lay - common, ordinary, not clerical

payee - the person to whom a sum of money is, or is to be, paid; esp. the person to whom a bill or cheque is made payable

Norsker (Danish) - Norwegian + Joyce's note: '1st I ships Norse' → Walsh: Scandinavian Relations with Ireland during the Viking Period 35: 'The almost complete absence of any allusion to Irish ships during the eighth and ninth centuries shows that at this time the Irish had no warships to drive back the powerful naval forces of the Vikings... it is interesting to note that the Irish word longphort (a 'shipstead'; later, 'a camp') is used for the first time in the Annals of Ulster with reference to the Norse encampments at Dublin and Linn-Duachail (840); hence it has been concluded that the early Norse long-phorts were not exactly fortified camps, but 'ships drawn up and protected on the landslide, probably by a stockaded earthwork''.

raven - of the colour of a raven, glossy black + (notebook 1924): 'norse raven standard' Lawless: The Story of Ireland 67: (of the Battle of Clontarf) 'The Danes of Dublin under Sitric stood fiercely at bay... The far-famed pagan battle flag, the Raven Standard, was unfurled'.

slaver - a vessel engaged in slave-traffic

trow - to trust, have confidence in, believe (a person or thing)

pon - upon + jeg tror paa (Danish) - I believe in.

scaper - obs. form of shaper + Gud, jordens skaber (Danish) - God, creator of the Earth.

barnet - In full Barnet fair, the hair; hence, the head + Guds barnet (Danish) - God's child + Barnett, Samuel Augustus - English cleric, reformer. For the poor of his parish, he provided music, reasonable entertainment, and a book called Practical Socialism

trusty - that may be trusted or relied upon, trustworthy + (Holy Ghost).

crouch - to stoop or bend low with general compression of the body, as in stooping for shelter, in fear, or in submission

pigeon - a young woman, a girl; a sweetheart; also, a coward (obs.) + Oliver Goldsmith: She Stoops to Conquer: 'Then I'll sing you, gentlemen, a song I made upon this alehouse, the Three Pigeons... Here's a health to the Three Jolly Pigeons' + (Noah sent out raven once [.01] and dove thrice).

tan - the brown colour of tan; tawny + Johnny Come Down from Hilo (song): 'wake that girl with the blue dress on' REFERENCE

tress - a plait or braid of the hair of the head, usually of a woman + Tantris - name used by Tristan on arrival in Ireland + FDV: Norsker. She Her raven flag was flying. [Say, call that girl with the tan dress on.] Wolf hound. Wolf of the sea.

wolfhound - the largest breed of dogs, formerly used to hunt wolves + (notebook 1924): 'Irish wolfhound cargo' Fleming: Boulogne-sur-Mer 36: (of the ship on which Saint Patrick left Ireland) 'If the ship's cargo consisted chiefly of Irish wolfhounds... as Professor Bury suggests'.

Jack London: The Sea Wolf

faolchu (Irish) - wolf + (notebook 1924): 'Falchoo' → Czarnowski: Le Culte des Héros, Saint Patrick XCIVn: 'le chien-loup, faelchú' (French 'the wolf-dog, faelchú)

folklore - the traditional beliefs, legends, and customs, current among the common people + {Speaker is Mark}

straight from the horse's mouth - from the highest authority (In horse racing circles tips on which horse is a likely winner circulate amongst punters. The most trusted authorities are considered to be those in closest touch with the recent form of the horse, i.e. stable lads, trainers etc. The notional 'from the horse's mouth' is supposed to indicate one step better than even that inner circle, i.e. the horse itself).

crusade - to engage in a crusade, go on a crusade

parent ship - a ship which protects smaller vessels or which acts as a base for ships or aircraft + (Joyce's note): 'the parent ship'.

prophet - to prophesy + permitting + (profiting of the fine weather).

Ireton, Henry - Cromwell's second-in-command in Ireland

bona fide - acting or done in good faith; sincere, genuine

heeltap - the liquor left at the bottom of a glass after drinking

middy - a midshipman (in the navy, rank intermediate in the line of promotion between that of naval cadet and that of the lowest commissioned officer) + midday + midi (fr) - noon + midden - a heap of dung or refuse; Archeology: a mound of domestic refuse containing shells and animal bones marking the site of a prehistoric settlement.

levantine - of or pertaining to the Levant; in early use, pertaining to the east, eastern (of the rising sun)

ponente - a Westerly wind in the Mediterranean + ponent (Obsolete) - western (of the setting sun).

