longing - characterized by yearning desire

suppose - purpose, intention


Kane and Company - portmanteau and trunkmakers, 11 Aston Quay

KEOGH, AMBROSE - 12 Aston Quay, woollen draper and military tailor



causeway - usually a paved way, such as existed before the introduction of macadamization + Joyce's note: 'causeway statumen rudus nucleus summum dorsum } via' → Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 29: (of Roman roads) 'Approximately 20 metres wide, these roads offered, in their median part, a causeway of 6 to 7 metres, one metre thick with distinct strata, and were divided into four parts: statumen, rudus, nucleus and summum dorsum').

durn = darn (Used as a form of asseveration)

topcoat - overcoat, great-coat, outer coat

kake = cake (obs.) - a mass or concretion of any solidified or compressed substance in a flattened form, as a cake of soap, wax, paint, dry clay, coagulated blood, tobacco, etc. + cac (kok) (gael) - excrement.

slush - liquid mud or mire

occasioned by - in consequence of (obs.)

mush - anything soft and pulpy; Also, anything reduced to or resembling a mass of powder.

jam - a dense crowd of people; to crowd or pack to capacity +(notebook 1924): 'jam of traffic' → Key: John McCormack, His Own Life Story 78: 'The first sight ashore that caused my jaw to drop was the breadth of West Street and the jam of its traffic'.

cross - the point where two lines or paths cross each other; a crossing, cross-way + Saint John of the Cross - 16th century Spanish Christian mystic and poet, among the founders of the order of Discalced Carmelites [.30] + Crosse and Blackwell's jam (English jam makers).

transit (Joyce's note) → Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 298: 'les services internationaux et de transit de l'Union postale' (French 'the internatonal services and the services of transit of the Postal Union')

Capel Street, Dublin + See Naples and then die (proverb).

complaint - the action of complaining

Countess Cathleen - title heroine of Yeats's play, who sells her soul to the devil so that starving Irish can be fed. The Irish found this an insult to Ireland and rioted at the Abbey Theatre + *K*.  

muckrake - a rake for collecting 'muck'; The source of the figurative use is Bunyan's description of 'the Man with the Muck-rake', which was intended as an emblem of absorption in the pursuit of worldly gain; but in modern use it is often made to refer generally to a preference for what is comparatively worthless over that which is valuable, or to a depraved interest in what is morally 'unsavoury' or scandalous + Magrath.

W.D. - War Department

muc (Irish) - pig + so much loved.

Troia (gr) - ancient Troy + tròia (Italian) - sow; harlot.

carmen (l) - song, voice + Carmen - gypsy heroine of Bizet's opera. 

mendiant = mendicant - a beggar, one who lives by begging

wellbeloved - deeply loved + laver (fr) - to wash.

Liverpool and Manchester

Grand National - the great steeplechase established in 1839 and run annually at Aintree, Liverpool, in the first week of the flat-racing season

"The Gold Cup flat handicap, the official and definitive result of which he had read in the Evening Telegraph, late pink edition." (Ulysses)

Derby - proper name of the most noted annual horse-race in England, founded in 1780 by the twelfth Earl of Derby, and run at the Epsom races, usually on the Wednesday before, or the second Wednesday after, Whitsunday + topsy-turvy.


vomitive - an emetic, a medicine or the like which causes or induces vomiting

mothers-in-law + (pregnant women).

stretcher - a kind of litter composed of two poles separated by cross-bars upon which canvas is stretched, used to transport sick or wounded persons

devitalize - to deprive of vitality or vital qualities, to render lifeless or effete

disparage - to express a negative opinion of + asperges - a sprinkling of holy water (from 'Asperges me, Domine, hyssopo et mundabor' with which the priest begins mass).

avenue + Avignon (popes lived there 1309-77).

uprise - to come into existence + klaproos (Dutch) - poppy + uproot - to destroy completely, as if down to the roots.

opium + APPIAN WAY - Lat Via Appia, the 1st paved Roman road, built 312 BC, South-East from Rome. Dublin's Appian Way extends South-West from Upper Leeson Street in Ranelagh.

brighten + (Joyce born in Brighton Square; lived later in Bray, 'the Irish Brighton').

Bri (bri) (gael) - Hillside; resort, S. Co. Dublin coast; anglic. Bray + Howth.

bait (Irish Pronunciation) - beat + bull-baiting.

