embalm - to impregnate (a dead body) with spices, to preserve it from decay

pending - while awaiting, until the occurrence of, until

resurrection - the rising again of Christ after His death and burial + eructo (l) - I belch.

bogey - a bogle or goblin + bog (Serbian) - god + Apostles' Creed: 'the resurrection of the body'.

astounded - shocked mentally, amazed; confounded with surprise and wonder + SDV: lying high [as he was lay [with his buttend up for sale & after inspection]] [astounded superastounded [, as it was,] at [thus] being] reduced to to nothing.

everlasting - eternal + Apostles' Creed: 'life everlasting'.

bap (Hindustani) - father + happy-go-lucky.

gully - a furrow, groove

mort (fr) - dead + morti (Italian) - dead (plural).

gaff - humbug, 'stuff and nonsense'; a stick with an iron hook used for landing salmon + quaff + every man for himself and God for us all (phrase).

callisthenic - of or pertaining to the development of physical vigour in association with beauty

trepas - a sacred dance in 3/4 measure

twentynine + nenia (l) - funeral-song + (29 death-words in 14 pairs + 1) (*Q*).

mullo (Gipsy) - dead man

homo (l) - man + humo (l) - I bury + humilis (l) - humble + (buried man).

dauncy - sickly; delicate, not robust + dance of death.

daddy-o - colloq. var. daddy + Dance to Your Daddy-o (Irish children's song).

dood (Dutch) - death, dead

bas (bas) (gael) - death + obese.

bose (ger) - evil + booze.

muerte (Spanish) - death

Mord (ger) - murder

mah (Armenian) - death + mamat (Arabic) - death.

marbhadh (moru) (gael) - killing, murder + maut (Arabic) - death + marv (Breton) - death + marw (Welsh) - death.

smrt (Serbian) = smert (Russian) = śmierć (Polish) - death.

Schmerz (ger) - pain

Valhalla + Weh (ger) - woe + hollol (Welsh) - death + halal (Hungarian) - death.

tuoni (Finnish) - figure of death 

thanatos (gr) - death + tunteeton (Finnish) - dead.

umreti (Serbian) - to die + umrti (Czech) - death.

damnos (Cambodgian) - death

chet (Annamese) - to die + shit.

merg (Persian) = marg (Hindustani) - death + merde! (French) - shit! + morgue.

eulum (Turkish) - death

khuam (Siamese) - death + how come?

maliu (Samoan) - death

S.O.S. (in Morse, Latin mors: death) + ser- (Pan-Slavonic) - shit-.

se (Chinese) - death + "What is perhaps the most popular etymology for the name Osiris derives from the "eye" half of the hieroglyphics [other half is throne]. The god was, it was reasoned, the "Power of the Eye" (Gods, II, 113). Joyce places this etymology in a multilingual frame by employing the transcription "Ser" which is also ser, "see" in the Scandinavian languages. In the context in which Joyce places it, reborn Osiris (Ser) as the personification of divine sight (ser) merge in: "Ser Oh Ser! See ah See! Hamovs! Hemoves!" (499.10). The observation that "He moves" also suggests another cross-cultural reference relevant to Osiris: Mr. M. Raddadi informs me that ser is the infinitive form "to move" in Arabic." (Mark L. Troy)

hamoves (Hebrew) - the death + he moves.

mors (Latin) - death

dolmen - a prehistoric structure, consisting of a large flattish stone supported upon two or more smaller upright stones + Introit of Mass for dead: 'Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine: et lux perpetua luceat eis': 'Grant them eternal rest, O Lord, and may perpetual light shine upon them.' 

pepperpot - a small box, usually cylindrical, with a perforated lid, used for sprinkling powdered pepper

loosen - to undo, unfasten (bonds, a knot, or the like). Now usually: To render looser or less tight, to relax, slacken.

psyche (gr) - soul, spirit, consciousness + (onomat.) + Sicht (ger) - sight + sic.

lep - obs. or Sc. form of leap + Finnegan's Wake, chorus: 'Lots of fun at Finnegan's Wake'.

flam - a sham story, fabrication, falsehood; a piece of deception, a trick + flam (Cornish) = flam (Welsh) - flame.

wick (Cockney Rhyming Slang) = dick/prick + "Shaun's navel, like that of Vishnu,' is as much a centre of generation as is Shem's lifewand, and becomes confused with his phallus throughout III.3. The lascivious and perverted Four are in fact involved in producing an erection from the lethargic Shaun (REFERENCE)"

keying - the action of the verb key in various senses + caoin (kin(gael) - bewail, lament + 'The king is dead. Long live the king' (Lady Dufferin).

muster - a pattern, specimen, example + master

serf - obs. form of serve (v.) + God save the King (song).

yous - dial. varr. you pers. pron. (with pl. inflection, though used in sing. sense also)

adipose - of or pertaining to adeps, or animal fat; fatty

rex - a king + Oedipus Rex (l) - Swollen-foot the Ruler: tragic king of Thebes.

