hail - to salute with 'hail!'; to salute, greet; to call or shout to (a ship, a person, etc.) from a distance, in order to attract attention

holystone - a stone with a natural hole in it, used as an amulet or charm

courser - a person who hunts animals such as hares with greyhounds using sight rather than scent + Corsi e ricorsi (Italian: flow and return), as Vico said.

recourse - to run back, return (to a place); to rescue + (notebook 1924): '*V* zigzag v spiral corsi ricorsi Vico,' Metchnikoff: La Civilisation et les Grands Fleuves Historiques 8: (quoting Francisque Bouillier) 'There is only one law, that of progress... Above all the laws to which the ancients and the moderns have attempted to subjugate humanity's movements, above all the cycles, all the alternatives, all the ebbing and flowing, all the lines, whether straight or broken, in spiral or in zigzag, all the rhythms, itus reditusque, as Pascal said, corsi e ricorsi, as Vico said, there is but this single law of progress that, so to speak, remains afloat'.

changeling - child left by fairies in place of real child

eld - occas. used in poetry for old + eld (Norwegian) - (old) age + FDV: H. Seek him in ____, shun him in heresy ___ C. ____, changeful his constancy ___ E. From old Eld unto ending, earth of his earth

endall - that which 'ends all'; Now only dial. exc. in Shaksperian phrase, the be-all and the end-all.

cataleptic - affected by catalepsy (a disease characterized by a seizure or trance, lasting for hours or days, with suspension of sensation and consciousness) + akatalektikos (gr) - incessant; Prosody: verse in which the last foot contains its full number of syllables + kataleptikos (gr) - able to check; conveying direct apprehension, manifestly.

mythos (gr) - word, speech, message; fiction + myth + phallic - of or relating to the phallus or phallism; symbolical of the generative power in nature + ithyphallikos (gr) - "pertaining to an erect phallos": meter of poems used in Bacchic festivals (consisting of three trochees) + {Speaker is Matthew}

fulcrum - a prop or support; in class. L. 'the post or foot of a couch' + totum fulcrum est (l) - 'all is a bed', it is all a bed-post + totem-pole.

dies irae - 'day of wrath', the first words, and hence the name, of a Latin hymn on the Last Judgement ascribed to Thomas of Celano (c 1250) + Eire (ere) (gael) - Ireland.

J. D'Alton: The History of the County of Dublin, 641: (in 1098 King William II (Rufus) obtained from Oxmantown the wood for the roof of Westminster Hall) 'where no English spider webbeth or breedeth to this day'.

anima mundi - the soul of the world; a power or spirit supposed to be diffused throughout the material universe, organizing and giving form to the whole and to all its parts, and regularizing the motions and alterations of the parts + anno mundi (l) - in the year of the world (used by old annalists).

bawd - one employed in pandering to sexual debauchery; a procurer or procuress + boats + boys played.

Ship Street, Dublin (name derived from 'Sheep Street')

Before Christ (B.C.) +  + FDV: Thas as you've seen him? Was thot in Domini Nostri?

nonday - Nonce-translation of dies non (in Law, a day on which no legal business is transacted, or which is not reckoned in counting days for some particular purpose; Also transf., a day that does not count or on which there is no activity) + non-day (i.e. night) + Monday.

Sunday + some day.

one day


sinflood - the Deluge. spec. The great Flood in the time of Noah (also called the general or universal deluge).

fia (Italian Obsolete) - it will be + fie! fie!

befurchten (ger) - to be afraid + before

tristich - a group of three lines of verse, a stanza of three lines + {Speaker is Mark}

recur - to return, go back, in thought, memory, or discourse

fui (l) = fui (sp) - I have been, I was + fuj (Serbian) - fie, pooh.

nown - obs. variant of own (a.) + common noun + coming down.

asphalt - a mixture of dark bituminous pitch with sand or gravel, used for surfacing roads, flooring, roofing, etc. + abstract + asphalt concrete - composite material commonly used in construction projects such as road surfaces, airports and parking lots. It consists of asphalt (used as a binder) and mineral aggregate mixed together, then laid down in layers and compacted.

concrete - existing in a material form or as an actual reality, or pertaining to that which so exists; Opposed to abstract (The ordinary current sense.)

