tyrant - a king or ruler who exercises his power in an oppressive, unjust, or cruel manner + tyre + correspondent - one who contributes letters to a newspaper or journal; spec. one employed by a journal to contribute news and other material to its columns from some particular place.

Irish + our + SDV: and J. B. Dunlop, the tyrant of his time,

swank - one who swanks (to behave ostentatiously, to swagger)

Stuart - the name of the British royal family from 1603 to 1688, used attrib. to designate that period of history and applied esp. to artefacts, buildings, etc., of that date or style + stewards.

Tudor - belonging to the line of English sovereigns (from Henry VII to Elizabeth I) descended from Owen Tudor, who married Catherine, the widowed queen of Henry V. Tudor and Stewart were family names of Parnell.

keepsake - anything kept or given to be kept for the sake of, or in remembrance of, the giver; spec. the name given to certain literary annuals consisting of collections of verse, prose, and illustrations, common in the early part of the nineteenth century; so called as being designed for gifts.

cesarevich - the eldest son of the czar + The Autumn Double (horse races): the Cesarewich and the Saint Leger.

Leodegarius (l) - French saint (St. Leger)

St Leger, Sir Anthony - 16th-century Irish viceroy, also a horse race

[h]amaxa (gr) - wagon + hodeia (l) - traveling + amaxodeias (gr) - wagon-traveler.

hysteroprotos (gr) - back-to-front, putting the cart before the horse

handicapped - of persons, esp. children, physically or mentally defective + handy - easy to be manipulated, managed, or directed.

trull - strumpet + trolley + truly national.

'Horsey, keep your tail up, and keep the sun off me' (American 1930s popular tune) + SDV: and the Cesarewitch [for the currant counter] riding upstairs up the holy staircase muleback hindquarters front before holding [hard on to] his national anthem Horsey, keep your tail up

Halle - Applied attrib. to an orchestra, concerts, and other musical events which owe their inception to Charles Hallé (orig. Carl Halle) (1819-1895) + Halle (ger) - hall.

Froner (ger) - serf, vassal + throne room - room, often rather a hall, in the official residence of the crown, either a palace or a fortified castle, where the throne of a senior figure (usually a monarch) is set up with elaborate pomp.


buttery - a place for storing liquor

accommodate - to provide lodging or sufficient space for + SDV: & as much as the lift vacant throne room could hold at once safely accomodate of the house of Orange and Bitters

M.P. - the usual abbreviation for 'Member of Parliament'

permeate - to spread throughout (something)

D.P. - displaced person

brehon - an ancient Irish judge

B.P. - before present, i.e., counting backwards from a.d. 1800.

flaitheamhlach (flohulokh) (gael) = flahoolagh (Anglo-Irish) - 'princely', generous.

F[lamen] P[erpetuus] (l) - permanent priest

agapomenos (gr) - beloved, loved one + SDV: permeated by druids and flockoolaghs flahoolags and bretons and anteparnellites

A P[opulo] (l) - from the People

P.P. - parish priest + P[ater] P[atriae] (l) - Father of his Country.

kong (Danish) - king (in royal titles) + In the Irish office of arms of heraldry, Ulster was King of Arms, with Cork and Dublin as Heralds and Athlone as Poursuivant. 

herald - an officer having the special duty of making royal or state proclamations, and of bearing ceremonial messages between princes or sovereign powers, of regulating the use of armorial bearings, and, in process of time, of recording the names and pedigrees of those entitled to armorial bearings + Heralds' College, or College of Arms - a royal corporation, founded 1483, consisting of the Earl Marshal, kings-of-arms, heralds, and pursuivants, exercising jurisdiction in matters armorial, and now recording proved pedigrees, and granting armorial bearings.

Ath Cliath (aklie) (gael) - Hurdle Ford; (Dublin)

Athlone - the pursuivant of the Irish Office of Arms + Ath Luain (alun) (gael) - Luan's ("warrior") Ford; central town.

poursuivant = pursuivant - Formerly, A junior heraldic officer attendant on the heralds; also one attached to a particular nobleman; Now, an officer of the College of Arms, ranking below a Herald.

Catherine II, "the Great" (1729-96) - Empress of Russia. Great Catherine is a playlet of Bernard Shaw's. 

fein amhain (fen awan) (gael) - self alone (Sinn Féin) + awan (Cornish) - river, torrent, landflood.

gemmy - abounding in, covered with, or set with gems, or something resembling gems + geminus (l) - twin.

sanctus (l) - holy + Saxons + sons.

ephod - Jewish priestly garment + Efeu (ger) - ivy + feud.

Ard Oilean (ardilan) (gael) - High Island, Co. Galway; anglic. Ardilaun + Iveagh and Ardilaun - sons of Benjamin Lee Guinness (brewing).


adamantinos (gr) - of steel; very hard

lyubov (Russian) - love + Moskva (Russian) - Moscow.

amok - fig. Wild or wildly, headlong or heedlessly + amuigh's amach (amwis amokh) (gael) - "out and out": altogether, completely.

boon companion - lit. 'good-fellow', used in a jovial bacchanalian sense, transferred to other phrases, and occas. predicatively: Jolly, convivial (fellow) + boom (Dutch) - chat + SDV: and all murdering Irish out of one another their boon companions for to nobble [& or salvage] a their bit of him,

Punjab - extensive region of the Indian sub-continent, so called from its five rivers, now divided between India and Pakistan

doggerel - a comic verse of irregular measure + Dogra - Indian language.

