talking to oneself, uttering one's thoughts aloud without addressing any person).

FDV: How true at first time of hearing his statement that he had had a lot too much to drink and was falling against the gate yet how lame proceeds his then excuse that he was merely trying to open the bottle of stout by hammering it against the gate for the boots, Maurice Behan, who threw on a pair of pants and came down in his socks without a coat attracted by noise of gunplay was in bed wakened up out of the land of byelo in bed by loud hearing hammering at emanating from the gate.  

wretch - one who is sunk in deep distress, sorrow, misfortune, or poverty; a miserable, unhappy, or unfortunate person; a vile, sorry, or despicable person; one of opprobrious or reprehensible character; a mean or contemptible creature.

[a] thoise fion ([a] hushe fin) (gael) - [his] capacity of wine

THE HOUSE OF BLAZES - 17th-century tavern on Aston's Quay + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 93: (of 18th century Dublin public houses and inns) '"House of Blazes" on Aston's Quay'.

THE PARROT - 18th-century tavern in the area near Christchurch Cathedral known as "Hell".

THE ORANGE TREE - 18th-century tavern in Castle Street + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 95: (of 18th century Dublin public houses and inns) '"The Orange Tree" was likewise in Castle Street, and "The Glibb" near to "The Sun". "The Parrot" was in "Hell"'. 

The Glibb - 18th-century tavern in Thomas Street, Dublin

THE SUN - (1) 18th-century tavern in Thomas Street, near Castle Street. (2) 17th century tavern in Nicholas Street. 

The Holy Lamb - 18th-century tavern in the old Corn Market + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 96: (of 18th century Dublin public houses and inns) '"The Holy Lamb" was in the old Corn Market'. 

lapse - a slight error, a mistake + phrase last but not least.

leash - to attach or connect by a leash

ram - to cram, stuff, thrust (a person or thing) into something

SHIP HOTEL AND TAVERN - It was at 5 Lower Abbey Street. In Ulysses, Stephen is to meet Buck Mulligan there, but doesn't [Joyce's note: 'Ship hotel'].   


declose = disclose - to unclose, unfold, to show itself, to come to light.

Phil the Fluter's Ball - song by Percy French 

to knock or run up against - to come across, to fall in with

pier - a square pillar or pilaster; a solid structure of stone, or of earth faced with piles, extending into the sea or a tidal river to protect or partially enclose a harbour and form a landing-place for vessels + (notebook 1923): 'gatepier'.

caterpillar (Slang) - soldier

lamely - haltingly; imperfectly, defectively, inefficiently

hobble - to proceed irregularly and haltingly in action or speech

hoy - a cry used to call attention; a heavy or clumsy fellow + hobbledehoy (Colloquial) - a youth between boyhood and manhood (especially, a clumsy or awkward one).

pseudo - - fake, sham, feigned + jokax (l) - joker.

Joyce's note: 'According to his own story to his theory'

process server - a sheriff's officer who serves processes or summonses; an officer of justice under a sheriff, who executes writs and processes, distrains, and arrests.

Zosimus - (1) 5th-century pope; (2) 5thcentury Greek historian who lived in Constantinople; (3) 6th-century hermit who came on every Good Friday eve to give the sacrament to St Mary the Egyptian in a cave on the banks of the Jordan; (4) a strolling band of Dublin, a beggar, sometimes called "the last of the minstrels"; (5) an illustrated Dublin paper (1870-1871). 

bottled - kept or corked up in a bottle

stout + Staub (ger) - dust.

mortial - mortal + mortally - to an extreme degree, intensly.

hammer - to strike with or as with a hammer

magnum bonum - a bottle containing two quarts of wine or spirits; also, the measure of liquor contained in such a bottle + magnum bonum (l) - the great good.

curt - short in linear dimension, shortened

club - any club-shaped structure or organ

sore - severe, stern, hard, or harsh

savage - an uncivilized, wild person; a cruel or fierce person

man about town - one who is constantly seen at public and private assemblies in 'town' + THE SWAN - Inn in the play by Charles Selby, "The Boots at the Swan" (1842). Jacob Earwig, the boots, is comically deaf. For much of the play he impersonates a policeman.  

Maurice (meaning "Moor") - one of the Man Servant's names (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

..."hastily / threw on a pair of old sir Bunchamon’s pants, stepped / into his shoes"... (Lost in the same stage as the line on FW 009.01, by the typesetter of the Finnegans Wake galleys. The result is an ungrammatical sentence, in which the reader is not allowed to know that Sigerson / Behan wears the handmedown trousers of his boss, HCE / Sir Bunchamon.) (Dirk Van Hulle / Lost & Found).

hald - hold

bar - excluding from consideration, excepting, except + bare + barra (bore) (gael) - top, tip, point + barra (Arabic) - outside.

to come down to tin tacks - to concern oneself with basic facts or realities + tin tack - a tack, or short light iron nail, coated with tin + teinteach (tint'ukh) (gael) - lightning.

hop step and jump - a field event in which participants cover as much ground as possible by a hop, stride and jump in succession usu. after a running start.