why - Used interjectionally, before a sentence or clause: As an expression of surprise.

babbo (it) - daddy + Babau - Languedoc bogy to terrify children.

to pan (gr) - the all

folly (Irish Pronunciation) - follow + Follow Me Up to Carlow (song).

*I* get a pin for me (notebook 1931) Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 166: (letter from Edith Thompson to Bywaters, trial exhibit 27) 'Such things as wiping up, getting pins for me etc, all counted, darlint... obeying little requests - such as getting a pin, it was a novelty - he'd never done that'.

tossup - the throwing up of a coin to arrive at a decision

FOOCHOW (FUCHOW) - Chinese seaport, long known as main port for export of black tea + fu-chu (Chinese) - to aid.

courting - the paying of courteous attention, in order to win favour or love

quack - the harsh cry characteristic of a duck; a sound resembling, or imitating this + "Taff de Taff; Jill, the spoon of a girl, for Jack, the broth of a boy;" [211.15]

poteen (Irish) - illicit whiskey + love potion - a drink to excite love (Tristan and Isolde take the philtre that was meant for the king and his bride).

leo (l) - lion (king of beasts) + R. Ord and W. Gayer-Mackay: Paddy-the-Next-Best-Thing (play, 1920).

put down - to put in writing

ringside seat - a seat immediately adjacent to a boxing contest or other sporting activity

corrupt - to render morally unsound or 'rotten'; to destroy the moral purity or chastity of

recoil - to cause to retreat or retire + (notebook 1931): 'recoil'

sprout - to grow, issue, or proceed as a sprout or sprouts; to shoot forth or spring up by natural growth

scruple - a thought or circumstance that troubles the mind or conscience; a doubt, uncertainty or hesitation in regard to right and wrong, duty, propriety, etc.

trope - Rhet. A figure of speech which consists in the use of a word or phrase in a sense other than that which is proper to it; also, in casual use, a figure of speech + top full + hopeful.

popetry - pertaining to or of the nature of a puppet + poetry + Pope, Alexander (1688-1744) - English poet. 

dear - to inspire or create affection for (a person or thing); to treat affectionately or fondly + da reir (darer) (gael) - accordingly + ra riribh (daririv) (gael) - in earnest, serious + declaring.

mishmash - a confused mixture; a medley, hodgepodge, jumble



Jack the Ripper - popular name for a murderer of women in London in 1888, who mutilated the bodies of his victims

dwell on - to spend time upon or linger over (a thing) in action or thought

lander - one who lands or goes ashore + Hero and Lymander - a Greek myth, relating the story of Hero, a priestess of Aphrodite who dwelt in a tower in Sestos, at the edge of the Hellespont, and Lymander (Leandros, or Λέανδρος), a young man from Abydos on the other side of the strait. Leander fell in love with Hero and would swim every night across the Hellespont to be with her. Hero would light a lamp at the top of her tower to guide his way. Succumbing to Leander's soft words, and to his argument that Aphrodite, as goddess of love, would scorn the worship of a virgin, Hero allowed him to make love to her. This routine lasted through the warm summer. But one stormy winter night, the waves tossed Leander in the sea and the breezes blew out Hero's light, and Leander lost his way, and was drowned. Hero threw herself from the tower in grief and died as well.

appeal - to be attractive or pleasing to (a person)

Wright, Peter - in the 1920s published a scandalous book about politicians, including Parnell, Gladstone. He accused the latter of saving fallen girls for fallen purposes. Gladstone's sons sued, asserting "no property in law can exist in a corpse" (576.5), and they forced Wright to sue for libel. He lost. Gladstone's diaries (see New York Times, March 15, 1975) show Gladstone did indeed lust for his whores in his heart and subdued the lust by whipping himself.  

shuck - to slip out of one's clothes; to strip oneself; to remove, throw or strip off + shock

wheedle - to entice or persuade by soft flattering words

starveling - fig. Poor in quality or quantity, lean, meagre, scanty + stave - staff, a set of lines for musical notation.

Jubal and Tubal Cain - Jubal was "father of all such as handle the harp and organ"; Tubal was "instructor of every ar tificer in brass and iron" (Genesis, 4.) Their brother Jabal was father of those who live in tents and have cattle + Jubel (ger) - jubilation.

