Sandy - a shortened form of the name Alexander, chiefly used in Scotland; Hence used as a nickname for a Scotchman; having hair of a yellowish-red colour.
goodman - the master or male head of a household or other establishment, the host (of an inn).
upthrow - to throw or cast upwards, to toss or fling up
lotus - the water-lily of Egypt and Asia, Nymphæa Lotus; the plant yielding the fruit which was the food of the Lotophagi of Greek legend.
burly - stout, sturdy, massively built, corpulent; stately, dignified, of noble or imposing presence or appearance (obs.)
womit (d) - with what?
flat - Music. Of a note or singer: Relatively low in pitch, below the regular or true pitch. B, D, E, etc. flat: a semitone lower than B, D, E, etc.
baited - worried by dogs; fig. harassed, tormented bated
gamut* - the 'Great Scale' (of which the invention is ascribed to Guido d'Arezzo), comprising the seven hexachords or partial scales, and consisting of all the recognized notes used in mediæval music; Hence in later use: The whole series of notes that are recognized by musicians.
crescendo* - to increase gradually in loudness or intensity
doll - to dress up finely or elaborately, to deck up
dolthead* - a dull and stupid person
dolittle* - one who does little, a lazy person
dainty* - of delicate or tender beauty or grace
diva - a distinguished female singer, a prima donna
deltic = deltaic - of, pertaining to, or forming a delta; of the nature of a delta.
henpecked - domineered over by, or subject to the rule of, a wife
...Till he becomes acquainted through the bars with the animals that are in future to be his cage-mates.
groggy* - intoxicated; shaky, tottering, unsteady
ora pro nobis***
dauby - crudely executed, smeary; given to daubing: dirty, etc.
traverse - to read through or consider thoroughly (a subject, treatise, etc.); Law. To contradict formally (a matter of fact alleged in the previous pleading).
luter - a lute-player
black hole* - The name has become historic, in connexion with the horrible catastrophe in 1756 at the black hole of the barracks in Fort William, Calcutta, into which 146 Europeans were thrust for a whole night, of whom only 23 survived till the morning.
reflect - to turn one's thoughts (back) on, to fix the mind or attention on or upon a subject; to cast a slight or imputation, reproach or blame, on or upon a person or thing.
administrant - one who administers or conducts any office or affair.
slow poison - Indicating the accumulative effect of a deleterious drug or agent taken for a length of time.
revere - to hold in, or regard with, deep respect or veneration
mein Herr* - Used in a jocular or ironic tone in addressing a German man; so as n., a male German.
confined - shut up, enclosed, imprisoned
guardroom - a room in which prisoners are guarded
pint - a measure of capacity for liquids, equal to half a quart or 18 of a gallon.
Pilsener* - In full Pils(e)ner beer: A pale-coloured lager beer with a strong hop flavour.
due to = owing to - that owes its existence to
par - - beside, beyond; apothecary - drugs collectively; attrib. quasi-adj.
sedan chair* - a closed vehicle to seat one person, borne on two poles by two bearers, one in front and one behind.
chemist - one who deals in medicinal drugs
drugger - a dealer in drugs, a druggist (obs.)
V.S. - veterinary surgeon
aural - of or pertaining to the organ of hearing; of or pertaining to the aura.
surgeon - one who practises the art of healing by manual operation; a practitioner who treats wounds, fractures, deformities, or disorders by surgical means. In early use often more widely, a medical man, doctor. Now spec. one who holds a licence or diploma from the Royal College of Surgeons or any other body, legally qualifying him to practise in surgery.
sahib - a respectful title used by the natives of India in addressing an Englishman or other European (= 'Sir'); in native use, an Englishman, a European.
syringa - any of the shrubs of the genus Philadelphus, esp. P. coronarius, the mock-orange, having creamy-white strongly sweet-scented flowers, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
bollworm - an insect which destroys the cotton boll or pod
pilch - an outer garment made of skin dressed with the hair
knickers - colloq. contraction of knickerbockers (loose-fitting breeches, gathered in at the knee, and worn by boys, sportsmen, and others who require a freer use of their limbs).
yerd = yard - 0.914 m.
slopper - wide baggy breeches or hose, of the kind commonly worn in the 16th and early 17th cent.; loose trousers, esp. those worn by sailors. Now chiefly dial.
forfear - to terrify (obs.) forever
misfortune* - bad or adverse fortune, ill-luck
kavvanah* - devotion or fervor in prayer
humpbacked - having a humped or crooked back
entail - to bring on by way of necessary consequence
laxative - Of medicines, food, etc.: Having the property of loosening and evacuating the bowels; Of the bowels, or the bodily constitution: Loose, subject to 'flux' or free discharge of the fæces; having a loosing power, affording remission or relief (rare.)
mary - stomach, belly; marry (obs.)
forbidden fruit - i.e. that forbidden to Adam (Gen. ii. 17), also fig.
secular* - Eccl. Of members of the clergy: Living 'in the world' and not in monastic seclusion, as distinguished from 'regular' and 'religious'.
valvular* - having the form or function of a valve; Chiefly Anat. and Bot; volvulus - a form of intestinal obstruction caused by a twisting or knotting of the bowel.
basketful - as much as fills a basket; also fig., a considerable quantity.
aroint - In aroint thee! (? verb in the imperative, or interjection) meaning apparently: Avaunt! Begone! [Origin unknown. Used by Shakspere, whence by some modern writers.] anoint
tummy - the stomach or intestine; an abdominal pain or complaint.
moor - a tract of unenclosed waste ground; now
usually, uncultivated ground covered with heather; a marsh (obs.);
tumor - a permanent circumscribed morbid swelling, consisting in a new growth of tissue, without inflammation.
malady - a specific kind of ill health, an ailment, a disease; fig. A morbid or depraved condition (e.g. of mind, morals, social arrangements, etc.)
thereinafter - after, before, below in that document, statute, etc.
liable - exposed or subject to, or likely to suffer from (something prejudicial); in older use with wider sense, subject to the operation of (any agency), likely to undergo (a change of any kind); Normally const. to.
succumb - to yield to the attacks of a disease, the effect of wounds, etc.; hence, to die.
letters patent* - an open letter or document, usually from a sovereign or person in authority, issued for various purposes, e.g. to put on record some agreement or contract, to authorize or command something to be done, to confer some right, privilege, title, property, or office; now, especially, to grant for a statutory term to a person or persons the sole right to make, use, or sell some invention.
to strike below the belt* - (from the language of pugilists) is used fig. for 'to act unfairly in any contest'.
rupee - the monetary unit of India
repure - to make pure again
reputed* - supposed, accounted, reckoned (to be something specified)
husbandship - the action or office of husband