utensilis (l) - useful + utensil - chamberpot.

jakes - outhouse + Jacqueline Pascal (1625-61) - sister of Blaise Pascal; she became a nun and converted her brother to Jansenism. In religion, her name was Euphemia. Mr Wilder says she is quoted at 446.36. The nun-as-jakes is Nun-Nymph-Calypso of Ulysses who preaches clean living, "no desire" to Bloom in Bella Cohen's brothel, which is Circe's "hogshole" (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

ginger - fig. To put mettle or spirit into, to spirit up.

meliorism - the doctrine, intermediate between optimism and pessimism, which affirms that the world may be made better by rightly-directed human effort. As used by some writers, the term implies further the belief that society has on the whole a prevailing tendency towards improvement.

raffle - a lottery scheme where tickets are sold for a chance to win a prize at a draw

receipt - the formula of a preparation, or an account of the means, by which some effect may be produced; hence, the means to be adopted for attaining some end

sweepstakes - a prize won in a race or contest in which the whole of the stakes contributed by the competitors are taken by the winner or by a certain limited number of them.

navel - the central or middle point of anything; the nave of a wheel (obs. rare.) + William Shakespeare: Hamlet II.2.483-484: 'Break all the spokes and fellies from her wheel, And bowl the round nave down the hill of heaven'.

felloe - the exterior rim, or a part of the rim, of a wheel, supported by the spokes

hymn - an ode or song of praise in honour of a deity, a country, etc. 

Swift: Proposal for the Universal Use of Irish Manufactures: 'Burn everything English, excepting their coals'

soothe - to restore to a normally peaceful or tranquil condition, to mollify or appease

coke - coal from which most of the gases have been removed by heating

bile - fig. Anger, ill temper, peevishness + black bile - a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy.

American + Armorica (Tristan).

essay - a composition more or less elaborate in style, though limited in range

vocational - of, pertaining or relating to, a vocation or occupation

scholar - one who is taught in a school; esp. a boy or girl attending an elementary school

cursorily - without taking pains; without attention to details + (notebook 1924): 'I have since tried to run cursorily thro the over whole of it' ('over' not clear and inserted above the line) Kinane: St. Patrick 4: (quoting a letter of approbation from M. Smith) 'I have been so busily engaged... that I could only open the volume here and there, till very lately. I have since tried to run cursorily through the whole of it'. .

Henrietta - Designating a light-weight dress fabric, sometimes with a silk warp; Mr Senn says, Ernest Renan's sister, who helped him with his Life of Jesus.

Jewry - the Jewish people, nation, race, or community; the Jews collectively

sludge - mud, mire, or ooze, covering the surface of the ground or forming a deposit at the bottom of rivers, etc.

harington (Dutch) - herring-barrel + haar (Dutch) = Haar (German) - hair + 'look at mud of Harrington St banana skins of Camden St' (notebook 1924) Irish Independent 4 Jan 1924, 9/6: 'Dublin's Dirty Streets': 'Many of your Dublin readers have noticed the filthy condition of the streets of their city... Look at the mud of Harrington St., the banana skins of Camden St., the slime of College Green... W H Massy'.

at its height - at the highest point or degree

boulevard - a broad street, promenade, or walk, planted with rows of trees

waterman - a man employed in the supply or distribution of water; a man working on a boat or among boats, esp. a boatman + Waterman - American fountain pen + The Jolly Young Waterman (temperance song).

à la coque (fr) - (of eggs) softboiled + Luke Elcock - mayor of Drogheda, 1916 → "jubilee mayor of Drogheda, Elcock" [031.18]

jubilee - a special anniversary (or the celebration of it)

Henry Moore earl of Drogheda (notebook 1924) Freeman's Journal 11 Feb 1924, 8/6: 'By the Way': 'When Henry Moore, the third Earl of Drogheda, became owner of the soil in 1728 he built himself a spacious house on it, subsequently calling the street by his title. The influence of the Moore family is still seen in the fact that streets in the vicinity bear the names of Henry, Moore and Earl'.

Talbot Street, Dublin

luke - obs. or Sc. form of look

Michael Manning → "the two scatterguns being Michael M. Manning, protosyndic of Waterford" [031.19-20]

dung - to manure (ground) with dung + done.

birds of prey

strew - to cover (the ground, a floor, any surface) with something loosely scattered or sprinkled

CASTLEKNOCK - Barony, parish, and village, West and North-West of Dublin. The barony of Castleknock includes Mulhuddart, Clonsilla, most of Chapelizod, 645 acres of Phoenix Park, and Finglas parish. Roads from Castleknock Gate and Knockmaroon Gate, Phoenix Park, lead to the village of Castleknock.  


