howl - the prolonged and mournful cry of a dog, wolf, etc., which dwells upon the vowel u or some kindred sound + (notebook 1924): '*V* hell of a name'.

commission - to give a commission or order for, to order + Joyce's note: 'commission' → Rothschild: Histoire de la Poste aux Lettres 96: (quoting an ordinance of Louis XI) 'The king wishes that an office be created entitled: Grand-Master Counsellor of the Runners of France. For the establishment of the aforesaid, a good commision will be delivered to him'.

flame - pl. (with the) = fire. Chiefly with reference to death or destruction by burning; Phrase, to commit to the flames.

incendiarism - the practice or act of maliciously setting fire to buildings or other property + FDV: And by all I hold sacred I swear [[an oath by the name of Shaun] that] I never will permit will commit to the flames any incendiary [whoever tries] to set a mother of mine on fire.

anima (l) - breath, vital principle + Little Annie Rooney (song) + (notebook 1924): '*V* swore he wd never let anyone set Liffey afire' set the Liffey on fire (phrase).

moother - obs. form of mother + Mother of Mine (song).


soho - a call used by huntsmen to direct the attention of the dogs or of other hunters to a hare which has been discovered or started, or to encourage them in the chase + so

crickcrack - a representation of a repeated sharp sound

lunged - furnished with lungs, or something resembling lungs + threelegged stool (Slang) - gallows.

skull - the bony case or frame containing or enclosing the brain of man or other vertebrate animals

usurp - to take or hold possession of (something belonging to another or others) by force

husky - Of persons and their voice: Dry in the throat, so that the timbre of the voice is lost, and its sound approaches more or less a hoarse whisper.

fusky - dark brown, dusky

krenf (Breton) - strong

pugilism - the art or practice of fighting with fists, boxing + (notebook 1924): 'pugillise' → Rothschild: Histoire de la Poste aux Lettres 46: (of a stylus used for writing on waxen tablets) 'servait d'arme au besoin; on l'appelait quelquefois pugillus (petit poignard) et les tablettes pugillares' (French 'served as a weapon in times of need; it was sometimes called pugillus (little dagger) and the tablets pugillares').

virtually - more or less, though not strictly speaking; in effect ("He was virtually penniless.")

break down - to fall broken or in ruins; to collapse + Joyce's note: '*V* broke down - into breakdown' (dash dittoes 'broke'; only first three words crayoned) John McCormack, at a concert in Sacramento, California, has been so moved by his once rendition of song 'Mother Machree' that he broke down and could not continue.

motherhead - motherly care; an embodiment of maternal qualities + MOHER, CLIFFS OF - Famous Atlantic cliffs, County Clare, North of Liscannor Bay. At the South end is Hag's Head; there is no "Moher Head" + mothar (moher) (gael) - clump, thicket; place, Co. Clare; anglic. Moher + (cow's mooing) + Isis had her head, ripped off by her son Horus upon learning she had let Set go free, replaced by Thoth with a cow's head.

jerry (Slang) - mournful + Diairmin (d'irmin) (gael) - diminutive of Diarmaid ("freeman"); anglic. Jerry + to be (or get) jerry (on, on to, to) - to be aware (of); to be 'wise' (to); to understand.

twine - to twist, wreathe, clasp, or wrap (a thing) about or around another; also, to insert (one thing) in or into another with a twisting or sinuous movement + Mother Machree (song): 'I love the dear silver that shines in your hair'.

simple + simpleton + sempl (Breton) - weak + gwan (Breton) - weak + gam (gom) (gael) - soft foolish person.

slob - one who is gullible or excessively soft-hearted, a fool + Joyce's note: 'slob'.

heavy + Harley - hero of Mackenzie's Man of Feeling, whose sensibility was so fine that he died when his love accepted him in marriage. 

designful - full of design; purposed, intentional + Wyndham Lewis: The Caliph's Design, Architects! Where's Your Vortex?

