paleology - the science or study of antiquities + Paleologues - last dynasty of Byzantine emperors (1261-1453).

selfdenying ordinance - any course of action by which a person deprives himself of some advantage or benefit; act of 1645 preventing members of the English Parliament from holding military office.

Heiland (ger) - Savior + C. Hyland - manager of the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin, in the 1920s + Ireland.  

dissenting - a differing in opinion, disagreement + Upon leaving Ireland for Australia in 1856, Charles Gavan Duffy famously said: 'A change might come, but unless the existing condition of things alter, there is no more hope for Ireland than for a corpse on the dissecting-table'.

exhort - to admonish earnestly; to urge by stimulating words to conduct regarded as laudable

seir - seer + sir


Crumlin - district of Dublin + Kremlin - the citadel or fortifed enclosure within a Russian town or city; esp. that of Moscow.

broody - contemplative, (sullenly) meditative + bloody

gud (Danish) - god + Ulysses.1.366: 'fishgods of Dundrum'.

Gog - God

thim (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - them

brain + Brian Boru + slog (Colloquial) - to hit, to strike.

go bail - to be certain + you go bail - you can be sure.

Pott's fracture - a fracture of the fibula close to the ankle, of a type described by Pott (in Remarks on Fractures & Dislocations) and due to eversion of the foot; loosely, any fracture of the lower fibula

keddle - kiddy, kid + the pot calling the kettle black (phrase).

flat nose - one who has flat nose + (notebook 1924): 'Kettle Flatnose' Walsh: Scandinavian Relations with Ireland during the Viking Period 48: 'Ketill Flatnose, a famous chief in the Hebrides, all of whose family, with the exception of his son, Björn the Easterner, adopted Christianity'.

Nobody - name Odysseus called himself to the Cyclops

Polyphemus - One of Homer's cyclops, one-eyed giant, outwitted by Ulysses or Noman, who got him drunk and blinded him + 'Polyphemous is Ul's shadow' (Joyce's note, Buffalo notebook VI.B.10).

strokes (Cricket) + Saint Patrick landed in Ireland in A.D. 432.

Campbell, Thomas - South-African cricketer

nor nothing else no more nor me (notebook 1924) Connacht Tribune 19 Jul 1924, 3/4: 'Dunmore District Court': (husband's evidence in a marital dispute trial) 'I could not knock any rights out of her nor anybody else no more than me'.

Martel, Charles ('the Hammer') - 8th century Frankish general, best remembered for stopping the Muslim invasion of Europe at the Battle of Tours and for being Charlemagne's grandfather.

ag briseadh ag milleadh ag stracadh ag buaileadh (a brishe a mile a stroke a bule) (gael) - breaking destroying tearing beating.

Malbruk s'en va-t-en guerre - 18th century nursery song incorporated into Leoncavallo's opera + Marduk - Babylonian name of a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon, who, when Babylon became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi (18th century BC), started to slowly rise to the position of the head of the Babylonian pantheon, a position he fully acquired by the second half of the second millennium BC. In the perfected system of astrology, the planet Jupiter was associated with Marduk by the Hammurabi period.

Manchester + Majesty's + jester + His Master's Voice - gramophone record company.

couplet - a pair of successive lines of verse, esp. when riming together and of the same length + (notebook 1924): 'heroic couplet' heroic couplet - a verse form consisting of two iambic pentameters.

fugal - of, pertaining to, or of the nature of fugues

tropical - rel. to the tropics + trope - in medieval music, the interpolation of a short musical embellishment into the traditional liturgical plainsong.

elf (ger) - 11 + 1132.

obeyance - obedience + abeyance - temporary suspension.

bid goodbye to - to say farewell + bite one's thumbs - indication of anger or vexation; in Italy, an expression of contempt + Finn burnt his thumb while cooking the salmon of wisdom and bit it to ease the pain, thereby obtaining absolute wisdom and knowledge of all things.

bandoleer - a broad belt, worn over the shoulder and across the breast (fitted with little loops, in which cartridges are suspended)

eer (Dutch) - honour + 'Off to Philadelphia in the Morning' - song about the Irish emigration to the US ('With my bundle on my shoulder / There's no one could be bolder / and I'm off to Philadelphia in the morning'). 

drip drop - continuous dripping with alteration of sound + drap = drop.

polder - a piece of low-lying land reclaimed from the sea, a lake, or a river, from which it is protected by dikes: so called in the Netherlands; rarely used of similar land in other countries.

Hubble, Jack - English cricketer + Hurdle Ford (name of Dublin).

slouch - a stooping, or bending forward of the head and shoulders, in walking; a walk or gait characterized by this

slips - bathing drawers

backword - rude answer + slips, backward - cricket terms pertaining to a player's position + Joyce's note: 'backwards = tamer leaves cage'.

Healy, Timothy Michael (1855-1931) - Irish politician, protégé of Parnell's, ratted on Parnell and joined the wolves and priests who hunted Parnell to death. Healy's clerical alliance explains FW's sneering references to him as "Healy Mary"; but Healy is most steadily seen as the disciple who dipped his hand in the same bowl and then betrayed Christ. Judas-Healy fits with the Healy-as-Brutus of Joyce's first-published, now lost work, a poem on the death of Parnell, "Et Tu Healy" + et cur Heli (l) - and why Heli? (modeled on 'et tu Brute?' - and even you, Brutus?) 

duff - dough, paste; worthless, spurious, false + deaf and dumb + Charles Gavan Duffy - Irish nationalist, co-founder of The Nation, and later an Australian politician [.02] [.21] + LDV: he left the scene, after exhorting him to come outside so as he could burst him all up and proceeded in the direction of the deaf and dumb institution.

lurch - to remain in or about a place furtively or secretly, esp. with evil design

moonshiny - insubstantial or unreal, visionary, nonsensical + Moonshine Gorge - a gorge in the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

gorge - a narrow opening between hills; a ravine with rocky walls, esp. one that gives passage to a stream

bach - a small house + Bach (ger) - rivulet + pat self on the back.

adieu - an expression of kind wishes at the parting of friends, sinking into a mere formula of civility at parting. Good-bye! farewell! + adyö (Volapük) - adieu.

