whiten - to grow white, turn or become white

restraint - an instance of restraining or of being restrained

out corner - an outlying, remote, or out-of-the-way corner or spot

conservatory - a place where things are preserved or kept securely; a greenhouse for tender flowers or plants.

thermos - vacuum bottle

rhipidion (gr) - a small bellows + rhipis (gr) - a fan.

flabel - fan

walrus - the sea-horse

whisker - each of a set of projecting hairs or bristles growing on the upper lip or about the mouth of certain animals + bristle - a short, stiff, pointed or prickly hair or similar appendage on some animals.

tusk - a long pointed tooth + toothpick

compile - to collect and put together (materials), so as to form a treatise; to collect into a volume.

wild goose - a nickname for the Irish Jacobites who went over to the Continent on the abdication of James II and later; flighty or foolish person.

abusive - employing or containing bad language or insult; scurrilous, reproachful.

rejoicement - joy, exultation, rejoicing

fine + foinne (fwini) (gael) - knead, bake; dress; make tidy + fionn (fin) (gael) - fair.

ladies + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 566: 'The rejoicement of the Fian Ladies - an Ossianic air'.


milltown - a sort of drug + Milton, John (1608-74) - English poet, author of Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained. Milton was not just a poet, but also a politician, secretary to Cromwell, who was beastly to Ireland. Milton was a blind poet, like Homer + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 941: 'The Humours of Milltown. A Clare Jig'.

brewster - brewer + Noah Webster

collision - the coming together of sounds with harsh effect + collection

contestation - an act of contesting, competition

Eckermann, Johann Peter (1792-1854) - author of Conversations with Goethe

low water - a depressed, degraded or embarassed state

free - a person of noble birth or breeding; a knight or lady

celestial - a heavenly being; a Chinese

Cluain Tarbh (klun toriv) (gael) - Bull Meadow, site of Brian Boru's defeat of Danes, 1014; anglic. Clontarf.

firstnighter - a spectator habitually present at first night performances

informer - one who informs against another; one who lays an information; spec. one who makes it his business to detect offenders against penal laws and to lay informations against them.

old fruit - a term of familiar address

yellow - craven, cowardly

whiggery - rebellion

wheatear - a small passerine bird; an ear of wheat

goldy - golden, resembling gold + gold (Norwegian) - sterile, barren; dry, failing to give milk

geit - a border on a garment + gate + geit (Norwegian, Dutch) - goat.

backside - the rear, rump

song Yes, We Have No Bananas

YORK - City, Yorkshire, North England + some folk etymologies derive the name York either from Old English 'eofor wic': "boar place", or from Old English 'eorwic': "earwig" + York's Porker - combines Francis Bacon, whose town residence was York House, and Richard III, whose crest was a boar.  

porker - a young hog fattened for pork; a fat or porcine person + The badge of Richard III was not the White Rose, but a boar + porker (Slang) - Jew + song Hokey Pokey.

funny face - a joc. and colloq. form of address

bump - to strike heavily or firmly + song At Trinity Church I Met My Doom.

grease - the melted or rendered fat of animals; butter; flattery, wheedling

butter - unctuous flattery

opendoor - done with open doors, public

auspice - any divine or prophetic token; premonition; esp. indication of a happy future.

Cain and Abel

Swift called the Bank of Ireland "The Wonderful Wonder of Wonders" in a satire in 1720 + (notebook 1924): '8th wonder of world'.

to beat the price - to endeavour to bring down the price, to chaffer for the lowest terms.

moonface - a moon shaped face

hoary - having white or grey hair, grey-haired; ancient, venerable from age, time-honoured.

hairy - having much hair, hirsute; out of date, passe; frightening, crude, clumsy.

hoax - a humorous or mischievous deception, usually taking the form of a fabrication of something fictitious or erroneous, told in such a manner as to impose upon the credulity of the victim; one who is a deception, 'a fraud' + i.e. Jacob

sunburst - a sudden flash of sunlight [James Joyce: Ulysses.15.1469: 'Bloom's weather. A sunburst appears in the northwest' (at midnight)] +  song The Midnight Son.

remove that bauble! - Cromwell, when dissolving the Rump Parliament; bauble = mace; Earwicker was once a member of the Rump (see, 127.33); Joyce comments in his turn on Cromwell by rendering the order as 'remove that Bible' (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake).

hebdomadary - weekly + REVUE HEBDOMADAIRE - Weekly journal of literature and the arts, published in Paris since 1892. 


Tamerlane - lame Timur, appellation of Timur, the great Tartar conqueror 1335 - 1405.

tyrannous - marked by tyranny, opressive

blue clay - a clay of this colour + Buckley

tight (Slang) - drunk

acoustic - pertaining to the sense of hearing, used in hearing, auditory

dook - duck + Duke

ARGYLE - County, West Scotland. Scotland highlanders once said "God Bless the Duke of Argyle" when they scratched themselves. The Duke erected scratching posts for his cattle, and the herdsmen used them, too. 

W.D. - war department

gibbering - that gibbers (to chatter, talk nonsense); unmeaning; unintelligible

Mundzuk - Attila's father + Mund (ger) - mouth + Zucker (ger) - sugar.

growler - a four-wheeled cab; a container (as a can or pitcher) for beer

Burnham - the name of Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson, first Viscount Burnham (1862-1933), who was chairman of the Standing Joint Committee of Education Authorities and Teachers, set up on the 12th Sept. 1919; hence applied to the scale of salaries, etc., recommended by this committee and periodically revised + BURNHAM LIGHTHOUSE - Burnham-on-Sea, on the Severn estuary South-West of Bristol, in Somerset, England, has 2 lighthouses, one a unique wooden construction on the sands.