calf - the young of any bovine animal, esp. of the domestic cow + Joyce's note: '*V* innocent as fresh fallen calf'

grossly - excessively, flagrantly; plainly, obviously (obs.)

sig selv (Danish) - himself

dish - to 'do for', defeat completely, ruin (slang.)

alarm - fear resulting from the awareness of danger + larme (fr) - tear + allarme (it) - alarm.

laugh that off - phrase used ironically (freq. in imperative) as an invitation to dismiss or get rid of (some accomplished fact) with a laugh + Joyce's note: 'laughed it off' Key: John McCormack, His Own Life Story 37: (after being asked by Maggy, the college cook, why he, McCormack, had sung only in foreign languages) 'I'd sung nothing save English... I laughed it off... but her query was a disturbing thorn'. 

pudgy - short and thick or fat

gulp - an effort to swallow; the noise caused by this

apologetic - serving as or containing a formal justification or defense + (notebook 1924): '& he gulped apologetically' Key: John McCormack, His Own Life Story 352: 'And he gulped apologetically'.

oye = oyez - 'hear, hear ye' + øye (Norwegian) - eye + Thomas Moore, song: Erin! The Tear and the Smile in Thine Eyes [air: Aileen Aroon].

ogle - to cast amorous, coquettish, or insinuatingly familiar glances + oog (Dutch) - eye.

mole (Portuguese) - soft + belong no more sorrow.

alle balle (ger, dial.) - all gone

According to Mrs Wright, fu = "happy," li = "sin" in Chinese + felix 

dump - to be downcast and sad; grieve, muse + deepest + depths of earth.

earnest - seriousness, serious intention, as opposed to jest or play; esp. in phrase in (for) earnest, in good (sober, sad) earnest. In OE. on eornest means 'earnestly', also 'in reality'; In mod. use to be in earnest, applied to persons, has sometimes an emphatic sense = to be earnest.

jaw too heavy to speak (notebook 1924)

although his jaw was too sleepy for talk anything further + FDV: Mind you he was in the deepest of sluggish earnest though his jaw was too heavy to talk but in looking up to find how what age he was by the polar star he overbalanced by weight of the barrel and rolled backwards [in a curious mode of motion] a fairish way behind the times, in the Inshicore direction of Delgany before being set put righted.

moe - more + Joyce's note: 'Like that only' Leader 11 Nov 1922, 326/2: 'Our Ladies' Letter': 'Like that, only the way the trains are, I'd be tempted to go up to ye'.

stop short - to limit one’s actions to, do no more than; to pause, stay on the or one's way (to do something)

shackled - wearing or bound in shackles + (in Boucicault's Arrah-na-Pogue, Arrah has gone to the battlements above Shaun's cell from where she sings to him. Shaun the Post, despite his shackles, manages to climb out of the window of his cell and begins to scale the sheer ivy covered wall to get to her).

ghost - a shadowy outline or semblance, an unsubstantial image (of something) + Frank O'Connor: The Guest of a Nation + The Birth of a Nation - a controversial film by D.W. Griffith, glorifying the Ku Klux Klan [.05]

wide - the open sea; a wide, extensive, or open space (Now only poet.) + wie (ger) - how + weeds

pensiful - thoughtful, meditative; melancholy, sorrowful (obs. exc. dial.) + fanciful + Parsifal.

Heavens was formerly used, esp. in Biblical language (transl. Heb. pl. shamayim) in the same sense as the sing. (heaven); it is now the ordinary prose form for the visible sky + heathens + (notebook 1922-23): 'the heavens as they were'.


scrute - to scrutinize

farback - remote in space, inaccessible

fargone - advanced to a great extent

tropical year or solar year - the period of time required for the earth to make one complete revolution around the sun, measured from one vernal equinox to the next and equal to 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 45.51 seconds.

ecclesiastic - of or pertaining to the church

civil year or calendar year - the period of time during which Earth completes a single revolution around the sun, consisting of 365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, and 12 seconds of mean solar time.

sidereal year - the time required for one complete revolution of the earth about the sun, relative to the fixed stars, or 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, 9.54 seconds in units of mean solar time.

