whiten - to grow white, turn or become white

restraint - an instance of restraining or of being restrained

out corner - an outlying, remote, or out-of-the-way corner or spot

conservatory - a place where things are preserved or kept securely; a greenhouse for tender flowers or plants

Attempts to provide construction work in Ireland during the famine included 'famine walls'.

thermos - vacuum bottle

rhipidion (gr) - a small bellows + rhipis (gr) - a fan.

flabel - fan

walrus - the sea-horse

whisker - each of a set of projecting hairs or bristles growing on the upper lip or about the mouth of certain animals + bristle - a short, stiff, pointed or prickly hair or similar appendage on some animals.

tusk - a long pointed tooth + toothpick + walruses are noted for their bristly whiskers and their large tusks.

compile - to collect and put together (materials), so as to form a treatise; to collect into a volume

guineas + Guinness + wild goose - a nickname for the Irish Jacobites who went over to the Continent on the abdication of James II and later; flighty or foolish person.

John Milton: Paradise Lost [.07]

abusive - employing or containing bad language or insult; scurrilous, reproachful

rejoicement - joy, exultation, rejoicing

foinne (fwini) (gael) - to knead, bake; to dress; make tidy + fionn (fin) (gael) - fair + fine ladies (Dublin Pronunciation) + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 566: 'The rejoicement of the Fian Ladies - an Ossianic air'.

Milltown - district of Dublin + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 941: 'The Humours of Milltown. A Clare Jig' + Milton, John (1608-74) - English poet, author of Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained. Milton was not just a poet, but also a politician, secretary to Cromwell, who was beastly to Ireland. Milton was a blind poet, like Homer.

brewster - brewer + Noah Webster

collision - the coming together of sounds with harsh effect + collection

contestation - an act of contesting, competition

Eckermann, Johann Peter (1792-1854) - author of Conversations with Goethe + Battle of Inkerman, Crimea, 1854. 

low water - a depressed, degraded or embarassed state + Battle of Waterloo, 1815.

free - a person of noble birth or breeding; a knight or lady  

celestial - a heavenly being; a Chinese

Cluain Tarbh (klun toriv) (gael) - Bull Meadow, site of Brian Boru's defeat of Danes, 1014; anglic. Clontarf + (ladies, free, celestials, one shilling) [008.05-.06] [219.03-.04]

firstnighter - a spectator habitually present at first night performances + {the list contains 111 insults, starting with deflowerer of virgins, taking advantage of his 'droit de seigneur' [017.21]}

informer - one who informs against another; one who lays an information; spec. one who makes it his business to detect offenders against penal laws and to lay informations against them.

old fruit - a term of familiar address + fruit (Slang) - homosexual.

yellow - craven, cowardly

whiggery - rebellion

wheatear - a small passerine bird; an ear of wheat + wheat-ear - Gnostic appellation for Christ.

goldy - golden, resembling gold + gold (Norwegian) - sterile, barren; dry, failing to give milk

geit - a border on a garment + geit (Norwegian, Dutch) - goat + Golden Gate.

backside - the rear, rump + Bogside - Catholic district of Derry.

Yes, We Have No Bananas (song) + have a banana with (Slang) - to have sex with (a woman) + bad Anna.

YORK - City, Yorkshire, North England + Some folk etymologies derive the name York either from Old English 'eofor wic': "boar place", or from Old English 'eorwic': "earwig".  

porker - a young hog fattened for pork; a fat or porcine person; Jew (Slang) + The badge of Richard III was not the White Rose, but a boar. 'York's Porker' combines Francis Bacon, whose town residence was York House, and Richard III, whose crest was a boar

funny face - a joc. and colloq. form of address

Baggot Street, Dublin

bump - to strike heavily or firmly + At Trinity Church I Met My Doom (song).

grease - the melted or rendered fat of animals; butter; flattery, wheedling

butter - unctuous flattery

opendoor - done with open doors, public

auspice - any divine or prophetic token; premonition; esp. indication of a happy future + hospice - a lodging for travelers, esp. one run by a religious order.

Cain and Abel

Swift called the Bank of Ireland "The Wonderful Wonder of Wonders" in a satire in 1720 + (notebook 1924): '8th wonder of world' → Dupont: Le Mont Saint-Michel Inconnu 284: 'la baie du Mont Saint-Michel... la huitième merveille du monde' (French 'the bay of Mont Saint-Michel... the eighth wonder of the world').

beat the price - to endeavour to bring down the price, to chaffer for the lowest terms

moonface - a moon shaped face + Jack London: Moonface (story about the carefully-planned murder of John Claverhouse, a 'moonfaced man' with a 'Gargantuan smile', by a sullen unnamed narrator who finds 'an evil of a deeper sort' in his laughter).