brute - a savagely violent person or animal

Fiannach (finokh) (gael) - soldier; member of Fiann, 3rd c. standing army by Fionn Mac Cumhail + fainéant (French) - lazy, idle; sluggard.

oceanic - of or pertaining to, situated or living in or by, the ocean + Oisin Mac Finn (ushin mok fin) (gael) - Fawn son of Fair: Fionn Mac Cumhail's son, Macpherson's Ossian + claidheamh (kliv) (gael) - sword.

vulgarize - to make common or popular; to reduce to the level of something usual or ordinary + vulgus (l) - the multitude, the public + Vulcanus (l) - god of fire + vulcanised.

lit. von deinem (ger) - of yours

toun = town + Dublin town + Tom

Morningside Heights, New York City subway station

rambling - Of persons or things: Wandering, moving about + rumbling

underground - the region below the earth; the lower regions or underworld + London Underground.

reoccur - to occur again

ad horam (l) - in time

Old Rogers (Children’s game) + Romulus and Remus.

'county & city' (Joyce's note) + FDV: Is he Would he be city or county?

suburb + ob (l) - for + by - a place of habitation; a village or town + urbs (l) - city.

difference + differentiabus (l) - by differences, diversities, species + (notebook 1924): 'not know differ'.

brauchbar (ger) - useful, beneficial + Brauchbar, Edmund (1872-1952) - wealthy Zurich silk merchant to whom Joyce taught English during World War I. 

Apabhramsa - an Indic language differing from Sanskrit The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XIV, 'Indo-Aryan Languages', 488c: 'The next, and final, stage of the Secondary Prakrits was that of the Apabhramsas. The word Apabhramsa means "corrupt" or "decayed" and was applied to the vernacular in contrast to the Prakrit par excellence, which had in its turn (like Sanskrit and Pali) become stereotyped by being employed by literature'.

sir + sierra (sp) - mountain + Abraham and Sarah.

God the Father

locative - Gram. The name of the particular case-form which denotes 'place where'.

bap - a small loaf of bread + bap (Hindustani) - father + (onomat.)

ouer - obs. f. over + our

tad - a young or small child, esp. a boy. Occas. used joc. of old men + tad (Cornish, Welsh, Breton) - father + "Our Father...", Lord's prayer.

Ali Baba + heilig (ger) - holy + babbo (it) - daddy + babau (it) - bogey.

orbit - Astron. The path or course of a heavenly body; fig. A 'sphere' or region of action or activity + urbs (l) - city + FDV: Well he might [nonobstant] like yourself—Tigon or liger. That is an old fellow by now and he could be all your fathers.

assert - to declare formally and distinctly, to state positively + assertant (l) = pseudo Latin as if from asserto (recte asserunt from assero) - [they] declare, set free, claim.

re - about, concerning, in the matter of

home place - the place or piece of ground where one's home is situated

De Civitate Dei (l) - 'Concerning the City of God': famous work by St. Augustine + civitas (l) - citizenship; city or state + civitats dei (l) - state of god + Ei (German) = ei (Dutch) - egg.

SMETHWICK - Western suburb of Birmingham, England + Smyrna - One of the 7 cities claimed in ancient times as the birthplace of Homer.  

Rhondda - city in Wales + Rhodes - One of the 7 cities claimed in ancient times as the birthplace of Homer. 

Caledon, County Tyrone + Kalydon (gr) - city in Aetolia with temple of Artemis + Colophon - One of the 7 cities claimed in ancient times as the birthplace of Homer. 

Salem, Massachusetts + Salem - name of a place in Gen. xiv. 18 (Heb. Shalem), understood to be another name for Jerusalem and to mean 'peace' + Salamis - Ancient city and port on the Greek isle of Cyprus. One of the 7 cities claimed in ancient times as the birthplace of Homer. 

childer - obs. and dial. pl. of child + Chios - One of the 7 cities claimed in ancient times as the birthplace of Homer. 

ARGOS - Ancient city, East Peloponnese, Greece; burnt to the ground in 1825 by the Turks. It was one of the 7 cities claimed in ancient times as the birthplace of Homer. 