Daneland (notebook 1924)

oxeyed - having large full eyes like those of an ox + The Ox-Eyed Man (a sea shanty): 'The ox-eyed man is the man for me, He came a sailing from o'er the sea'.

'In Amsterdam there lived a maid, Mark well what I do say' (song) REFERENCE + FDV: Very good now. Now mark well what I say. I go on now from that. From Danskerland there came a man Daneland sailed the oxeyed man. Now mark well what I say.

magnus (l) - great + (notebook 1924): 'Magnus Barelegs' Walsh: Scandinavian Relations with Ireland during the Viking Period 40n: 'The great Viking Magnus, who was killed in Ireland in A.D. 1103, was usually called "barelegs" (O.N. berfaettr) because he always wore the Irish kilts' + Magonius - one of the names of Saint Patrick.

spadebeard - a spade-shaped beard; a beard cut or trimmed to the shape of a (pointed or broad) spade-blade

corset - a close-fitting body-garment; esp. a laced bodice worn as an outside garment by women in the middle ages and still in many countries + korset (Danish) - the cross.

crosser - one who crosses, in various senses; one who makes the sign of the cross

welsher - a bookmaker at a race-meeting, who takes money for a bet, and absconds or refuses to pay if he loses; a Welshman

perfide - [Fr., = treacherous.] In phr. perfide Albion: 'perfidious Albion'.

destroyer - a person or thing that destroys; a type of small, fast warship armed with guns, torpedoes, etc.

sign - to make a sign or signs by some movement of the hand, etc. + FDV: He [Magnus] Spadebeard signed to my lips with his baling scoop. He laid bare his breastpaps in the to give suck to me, to suckle me.

bailing - the emptying of water from a boat or other vessel → In Torvaldsland, the custom is to bail your ship once a day if it needs it or not. Bailing is also known as "drying the belly of the serpent." A ship that must be bailed three times in two days though is seen as unseaworthy. Realistically, many of those ships are still used, especially late in the year after the ship has loosened some after months of being at sea. In the spring, these ships will be recaulked and tarred. The bailing scoop is a wooden tool with four sides. It is about six inches wide with a straight but rounded handle. You must check the scoop for snails so they are not thrown overboard. Snails are edible and are also good for fish bait.

scoop - a utensil for bailing out, ladling or skimming liquids; usually in the form of a ladle or a concave shovel with a straight handle; Now chiefly Naut. and dial.

suckle - to give suck to, to nurse (a child) at the breast + St. Patrick's Confessio mentions a pagan initiation ceremony which he resisted, involving sucking a man's breast.

ecce - Latin for 'lo!' or 'behold!' + Ecce Homo - 'behold the Man' (John xix. 5); hence used subst. for a picture representing Christ wearing the crown of thorns.

hagious (gr) - holy

chrisma (gr) - anointing, unction; grace

Jeyes fluid - a powerful multi-purpose cleaner and disinfectant that's ideal for a wide range of garden and outdoor cleaning jobs + (notebook 1924): 'well posioned with Jeyes' fluid' Irish Times 14 Jan 1924, 3/3: (of a murder trial) 'There is a spring well at the back of my house from which I get water for domestic purposes. That well was poisoned with Jeyes' Fluid some time ago'.

Futt (ger, vulg.) - vagina + {Speaker is John} + FDV: [O] Jayses! Fluid, says the poisoned well!

hootch - alcoholic liquor, spirits, esp. of low quality or illegal provenance + copper - a policeman; a cup-bearer.

enkel (l) - uncle + Enkel (ger) - grandson + enkel (Dutch) - ankle.

Hapi (Hep, Hap, Hapy) was depicted as a plump man with large breasts and blue or green skin wearing the false beard of the pharaoh. The female breasts and his skin colour are a reminder that he is a fertility god, while the false beard reaffirms his link to the pharaoh + {Speaker is Matthew}

Bill - [Shortened f. old bill] the police-force, a policeman + FDV: Hey, hello? Whu's he? Whu's thes man chap lad with the pups?

Bailey light on Howth + Old Bailey in London, the seat of the Central Criminal Court + Bill Bailey, Won't You Please Come Home? (song).

avunculus (l) - uncle + FDV: Huncklus Hunckalus Childers Childreds Childareds Eastrocklure Eastreocklure.