hoary - having white or grey hair, grey-haired; ancient, venerable from age, time-honoured

hairy - having much hair, hirsute; out of date, passe; frightening, crude, clumsy

hoax - a humorous or mischievous deception, usually taking the form of a fabrication of something fictitious or erroneous, told in such a manner as to impose upon the credulity of the victim; one who is a deception, 'a fraud' + (i.e. Jacob).

sunburst - a sudden flash of sunlight [Ulysses.15.1469: 'Bloom's weather. A sunburst appears in the northwest' (at midnight)] + The Midnight Son (song).

remove that bauble! - Cromwell, when dissolving the Rump Parliament; bauble = mace; Earwicker was once a member of the Rump (see, 127.33); Joyce comments in his turn on Cromwell by rendering the order as 'remove that Bible' (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake).

hebdomadary - weekly + REVUE HEBDOMADAIRE - Weekly journal of literature and the arts, published in Paris since 1892. 


Tamerlane - lame Timur, appellation of Timur, the great Tartar conqueror 1335 - 1405

tyrannous - marked by tyranny, opressive

blue clay - a clay of this colour + Buckley + Baile Atha Cliath (Irish) - Dublin (Pronunciation 'blau clay').

acoustic - pertaining to the sense of hearing, used in hearing, auditory

dook - duck + Duke

ARGYLE - County, West Scotland. Scotland highlanders once said "God Bless the Duke of Argyle" when they scratched themselves. The Duke erected scratching posts for his cattle, and the herdsmen used them, too. 

W.D. - war department + His Grace (Protestant) Archbishop William King signed his letter to Swift 'W.D.' (for William Dublin) + W.G. Grace - famous English cricketer for over thirty years + woman's disgrace.

gibbering - speaking rapidly and unintelligibly, typically through fear or shock

Mundzuk - Attila's father + Mund (ger) - mouth + Zucker (ger) - sugar + Mondsucher (ger) - moon-seeker, lunatic + Saint Patrick was a Gentleman (nursery rhyme): 'His father was a Gallagher, his mother was a Brady... For his mother kept a small shebeen in the town of Inniskillen'.

growler - a four-wheeled cab; a container (as a can or pitcher) for beer

BURNHAM LIGHTHOUSE - Burnham-on-Sea, on the Severn estuary South-West of Bristol, in Somerset, England, has 2 lighthouses, one a unique wooden construction on the sands.

Bailey - the seat of the Central Criminal Court, so called from the ancient bailey or ballium of the city wall between Lud Gate and New Gate, within which it was situated + BAILEY LIGHTHOUSE - Lighthouse, South-East tip of Howth.  

artist (Anglo-Irish) - rogue

homely - belonging to home, familiar, intimate + holy

terry - Of pile-fabrics: Looped, having the loops that form the pile left uncutan; absorbent cotton or linen cloth used for making towels, beachwear, babies' napkins, etc.; in the U.S. called terry cloth + terra cotta - a hard unglazed pottery of fine quality.

cotter - an entanglement; fig. a difficulty, trouble, worry + "Old Cotter, puffing away on his pipe (a detail repeated four times in little more than a page of text), spitting "rudely into the grate," and fixing the boy with "his little beady black eyes," talks appropriately of "faints and worms". In an interesting bit of wordplay, Old Cotter becomes the "old cutter" responsible for having Osiris hacked to pieces." (Susan Swartzlander: James Joyce's "The Sisters") 

Waterford - city in SE England + Henry II landed at Waterford in 1171 and was welcomed by the Irish nobility + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 450: '"Your welcome to Waterford".'

ribbonman - a member of roman catholic secret society founded in Ireland in 1808 in opposition to the landlord class (they wore a green ribbon in their button-hole, Waterford was one of their strongholds) + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 993: 'The Ribbonman's march'.

lobsterpot - a basket or similar structure serving as a trap to catch lobsters + lobsterpot (Slang) - vulva + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 567: 'The Lobster pot'.

lordling - a little or puny lord: often in contemptuous sense + lard (Slang) - copulate.

Sir Arthur Guinness + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 1144: 'Arthur of this town'.

hoosh - an exclamation used in driving animals, etc. + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 946: 'Hush the cat from the bacon - a Cork jig'.

Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 393: 'Leather bags Donnel'.

pauper - to make a pauper of; to reduce to the condition of a pauper + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 1416: '"The ace and deuce of pipering" - a set dance'.

Persse O'Reilly + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 350: 'O'Reilly's Delight'.

borrel - a carpenter's tool for boring holes in wood + Stanford: Complete Collection of Irish Music as Noted by George Petrie no. 886: 'Kiss the maid behind the barrel' + achter de borrel (Dutch) - taking a drop, boozing (literally 'behind the drink') + borrel (Dutch) - a drink, a dram + The Piper's Tunes (song): 'He played of Bonaparte who crossed the Alps in winter, / The Union hornpipe, and the Killinick fox hunters, / The song of Patrick's Day, and the jig of Paddy Carroll / and each boy will Kiss the Maid behind the whiskey barrel.'

