earning - longing desire, poignant grief or compassion; income, the amount of money which a person acquires or becomes entitled to by his labour

board - food served at the table; daily meals provided in a lodging or boarding-house according to stipulation + Genesis 3:19: 'In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread'.

swelth - a whirlpool + (notebook 1924): 'earn bread sweat feet' Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 197: (of the country postman): 'The Postal Administration, when creating this modest subordinate sententiously told him: The Earth will give thee naught but mire and milestones and thou shalt earn thy daily bread by the sweat of thy feet'.

moisten - to wet superficially or moderately

manducate - to chew, eat + manducator (l) - chewer.

scoop - to remove or detach (a portion of friable or soft material, or part of a heap of objects) by passing a scoop or concave instrument obliquely through the mass, so as to leave a rounded hollow.

molar - grinding tooth with a broad crown

grinder - a molar tooth

sling one’s hook - to go away, be off, decamp + Third Station of the Cross: Christ falls for the first time.

doaniet (Breton) - sad + down and out to rest + de Reszke - tenor.

winded - put out of breath, breathless

spent - Of persons or animals: Deprived of force or strength, tired or worn out by labour, exertion, hardship, etc.; completely exhausted.

Iosal - In Ossian's poem, "The Fiona," Iosal is so heavy it takes 100 men to lift him + Iosa (ise) (gael) - Jesus + a iosa (it) - in plenty.

heath - open uncultivated ground; an extensive tract of waste land [(notebook 1924): 'native heath'].

virgin bush - bush land not brought under cultivation

trod - past of tread

sod - the surface of the ground, esp. when turfy or grass-covered; someone who engages in anal copulation (especially a male who engages in anal copulation with another male).

turf - surface layer of ground containing a matt of grass and grass roots

liberally - Chiefly with reference to speech: Without reserve or restraint; freely + literally - With reference to a report, translation, etc.: In the very words, word for word + (notebook 1924): '*V* literally' Irish Rivers, The Tolka 400/2: 'the monument of F. Grose, the antiquarian. The following is the inscription, which has the singular merit, for an epitaph, of being literally true: - "To the Memory of Captain Francis Grose, F.R.S., Who, whilst in cheerful conversation with his friends, Expired in their arms without a sigh, 18th of May, 1791. Aged 60"'.

dished - defeated completely, ruined, done for

trim - condition, state, or order, esp. for work or action of any kind

unwordy - unworthy, poor, worthless; not diffuse or verbose

mere - insignificant, ordinary; foolish, inept

mailman - one who carries the mail

loust = obs. ff. loose; lust + lous (Breton) - dirty + last + lost.


principotto (it) - small fat prince

CANDIA - The Venetian name for Mediterranean island of Crete. When Crete became independent after 7 centuries of rule by the Venetians and then the Turks, it was governed autonomously from 1898 to 1906 by Prince George of Greece. Also, Giuseppe Mario, Count of Candia, a 19th-century tenor, is called "prince of Candia" in Ulysses 506/5.

eminence - high status importance owing to marked superiority

promenade - a leisurely walk (usually in some public place) + (stuttering).

extraordinary - Of officials, persons employed, etc.: Outside of or additional to the regular staff + Joyce's note: 'extraordinary' Rothschild: Histoire de la Poste aux Lettres 71: (of special letters) 'called extraordinary, intended for ambassadors and for other dignitaries, to whom the emperor wanted to give special marks of his favour and to guarantee exceptional facilities for a long journey'. 

postman - a bearer or carrier of letters or other postal matter + this posthumous + too many post missives.

missive - a written message, a letter

yous - you (dial. with pl. inflection, though used in sing. sense also)

reposeness - the state or condition of repose or of being in repose

Weh (ger) - pain, sorrow

yeh = yes; yeah; yea

might have been Marconi

Wilde to Douglas in De Profundis: 'but I met you either too late or too soon'



nickname + Leichnam (ger) - corpse.

