paz (Portuguese), paix (French), eirênê (Greek), berdamai (Malay), sos (Irish), sok (Cambodgian), beke (Hungarian), khaghaghout'iun (Armenian), dama (Senegalese), taika (Lithuanian), taihei (Japanese), síocháin (Irish), socair (Irish), shuk (Laotian), peoc'h (North Breton dialect), peuc'h (South Breton dialect) - peace + ho mu (Chinese) - domestic peace + ho p'ing (Chinese) - national peace + mir (Pan-Slavonic), myr (Ruthenian), salaam (Arabic), shalom (Hebrew), salamti (Hindustani), sainta (Bengali), santi (Sanskrit) - peace.

selfrighting - Of a boat: The action of righting itself after being upset + (notebook 1924): 'selfrighting | boat'.

corporeity - bodily personality, body, person (colloq.) + (of his barrel).

reexchange - to exchange again

wider - comp. of wide (a.) + wider- (ger) - mutual, again.

stella (l) - star

venus - a beautiful or attractive woman + venustas (l) - charm, beauty, sex-appeal + Venus (l) - goddess of sexual love + Stella and Vanessa (Swift).

bad luck to (a person or thing)! - a vulgar form of imprecation, expressive of ill-will, disgust, or disappointment

star - an ornament, usually of precious metal, representing a star, worn as part of the insignia of an order of knighthood, or as a military decoration

garter - the badge of the highest order of English knighthood + stargazer + Star and Garter (pub name).

climax - the highest point of anything reached by gradual ascent

topple - to lean over unsteadily, as if on the point of falling + FDV: He then licked its stickyback, clapped the badge of belief to his brow, waved a hand across the sea as notice to quit and in selfrighting himself toppled on his way to the left and so he was couriered off and on his way.

brandnew - quite new, perfectly new

easting - easterly progress, a going eastward; Of a heavenly body: The reaching the eastern point of its apparent daily path.

hes (Cornish) - a swarm + Esther (name of both Stella and Vanessa) + sisters + blessing his stars.

Southern Cross - the Australian national flag + Southern Cross constellation.

bungaloid - having the appearance or style of a bungalow or bungalows

Boreas - the north wind + Joyce wore a Borsalino hat.

hedgy - resembling hedge + (green edge).

(ejaculation) + Wyndham Lewis's publication Blast frequently said BLESS and BLAST to different people [.11] [.21]

bound - a limit or boundary, that to which anything extends in space

trover - the act of finding and assuming possession of any personal property; hence (in full, action of trover), an action at law to recover the value of personal property illegally converted by another to his own use + (reward for finder).

John + Shaun.

redhead - a person having a red hair

bucket - ro ride (a horse) hard, reckless of his fatigue

Mecca - Applied to a place which one regards as supremely sacred, or which it is the  aspiration of one's life to be able to visit.

headless - having no head; wanting in brains or intellect, brainless

courier - to travel as a courier + (notebook 1924): 'kingscouriered' + Ceann Coradh (kyoun kure) (gael) - Weir Head; Brian Boru's residence on Shannon River; anglic. Kincora.

with a rush - with a sudden onset, in a sweeping or rapid manner + (notebook 1924): 'with an easy rush' → Kinane: St. Patrick 201: 'with an easy rush he planted the cross over the ruins of idolatry'.

relay - a set of fresh horses obtained, or kept ready, at various stages along a route to expedite travel

stadion (gr) - measure of distance (185 m.)

herm - four-cornered pillar surmounted by head or bust, usually of Hermes + harm

narrowly - only by a (very) little

foul - to defile or pollute (with guilt); to dishonour, disgrace

buttres - a prop, support + (notebook 1922-23): 'ship fouled buttress of bridge' Irish Times 18 Dec 1922, 5/2: 'When the King's Ferry railway bridge was raised... the Norwegian steamer Gyp... knocked down an iron banded brick buttress' + buttocks.

but for - except for, were it not for

aqueduct - an artificial channel for the conveyance of water from place to place; esp. an elevated structure of masonry used for this purpose + (he ducked).

cock a snook at - to make a derisive gesture (to catch nose with fingers)

stock - a quantity (of something specified, whether material or immaterial) accumulated for future use

sermon - something that is said; talk, discourse

near + mear (mer) (gael) - finger + mear (myar) (gael) - rapid.

fahr (ger) - ride, drive + so near and yet so far (phrase).

at the double - as quickly as possible, immediately + (notebook 1924): 'the double diploma' → Rothschild: Histoire de la Poste aux Lettres 52: (of a permit for private individuals to use the Imperial Post) 'The diploma was a sort of passport that took its name from its form, folded in double'.

hulk - a ship that has been wrecked and abandoned; very large person; impressive in size or qualities

garron - a small and inferior kind of horse bred and used chiefly in Ireland and Scotland

pelt - to beat the ground with rapid steps; to move at a vigorous and rapid pace + (notebook 1924): '*V* runs after road'.