Easterheld (notebook 1924) → Oesterheld - German publisher, who in 1919 reprinted a German translation of Joyce's Exiles + Held (German, Dutch) - hero.

emano (l) - to spring out of, to emanate from circular figure + Eamhain (ouwin, aven) (gael) - ancient capital of Ulster; latinized Emania + 'It's Your Last Trip, Titanic, Fare You Well' (American Negro song).

FDV: Hey? ____ ? How much? Lette him! + {Speaker is Luke}

ate - pa. tense of eat (v.) + ating (Irish Pronunciation) - eating.

tripe - the intestines, bowels, guts, as members of the body; hence, the paunch or belly including them

acushla - darling

wrynecked - having a wry or crooked neck, having a distorted neck + Reinecke Fuchs - Goethe's Reynard the Fox.

fix - a position from which it is difficult to escape; a difficulty, dilemma, predicament

circulus (l) - circular figure, circle + best circles + medieval beast cycles + circus.

grimbarb - badger (in Reynard the Fox)

Panzerkreuzer (ger) - armed cruiser + pancer - beaver (in Reynard the Fox).

dread - extreme fear; apprehension or anxiety as to future events + Childared [.20]

vice- - With personal designations, especially titles of office, indicating that the person so called acts temporarily or regularly in place of, in the absence of, or as assistant to, another who properly holds the office or bears the title or name.

encompass - to surround entirely, overlay as with an envelope or shell

milky - Of persons, their actions, attributes, etc. Soft, gentle; in bad sense, timorous, effeminate, weakly amiable + (Romulus and Remus, as well as various Irish saints, suckled by wolves).

lyceum - (With capital initial.) The proper name of a garden, named for Apollo Lyceus ('wolf-like'), with covered walks at Athens, in which Aristotle taught his philosophy; Used allusively as the proper name of certain places of study or instruction.

couard = coward (obs.); hare (in Reynard the Fox)

volpes (l) = volpe (it) - fox + (onomat.)

live with wolves & learn to howl (notebook 1924) Crawford: Thinking Black 383: 'There, leaping about from tree to tree, exactly like a monkey, was a horrible human being stark naked. A poor woman this who had lived nearly all her days as an animal amongst animals... She has forgotten how to speak with human modulation and can only screech, a literal proof this of the Spanish saying, "Live with wolves and you will learn to howl"'.

dyb (Danish) - deep

dob - to betray, inform against + dobh (Hebrew) - bear + (stuttering).

like old boots - vigorously, thoroughgoingly (slang.)

courteous - graciously polite and respectful of the position and feelings of others; kind and complaisant in conduct to others

cub - orig. A young fox; By extension: The young of the bear and of other wild beasts.

zeebh (Hebrew) - wolf + zebsti (Serbian) - to get cold + seems.

totem - Among the American Indians: The hereditary mark, emblem, or badge of a tribe, clan, or group of Indians, consisting of a figure or representation of some animal, less commonly a plant or other natural object, after which the group is named.

pack - a number of animals kept or naturally congregating together; applied spec. to a company of hounds kept for hunting, and to those of certain beasts (esp. wolves), and of birds (e.g. grouse) which naturally associate for purposes of attack or defence.

vuk (Serbian) - wolf

Robinson, Shields - Mr Staples found in Thom's, 1899, listed under: Broken, Ship and Commercial: Robinson Shields, N.21 City Quay.  

goupil (fr) - fox + saints and gospels.

gang - U.S. A collection or herd of animals of the same species, esp. of elk or buffalo; Also, a pack of dogs + Animal gangs - Dublin hoodlums in 1930s drawn from men who tended cattle on cross-channel boats + janken (Dutch) - to howl, to yelp, to whine.

Fingal - Finn's name in Macpherson's Ossian poems. Fingal is a Scottish hero who comes to Ireland and fights the Danes. The Irish called certain Norse invaders, fingal or fingall, meaning "fair stranger" 

harrier - a kind of hound, resembling the fox-hound, but smaller, used for hunting the hare + Fingal Harrier - an Irish rabbit hunt.


wiseacre - one who thinks himself, or wishes to be thought, wise; a pretender to wisdom

milkman - a man who sells milk; a man who milks cows

lupus - an ulcerous disease of the skin, sometimes erosive, sometimes hypertrophous; a wolf + lupus (l) - wolf + "you lived as milky at their lyceum" [.27]

Wolfgang von Goethe: Reinecke Fuchs

whoa - a word of command to a horse or other draught-animal to stop or stand still

speak-very-slow (notebook 1924)