cloth - Theat. The curtain which separates the auditorium from the stage; Also, a large piece of painted scenery, etc.

effects (Joyce's note) Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 13: 'Effects. -- All light changes such as sun setting, moon rising, dawn, etc. Mechanical devices on or off the stage to suggest trains, thunder, lightning, church bells, etc.'

cause and effect + Giant's Causeway, North Ireland.

raindrum (Joyce's note) Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 24: 'Rain. -- A large drum with small shot rolled over the surface gives an excellent rain effect'

windmachine - in theatrical and other productions, a machine for simulating the sound or other effects of wind [Joyce's note: 'windmachine' Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 32: 'Wind Machine. -- A ribbed wooden drum mounted on a metal spindle with a handle attached, and supported on a wooden stand. It is rotated against a piece of stretched canvas to give the sound of wind'].

Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 27: 'Snow Box. -- A framed canvas bag with holes pierced in it and filled with paper cut very fine. When swayed gently the paper sifts through the holes and gives the effect of falling snow. The snow box is suspended from a set of lines and taken up behind the borders'.

thundersheet - Theatr. A piece of sheet metal shaken to imitate thunder [Joyce's note: 'thundersheet' Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 30: 'Thunder Sheet. -- A long strip of sheet iron hung from the flies and when shaken gives the effect of thunder'].

blunket - a fabric presumably of light grey or blue colour; possibly the same as blanket (a white or undyed woollen stuff used for clothing (obs.))

common - the undivided land belonging to the members of a local community as a whole; Hence, often, the patch of unenclosed or 'waste' land which remains to represent that + common or garden - a jocular substitute for 'common', 'ordinary'.

stellaris (l) - starry

réaltach (Irish) - starry + reality.

starey - inclined to stare; giving the appearance of staring + starry - Of the sky, night, etc.: Full of stars, spangled or lit up with stars. The phrases starry heaven, sphere, etc. were formerly used spec. = the 'sphere' of the fixed stars.

oleo- - Used as combining form of L. oleum, oil + auditorium - the part of a public building occupied by the audience + oleotorium (l) - place for storing oil.

pottery - pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay

everlasting ashtree (the Yggdrasil in Norse myth)

kitchen midden - refuse heap left by a prehistoric settlement, consisting chiefly of the shells of edible molluscs and bones of animals, among which are often found stone implements and other relics of early man + Kucken (ger) - chick + kitchen midden (Danish) - a refuse-heap of prehistoric date (from Danish: Kjökkenmödding) [(notebook 1924): 'Kjoekkenmoedding']

assorted - arranged in sorts, classified; matched, suited, fitted + "The rich variety to be found in the well-assorted warehouses of the dissenting congregations." + SDV: — You know the spot kikkenmidden where the two couple first met with each other. There is a tree there stuck up to the sky.

ealdormann (Old English) - magistrate, chief

Fanagan (Ulster Pronunciation) - Finnegan

junker - a young German noble


wellkown kikkinmidden [.08]

Fingal - Finn's name in Macpherson's Ossian poems. Fingal is a Scottish hero who comes to Ireland and fights the Danes. The Irish called certain Norse invaders, fingal or fingall, meaning "fair stranger." The plain of Fingall is north of Dublin, Fingall's Cave is in Scotland.

aneath - beneath

The Yellow House - pub, Rathfarnham, County Dublin

WESTEREAVE - The name of 2 townlands in the barony of Nethercross, North County Dublin; both in Fingal.

ASTAGOB - (1) Townland, parish of Castleknock, County Dublin; (2) Townland, parish of Clonsilla, County Dublin. 

SLUTSEND - Townland, parish of Glasnevin, barony of Coolock, North County Dublin; in Fingal. Roughly the part of Prospect Cemetery, Glasnevin, South of Finglas Road.  

STOCKENS - Townland, parish of Finglas, barony of Nethercross, North County Dublin; in Fingal. 

WINNINGS - Townland, parish of Naul, barony of Balrothery West, North County Dublin; in Fingal. 

skidoo - to go away, leave, or depart hurriedly; Used as an exclamation of disrespect (for a person) + SKIDOO - Townland, parochy of Swords, barony of Nethercross, North County Dublin; in Fingal.

SKEPHUBBLE - Townland, parochy of Finglas, barony of Nethercross, North County Dublin; in Fingal. P W Joyce explains the name as "place of assembly" - rather the opposite of "skidoo."  

God-a-mercy - Used as an exclamation of applause or thanks, (or as a mere exclamation) + Cosgrave: North Dublin, City and Environs 68n: (of Fingallian place names) 'North County Dublin contains townlands bearing the following names:... Winnings' Folly... Snugsborough... Astagob... Stockens... Slutsend... Westereve... Bridetree... Yellowwalls... Littlepace... Merryfalls... Goddamendy... Skidoo and Skephubble'.

talker - one who talks or is given to talking; a talkative person + The Delville estate was on the banks of the Tolka river in Glasnevin + tolk (Dutch) - interpreter.

the four last things - death, judgement, heaven, and hell + (notebook 1924): 'the 4 Winds of I' (i.e. Ireland).