Wyndham Lewis compared Joyce's style for Bloom's stream of consciousness in Ulysses with that of Mr Jingle in The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens.

congregational - performed by a congregation of worshippers collectively

rota - Mus. A musical composition which has the form of a round; this form itself. Used esp. of medieval English songs + rota (l, it) - a wheel.

pagoda - a temple or sacred building (in India, China, and adjacent countries); fig. = Temple + Rhoda and Her Pagoda (song).

con dio in capo ed il diavolo in coda (it) - with God at the head and the devil at the tail

diva - a distinguished female singer, a prima donna + divna (Serbian) - very beautiful.

devojka (Serbian) - girl + divŠ devucha (Czech) - mad girl.

dauber - one who plasters or covers walls with mortar, clay, etc.; a plasterer + dobar dan (Serbian) - good day.

pogoda (Russian) - weather

sedulous - Of persons or agents: Diligent, active, constant in application to the matter in hand.

singe - to burn (something) superficially or lightly + sing + singe (fr) - ape + J.M. Synge.

grunt - to utter or express with a grunt + grant

foreboden - presented beforehand + verboten (ger) = verboden (Dutch) - forbidden.

dea - U.S. colloq. abbrevs. of deacon + deas (d'as) (gael) - nice.

deoch an dorais (d'ukh un durish) (gael) - "drink of the door": parting drink + dail (dal) (gael) - assembly + langue d'oc (fr) - dialect of Southern France + langue d'oil (fr) - dialect of Northern France.

coloratura - a showy stile in singing (as in opera); 'divisions, runs, trills, cadenzas, and other florid passages in vocal music'

coraio, fra (Triestine Italian Dialect) - courage, brother (i.e. cheer up)


harmonize - Mus. To be in harmony, form a concord.

love in a cottage - a euphemistic expression for marriage with insufficient means + 'My Love and Cottage Near Rochelle' is a 2nd act aria in the opera 'The Siege of Rochelle' by Balfe.

diddle - to sing without distinct utterance of words

diavolo (it) - the deuce! + Fra Diavolo - Italian brigand (also title of Auber's opera about him).

school colours - the distinctive colours of a school, esp. as conferred as a sign of sporting achievement

scrap - to quarrel, squabble; to engage in heated argument or angry dispute

rug - to pull, tear, or tug (at something). Also, to struggle.

mat - to become entangled, to form tangled masses. Chiefly with together.

chummy - familiar, intimate

bashed - having the surface beaten or smashed in + mashed

spud - a potato (slang and dial.)

lit. Zweikampf (ger) - duel

holmgang - a duel to the death

attaboy - an exclamation expressive of encouragement or admiration

hoity - to play a fool, foolish + Wie geht es Ihnen heute, mein dunkler Herr (ger) - "How are you today, my dark sir?"

poss - colloq. abbrev. possible + postmaster.

acheve - obs. form of achieve (v.) + acheve! (fr) - finish!

taurus (l) - bull + periculosus (l) - dangerous + taurus periculosus (l) - dangerous bull.

morbus (l) - illness + morbus pediculosus (l) - lousy disease.

miserabilis (l) - miserable + miserere mei in miserabilibus (l) - pity me in [my] wretchedness.

uval - pertaining to a Grape or Vine + uva (it) - grapes + awful.

preclude - to 'close the door against', shut out, prevent the entrance of

mob - a strumpet (a debauched or unchaste woman, a harlot, prostitute) + (mock translation).


in miserabilibus (l) - in wretchedness + H.G. Wells: The Misery of Boots (pamphlet, 1907).

begob - a mild oath

see anything green in (one's) eye - to detect any signs of gullibility + do you see any green in my eye? - do you take me for a fool? + Ireland's Eye - small island near Howth. In Celtic times the island was called Eria's Island. Eria was a woman's name and this became confused with Erin, derived from …ireann, the Irish name for Ireland. The Vikings substituted the word Island with Ey, their Norse equivalent, and so it became known as Erin's Ey and ultimately Ireland's Eye. The island was also known formerly as Inis Faithlenn.

ovum (l) - egg + Thomas Moore, Irish Melodies: song: The Meeting of the Waters: 'Sweet vale of Avoca!' (John McCormack's Repertoire).

stohnen (ger) - groan

out of tune - out of correct intonation in singing