paleology - the science or study of antiquities + Paleologues - last dynasty of Byzantine emperors (1261-1453).

selfdenying ordinance - any course of action by which a person deprives himself of some advantage or benefit (Another member now proposed that no member of Parliament, whether of Lords or Commons, should hold any Government post, either as an officer in the army or in any other way. This he proposed, so that men like Essex, Manchester, Waller, and others, who had proved themselves to be poor generals, should be obliged to lay down their command. Then the Parliament would be free to choose what leaders they liked. At first the lords would not hear of this proposal. The nobles had always been leaders of the army, and they wished still to remain so; but after some time they gave way, and the famous Act, called the Self-Denying Ordinance, was passed. By this, every officer who was a member of Parliament was obliged to give up his command within forty days - English Civil War).

Heiland (ger) - Savior

dissenting - a differing in opinion, disagreement + dissecting

exhort - to admonish earnestly; to urge by stimulating words to conduct regarded as laudable.

seir - seer + sir


Kremlin - the citadel or fortifed enclosure within a Russian town or city; esp. that of Moscow.

broody - contemplative, (sullenly) meditative + bloody

gud (Danish) - god + James Joyce: Ulysses.1.366: 'fishgods of Dundrum'.

Gog - God

thim (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - them

slog (Colloquial) - to hit, to strike

to go bail - to be certain + you go bail - you can be sure.

Pott's fracture - a fracture of the fibula close to the ankle, of a type described by Pott (in Remarks on Fractures & Dislocations (1769) 57-64) and due to eversion of the foot; loosely, any fracture of the lower fibula.

keddle - kiddy, kid + (notebook 1924): 'Kettle Flatnose' + Ketil Flatneb - one of the Viking conquerors of Dublin, father of Aud + phrase the pot calling the kettle black.

flat nose - one who has flat nose + Walsh: Scandinavian Relations with Ireland during the Viking Period 48: 'Ketill Flatnose, a famous chief in the Hebrides, all of whose family, with the exception of his son, Björn the Easterner, adopted Christianity'.

"Nobody" - name Odysseus called himself to the Cyclops

Polyphemus - One of Homer's cyclops, one-eyed giant, outwitted by Ulysses or Noman, who got him drunk and blinded him.  

Connacht Tribune 19 Jul 1924, 3/4: 'Dunmore District Court': (husband's evidence in a marital dispute trial) 'I could not knock any rights out of her nor anybody else no more than me' [(notebook 1924): 'nor nothing else no more nor me'].

ag briseadh ag milleadh ag stracadh ag buaileadh (a brishe a mile a stroke a bule) (gael) - breaking destroying tearing beating.

song Malbruk s'en va

couplet - a pair of successive lines of verse, esp. when riming together and of the same length + (notebook 1924): 'heroic couplet'.

fugal - of, pertaining to, or of the nature of fugues

tropical - rel. to the tropics + topical - the subject of a discourse, argument, or literary composition; a matter treated in speech or writing; a theme.

elf (ger) - 11


obeyance - obedience

to bid goodbye to - to say farewell + to bite one's thumbs - indication of anger or vexation.

bandoleer - a broad belt, worn over the shoulder and across the breast (fitted with little loops, in which cartridges are suspended).

over + eer (Dutch) - honour.


drip drop - continuous dripping with alteration of sound + drap = drop.

polder - a piece of low-lying land reclaimed from the sea, a lake, or a river, from which it is protected by dikes: so called in the Netherlands; rarely used of similar land in other countries.

song "Off to Philadelphia in the Morning," about the Irish emigration to the US ('With my bundle on my shoulder / There's no one could be bolder / and I'm off to Philadelphia in the morning'). 

slouch - a stooping, or bending forward of the head and shoulders, in walking; a walk or gait characterized by this.

slips - bathing drawers

backword - rude answer + backwards

Healy, Timothy Michael (1855-1931) - Irish politician, protégé of Parnell's, ratted on Parnell and joined the wolves and priests who hunted Parnell to death. Healy's clerical alliance explains FW's sneering references to him as "Healy Mary"; but Healy is most steadily seen as the disciple who dipped his hand in the same bowl and then betrayed Christ. Judas-Healy fits with the Healy-as-Brutus of Joyce's first-published, now lost work, a poem on the death of Parnell, "Et Tu Healy" + et cur Heli (l) - and why Heli? (modeled on et tu Brute? - and even you, Brutus?) 

duff - dough, paste; worthless, spurious, false, bad + deaf

lurch - to remain in or about a place furtively or secretly, esp. with evil design

moonshiny - insubstantial or unreal, visionary, nonsensical

gorge - a narrow opening between hills; a ravine with rocky walls, esp. one that gives passage to a stream.

bach - a small house + Bach (ger) - rivulet.

adieu - an expression of kind wishes at the parting of friends, sinking into a mere formula of civility at parting. Good-bye! farewell! + adyö (Volapük) - adieu.

