tetradistes (gr) - one born on the fourth day: a Wednesday's child (proverbially, one born to hard work); epithet of Herakles (Hercules) honoured on the fourth of each month.

Oisín survives but is lured away by a fairy princess to Tír na nÓg (the "Land of Youth").

My Little Grey Home in the West (song)

Mayo - county in NW Ireland + {Speaker is Johnny MacDougal (wood of Foclut is in County Mayo, Connacht, within Johnny's domain)}

long dog - a greyhound (dial.) + Long Dog - ghost-dog of a murdered man who barks on lonely roads. 

give tongue - Properly of a hound: to give forth its voice when on the scent or in sight of the quarry.

march - boundary, frontier, border; Used for: Country, territory.

strain at the leash - to show great eagerness, to be impatient (refers to a dog that is eager to run free, and being held back)

tortoiseshell - the semitransparent mottled yellow and brown shell of certain turtles, typically used to make jewelry or ornaments

guineagold - gold of which guineas were coined, gold of 22 carats; collect. guineas + (notebook 1924): 'a guinea a go'.


Follow Me up to Carlow (song)

claire - a pond or basin (usu. artificial) of sea water for the cultivation of oysters

Poldoody - oyster producing coastal pool in County Clare + FDV: Wait, sure I know that place long before better than anyone. Sure I used to be always there with the long days, coursing, about That's the place for oysters, Puldudy, I never knew how rich I had it! Did you know a lad Jasper Dougall Pat Whateveryournameis?

Conway - town, Wales + Connacht - the western province of Ireland.

zoe (gr) - living, livelihood, life + zone of the Zephyrs.

zephyros (gr) - the west wind, esp. as personified, or the god of the west wind + Sephiroth - ten emanations of Ain-Soph in Kabbalistic lore.

dragoman - an interpreter; strictly applied to a man who acts as guide and interpreter in countries where Arabic, Turkish, or Persian is spoken + (notebook 1924): 'Vikings speak to Benedict through Saxon dragoman'.

Meads Marvel - the ass as Meath (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + Orion went to Khios where he courted Oinopion’s daughter Merope. Oinopion, however, got him drunk, and, as he slept, blinded him and tossed him out on the beach. He made his way to the bronze workshop of Hephaistos, where he seized a boy, set him on his shoulders, and ordered him to guide him toward the east. Once there, he looked up and was completely healed by the rays of Helios (the Sun). (According to Servius, Orion was able to accomplish this in the following manner: he boldly ventured toward the din of the Cyclopes fabricating the lightnings of Jove [Zeus], following the noise. He spoke to these for their command, and one [of their companions] climbed up between his shoulders and guided him to satisfy the command of an oracle).

thass - Repr. that's in dial. pronunc. or in speech slurred through intoxication.

tail - the terminal or concluding part of anything, as of a text, word, or sentence

jasper - a kind of precious stone; a person, fellow: usu. with contemptuous overtones

parson - Eccl. A holder of a parochial benefice in full possession of its rights and dues; extended successively, in popular use, so as to include a vicar, or any beneficed clergyman; a chaplain, a curate, any clergyman.


dood (Dutch) - death; dead + indeed and I do.

faolchú (Irish) - 'wild hound', wolf + Patrick guarded Milchu's herds from wolves + FDV: The wolves of Fochlut.

wolves + twelve (*O*) + Parnell: 'Do not throw me to the wolves'.

turca fiera (sp) - fierce Turkish woman + {Speaker is Luke}

right enough - 'indeed', 'certainly' + FDV: Wisha, that's a good one wan right enough. Wolves Wooluvs!

foreshorten - to shorten or curtail in advance + {Speaker is Mark, the dialogue drifts to the mound or boat - and thence to his father, Persse O'Reilly}

blas (blos) (gael) - flavor; accent in speech + bloss (ger) - bare.

blather - voluble talk void of sense

encroachment - entry to another's property without right or permission

dunlin - the red-backed sandpiper (Tringa alpina or variabilis), a European migratory bird, abundant at certain seasons on the sea-coast

turnstone - a limicoline bird (Strepsilas interpres) of about the size of the snipe, widely distributed in the Old and New Worlds, which turns over stones to get at the crustacea and other small animals to be found under them.