Sirius - a fixed star of the first magnitude, the chief of the constellation Canis Major or Great Dog, and the brightest in the heavens

standpoint - a point of view; a mental point of view, the position which a person occupies in relation to any object of mental contemplation

Charles's Wain - the group of seven bright stars in the constellation called the Great Bear + Joyce's note: 'Charles' Wain' (near other notebook entries dealing with waggons).

between + betune (Anglo-Irish) - between.

stars + The phrase “music of the spheres” refers to the intertwined relationship between the structures of music and those of the physical world, and a conscious awareness of mystical or spiritual qualities being transmitted through composed sound.

sled - to travel in a sledge

lacteal - of or pertaining to milk + lacteus (l) - Milky Way

mansion - a twelfth part of the heavens as divided by great circles through the north and south points of the horizon; a sign of the zodiac considered as the seat of the greatest influence of a particular planet.

blest - enjoying the bliss of heaven, beatified + Fitzball and Wallace: Maritana: song 'Alas, those chimes so sweetly stealing': 'Oh! that angels might waft him / To the mansions of the blest. / Yes, yes those chimes, so sweetly swelling, / As from some holy sphere'.

Fitzball and Wallace: Maritana: song 'Turn On, Old Time'

erewhile - a while before, some time ago, formerly

Windel (ger) - swaddling robe, diaper + wind + swindle + drømskvindel (Danish) - dreamy spiral.

lasso - to catch with a lasso + necklace + (lynched).

his thumbs fell into his fists (Joyce's note) → Sauvé: Proverbes et Dictons de la Basse-Bretagne no. 613: 'Il a le pouce tombé dans la main. (Il est découragé)' (French 'He has the thumb fallen into the hand. (He is discouraged)').

losing + lusus (l) - a playing.

ballbearing - a mechanical contrivance for lessening friction by means of small loose metal balls, used for the bearings of axles

flash + flash of lightning (Slang) - glass of gin + (notebook 1923): 'flask of lightning' + Luke 10:18: 'I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven'.

careen - to cause (a ship) to heel over; to lean over, to tilt

mighty fine (notebook 1924) + Shaun is Thoth and stuffs and stuffs himself with food, getting weightier and weightier. When he loses his balance (426.31), Shaun proves himself a false Thoth, for Thoth was the god of balance. In the same way Shaun proves himself a false Christ when he tries to fly to heaven and cannot. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake). 

happer - to crackle, to patter + happening

asterisk - a little star + astêr (gr) - star + Joyce's note: 'who was he, if not' → Crawford: Thinking Black 50: 'Horace, too, who was he if not a slave's son?'

postlude - Mus. A concluding piece or movement played at the end of an oratorio or the like; a written or spoken epilogue.

playact - to act in a play; to act (a scene, part, etc.)

ensemble - Mus. The united performance of all voices or all instruments in a piece of concerted music, or of a chorus and orchestra + ensemble (fr) - together; whole.

buoyantly - in a buoyant (floating) manner + Joyce's note: 'buoyancy' Key: John McCormack, His Own Life Story 22: '"I think they must have liked it," he buoyantly announced'.

*V* walks backwards (notebook 1924)

twinkling - the time taken in winking the eye; a very brief period, a moment, an instant; phr. in a twinkling

earshot - the distance at which the voice may be heard + (notebook 1924): 'out of earshot of the sick room'.

slipshod - wearing slippers or very loose shoes, in later use esp. such as are down at the heel; Also fig. + (notebook 1924): 'Slipshod' + (notebook 1924): 'mode of motion'.

surefooted - treading securely or firmly; not liable to slip, stumble, or fall + Hayfoot! Strawfoot! (Left! Right!, in marching).