devoted - zealous in devotion or affection

fiend - an enemy, foe (obs.); an evil spirit generally; a demon, devil, or diabolical being + Wyndham Lewis signed his letters to Joyce 'ever devoted friend'.

seize to mirror

yer - your; you + see tomorrow in those days of yore.

löfobs (Volapük) - we love

os saa kćr (Danish) - us so dear + Oscar (Wilde).

simple + sembal (Volapük) - certain.

simon - a sixpence + Simon, Simple - nursery rhyme character. In Ulysses, Simon Dedalus so calls himself. 

pumpkin + pumpkin pie - a pie of which pumpkin is a chief ingredient.

pieman - a man who makes pies for sale; a vendor of pies + 'Simple Simon met a pieman' (nursery rhyme).


Sim - abbrev. of the personal name Simon

reeve - to twine, twist, wind or unwind + ręver (fr) - to dream + grieve + what Shem sows today, I'll reap tomorrow.

ST DIZIER - Town, North-East France; founded 3rd century, named after Bishop St Didier, whose relics were brought there. The feast of St Dizier is 23 May. Napoleon defeated Blucher in the battle of St Dizier, 27 January 1814.  


tune in - to strike into a chorus; to become mentally receptive to, or aware of; to harmonize with; to tune a radio or television to (a particular station or transmission, or a particular frequency). 

O'Taidhg (o'teig) (gael) - descendant of Tadhg ("poet") + Fitzball and Wallace: Maritana: Turn On, Old Time (song): 'Turn on, old Time, thine hour-glass' (sung 'Ti-hi-hi-hi-hi-me').

Owlglass - the English rendering of Eulenspiegel, the name of a German jester of medićval times, the hero of an old German jest-book translated into English 1560; a prototype of roguish fools; hence, A jester, buffoon.

behold + John 19:26: 'Behold your mother!' (third of seven last words of Christ).

brother + Mother of Mine (song).

McSorley's Twins (song)

eljen! (Hungarian) - hurray! + alien + Percy French: Eileen Oge (song).

obsequies - funeral rites or ceremonies; a funeral

banzai - a shout or cheer used by the Japanese in greeting the emperor or in battle + bull's eye.

musichall - a hall used for musical performances + musical.

swimmy - Of the eyes: watery, tearful + Siamese brothers + fish's swim-bladder [293.12]

gala - a festive occasion; a festival characterized by the display of finery and show

baden (ger) - bathing + Iveagh Baths, Dublin (Baron Iveagh was brother of Sir Arthur Guinness).

disk - Used poet. of a shield

(musical instruments)

napper - the head; one who naps or takes a nap + neighbour + The Wearing of the Green (song): 'I met with Napper Tandy and he took me by the hand, and he said, "How's poor ould Ireland, and how does she stand?"' + REFERENCE

howno (Wendish) - shit

fancying + 'pansy' derived from French pensée: thought.

Patriack, Madre - Mother Patrick, Dominican nun at the Eccles Street convent, pioneer in the Gaelic Revival + madre patria (it) - motherland.

does be (Irish) - (habitual present tense of 'to be')

John Lane - English publisher of Ulysses in 1936 (also rejected Portrait in 1913) + John's Lane, Dublin (address of Power's Whiskey).

toastingfork - sword, rapier; a long handled fork used to toast bread over an open fire

Father O'Flynn (song): 'Sláinte and sláinte and sláinte again' + T.S. Eliot: The Waste Land: ends 'Shantih shantih shantih'.

calendar month - one of the twelve months into which the year is divided according to the calendar + The Coolin (song).

heroworship - the worship or adoration of heroes + helot - a serf, a bondsman.

revere - to hold in, or regard with, deep respect or veneration

koant (Breton) - gentle + account.

'I have sinned (suffered)'

piscivorous - fish-eating; subsisting on fish + pescivendolo (it) - fishmonger + Pisces constellation (the fish).

great + Your Grace + Grace before/after fish (motif).

futuere (Latin Slang) - to fuck

dronk - obs. f. drank, drunk + drouk (Breton) - wicked + First Duke of Wellington.