Tamil - Indian language

Gogarty, Oliver St John (1873-1957) - Dublin poet, eye-ear-nose-throat surgeon, model for Malachi "Buck" Mulligan in Ulysses + Gujarati - Indian language.

ball of malt - a glass of (Irish) malt whiskey + ball of malt (Dublin Slang) - large glass of whiskey with water.

ale - an intoxicating liquor made from an infusion of malt by fermentation + Ol (ger) - oil + øl (Danish) - beer, ale.

Mona (l) - Isle of Man, Anglesea + móna (Irish) - of a peat bog.

sop - to dip, soak, or steep (bread, etc.) in some liquid; to soak; also fig., to intoxicate

panis angelorum (l) - angel's bread, bread of angels (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake) + paní (Czech) - lady, mistress.

KENNEDY, PETER - Baker, formerly at 39-40 Lower Buckingham Street + At Trinity Church I Met My Doom (song): 'I was an M-U-G'. 

kiln - a furnace or oven for burning, baking, or drying

knead - to work up (moistened flour or clay) into dough or a paste + 'lady' derived from Old English 'hlæfdige' - "dough kneader".

socialize - to be sociable, participate in social activities + socialism and communism.

deification - absorption in the divine nature [Budge: The Book of the Dead cxvii: 'intended to enable the deceased to avoid the slaughter which took place in the Other World... was to identify each member of his body with or transform it into the similar member of a god' (i.e. deification of body members)].

nobble - to secure (a person, etc.) to one's own side or interest by bribery or other underhand methods; to get hold of, seize, catch

salvage - to take (esp. euphem. by misappropriation) and make use of (unemployed or unattended property) + noble savage (term used by Jean Jacques Rousseau).

poohpooh - to express contempt or disdain for + poor

bachelor + basileus (gr) - king.


doddering - mentally or physically infirm with age

oganach (oganokh) (gael) - youth, bachelor + Roderick O'Connor + SDV: the poor old [basiloose,] Doddering Dodderick O'Comick O'Gonach Wreck,

wrack - devastation, destruction + rex

busted - burst, broken; bankrupt or ruined + dead to the world - unconscious or fast asleep; unaware of the external world.

at large - as a whole, as a body; (taken) altogether; in a general way, in a general sense, without particularizing

Table Round = Round Table - the table, celebrated in mediæval legend, round which Arthur and his chosen knights were supposed to have sat, and which was made round so that there might be no pre-eminence or rivalry.

Vernon - Irish family possessing a sword supposed to have belonged to Brian Boru

tilly (Irish) - the 13th in a baker's dozen, an additional measure given to a customer (from Irish tuilleadh: added measure).

tallow - tallow candle (candles round corpse at wake, as in song Finnegan's Wake 2).

Ringkampf (ger) - wrestling match

circum- - 'around, round about'

foregift - a payment in advance + forgiveness - the action of forgiving + forgifte (Danish) - to poison.


court dress - the costume worn by those who attend at Court, and on other state occasions

Lord-Mayor of Dublin's golden chain of office

hogo - an offensive taste or smell; a stench, stink

swathing - that with which something is swathed, a wrapping, a bandage, a swaddling-band + (funeral clothes in 'The Book of the Dead').

cumulus (l) - heap, pile + Cummilium (song) + Apostles' Creed: 'the communion of saints'.

Italian warehouse - a shop where Italian groceries, fruits, olive oil, etc. are sold

Erica - the botanical name of the genus of plants called in Eng. heath. + After drifting for a time, the ark-coffin of Osiris floated to shore, and around it grew a huge tree or bush, usually identified as an erica or heather.  

cluster - to grow or be situated in a cluster or in clusters, to form a cluster

hair + hayir (Turkish) - good, prosperity.

prisent (Irish Pronunciation) - present + spectrum (spectre) of his prism.

candidatus (l) - clothed in white + candlelights + (white light split by prism into spectrum).

datid (Danish) - that time (as opposed to the present)

bagpudding - a pudding boiled in a bag + black pudding - kind of sausage + pod - to swell out like a pod + podded - fig. Well-off, comfortable, snugly secure from harm.


bewept - drowned in tears; marked or disfigured by weeping

seraphim - In Biblical use: The living creatures with six wings, hands and feet, and a (presumably) human voice, seen in Isaiah's vision as hovering above the throne of God.

venturous - Of persons, etc.: Disposed to venture upon or undertake something of a dangerous or risky nature.

drone - fig. A non-worker, a lazy idler, a sluggard.

dominator - one who rules or dominates; a ruler, lord

auld = old + Nine Levels of Celestial Hierarchy: Cherubim, Seraphim, Powers, Principalities, Virtues, Thrones, Dominations, Angels, Archangels.

buttend - a buttock; the thicker end of anything

exposit - to reveal, exhibit, show clearly + (notebook 1924): 'exposed for sale' Walsh: Scandinavian Relations with Ireland during the Viking Period 31: 'In Laxdaela Saga we hear of Melkorka, an Irish princess, who was exposed for sale with eleven other women at a market in Norway'.

referee - one to whom any matter or question in dispute is referred for decision

bulgy - swollen, clumsily or unduly protuberant

bung - to throw (violently), to put forcibly; to stop with a bung; fig. To stop, close, to shut up + God Save the King (song): 'Send him victorious, Happy and Glorious'.