gleam - In early use, a brilliant light (e.g. of the sun). In mod. use, a subdued or transient appearance of light, emitted or reflected.

darkle - to show itself darkly; to grow dark + Joyce's note: '- darkle' → Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 176 (sec. 173): 'The adverbs sideling, groveling and darkling were originally formed by means of the adverbial ending -ling, but in such phrases as he walks sideling, he lies groveling, etc., they looked exactly like participles in -ing, and the consequence was that the new verbs to sidle, to grovel, and to darkle were derived from them by the subtraction of -ing'.

adown - to a lower place or situation; downward, down

afflue - to flow towards + fluvial - of or pertaining to a river or rivers + affluvialis (l) - pertaining to flowing towards + alluvial so and so.

laundry - articles (linen, etc.) that need to be, or that have been, laundered

leeward - situated on the side turned away from the wind; having a direction away from the wind + lea - a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock + or again it might be sundry articles of laundry reposing upon the sward greensward hard by in full expectation.

close at hand - near in place or time, close

expectation - the action of waiting

jog - to walk or ride with a jolting pace, 'to move with small shocks like those of a low trot'

dawdle - to idle, waste time + (notebook 1924): 'dawdle stray ass' ('ass' not clear; only first word crayoned).

methought - past tense of methinks

Broadstone railway terminus, Dublin

creeper - a plant that creeps along the ground, or (more usually) one that ascends a supporting surface, as ivy and the Virginian Creeper

glider - one who, or that which glides

flivver - a cheap motor car or aeroplane + fliers + flowers + livers.

hummer - an insect that hums; also, a humming-bird

vociferate - to utter in a loud voice; to shout out clamorously; to declaim or assert with loud vehemence

echo - Of persons: To repeat (sounds, words) in the manner of an echo; to repeat the words of, imitate the style or sentiments of (another person).

Sean (Irish) - John (Pronunciation 'Shaun') + Sean the Post - postman in Boucicault's Arrah-na-Pogue (welcomed by chorus of peasants shouting 'Sean! Sean!' when he appears on tower top after being given up for dead).

post - to put (a letter, etc.) into a post office or letter-box for transmission by the post

post - a single dispatch of letters (and other postal matter) from or to a place; also concretely, the letters, etc. collectively, as dispatched or conveyed, with that which carries them; the mail.

meseems - it seems to me

somewho - some one, somebody

amove - to stir up, to be agitated

clump - a compact mass or piece, a heap, a lump (often implying clumsiness of form)

mayhap - perhaps, perchance

flasher - an automatic device for alternately lighting and extinguishing incandescent lamps, as in advertising and warning signs; such a sign or signal itself

more'n - more than; also ellipt. = no more than + moren (Breton) - fog.

glow + glao (Breton) - rain.

similitude - the form, likeness, or image of some person or thing; resemblance, likeness

shaddo - obs. form of shadow   

laddo - lad, boy

bless me (Joyce's note)

will of the wisp - a phosphorescent light seen hovering or flitting over marshy ground. When approached, the light appeared to recede, and finally to vanish, sometimes reappearing in another direction. This led to the notion that it was the work of a mischievous sprite, intentionally leading benighted travellers astray. Hence the term is commonly used allusively or fig. for any delusive guiding principle, hope, aim, etc. + (notebook 1924): '*V* has a lamp lantern will o' the wisp' + Sean the Post (in Boucicault's Arrah-na-Pogue) carries a whip and a lamp on his belt.

'hand prop (pipe)' Joyce's note Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 17: 'Hand Props. -- The small articles used by actors on the stage such as keys, pipes, cigars, books, letters, whips, sticks, etc.'

prompt side - the side of the stage where the prompter takes up his position, usu. on the actor's left (U.S., on the right)

false pros (Joyce's note) Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 13: 'False Pros. -- A temporary proscenium erected inside the real one'.

earl - In England, Scotland, and Ireland, the title of a specific order of rank, corresponding to Count in the nobility of other European nations + Joyce's note: 'dressed like an earl' Irish Statesman 7 Feb 1924, 4/2: 'A Terrible Swell': (of a robbery) 'She went into the sweet-shop for bread, and the prisoner followed, dressed like an earl'.

classy - of high or superior class, stylish, smart

frieze - a kind of coarse woollen cloth, with a nap, usually on one side only; now esp. of Irish manufacture + (notebook 1924): 'indigo frieze'.

superior + sipario (it) - curtain in theatre.

ruggedness - Of manufactured objects: robustness, durability + Joyce's note: 'superior ruggedness'

braw - fine clothes, finery + indigo blue.

tracked (notebook 1924)

tramp - to tread (sheets, blankets, etc.) in a tub of soapy water, as part of the process of washing + (notebook 1924): 'tramped'.

ferrier - one who keeps or looks after a ferry + Ferrier, Pollock and Company - clothiers, Dublin + terrier.

mereswine - a dolphin or porpoise (OE. mereswín, lit. 'sea-swine')


Schultern (ger) - shoulders + (notebook 1924): 'coat on shoulder'. 

welted - Of boots or boot-soles: Furnished with a welt (a strip of leather placed between and sewn to the edge of the sole and the turned-in edge of the upper in soling a boot or shoe).