augur - to prognosticate from signs or omens; to divine, forbode, anticipate

carcass - the dead body of man or beast; but no longer (since c 1750) used, in ordinary language, of the human corpse, exc. in contempt

fuselage - the elongated body of an aeroplane, to which the wings and tail unit are attached

dump - a pile or heap of refuse or other matter 'dumped' or thrown down

committal - the action of entrusting, giving in charge, consigning, or commending; the action of committing the body to the grave at burial

noisance - trouble, molestation, annoyance; nuisance + Commit no Nuisance - If you have lived or traveled extensively in Commonwealth countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, and India, chances are you’ve come across the a bizarre sign in alleyways and side-streets warning you to “commit no nuisance.” In essence, this is a discreet warning against performing improper acts in public, most commonly urination.

invocate - to summon (a spirit) by charms or incantation; to appeal to for aid or protection; to summon or invite in prayer

auster - the south wind; hence, the south + oysters + Auster (ger) - oyster.

trailing - the following of a trail, hunting by the trail

cormorant - a large and voracious sea-bird (Phalacrocorax carbo), about 3 feet in length, and of a lustrous black colour, widely diffused over the northern hemisphere and both sides of the Atlantic.

Blue Lagoon - projected marina, Dollymount, Dublin

larn - to teach, to give (a person) a lesson; freq. used ironically as a threat of punishment + larned (Irish Pronunciation) - learned + Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 103: 'You told my learned friend that you were pushed aside and you think you fall down? Yes.'

mound - an artificial elevation of earth or stones, a tumulus; esp. the earth heaped up upon a grave [Joyce's note: 'mound'].

barrow - a mound of earth or stones erected in early times over a grave; a grave-mound, a tumulus [Joyce's note: 'barrow'].

Now you suggest (Joyce's note) Connacht Tribune 15 Mar 1924, 2/1: 'Guard and Ex-R.I.C. Man. Story of Street Scene in Loughrea': (cross-examination of a witness in a drunkenness and disorderly conduct trial) '- Do you suggest the man was drunk? - I do, because he was staggering'.

plague-barrow (Tallaght) - The name Tallaght (Irish Tamlachta; Gael. Taimhleacht), derived from tam, plague, and lecht, stone monument, records the burial place of some of the earliest inhabitants of Ireland, the Parthalonians, who were swept off by a plague about A.M. 2600. Tallaght is situated in the barony of Uppercross, 5 miles south of Dublin. The building now known as the Hell Fire Club was built around 1725 as a hunting lodge by William Conolly, the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. There was a prehistoric burial site at the summit of Montpelier Hill and stones from it were used in the construction of the lodge. A nearby standing stone was also used for the lintel over the fireplace. + Joyce's note: 'plague buried at Tallaght'.

burrow - a heap or mound; Of animals: To make a burrow or small excavation, esp. as a hiding- or dwelling-place; fig. To lodge as in a burrow, hide oneself.

battel - obs. form of battle + battello (it) - boat + Burial in boats was a Viking institution. The boat carrying the corpse would be set adrift, burning, as in the myth of Balder.

The "soul star place," which contains the enclosure of Tehuti and its secret chambers, is the Duat on earth through which the King travels as he makes his journey toward re-birth in Re's Boat of a Million Years + "Hail, ye gods, who row in the boat of the lord of millions of years, who tow it above the underworld, who make it to pass over the ways of Nu, who make souls to enter into their glorified bodies"... "Hathor, lady of Amentet, dweller in the land of Urt, lady of Ta-sert, the Eye of Ra, the dweller in his brow, the beautiful Face in the Boat of Millions of Years." (Budge: The Book of the Dead).

bear out - to support, back up, corroborate, confirm + FDV: What I would like to ask you him is: one thing now. Tell me now this. [—You told us a moment since of this barrow. Well now I suggest to you that before there was this barrow, there was a boat. Would you bear me out in that? An orange boat]

jackstaff - small vertical spar (pole) in the bow of a ship, on which a particular type of flag, known as a jack, is flown

sail - an act of sailing; a voyage or excursion in a sailing vessel + (notebook 1931): 'sized a fair girl' ('girl' not clear) The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Supplemental Nights, vol. VII, 136: The Tale of the Warlock and the Young Cook of Baghdad: (of a wazir who had been magically transformed into a girl) 'Presently a Fisherman approached him and sighting a fair girl said, "This be none other than a blessed day which Allah hath opened to us with a beautiful maiden for quarry'."