I sincerely hope + (notebook 1924) + I Corinthians 13:13: 'faith, hope, charity'.

*V* I hope what I'm hearing is all true (notebook 1924) Freeman's Journal 28 May 1924, 5/3: 'ON THE HAZARD. Dublin Cabman Tells Story of Huge Windfall': 'I hope what I am hearing is all true'.

stow = place, in various senses; a place on the surface of the earth or in space + STOW ON THE WOLD - Town in Gloucestershire, England.

wold - a hill, down (obs.); a piece of open country; Used in the specific designations of certain hilly tracts in England, viz. the hill country of North Yorkshire and Humberside (Yorkshire Wolds, York(e)swold, York-wolds)

woful = woeful - Of times, places, occurrences, etc.: Fraught with woe, affliction, or misery.

bottom - low-lying land, a valley, a dell; a deep place, a depth, either in the sea or land (obs.) + (notebook 1924): 'Minchinghampton Woful Dane Bottom' → Woeful Dane Bottom, Gloucestershire, England (a valley, possible site of a Danish defeat, circa 918).

(notebook 1924): '- whatever about anything else, I must wash myself -'

grian (grien) (gael) - sun + blacht (blokht) (gael) - milk + gréinbeach (Irish) - zodiac.

gan ghrein (gon gren) (gael) - without sun, sunless + gangrene + green, black and grey stages of blindness.

Eireann (erun) (gael) - g. [of] Ireland + gan ghrian Eireann (gon grin erun) (gael) - without the sun of Ireland.

tricolour - having three colours, three-coloured; a tricolour flag, cockade, etc.; the green, white, and orange Irish Republican flag

spell - to enunciate or write letter by letter; to signify, imply, or involve

flagstone - a flat stone slab, typically rectangular or square, used for paving

unfailing + Jewish custom of unveiling the tombstone on a grave (usually held one month or one year after the death).

petrus (l) - stone + Peter the Great.

sige (Danish) - to say

wooden - made or consisting of wood + Wodin = Odin - Ygg (Norse deity).

Warnung (ger) - warning

thereof - of it, of that

trespasser - a transgressor, a law-breaker; a wrong-doer, sinner, offender

persecute - to prosecute (a person, or suit) at law; Now only a dialectal or humorous substitution for prosecute (v.)

stick up - to stand out from a surface, to project + (notebook 1924): 'plants stick in Earth'.

overlisten - to listen so as to overhear; to listen to (a speaker, or what is spoken) without the speaker's knowledge or consent

SDV: That's right. There is. The grandest crandest krandest tree in [all] the world. / — Are you connected / — Have you any crand / — How crand is it? tell Tell us now are you yourself connected with it, maybe? /   — Upfellbown.

ANNER - River, County Cork. Charles J Kickham's poem about the peasant girl who "lived beside the Anner, at the foot of Slievenamon," describes her as "a snowdrift 'neath the beechen bough, / Her neck and nutbrown hair"; Gael. An Dobhar (undower): "The Water".

ford - a shallow place in a river or other water, where a man or beast may cross by wading; a tract of shallow water

SLIEVENAMOND - Mountain, County Tipperary. The ref is to Charles Kickham's poem, "She lived beside the Anner,/At the foot of Slievenamond"; Gael. Sliabh na mBan (sliv nu mon): "Mountain of the Women".

ashe - obs. form of ash + in Norse myth, ash was first man, elm first woman.

snowdrift - a heap or mass of snow driven together, or piled up, by the action of the wind

birchen - of, pertaining to, or composed of birch + Beerchen (ger) - little berry.

bough - one of the larger limbs or offshoots of a tree, a main branch; but also applied to a smaller branch

consecrated - dedicated to a sacred purpose; made sacred; hallowed, sanctified

maypole - a high pole, painted with spiral stripes of different colours and decked with flowers, set up on a green or other open space, for the merrymakers to dance round on May-day; Applied jocularly to a tall object.


W.J. Browne: Botany for Schools (published by Browne and Nolan) + BROWNE AND NOLAN - Printers, publishers, and booksellers; at 24-25 Nassau Street at the turn of the century, now in Dawson Street, with works at Clonskeagh; owners of the Richview Press. 

thesaurus - a 'treasury' or 'storehouse' of knowledge, as a dictionary, encyclopædia, or the like

plantarium - a nursery ground + thesaurus plantarum (l) - a storehouse for slips or cuttings (of plants) + Thesaurus Plantarum (l) - A Treasury of Plants.