skal (Danish) - shall

avant - onward! move on! go on! + Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin Amháin (Irish) - Ourselves, Ourselves Alone (slogan).

haught - haughty, noble, lofty

crested - furnished, topped, or adorned with a crest (a figure or device originally borne by a knight on his helmet; an erect plume or tuft of feathers, horse-hair, or the like, fixed on the top of a helmet).

elm = helm

valle = fall + vale of tears (phrase).

briers - troubles, difficulties, vexations + Joyce's note: 'On duty: Robert replenishes his briar' (early note, anticipation of the cad with a pipe) briar = brier - any of a number of prickly scrambling shrubs, esp. the sweetbrier and other wild roses; a tobacco pipe made from nodules borne at ground level by a large woody plant of the heath family.

greenman - a man enclosed in a conical framework covered with leaves and boughs to take a prominent part in the may day games + Joyce's note: 'greenman rise O' Douglas: London Street Games 59: 'Green Man Rise-O, a very old game... one of us lay down and cover his self with grass and the others run out and hide then they say greenman greenman rise up then he gets up and trys to catch them and the last one thats cort goes it --'.

dun - an ancient hill-fortress or fortified eminence (in the Highlands of Scotland, or in Ireland) + dún (Irish) - fort.

dale - a valley

ulv (Danish) - wolf

horn - a wind instrument more or less resembling a horn in shape, and originally formed of the horn of some beast, now made of brass or other material

skal (Danish) - shall

roll - (of thunder) to reverberate, to form deep continious sound + Lord Byron: Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage IV.clxxix: 'Roll on, thou deep and dark blue Ocean - roll!' + In the early Tristan and Isolde vignette (March '23), Tristan is called Robert Roly: 'Her role was to roll on the darkblue ocean roll that rolled on round the round roll Robert Roly rolled round.'

Roland and Oliver - friends in the Chanson de Roland and Ariosto's Orlando Furioso. They were killed when their rereguard was ambushed by the Saracens. Oliver counsels Roland to blow his olifant horn, to call back Charlemagne's main force, but Roland refuses. The Franks fight valiantly, but in the end they are killed to the man. Roland blows his olifant so that Charlemagne will return and avenge them. His temples burst from the force required, and he dies soon afterward.  

deye - dairymaid (a women employed in dairy or dairy farm) + days

Deus (l) - God + "because of Dyas in his machina," [055.34] + "You are flesh, and that is what you will remain. Elevate this state, rejoice, mix with godlike Spirit who is guest in you. Then you will attain divine confluence and stars will swerve from their path to accept you between them up there in highest heavens.'' (Necronomicon)

pro (l) - for + Genesis 22:1: 'And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am'.

Adsum (l) - I am here, here I am (in classic-centered schools [e.g. Clongowes Wood] schoolboy's response at rollcall "Present!") + Joyce's note, Circe: 'Allbrohome, Ad sum, Kate tip [8.8], (Sigla for Shem) sees jinnies through telescope,'.

Anima ad diabolum mene credidisti mortuum? (l) - Soul to the devil did you believe me dead? (Finnegan's Wake 5: 'Thanam o'n dhoul, do you think I'm dead').

festive - joyous, merry + Faust or Faustus - 16th-century magician who sold his soul to the devil, subject of works by Marlowe and Goethe + Thomas Moore, song: Silence Is in Our Festal Halls [air: The Green Woods of Truigha].

Troja (l) - Troy + truig (truig) (gael) - occasion, fact; cause, cause of death.

Thomas Moore, song: There Are Sounds of Mirth: 'There are sounds of mirth in the night-air ringing' [air: The Priest in His Boots] + "Suddenly I felt a blow inside of me, behind my throat, and the sound of a bell in my ears. I remembered what the Nagual had told Eligio and Benigno before they jumped. He said that the feeling in the throat came just before one was ready to change speed, and that the sound of the bell was the vehicle that one could use to accomplish anything that one needed." (Carlos Castenda: The Second Ring of Power)

patriarch - the father and ruler of a family or tribe; a venerable old man; in the Orthodox Eastern Ch., The title of the bishops of the four patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem + pan (gr) - all, everything + pantria (gr) - wedding.

Constantinople + "In 950 Al Azif was translated into Greek by the Byzantine Theodorus Philetas under the title Necronomicon, & a century later it was burnt at the order of Michael, Patriarch of Constantinople." (H. P. Lovecraft: History of the Necronomicon).

pullover - used attrib. or absol. to designate articles of clothing that are put on by drawing them over the head; spec. (chiefly in absol. use) a knitted or woven garment for the upper part of the body; a jumper or jersey + (getting up, not properly awake, mistakes pullover for pants).

Liverpool + (Finnegan's liver is damaged by boozing).

not a bit of it - not at all + sot - to make fool of, befool, to squander sottishly, tipple, guzzle.

parritch - porridge (pottage or soup made by stewing vegetables, herbs, or meat) + keep your breath to cool your porridge - look after your own affairs, and do not put your spoke in another person's wheel + brain's cooled porridge.

pelt - human skin (humorous or dial.); a skin of an animal worn as a garment

nasty + nass (ger) - wet.

drone - to give forth a continued monotonous sound; to hum or buzz, as a bee or a bagpipe

blood stream - the stream of blood circulating through the human system + bluid = blood.

acrawl - crawling (to move or progress very slowly)

puff - breath

piff - an imitation of a dull, abrupt sound

extremities - the uttermost parts of the body, the hands and feet

extremely - in an extreme degree; exceedingly, very much

Fionn-glais (finglash) (gael) - Clear Stream; N.W. Dublin district and stream; anglic. Finglas + feng (Chinese) - wind.

Pembroke - South-East district of Dublin

Kilmainham - South-West district of Dublin

Baile Dubhghaill (boyle dugil) (gael) - Town of the Dark Foreigner (i.e. Dane), N.E. Dublin suburb; anglic. Baldoyle.

humph - a sound expressive of doubt or contempt

... ina (Irish) - is a (literally 'is in his')

doge - the title of the chief magistrate in the formerly existing republics of Venice and Genoa + dose - a short slumber + (notebook 1923): 'Let lying doges sleep'.

weigh - to have heaviness or weight; to be of (much or little) value or account; to be regarded as considerable or important

raindrop - a single drop of rain + drip - a falling drop.

Rath Farannain (ra farenin) (gael) - Farannan's (masc. pers. name) Fort; S. Dublin suburb; anglic. Rathfarnham.