Sphinx's riddle: 'What has four legs in the morning, two legs at midday, and three legs in the evening'; answer: 'man' (Oedipus solved the riddle, and the Sphinx destroyed herself).

sabhal (sal) (gael) - barn, granary + saouls (Irish Pronunciation) - souls.

diabhal (d'oul) (gael) = dhoul (Anglo-Irish) - devil + Finnegan's Wake (song): 'Your souls to the devil, do ye think I am dead?'

fime - dung

fuddled (Slang) - drunk + fee-faw-fum - the first line of doggerel spoken by the giant in the nursery tale of 'Jack the giant killer' upon discovering the presence of Jack; an exclamation indicating a murderous intention.

impassable - impossible to traverse or travel through + impossible

tissue of lies - story that is just a series of lies

sett = set - be seated, sit + (notebook 1924): 'do you mean to sit there & tell me I mean to sit here as long as I live'.

coddle - to treat with excessive indulgence

supernumerary - that is beyond or in excess of the usual, proper, regular, stated, or prescribed number + (penis).

bazar (Persian) - market + bizarre.

yur - obs. forms of your

tolk (Danish) - interpreter + tongue in cheek (phrase) + your talk-shop (i.e. mouth).

Hindi - the language of northern India (Hindostani is Hindi mixed with Arabic and other elements) + The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XIII, 'Hindostani', 479d: (Hindostani) 'was the natural language of the people in the neighbourhood of Delhi, who formed the bulk of those who resorted to the bazaar, and hence it became the bazaar language'.

shindy - a spree, merrymaking; a row, commotion, 'shine'

muck - the dung of cattle (usually mixed with decomposing vegetable refuse) used for manure + muc (muk) (gael) - pig, swine.

Sorley Boy MacDonnell (1505-90) - Ulster chief who harried the English and his neighbors + (notebook 1924): 'Sorley boy'.

FDV: — Do you mean to set there where y'are now, Sorley boy, surly guy, and tell me that?  

alt (ger) - old + knoll - a small hill or eminence of more or less rounded form; a hillock, a mound + 'Old Nol' - nickname of Cromwell.

surly - churlishly ill-humoured, rude and cross, 'gloomily morose'

replete - fully imbued or invested with some quality or property; filled to satisfaction with, full of, food or drink; satisfied, sated

homespun - cloth made of yarn spun at home

sleep like a top - sleep soundly (Tops, or more correctly spinning-tops', were popular amusements in the days before children had access to toys requiring batteries. The British Museum has on display tops from Egypt, dating from around 1250 BC. When a top is spinning well the precessional effect causes its axis to remain stationary and it can appear to be still, i.e. 'sleeping').

insense - to cause (a person) to understand or know something; to inform + incensed + (notebook 1924): '*V* all buried inside'.

upset the apple cart - to spoil something that has been carefully planned + (notebook 1924): 'S P if I can't upset the Mt I'll sit upon it'.

ollave - Among the ancient Irish, A master in some art or branch of learning; a learned man + FDV: I mean to sit here where I am now as long as I live. If I can't upset this mound pound of ollaves I can sit up setup upon it. / — Now Muddybroth, it's no anthill there so. God be with the good old lousy times. Was your reputed uncle the Cornywaller Cornelwaller / Maybe I won't go that length. You are taking me the thing into the future. In some centuries' time I shall return to that [once] go into him again.

zounds - a euphemistic abbreviation of by God's wounds used in oaths and asseverations + thousands.

Oliver - the moon + oliver - an olive-tree + SDV: Olivers. What was that groan? What's Was that groans or the Dingle bagpipers? What? Is the mound moving. What is under all this? I can't just distinguish.

groan - a low vocal murmur, emitted involuntarily under pressure of pain or distress, or produced in voluntary simulation as an expression of strong disapprobation + (notebook 1924): 'the mound groand'.

dingle - a deep dell or hollow; now usually applied (app. after Milton) to one that is closely wooded or shaded with trees + Dingle - town, County Kerry.

bagpipes - a musical instrument of great antiquity and wide diffusion, consisting of an air-tight wind-bag and one or more reed-pipes into which the air is pressed by the performer + (notebook 1924): 'angels play bagpipes'.

anima - Jung's term for the inner part of the personality or character, as opposed to the persona or outer part; also, the feminine component of a male personality; Quare tristis es, anima mea? (l) 'Why art thou cast down, O my soul?'

mea (l) - my + tristis anima mea (l) - my soul [is] sad + Vulgate Matthew 26:38: 'tristis est anima mea usque ad mortem': 'my soul is sad even unto death'.

hart - the male of the deer, esp. of the red deer + bleeding heart - fig. an excessively soft-hearted or sympathetic person (colloq.)

aubain - a non-naturalized foreigner subject to the right of aubaine (Aubaine, a right of French Kings, which existed from the beginning of the monarchy, whereby they claimed the property of every stranger who died in their country, without having been naturalised, was abolished by the national assembly in 1790.) + open.


usque - short for usquebaugh + usque (l) - all the way to, even unto + Anima mea tristis usque [ad mortem] (l) - "My soul is sorrowful even unto [death]" (Jesus in Gethsemane, Matt. 26:38).

lignum (l) - wood + lignum in... (l) - [a piece of] wood in...

Rathgar - Gael. Rath Garbh (ra gorev): "Rough Fort"; Former village, now South Dublin district. James Joyce was born in Brighton Square, Rathgar, in 1882 + gar (ger) - cooked; even + wrath of God.

Donnybrook - a suburb of Dublin, Ireland, once famous for its annual fair + Donner (ger) - thunder + Brucke (ger) - bridge + Domhnach/Tamhnach Broc (dounokh/tounokh brok) (gael) - Badger Church/Green-field.

babel - a confused turbulent medley of sounds + (static on radio) + (notebook 1924): 'Babel *E*' → Boulenger & Thérive: Les Soirées du Grammaire-Club 154: 'une nouvelle confusion de Babel' (French: 'a new confusion of Babel').

link in - (fig.): to entice, beguile