Sandy - a shortened form of the name Alexander, chiefly used in Scotland; Hence used as a nickname for a Scotchman.

attend - to apply oneself to the care or service of (a person); esp. to watch over and wait upon, to minister to (the sick); to present oneself, for the purpose of taking some part in the proceedings; e.g. to attend church, school, a lecture, a meeting, a funeral + attending a ball.

Goliath - a giant; often with allusion to details in the Scripture narrative

sagen (ger) - to say

Ulysses.15.1201: 'BLOOM. No, no. Pig's feet. I was at a funeral.'

Silben (ger) - syllables + sibling - a person's brother or sister + there are two ways of solving their siblings.

croon - to sing (a song, tune, etc.) in a low murmuring undertone; spec. to sing (a song, etc.) in a low, smooth voice + come to the same thing.

theme - Mus. The principal melody, plainsong, or canto fermo in a contrapuntal piece; also, a simple tune on which variations are constructed.


BAGGOT STREET - Runs South-East from Stephen's Green, "Lower" North of the Grand Canal, "Upper" South of the canal. Formerly called Baggotrath (Battle of Baggotrath, 1649) Lane. Both Lower and Upper Baggot Street curve slightly in the middle of their lengths. 

crispin - a name given to a shoemaker, in allusion to Crispinus or St. Crispin, the patron saint of shoemakers

soko (Serbian) - falcon + Christian Socialists - 19th century reforming movement.

besoop - ? To thrash, lay about + bishops + sup (Serbian) - vulture.

jut - to strike, knock, or push against something (obs.)

kamp (Danish) - fight

clapperclaw - to claw or scratch with the open hand and nails; to beat, thrash; fig. To revile, abuse.

Irvingite - a member of a religious body founded about 1835 on the basis of principles promulgated by Edward Irving (1792-1834), a minister of the Church of Scotland, settled in London, and excommunicated in 1833.

orthodox - a member of the Orthodox Eastern Church; Of opinions or doctrines: Right, correct, true; in accordance with what is accepted or authoritatively established as the true view or right practice.

middleaged spread - paunchiness in a middle-aged person

mental - pl. nonce-use. Intellectual faculties (obs.) 

lean - to rely or depend on or upon

cop - to capture, catch, lay hold of + top + cope.

straat (Dutch) - street

corkscrew - to twist spirally; to draw out as with a corkscrew; to elicit by roundabout devices, or with effort + In Acts 9:11, the Lord says to Ananias, "Arise, and go to the street which is called Straight," (to restore Saul's sight). 

boulevard - a broad street, promenade, or walk, planted with rows of trees

billy - fellow; companion, comrade, mate; brother

Lios Mor (lis mor) (gael) - Great Enclosure; town, Co. Waterford (east of County Cork)

BRANDON - Mountain, County Kerry, on Dingle Peninsula (west of County Cork). Brandon Head is just North-East of Brandon Mountain. Named for St Brendan, one of St Patrick's 4 saints, who supposedly discovered America. 

bint - Meaning and derivation doubtful: cf. Du. bindte 'joint, crossbeam' + bint (Irish Pronunciation) - bend + bint (Slang) - girl, whore.

mittle - to hurt or mutilate + middle + Mittel- (ger) - middle.

Skelett (ger) - skeleton + SDV: — Stouter & stouter, I see. Now you told us of a this tryst. I wonder now, without revealing names secrets, do I know the name?

alcove - a vaulted recess + Joyce's note: 'alcove'

turtur = turtle - turtle-dove (a dove of the genus Turtur, esp. the common European species T. communis, noted for its graceful form, harmonious colouring, and affection for its mate).

rabrab (Danish) - duck + raaf (Dutch) - raven + Tartars or Arabs.

mallow - a common wild plant, Malva sylvestris (N.O. Malvaceć), having hairy stems and leaves and deeply-cleft reddish-purple flowers + Mallow, town, County Cork.

strike up - to begin to play or sing (a piece of music, a song)

'Have you heard of one Humpty' (beginning of Hosty's ballad) [045.01] + Bartholomew Vanhomrigh - father of Esther (Swift's Vanessa) and Lord-Mayor of Dublin.

č bella (Italian) - (she) is beautiful + 'able to raise a Cain' (end of Hosty's ballad) [047.29] + Cain/Abel (motif).

Mark (three cheers) [383.01] + marak (Hebrew) - soup + SDV: Marik! Marik! Marik! Marik! Marik! Marik!

drap = drop + dropped his drawers in + SDV: Wha lost his drariks in the parik. Ha drappid drappad has drariks draraks in the parik.

mansionhouse - the chief residence of a landed proprietor; a large and imposing house + Mansion House, Dublin.

watercress - a cress (Nasturtium officinale) that grows in running water and whose pungent leaves are used in salad; of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green.

archbishop - the highest dignitary in an episcopal church, superintending the bishops of his province

jarak (Serbian) - dike, ditch + SDV: He'd want to hark harik his character / christened by the / harkbishop of Yark Yarik. / And ha had to barrow tha / watercrass shortclothes / off tha arkbishop of Yorik.