BAILEY LIGHTHOUSE - Lighthouse, South-East tip of Howth. The modern lighthouse, erected 1814, replaced the old Bailey, dating from the time of Charles II, of which only the base remains, adjoining a cottage known as the "old Bailey." It was placed so high that it was often obscured by fog when it was clear at sea-level, and the Kish lightship served the traffic for Dub Bay. Song, "Bill Bailey, won't you please come home?" + Baile (bolye) (gael) - Homestead; lighthouse, Howth Head.

despair of - to be without hope of

Lorcan (lurkan) (gael) - diminutive of lorc, "fierce": masc. personal name; anglic. Laurence + by (Danish) - city.

rampant - Of persons: Violent and extravagant in action, opinion, etc.

commissioner - one appointed or deputed by commission to carry out some specified work, such as a judicial or other investigation, the negotiation of a treaty, peace, etc.; a delegate.

ill - hurtful, injurious, noxious; Prov. 'ill weeds grow apace'; 'it's an ill wind that blows nobody good.'

worth one's while - worth doing, profitable, advantageous + The labourer is worthy of his hire (proverb, also Luke 10:7).

jobless + Los (ger) - fate, fortune + loos (Dutch) - cunning + Ring-a-ring o'roses (children’s game): 'One for me, and one for you, and one for little Moses'.

profiteer - to practise profiteering; to be a profiteer + I Corinthians 13:3: 'and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing'.

hardship - hardness of fate or circumstance; severe toil or suffering

Isengrim - wolf in Reynard cycle + Jakob Grimm's fairy tales + it is a grim tale.

girls + father of curls = wolf (notebook 1931) The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Supplemental Nights, vol. IV, 9n: Story of the Sultan of Al-Yaman and His Three Sons: 'Arab.... "Ja'ad" = a curl, a liberal man... Abú ja'dah = father of curls, = a wolf'.

Oaks - most important English horse-race for fillies (i.e. chasing girls) + sport your oak (Oxford Slang) - to close front door as a sign that visitors are not wanted because you are working.

Alice P. Liddell - friend of Lewis Carroll and model for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland + little girlies.


strike off - to cancel by or as by a stroke of a pen; to remove from a list or record. Also fig., 'to cancel, remit (an obligation) + Joyce's note: '*V* strike',

for good and all - as a final act, finally

temse - a sieve, esp. one used for bolting meal + temps (fr) - time, weather + (notebook 1922-23): 'until such time'.


privy seal - the seal affixed to documents that are afterwards to pass the Great Seal; also to documents of less importance which do not require the Great Seal. In Scotland, A seal which authenticates a royal grant of personal or assignable rights.

automobile + automobile oil.

discalced - barefooted, unshod

bourse - an exchange, or place of meeting for merchants; the money-market (of a foreign town) + bourse (fr) - purse + Joyce's note: 'bourse' Commelin: Nouvelle Mythologie, Grecque et Romaine 62: 'Comme divinité tutélaire, Mercure est ordinairement représenté avec une bourse à la main' (French 'As a tutelary deity, Mercury is usually represented with a purse in his hand').

someone + (Aeolus).

BADEN - (1) Spa in Lower Austria, 14 miles South-West of Vienna; known as spa since Roman times. (2) Baden-Baden, 18 miles South-West of Karlsruhe, Germany; known as spa since Roman times + Baden (ger) - bathing + anywhere.

certainly + Saturn.

honest to God - genuine(ly, real(ly + (notebook 1924): 'honest to John *V*'.

plexus - any intertwined or interwoven mass; a complex body, collection, or set of things (material or immaterial) + tax

sanguine - In mediæval and later physiology: Belonging to that one of the four 'complexions' which was supposed to be characterized by the predominance of the blood over the other three humours, and indicated by a ruddy countenance and a courageous, hopeful, and amorous disposition.

boundary - that which serves to indicate the bounds or limits of anything whether material or immaterial; also the limit itself + bloody.

sis - sister + {he's in no hurry to change his status, the night is beautiful - he'll get loads of money, spoil her and fuck her silly}

murky - sullen, cheerless, gloomy

highfaluting - absurdly pompous or bombastic in style + high fa (Sol-fa).

dorse - the back of a book or writing; Pugilistic slang. The back + dorsum (l) - back.

pay court to - to pay amorous attention to, seek to gain the affections of + (to his voice).

overleave - to leave over (to allow to remain for future use; to let 'stand over' for subsequent consideration) + ouvert (fr) - open + (opened his book).

boosey - a stall for a cow or (less usually) a horse; esp. the upper part of the stall, where the fodder is placed + Boosey and Hawkes - Enghish music publishers.