Athens was one of the 7 cities claimed to be the birthplace of Homer + deathless + ruthless. 

suffix - to add as a suffix, to subjoin + suffice

bruikbaar (Dutch) - useful

bapka (Hindustani) - of a father

The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XIV, 'Indo-Aryan languages', 490a: 'The past and future participles are passive in their origin, and hence tenses formed with these participles must be construed passively... for an intransitive verb we have, either "I am gone", or "it is gone by me".'

muise (mwishi) (gael) - well, indeed (interj.) + musha (Anglo-Irish) - well, indeed + my shame + mishe/tauf (motif) [.31]

ahora (sp) - now, at present

stepstone - a stone laid before an outside door as a step; a raised stone on which the foot can be placed to facilitate a climb or ascent + stepsons + it used to be said in Dublin that Daniel O'Connell had fathered so many bastards that one could not throw a stone over a wall without hitting one.

barnebarn (Danish) - grandchild

tumbledown - that is in a tumbling condition; falling or fallen into ruin; dilapidated, ruinous


Classics - five chief English horse races

october + noctuber (l) - copious by night, abundant at night + octubre (Spanish) - October.

binge - to make a low obeisance, to curtsey; drinking-bout, a spree + it and they would bounce.

much as - however much, even though + muchas veces (sp) - many times.

vicious - Of persons: Addicted to vice or immorality; of depraved habits; profligate, wicked + vecio (Venetian Italian Dialect) - old (mainly as a term of endearment).

dosshouse - a common lodging-house

true to - consistent with, exactly agreeing with + (notebook 1922-23): 'in his true colours'.

handicapped - incapacitated by injury or illness + handicap - a race, for horses or men, or any contest of agility, strength, or skill, in which there is an allowance of time, distance, weight, or other advantage, to equalize the chances of the competitors; to encumber with a handicap in any contest; hence, in general, to place at disadvantage ("the candidate was heavily handicapped") + handicap race - one in which umpire decides what weights horses must carry.

flat - a race over clear and level ground, as opposed to hurdle-racing or steeple-chasing; U.S. colloq. to give the flat: to give a flat refusal (to a suitor).

athair (aher) (gael) - father + tiptipoldefader (Danish) - great-great-great grandfather.

terracotta (Italian: "baked earth") - a hard unglazed pottery of a fine quality, of which decorative tiles and bricks, architectural decorations, statuary, vases, and the like are made; a brownish orange [(notebook 1924): 'terracotta'].

das - pl. of da (father) + da (Serbian) - yes + (notebook 1924): 'That is an old man & cd be yr father' Freeman's Journal 1 Jan 1924, 11/4: 'Publichouse Scene. Foreman's Story of Raid at Night': 'An old man, who was drunk, asked Watchorn to let him out of the shop, and Watchorn told the man to go back. The man refused and Watchorn struck him... Witness spoke to one of the raiders... and said: "That is an old man, and could be your father"'.

brodar (Serbian) - navigator, sailor + brod (Serbian) - ship + Brodar assassinated Brian Boru + Bruder (ger) - brother.

founder - one who sets up or institutes for the first time; one who gives its first beginning to (an institution, sect, etc.)

Pfander (ger) - executive, bailiff

Pfund (ger) - pound

furst - var. of frist + Furst (ger) - prince.

RANELAGH - The area South and East of Charlemont Bridge over the Grand Canal, Dublin + The Wild Man from Borneo (song): 'The flea on the hair of the tail of the dog of the nurse of the child of the wife of the wild man from Borneo has just come to town'.

fué (sp) - he was

filius (l) - son + in nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti (l) - in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

iamiam (l) - already + Exodus 3:14: 'I AM THAT I AM'.

tom tower (notebook 1931) Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 40: (from a diary of Isa Bowman's visit to Oxford, written by Carroll) 'Isa set off... to pay a visit to a little College, called "Christ Church". You go in under a magnificent tower, called "Tom Tower"'.

OXFORD UNIVERSITY - Abbreviations and nicknames: Oxon ("Oxoniensis"); Jesus College: "Jagger"; Pembroke College: "Pemmer"; Christ Church College: "The House" (from its Latin name, "Aedes Christi"); its bell is Great Tom, in Tom Tower, by Tom Quad, and it was C L Dodgson's college.