BALLSBRIDGE - District, South-East Dublin; site of Royal Dublin Social grounds, site of the August Horse Show and of athletic meetings. The locality is named after the bridge which carries the ancient highway from Dublin to Blackrock over the Dodder River. 

dumping - depositing of rubbish, etc. + Dunphy's Corner, Dublin.

MARIST FATHERS - Around the turn of the century, the house of the Fathers of the Society of Mary was at 89 Lower Leesom Street, where they operated a such + Ulysses.13.1166: 'Mirus bazaar in search of funds for Mercer's hospital'. 

versus - against

white friar - a Carmelite friar (whose habit is distinguished by a white cloak and scapular)

rogation - Eccl. (Usually pl.) Solemn supplications consisting of the litany of the saints, chanted during procession on the three days before Ascension Day.

stag party - party composed of males only; freq. applied spec. to a celebration held on the eve of a man's marriage

CAPUCHIN FRIARY - The old Capuchin (Franciscan) Convent was on the East side of Bridge Street; more recently the Friary ("St Mary of the Angels") is in Old Church Street.  

trawler - one who fishes with a trawl or trawl-net + Capuchin trousers (James Joyce: A Portrait IV).

BALLYBOUGH - Road, bridge over Tolka River, Norht-East Dublin, and name of surrounding area between Summerhill and Fairview. Vitriol works at Ballybough Bridge were operated by the Dublin and Wicklow Manure Co, Ltd. Baile bocht, Ir. "poortown."  

noreast - obs. form of nor' east (north-east)

sou'west - south-west

wateringplace - a resort of fashionable or holiday visitants, either for drinking or bathing in the waters of a mineral spring, or for sea-bathing + Platz (ger) - place, square.

lump it - to accept a situation, decision, etc. without complaint, to bear something patiently

compost - a mixture of decaying vegetation and manure (used as a fertilizer)

Egan, Pierce (1772-1849) - English sporting writer, whose works include Real Life in Ireland by a Real Paddy

baugh - to bark, as a dog

fino - a type of dry sherry; a glass of such sherry

asea - on the sea, at sea + Asia

black coat - a depreciative term for clergyman, parson + coast of Spain.

Irel. placed near Spain (notebook 1924) Gwynn: The History of Ireland 12: 'Rome knew of Ireland from Cæsar's time, but, judging from a reference to it in A.D. 40, little was known more than its situation'.

overset - to overturn the normal mental or physical condition of (a person); to overcome mentally or physically; to discompose, disorder + oversæt (Danish) - to translate.

perdix - the Latin word for 'partridge' + Perdix ("partridge,") - nephew that Daedalus killed lest he become another fabulous artificer + Matthew 16:18: 'thou art Peter and upon this rock'. 

oremus - a liturgical prayer introduced by the word 'oremus' (Latin 'let us pray') + oramus (l) - we pray.

autointoxication - poisoning by or resulting from toxin produced within the body

Ford cars + Town of the Ford of the Hurdles - Dublin.

hail fellow well met - a person who is sociable and constantly making an effort at winning friends

boneshaker - a humorous name given to the bicycle as it existed before the introduction of india-rubber tires and other improvements; a dilapidated, uncomfortable or outmoded vehicle [Joyce's note: 'boneshaker'].

run up - to hoist, raise

showery - causing or producing showers; bringing showers + (umbrella).

Drumcondra - district of Dublin

limb = leg

vestee - part of a woman's dress bodice, consisting of a collar and front, usually of lace, net, silk, or other soft material

endorse - to put something on the back. (Merely literary, and chiefly humorous or pedantic); to inscribe (a document) on the back with words indicating the nature of its contents, one's opinion of its value, some extension or limitation of its provisions, etc.

hierarchy - the collective body of ecclesiastical rulers; Also, the collective body of angels, the angelic host.

ecclesiastic - a clergyman, person in orders, a 'churchman' as distinguished from a 'layman' + elastic.

bend one's steps - to walk or go (in a particular direction)

ASTON (ASTON'S) QUAY - South side of Liffey West of O'Connell Bridge. On Rocque's map, 1765, it extended on both sides of the present bridge, from Anglesea Street to Hawkins Street + (notebook 1924): 'stand on, say, Essex Quay & look into a shop & in 20 minutes mud'.  


procure - to get by special effort