Shanks' mare - one's own legs as a means of conveyance

let off - to allow to go or escape

Wyndham Lewis + Windhund (ger) - grayhound; thoughtless boy.

bouchal - young man, boy, herdboy [(notebook 1924): 'bouchal']

jambes (fr) - legs + (notebook 1924): 'it must be only now they gave him the legs'.

posse - a 'force', a strong band, company, or assemblage (of persons, animals, or things) + posse (l) - power, ability.

hanker - to 'hang about', to linger or loiter about with longing or expectation + handkerchiefs.

windward - having a direction towards, i.e. opposite to that of, the wind + to (the) windward - to the windward side or direction.

seraph - a seraphic person, an 'angel' + sheriff

summons - a call or citation by authority to appear before a court or judicial officer

on the air - (being) broadcast by radio transmission

tempest - a confused or tumultuous throng, a crowded assembly

packet - a small pack, package, or parcel; sometimes (with obvious reference to a packet of letters or news), a false report, a falsehood, a 'packet of lies'

teem - to discharge (something out of or from a vessel, a cart, etc.); to empty out, pour out

funnel - a conically shaped utensil having a narrow tube at the small end

fan mail - the letters sent to a celebrity by his or her followers


national rd (Joyce's note) → Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 179: 'We now have in France... 49,000 kilometres of national roads'.

track - a course over which races are run

floral - of or pertaining to a flower or flowers

fray - a disturbance, esp. one caused by fighting; a noisy quarrel, a brawl + way + (notebook 1924): 'following which he silently left' Irish Independent 2 Jan 1924, 5/1: (of a policeman eavesdropping and collecting evidence following a shooting) 'Remaining there for an hour, he overheard a conversation, following which he silently left'.

statumen (l) - that upon which anything rests, support of a floor, prop

Sister's son Sickerson (Joyce's note)

borne = berne (obs.) - man + Borne of bjoerne - Mrs Christiani translates this as "children of bears," and as meaning Bjornson, and, when said aloud, coming out Brynjolf Bjarne, a pen name of the young Ibsen + bjørn (Norwegian) - bear + Bjørnstjerne Bjornson - Ibsen's rival (name means 'son of bear').

la garde auxiliaire (fr) - the auxiliary guard + Joyce's note: 'auxiliary'

Helligkeit (ger) - clarity, lightness

Ursula, St - leader of a band of 11,000 virgins, all martyred by Huns near Cologne + ursus (l) - bear. 


besom - fig. Any agent that cleanses, purifies, or sweeps away things + bosom

wring, wrung, wrung - to twist (a wet garment, cloth, etc.) in the hands, so as to force out water

Hvor meget har vi knibet tilbage? At ændre kurs og da farvel (Danish) - How much have we held back? To change course and so goodbye.

wethen = whethen (obs.) - why then + well then + FDV: Heaven speed you rural Shaun [on your pilgrimage to the past] stout fellow, heart & soul you are of Shamrogueshire. May your bawny head hair grow whiter & fairer and rarer, our [own] whiteheaded boy! Just by nature & natural by design you will be longed for & looked after while you are away. [As a the beam of light we follow receding [in the antipodes.]] You, who so often brought dropped delivered us a drop of great joy [dear pennyatimer [into our never too late to post box.]] Life, it is true, is will be a dream without you a lapsus tempous slip of the time between a date and a date [from tonight to yesterday]. Alas how they murmur against him in all beds and all bunks [two abed & three abed, in lodginghouses &] But you did your mile in swell slapstick style. And already the sombrer portion of the night gloom is gone. Brave, brave [footsore] Sir Shaun! The silent cock shall be heard crow at last [and the east west will make the west east awake.] Walk while you have the night for the day noon cometh when wherein every post shall sleep. / (noises of morning) - The parenthetical phrase, which Joyce did not include in later drafts, might indicate that this chapter was originally to be followed not by III, iii, or Jaun, but by either the early morning recorso chapter, III, iv, or by Book IV. Joyce's plans were evolving rapidly at this stage (David Hayman: Joyce, James / A first-draft version of Finnegans wake).

good people (Irish) - fairies + God speed you - a wish for the success of one who is setting out on some journey or enterprise.

rural - Of persons: Living in the country; having the standing, qualities, or manners of peasants or country-folk + (notebook 1924): 'rural *V*' Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 198: 'facteur rural' (French 'rural postman').

Shean, Sheain (Irish) - John (dative, genitive; Pronunciation 'Haun')

stout fellow (Joyce's note) + Guinness Export Stout + FDV: Heaven speed you rural Shaun [on your pilgrimage to the past] stout fellow, heart & soul you are of Shamrogueshire.

crooner - a singer, typically a male one, who sings sentimental songs in a soft, low voice