Gogmagog - a giant, a man of immense stature and strength

swad - bumpkin, lout; soldier + sweet

paddlefoot - infantryman

gouty - affected with gout + Yeats: Countess Cathleen.

ghibeline - a member of an aristocratic political party in Italy supporting the authority of German emperors from 13-15 th. centuries.

Luther, Martin (1483-1546) - German religious reformer (said to have suffered from constipation)

hatch - to bring forth young birds from the egg by incubation + give a cock's egg (phrase) - to send on a fool's errand.

muddle - to mix up blunderingly or sophistically, to bungle, mismanage (an affair)

wedlock - the marriage vow or obligation, the condition of being married + (get lucky before the wedding, i.e. pre-marital sex).

tanner - one whose occupation is to tan hides or to convert them into leather; a sixpence (slang) + Tanner, John (anglicized Don Juan Tenorio) - hero of Shaw's Man and Superman

make (Dublin slang) - a halfpenny

Saint Helena, named after St Helena of Constantinople, is an island of volcanic origin in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is part of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha which also includes Ascension Island and the islands of Tristan da Cunha. Saint Helena measures about 16 by 8 kilometres and has a population of 4,255 (2008 census). The island has a history of over 500 years since it was first discovered as an uninhabited island by the Portuguese in 1502. Britain's second oldest remaining colony (after Bermuda), Saint Helena is one of the most isolated islands in the world and was for several centuries of vital strategic importance to ships sailing to Europe from Asia and South Africa. For several centuries, the British used the island as a place of exile, most notably for Napoleon Bonaparte.

connie - an unknown person, stranger + Cromwell: 'Go to Hell or Connacht' (from Parliamentary act of 1654).

piebald - a person of mixed character, a mongrel + Ulysses.6.323: 'Piebald for bachelors' (Bloom musing on the colour of funeral horses).

puff puff - locomotive; an imitaion of the sound of a steam engine

purge - to remove by some cleansing or purifying process or operation, to expel

Burke's pub, Dublin (which Stephen and Bloom are forced to leave at the end of Ulysses.14) + Burke's Peerage - authoritative guide to the titled families of the United Kingdom.

one of my cousins (Slang) - a whore


peculiar people - the Jews

grunt - the characteristic low gruff sound made by a hog; an infantry soldier + George Stansfield 'Grey Owl' Belaney - an Englishman who pretended to be a Red Indian and wrote under the name of 'Grey Owl' + Grand Old Man - an epithet of Gladstone.

factotum - a man of all-work; also, a servant who has the entire management of his master's affairs

lycanthrope - a person displaying lycantrophy, warewolf

flunkey - a male servant in livery, esp. a footman, lackey; usually with implied contempt

beadle - one who makes a proclamation, one who delivers the message; a parish constable + 'Yankee Doodle went to London just to ride a pony' (song).

vamp - a simple musical accompaniment improvised for the occation; to invent, concoct, improvise for a solo, to improvise tune + vampire.

looney (Colloquial) - lunatic

Clontarf + Dorf (ger) - village.

on approval - goods sent to a customer for his examination only (without obligation to purchase) + (notebook 1924): 'one boot sent on approval' Connacht Tribune 26 Apr 1924, 8/5: (advertisement) 'Women's Farm Boots. The ideal Boot for all outside workers... ONE BOOT SENT on approval for 9d. in stamps'.

cumberer - one who cumbers (to occupy obstructively, to block up or fill with what hinders freedom of movement)

The Holy Ground, Cobh, County Cork - a red-light district where sailors used to enjoy themselves while ashore + Lord's Cricket Ground, London + (notebook 1924): 'God's Ground' → Garden of Eden.

stodge - a slow plodding person + stage - conventionalized, stereotyped.

Irishman + Arschmann (ger) - assman.


yuke - itch, itching + Iron Duke - a nickname of Wellington.

tommy - simpleton, fool; a british soldier

furlong - eighth part of an English mile + Furlong, Thomas (1794-1827) - as Mr Staples says, Irish poet, author of The Plagues of Ireland (1824), a plea for Catholic Emancipation. 

plague - anything causing trouble, annoyance, or vexation; a nuisance; colloq. trouble + pet peeve - a special source of irritation.


cabbager (Slang) - a tailor + Majesty = JFX Reserved Coppinger (Joyce's list of characters in I.3).

(horse racing)

Ceannfhaoladh (gael) - "wolf-head"

nancy - an effeminate male, homosexual