Thout - another name for Thoth + Know'st Thou the Land (translation of Goethe's 'Kennst du das Land').

pourquoi pas (fr) - why not + Pourquoi-Pas - four ships Charot built or bought had this name. Pourquoi-Pas ? III (1897), a 31-metre iron schooner with a steam-engine Charot acquired in 1897 and in which he sailed down the River Nile as far as Aswan with the millionaire Vanderbilt. The Pourquoi Pas ? IV was the fourth ship built for Jean-Baptiste Charcot. She completed the second Charcot expedition of the Arctic regions from 1908 to 1910 REFERENCE

bound - directing one's course, destined; With for.

weisst du was (ger) - you know what? (echoes Goethe's "Kennst du das Land") + Waasland - home of Reynard the Fox.

fourmaster - a four-masted ship

barquentine - a small bark; a small sailing vessel having three or more masts

Webster, Noah (1758-1843) - American lexicographer. I agree with Mr Wilder: for FW, Joyce's English-language dictionary was Webster's Unabridged, for the OED is parochial and time consuming (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

Frenchman - a French ship

boat howe - boat barrow, a burial mound erected over a Viking's body in his boat

dragon + Drachen (ger) - dragon + Drekkar - a type of Viking longship (name means 'dragon ship').

Denmark + draken af Danmörk (Old Norse) - serpent of Denmark.

sacked - that has been given up to sack; plundered, ravaged + sucked

ate - pa. tense of eat (v.) + Budge: The Book of the Dead ch. CXXX: 'thou shalt paint a Sektet boat upon the right side thereof, and an Atet boat upon the left side thereof' (referring to the two boats of Ra the sun-god, that of the setting sun and that of the morning sun, respectively).

hurry + Henne (ger) - hen + Hennu - name sometimes given Osiris in Book of the Dead. Hennu is Lord of Tattu Budge: The Book of the Dead ch. I: 'The Hennu boat was placed upon its sledge and drawn round the sanctuary at dawn, probably in imitation of sun's course'... ch. LXIV: 'Hennu... A name of Osiris'.

spake - to hasten (to do something) + speak up - to raise the voice in speaking; to talk boldly or unreservedly.

loud + laut (ger) - loud.

couch - a long upholstered piece of furniture for several people to sit on

cortege - a train of attendants, or of people in procession + (sickbed, funeral, grave, dungheap).

cairn - a pyramid of rough stones, raised for a memorial or mark of some kind + Originally there was a cairn with a prehistoric passage grave on the summit of Montpelier Hill (one of Tallaght Hills). Stones from the cairn were taken and used in the construction of Mount Pelier lodge, popularly known as Hell Fire Club.

beseek - to seek or search about

rune - a letter or character of the earliest Teutonic alphabet, which was most extensively used (in various forms) by the Scandinavians and Anglo-Saxons; Also, a similar character or mark having mysterious or magical powers attributed to it.

urn - a tall, rounded vase with a base, and often a stem, esp. one used for storing the ashes of a cremated person + Long Serpent (or worm or dragon) - according to Mrs Christiani, most famous of viking ships, built in Norway for Olaf Trygvason. With Joyce it is a name for Snake, Satan (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

Almhain (alun) (gael) - Whitened; HQ of Fionn and Fianna, Co. Kildare; anglic. Hill of Allen.

horn - a wind instrument more or less resembling a horn in shape, and originally formed of the horn of some beast, now made of brass or other material + The Long Worm (Old Norse) - a famous 10th century Viking ship ('Ormurin Langi' in Old Norse) built for Olaf Tryggvason (Olaf I of Norway).

nauta (l) = nautes (gr) - sailor, seaman + Nansen - Arctic explorer.

ess - the name of the letter S + SS

yes + S.O.S.

warum (ger) - why + warum nicht (ger) - why not + warum (Irish Pronunciation) - warm.

con - to direct the steering of (a ship) from some commanding position on shipboard, to give sailing directions to the steersman; to teach (obs. rare.) + Connais-tu le pays? (French song) - Do you know the country?