Rochelle - a seaport of western France. In the 16th century, it was the chief stronghold of the Huguenots; besieged by Richelieu 1627-28, it capitulated after great suffering.

exitur (l) - there is exiting, a going out takes place + exitus (l) - a going-out.

bully - worthy, 'jolly', admirable; resembling a bully or ruffian + bullock - Orig. a young bull, or bull calf; but afterwards, and in later times always, a castrated bull, an ox.

acre - a definite measure of land, originally as much as a yoke of oxen could plough in a day + BULLY ACRE - Ancient cemetery of Kilmainham, corner of SCR and Royal Hospital Road. Closed 1832 after thousands of burials in cholera epidemic. 

sieging - the action of besieging, a siege

archi - - first in authourity or order

citadel - the fortress commanding a city, which it serves both to protect and to keep in subjection + THE CASTLE - Dublin Castle, was first built on the site of an early Danish fortress by Henry de Londres, ca 1220; Originally a rectangular fortress, with 4 towers and a moat fed by the Poddie River, it was extensively rebuilt, esp in the 18th century. 

nestor - a wise elder counselor, a grand old man + Nestor - aged king of Pylos in Homeric poems.

Alexis - "Help": name of a shepherd in Vergil's 2nd Eclogue

wink - to give the tip, to make a sign

to give the word - to utter the password in answer to a sentinel's challenge

bar le duc - any preserve of whole fruit (as berries) + BAR-LE-DUC - Town, North-East France, South of Verdun. In the siege of the fortress of Verdun, 1916, it was the railhead for the fortifications. 

deoch an dorais (d'ukh un durish) (gael) - drink at the door, parting drink

BERGEN-OP-ZOOM - Town, North Brabant province, South Neth, at mouth of Zoom River, on the Scheldt estuary. Former a strongly fortified town, besieged in 1588, 1622, 1747, 1795, and 1814-15 + bangen (ger) - be afraid + bangen (Dutch) - those who are afraid + op (Dutch) - on.

yed - a song, poem, tale + yet + yed (Volapük) - yet.

oxman - man who tends or drives oxen

chambered - furnished with a chamber or chambers. In Archæol., applied to a tomb containing a chamber or vault for the deposition of the dead; shut up in a chamber.

cairn - a pyramid of rough stones, raised for a memorial or mark of some kind

cloudlet - a little cloud + litter - material used as bedding for animals; odds and ends, fragments and leavings lying about.

browse - the action of browsing (feeding upon young shoots and leaves of trees and shrubs).

coombe - a deep narrow valley, a valley on the flank of a hill + (notebook 1923): 'Coombe' + up hill and down dale - all over the place.

eolith - the name given to certain flints which have been found in Tertiary deposits in England, France, and elsewhere, which have been claimed to be the earliest traces of human handiwork, but whose origin is much disputed + (notebook 1922-23): 'eoliths of Kentish weald' + Vulgate John 19:13: 'lithostrotos' (Latin 'mosaic pavement'; on which Pilate's judgement seat was placed on Good Friday) + eolithostroton (gr) - piece of dawn-stone-paving + eos (gr) - dawn + lithos (gr) - stone + strosis (gr) - paving.

Culog (kulog) (gael) - Back-part; Little pocket; N.E. Dublin suburb.

Ath-na-Scairbhe (aneskervi) (gael) - Ford of the Rocky Shallow; town, Co. Wicklow, S. of Dublin.

rectiline - taking or having the course of a straight line; characterized by stright lines.

evaluation - the action of evaluating or determining the value of + evolution

scatterling - a wandering or vagabond person, a vagrant

herd - a keeper of a herd, a herdsman; a spiritual shepherd, a pastor

paladin - a Knight of the Round Table; also fig. a knightly hero, renowned champion, knight errant.

nubilus (l) - cloud + nubila (l) - clouds (i.e. little clouds).

cumulus - one of the simple forms of clouds, consisting of rounded masses heaped upon each other and resting on a nearly horizontal base. Frequent in the summer sky, where it often presents the appearance of snowy mountain-masses + cumulus (l) - a heap, a pile.

same - exactly in the same manner

lancer - a (cavalry) soldier armed with a lance