brogue - a rude kind of shoe, generally made of untanned hide, worn by the inhabitants of the wilder parts of Ireland and the Scotch Highlands

hammer - fig. To devise, design, contrive, or work out laboriously; to put into shape with much intellectual effort. 

sparable - a small headless wedge-shaped iron nail (stouter than a sprig), used in the soles and heels of boots and shoes + (notebook 1924): 'sparable soles iron heels' Connacht Tribune 26 Apr 1924, 8/5: (advertisement) 'Women's Farm Boots. The ideal Boot for all outside workers... sparable soles and iron heels'.

jacket - an outer garment with sleeves, reaching no lower than the waist, worn by boys (as an Eton jacket) and by men in certain occupations

providence - foresight, prevision; esp. anticipation of and preparation for the future

"The Garrison was far from being strong or well provided."

wooly - a woolen sweater, a garment made of wool

lisp - a sound resembling a lisp, e.g. the rippling of water, the rustle of leaves

lapel - that part of the front of a coat which is folded over towards either shoulder

sealingwax - The modern 'sealing-wax' resembles wax in its fusibility and its plasticity when softened by heat, but its superior hardness when solidified renders it more capable of receiving a sharp and durable impression. It is usually coloured scarlet with vermilion, but black sealing wax is used for mourning, and green, blue, etc. for reasons of ornament + "these paxsealing buttonholes have quadrilled across the centuries" [015.09-10]

carat - a proportional measure of one twenty-fourth used in stating the fineness of gold

krasno- (Russian) - red- + poppy - a red flower + Joyce stayed in Hotel Krasnapolsky, Amsterdam in June 1927 (Amsterdam famous for its diamond industry).

invulnerable - incapable of being damaged or injuriously affected by attack

burlap - a coarse canvas made of jute or hemp, used for bagging; also, a finer material used for curtains

waistcoat - a garment forming part of ordinary male attire, worn under an outer garment (a doublet, later a coat, jacket, or the like), and intended to be partly exposed to view when in wear.

choker - a large neckerchief which was worn high round the throat

Tamagno, Francisco (1851-1905) - Italian tenor + tam magnum (l) - so great.

sette (it) - seven

forte (it) - strong + "pitting his teeths on rooths, with the seven and four in danegeld and their humoral hurlbat" [084.03-04]

loud - Of colours, patterns, dress, manners, etc.: Vulgarly obtrusive, flashy.

Puccini: La Bohème

toy - a small article of little intrinsic value, but prized as an ornament or curiosity + tie.

damasker - one who damascenes (to ornament (metal-work, esp. steel) with designs incised in the surface and filled in with gold or silver) metal + damask - a rich silk fabric woven with elaborate designs and figures, often of a variety of colours.

overshirt - a shirt intended to be worn over other clothes

sport - to display or exhibit, esp. in public or company. Freq. with implication of some degree of parade, ostentation, or show; to display on the person, to wear.

starspangled - spangled with stars + The Star-spangled Banner (song) + (notebook 1924): 'parsemés d'étoiles' (i.e. starspangled) Commelin: Nouvelle Mythologie, Grecque et Romaine 3: 'Dans les monuments antiques, on voit la déesse la Nuit tantôt tenant au-dessus de sa tête une draperie volante parsemée d'étoiles' (French 'On ancient monuments we see the goddess Night holding above her head a fluttering cloth spangled with stars').

zephyr - Applied to various very light articles of clothing; e.g. a light shawl; a light dust-coat; esp. a light shirt worn by athletes; a fine light cotton cloth of the gingham type used for women's dresses, having the colours woven into the fabric + sapphire.

decidedly - definitely, in such a manner as to preclude question or doubt + Joyce's note: 'decidedly surplice front'. 

surpliced - wearing or vested in a surplice; fig. Clothed in white.

crinkly - uneven by virtue of having wrinkles or waves

doodle - an aimless scrawl made by a person while his mind is more or less otherwise applied + Yankee Doodle (song).

embrother - obs. form of embroider (to ornament with needlework; to embellish with rhetorical ornament or with fictitious additions or exaggerations)

peas, rice and egg yolk = green, white and orange of Irish flag + (food stains on his clothing).

R + or (fr) - gold.

M + (notebook 1924): '*V*'s motto'.

delivery + Royal Mail, Dublin.

hard cash - money in the form of bills or coins + cash on the nail - coins and banknotes paid at once (he had to give cash on the nail for the car).

gigot = gigot-sleeve - leg-of-mutton sleeve (one very full and loose on the arm but close-fitting at the wrist) + gigot (fr) - leg of mutton.

turnup - the turned up part of anything, esp. of a garment; spec. The turned-up cuff of a trouser-leg + turnip - widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root + (turned-up trousers).

crease - the line or mark produced on the surface of anything by folding; a furrow in a surface, such as is caused by folding; spec. In trousers.


Kersse the Tailor (II.3)

haggis (Archaic) - magpie; traditional Scottish dish + Hagios (gr) - saint.

turtle soup [.34] + 'the blessings of God and Mary and Patrick and Brigid on you' (translation of Irish greeting).

céad míle fáilte (Irish) - a hundred thousand welcomes (Irish greeting used by Sean the Post at end of his speech in Boucicault's Arrah-na-Pogue)

stew - fig. To soak, steep, imbue (obs.)