Rochelle - a seaport of western France. In the 16th century, it was the chief stronghold of the Huguenots; besieged by Richelieu 1627-28, it capitulated after great suffering + Balfe: The Siege of Rochelle (opera).

exitur (l) - there is exiting, a going out takes place + exitus (l) - a going-out.

bully - worthy, 'jolly', admirable; resembling a bully or ruffian + bullock - Orig. a young bull, or bull calf; but afterwards, and in later times always, a castrated bull, an ox + Clontarf (site of the famous battle of Brian Boru) means 'Bull Meadow' (from Irish Cluain Tarbh).

acre - a definite measure of land, originally as much as a yoke of oxen could plough in a day + BULLY ACRE - Ancient cemetery of Kilmainham, corner of SCR and Royal Hospital Road. Closed 1832 after thousands of burials in cholera epidemic. 

sieging - the action of besieging, a siege

archi- - first in authourity or order + citadel - the fortress commanding a city, which it serves both to protect and to keep in subjection + THE CASTLE - Dublin Castle, was first built on the site of an early Danish fortress by Henry de Londres, ca 1220; Originally a rectangular fortress, with 4 towers and a moat fed by the Poddie River, it was extensively rebuilt, esp in the 18th century. 

nestor - a wise elder counselor, a grand old man + Nestor - aged king of Pylos in Homeric poems.

Alexis - "Help": name of a shepherd in Vergil's 2nd Eclogue

wink - to give the tip, to make a sign + give the word - to utter the password in answer to a sentinel's challenge.

bar le duc - any preserve of whole fruit (as berries) + BAR-LE-DUC - Town, North-East France, South of Verdun. In the siege of the fortress of Verdun, 1916, it was the railhead for the fortifications. 

deoch an dorais (d'ukh un durish) (gael) - drink at the door, parting drink

BERGEN-OP-ZOOM - Town in Netherlands, at mouth of Zoom River, on the Scheldt estuary. Former a strongly fortified town, besieged in 1588, 1622, 1747, 1795, and 1814-15 + bangen (ger) - be afraid + bangen (Dutch) - those who are afraid + op (Dutch) - on.

yed - a song, poem, tale + yed (Volapük) - yet.

oxman - man who tends or drives oxen + wold - elevated piece of open country + Oxmantown - part of North Dublin (named after 'Oxman': 'Ostman': Eastman: Viking).

chambered - furnished with a chamber or chambers. In Archćol., applied to a tomb containing a chamber or vault for the deposition of the dead; shut up in a chamber

cairn - a pyramid of rough stones, raised for a memorial or mark of some kind + chambered cairn - stone-age burial monument, consisting of a cairn or pile of stones enclosing a chamber.

cloudlet - a little cloud + litter - material used as bedding for animals; odds and ends, fragments and leavings lying about.

browse - the action of browsing (feeding upon young shoots and leaves of trees and shrubs)

coombe - a deep narrow valley, a valley on the flank of a hill + up hill and down dale - all over the place + (notebook 1923): 'Coombe' → Corkery: The Hounds of Banba 39: 'On the Heights': 'remembering how warm it had been in the coom'.

eolith - the name given to certain flints which have been found in Tertiary deposits in England, France, and elsewhere, which have been claimed to be the earliest traces of human handiwork, but whose origin is much disputed + (notebook 1922-23): 'eoliths of Kentish weald' + Vulgate John 19:13: 'lithostrotos' (Latin 'mosaic pavement'; on which Pilate's judgement seat was placed on Good Friday) + eolithostroton (gr) - piece of dawn-stone-paving + eos (gr) - dawn + lithos (gr) - stone + strosis (gr) - paving + eolith (gr) - primitive stone instrument, stone age chipped flint + neo lithostrôton (gr) - new stone pavement.

Culog (kulog) (gael) - Back-part; Little pocket; N.E. Dublin suburb.

Ath-na-Scairbhe (aneskervi) (gael) - Ford of the Rocky Shallow; town, Co. Wicklow, S. of Dublin.

rectiline - taking or having the course of a straight line; characterized by stright lines

evaluation - the action of evaluating or determining the value of + evolution

Oliver - one of the two most famous of Charlemagne's twelve paladins + Oliver's lambs - Irish name for Cromwell's soldiers.

scatterling - a wandering or vagabond person, a vagrant

herd - a keeper of a herd, a herdsman; a spiritual shepherd, a pastor

paladin - originally one of Charlemagne's twelve knights; a Knight of the Round Table; also fig. a knightly hero, renowned champion, knight errant

nubilus (l) - cloud + nubila (l) - clouds (i.e. little clouds).

cumulus - one of the simple forms of clouds, consisting of rounded masses heaped upon each other and resting on a nearly horizontal base. Frequent in the summer sky, where it often presents the appearance of snowy mountain-masses + cumulus (l) - a heap, a pile.

same - exactly in the same manner

lancer - a (cavalry) soldier armed with a lance

There is a legend that King Arthur will awaken and return to earth when his horn is blown; a similar legend exists of Finn MacCool (and many other legendary heroes).