Bailey - the seat of the Central Criminal Court, so called from the ancient bailey or ballium of the city wall between Lud Gate and New Gate, within which it was situated.) + BAILEY LIGHTHOUSE - Lighthouse, South-East tip of Howth.  

artist (Anglo-Irish) - rogue

homely - belonging to home, familiar, intimate + holy

terry - Of pile-fabrics: Looped, having the loops that form the pile left uncutan; absorbent cotton or linen cloth used for making towels, beachwear, babies' napkins, etc.; in the U.S. called terry cloth.

cotter - an entanglement; fig. a difficulty, trouble, worry + terra cotta - a hard unglazed pottery of fine quality.

Waterford - city in SE England + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 450: '"Your welcome to Waterford"'.


ribbonman - a member of roman catholic secret society founded in Ireland in 1808 in opposition to the landlord class + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 993: 'The Ribbonman's march'.

lobsterpot - a basket or similar structure serving as a trap to catch lobsters + lobsterpot (Slang) - vulva + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 567: 'The Lobster pot'.

lordling - a little or puny lord: often in contemptuous sense + lard (Slang) - copulate.

Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 1144: 'Arthur of this town'.

hoosh - an exclamation used in driving animals, etc. + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 946: 'Hush the cat from the bacon - a Cork jig'.

Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 393: 'Leather bags Donnel'.

pauper - to make a pauper of; to reduce to the condition of a pauper + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 1416: '"The ace and deuce of pipering" - a set dance'.

Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 350: 'O'Reilly's Delight'.

borrel - a carpenter's tool for boring holes in wood + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 886: 'Kiss the maid behind the barrel' + achter de borrel (Dutch) - taking a drop, boozing (literally 'behind the drink') [borrel (Dutch) - a drink, a dram] + song The Piper's Tunes: 'He played of Bonaparte who crossed the Alps in winter, / The Union hornpipe, and the Killinick fox hunters, / The song of Patrick's Day, and the jig of Paddy Carroll / and each boy will Kiss the Maid behind the whiskey barrel.'

Gogmagog - a giant, a man of immense stature and strength

swad - bumpkin, lout; soldier + sweet

paddlefoot - infantryman

gouty - affected with gout

ghibeline - a member of an aristocratic political party in Italy supporting the authority of German emperors from 13 - 15 th. centuries.

Luther, Martin (1483-1546) - German religious reformer

hatch - to bring forth young birds from the egg by incubation

muddle - to mix up blunderingly or sophistically, to bungle, mismanage (an affair).

wedlock - the marriage vow or obligation, the condition of being married

tanner - one whose occupation is to tan hides or to convert them into leather; a sixpence (Slang) + Tanner, John (anglicized Don Juan Tenorio) - hero of Shaw's Man and Superman

make - a halfpenny (Dublin Slang)

connie - an unknown person, stranger

piebald - a person of mixed character, a mongrel + James Joyce: Ulysses.6.323: 'Piebald for bachelors' (Bloom musing on the colour of funeral horses).

puff puff - locomotive; an imitaion of the sound of a steam engine

purge - to remove by some cleansing or purifying process or operation, to expel.

Burke's pub, Dublin (which Stephen and Bloom are forced to leave at the end of Ulysses.14).

one of my cousins (Slang) - a whore


grunt - the characteristic low gruff sound made by a hog; an infantry soldier

factotum - a man of all-work; also, a servant who has the entire management of his master's affairs.

lycanthrope - a person displaying lycantrophy, warewolf

flunkey - a male servant in livery, esp. a footman, lackey; usually with implied contempt.

beadle - one who makes a proclamation, one who delivers the message; a parish constable + song 'Yankee Doodle went to London just to ride a pony'.

vamp - a simple musical accompaniment improvised for the occation; to  invent, concoct, improvise for a solo, to improvise tune.

Clontarf + Dorf (ger) - village.

on approval - goods sent to a customer for his examination only (without obligation to purchase) + (notebook 1924): 'one boot sent on approval' Connacht Tribune 26 Apr 1924, 8/5: (advertisement) 'Women's Farm Boots. The ideal Boot for all outside workers... ONE BOOT SENT on approval for 9d. in stamps'.

cumberer - one who cumbers (to occupy obstructively, to block up or fill with what hinders freedom of movement).

The Holy Ground, Cobh, County Cork: a red-light district where sailors used to enjoy themselves while ashore (song The Holy Ground is about it) + (notebook 1924): 'God's Ground'.

stodge - a slow plodding person + stage - conventionalized, stereotyped.

Irishman + Arschmann (ger) - assman.


yuke - itch, itching

tommy - simpleton, fool; a british soldier

furlong - eighth part of an English mile + Furlong, Thomas (1794-1827) - as Mr Staples says, Irish poet, author of The Plagues of Ireland (1824), a plea for Catholic Emancipation. 

plague - anything causing trouble, annoyance, or vexation; a nuisance; colloq. trouble.


cabbager (Slang) - a tailor

Ceannfhaoladh (gael) - "wolf-head"

nancy - an effeminate male, homosexual