said - named or mentioned before

sully - an act of sullying, soiling, or polluting (lit. and fig.) + Sully, leader of the twelve (*O*) and Magrath's thug [573.06-.07]

barracker - a spectator who shouts jocular or derisive remarks against players engaged in a sports contest

tinker - a craftsman (usually itinerant) who mends pots, kettles, and other metal household utensils

Black Hand - a Serbian secret society involved in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 (which led to World War I); a Spanish revolutionary society of anarchists; a secret society of Italian immigrants in U.S., concerned chiefly in levying blackmail.

Sullivans (*O*) + Sir Edward Sullivan wrote an introduction to The Book of Kells.

anonymous + most annoying.

skirtless - Of persons: Wearing no skirt + scurrilous ballads + scurrilous - expressing offensive reproach.

Parsee - the language of Persia under Sassanian kings + Parisian French + Percy French - Irish songwriter + The Ballad of Persse O'Reilly [044.24]

franch - to devour, to feed greedily (on) + French + French, Percy - turn of the century Dublin entertainer, songwriter. He wrote "The Mountains of Mourne," "Are You Right There, Michael." 

thug - one of an association of professional robbers and murderers in India, who strangled their victims; a cutthroat, ruffian


POWER'S DISTILLERY - John Power and Son, 4-12 John's Lane, West; it was often referred to as the "John's Lane Distillery." Ginness's works lie only a few blocks to the West, at James's Gate.  

dibbler - one who dibbles (to fish by letting the bait (usually a natural insect) dip and bob lightly on the water)

guts - As food: Offal. Phrase: not fit to carry guts to a bear

sylph - one of a race of beings or spirits supposed to inhabit the air (orig. in the system of Paracelsus); Applied to a graceful woman or girl; usually with implication of slender figure and light airy movement.

poss - colloq. abbrev. possible + APL + Oedipus Rex + (erection).

so long - good-bye, 'au revoir'

silly man + Suleiman - 16th century Sultan of Turkey + Solomon.

stitcher - a tool or machine used for stitching

siven (Irish Pronunciation) - seven + (notebook 1924): 'if they cut her nose it is for a good reason'.

snuff - a preparation of powdered tobacco for inhaling through the nostrils

stocking + pocket.

handkerchief + (notebook 1924): 'wife offers stocking & veil to hang H' → Saint Vincent Ferrier is said to have told a parable about a woman crying miserably as her husband is on his way to be hanged for murder, but when it is noticed that the rope had been forgotten, she offers her veil as a substitute.

orange fin - a variety of trout found in the Tweed

dispensation - Theol. A religious order or system, conceived as divinely instituted, or as a stage in a progressive revelation, expressly adapted to the needs of a particular nation or period of time, as the patriarchal, Mosaic (or Jewish) dispensation + Joyce's note: 'carried out the Mosaic dispensation (hanging)'.

froren - intensely cold, frosty, frost-like; frozen

patata = potato (obs.)

milliner - a vendor of 'fancy' wares and articles of apparel, esp. of such as were originally of Milan manufacture, e.g. 'Milan bonnets', ribbons, gloves, cutlery (obs.); In modern use, a person (usually a woman) who makes up articles of female apparel, esp. bonnets and other headgear.

Lynch, James Fitzstephens - warden of Galway who, in 1493, condemned to death and hung, with his own hands, his son Walter, who had murdered a Spaniard, Gomez. The story is told in Joyce's "The City of the Tribes." 

withworker - a fellow-worker, co-worker

Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 56: 'Revival of "The Warden of Galway"... Walter Lynch, T.C. King'.

stretch - to pull (a person's) limbs lengthwise; esp. to torture by so doing, to rack; to hang

starlight - the light of the stars; occas. the time when the stars shine

L.B.W. - leg before wicket (cricket) + Lynch Brother, Withworkers [.11]

hemp - the cortical fibre of this plant, used for making cordage, and woven into stout fabrics; In allusion to a rope for hanging; 'stretchhemp', a person worthy of the gallows + hip-hip-hurrah.