BROBDINGNAG - Land of giants (*E*), in Gulliver's Travels  

bummel - a leisurely stroll or journey + on the bum - vagrant; begging.

Lilliput - the name of an imaginary country in Gulliver's Travels (1726), peopled by pygmies six inches high; person of diminutive size (*A*)

lea - land 'laid down' for pasture, pasture-land, grass-land

sally - a breaking forth from restraint, a sudden rush of besieged troops out upon their enemy; an outburst or transport (of passion, delight, or other emotion) + Sally of the Alley (song) + *IJ*.

*VYC* + World War I Allies (England, France, etc.)

World War I Central Powers (Austro-Hungary, Germany, etc.)

Persse O'Reilly

Tara - ancient capital of Ireland + a touch of the tar brush - Applied to someone of mixed Black and white origin, as shown in the colour of the skin + O'Hara

sharepusher - aggressive salesman; one who endeavours to dispose of Shares to the public by circular or advertisement, instead of selling them on the market

grass temperature (Joyce's note) Freeman's Journal 10 Jan 1924, 6/1: 'Wintry Weather. Showers of Snow in Dublin': 'The grass temperature at 4 p.m. was 2 deg. below freezing point, and slight showers of snow fell in the Park' + SDV:And he said he was only taking the grass temperature! And Ask him how he lost his [bass's] voice.

Green Thursday - the Thursday before Good Friday; third day before Easter + turd (Earwicker defecating in Phoenix Park).

blotchy - characterized by blotches or blotching + Blut (ger) - blood (i.e. bloody).

Scaliger - (1) Julius Caesar Scaliger (1484-1558), scholar, philosopher, botanist; (2) his son, Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609), classical scholar + scaliger (l) - ladder-carrier (Finnegan).

mussel man - one who gathers mussels + 'Do you know the Muffin Man, The Muffin Man, the Muffin Man, Do you know the Muffin Man, That lives in Drury Lane?' (nursery rhyme).

muscle man - a person who employs or threatens violence on behalf of a professional criminal, or who commits crimes of violence without instigation; Used to denote a paragon of powerful physique.

mamie - a child's word for mother

William Shakespeare: King Lear III.4.174: 'Fie, foh, and fum'

drary (Irish Pronunciation) - dreary (dismal, gloomy; repulsively dull or uninteresting) + Drury Lane ague (Slang) - venereal disease.

felicitation - the action of congratulating; an instance of the same; a congratulatory speech or message + veel felicitaties (Dutch) - many congratulations + Phyllis (gr) - girl who was changed into an almond-tree + phyllis (gr) - folliage, heap of leaves, salad + phyllis (l) - almond-tree + syphilis.

daff - a simpleton, a fool; a coward + deaf.


twinned - born two at one birth, twin

Horrocks Ltd. - textile firm (sheets, towels, etc.) in Lanceseter, England + "I have mentioned the "quiring" of the god by Isis at 3.21. This suggests both the gathering of Osiris' parts, and also that he is reconstituted in the manner of, or within, the pages of a book. The idea is extended at 491.31, where the god waits, it seems, for rebirth, "resting between horrockses' sheets". This includes the suggestion that he is resting between the "sheets" of de Horrack's well-known translation of "The Lamentations of Isis and Nephthys"." (Mark L. Troy) + "Because the Wake systematically strives to reconstruct the "blank memory" and "eyewitless foggus" of a body dead to the world, it might now be construed as a "mummyscrip" whose content, like that of Egyptian "winding sheets" (77.28), is "the presence (of a curpse)": "for that (the rapt one warns) is what [this] papyr is meed of" (20.10-11). Like the mummy of Tutankhamen, moreover, Joyce's "Totumcalmum" also is enwrapped in linen cerements - "bedding" (24.13), since he moves through the dark "resting between horrockses' sheets" (where "Horrocks" is an English textile firm and Horus is an agent of Egyptian resurrection)." (John Bishop: Joyce's Book of the Dark).

white war - war without bloodshed, economic warfare; not open warfare but with oblique methods


Welsh-Briton = Welshman - a native of Wales

unbiassed - fig. Not unduly or improperly influenced or inclined; unprejudiced, impartial.

embarrassment - perplexity, sense of difficulty or hesitation with regard to judgement or action

disposal - the power to use something or someone; the act or means of getting rid of something


step into the breach - to take over a course of action or duty e.g. part in a stage play, when no one else is willing or able to do it

by (Danish) - city, town + grad (Russian) - city, town + Beograd - capital of Serbia.

soggy - Of persons: Dull, spiritless + soldier

The Bold Boys of Erin (song)

join up - to enlist in the army + Joyce's note: 'lord Ashbourne put on his trousers when Ireland wouldn't recruit' (he was noted for wearing kilts).