Moonlight, Captain - in the 19th century land war, Irish shot people, maimed cattle, and said it was done by Captain Moonlight

palliasse - a straw mattress or under-mattress + pale ass.

roly poly - a pudding made of rolled dough + Holy Paul.

borrowing - taking on loan, taking at second-hand, etc. + burying.


Riley - In colloq. phr. 'the life of Riley', a comfortable, enjoyable, and carefree existence + (Persse) O'Reilly.

quink - the golden-eyed duck; a variety of goose (obs.) + (onomat.)

cawl - a wooden basket for carrying a fish + raven's 'caw' + calls

call + dove's 'coo' + MacCool.

joyant - feeling or showing joy, joyous + giant.


plunk - the resonant sound of a heavy blow, or of a plunge; the blow or plunge itself; also, the sound made by the drawing of a cork, etc.


forty winks - (colloq.): a short nap, esp. after dinner + William Shakespeare: The Sonnets, II: 'When forty winters shall besiege thy brow'.

sovereign - a British gold coin with a nominal value of one pound

freely - plentifully, abundantly; also used as an intensive, very

pledged - bound by or as if by an oath

pennis - obs. pl. of penny + penis.

slot machine - a machine which is operated by inserting a coin in a slot + slut's.

kish (Irish) - wicker basket (from Irish: cis) + brack (Irish) - speck (from Irish: breac) + brack - an Irish cake or loaf containing seeds or fruit + barmbrack (Irish) - Irish speckled cake, currant and raisin cake used at hallowe'en (from Irish: bairghean breac).

Château La Rose (fr) - The Rose Castle

legitimate + Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 61: 'The death of Mr. Calvert has left a blank in the dramatic world, in which he was recognised as a... successful organizer of what is familiarly termed the "Legitimate"'.

Marietta (it) - diminutive of Mary

gunning - shooting with a gun; esp. the act or practice of hunting game with guns + Elizabeth and Maria Gunning - Irish sisters who married 18th century English aristocrats, subjects of popular enthusiasm in Dublin (*IJ*).

noblesse - noble birth or condition; the nobility, persons of noble rank

leecher - one who 'leeches' (to cure, heal), a physician + lechers.

tannery - a place where tanning is carried on + sexcentenary - of or relating to a six-hundredth anniversary + six and a tanner - six shillings and sixpence.

Welsh + Walsh, William John (1841-1921) - Catholic archbishop of Dublin, helped bring down Parnell. 

Motto of the Garter: Honi soit qui mal y pense - Evil Be (to Him) Who Evil Thinks of This

engraving - that which is engraved; an engraved figure or inscription, a block or plate that has been engraved

manly - Of things, qualities, etc.: Befitting or belonging to a man, masculine + (notebook 1924): 'manly parts'.

magistrate - a civil officer charged with the administration of the laws, a member of the executive government; 'chief magistrate', 'first magistrate': in a monarchy, the sovereign: in a republic, usually the president.

kneecap - the convex bone in front of the knee-joint

amnis (l) - river

anima (l) - breath, vital principle

ammos (gr) - sand

annus (l) - year + amen + am Ann.

Mrs Christiani says Fru = Danish "Mrs," and "Mria" = "Mary." 

artis litterarumque patrona (l) - patroness of art and letters + patron-us (l) - protector, defender (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

silvan - a person dwelling in a wood + Sullivan + Silvayne, Alexander - his Histoires tragiques (trans. 1596) is the source of The Merchant of Venice.

Salvini, Tommaso (b. 1829) - Italian actor of Shakespeare's heroes, best known for Othello + Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 27: 'Mons. Silvain... a great Maitre de danse. Silvain, changed from Sullivan, was a Cork "boy".'

misled - led astray