culp - guilt, sin, fault, blame

penance - any kind of religious discipline, whether imposed by ecclesiastical authority, or voluntarily undertaken, in token of repentance and by way of satisfaction for sin

belle - a handsome woman, esp. one who dresses so as to set off her personal charms + ring the bell - to carry off the prize, to be the best of a lot.

kickee - one who is kicked

goodman - innkeeper, landlord, husband, mister + Fox Goodman (motif).

rue - to affect (a person) with penitence or contrition (for sins or offences committed) + red fox - the common European fox, Vulpes vulgaris.

clam - a name applied to various bivalve shell-fish (PICTURE) + clam (l) - secretly, privately.

cram - a lie; the action of cramming information for a temporary occasion; the information thus hastily and temporarily acquired + coram (l) - openly.

spat - the spawn of oysters or other shell-fish + spick and span - brand new, fresh; that which is quite new or particularly trim and smart.

richman - a wealthy man

periwinkle - the English name of a gastropod mollusc of the genus Littorina (PICTURE)

not a word

damn the thing

galled - fig. Irritated, vexed, unquiet, distressed + Gall/Gael (Viking foreigner/Irish native) + a tale told of Shem or Shaun.

nock - a small piece of horn fixed in the butt-end of an arrow, provided with a notch for receiving the bowstring + not

signifying + sang (fr) - blood + William Shakespeare: Macbeth V.5. MACBETH: She should have died hereafter; / There would have been a time for such a word. / To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, / Creeps in this petty pace from day to day / To the last syllable of recorded time, / And all our yesterdays have lighted fools / The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! / Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player / That struts and frets his hour upon the stage / And then is heard no more: it is a tale / Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, / Signifying nothing.

mock - a derisive or contemptuous action or speech; an act of mocking or derision + Mick/Nick [.08]

Rhodanum (l) - the Rhône river + "Fortitudo ejus Rhodum tenuit" (His firmness guarded Rhodes) - This is a tribute to Amadeus the Great (b.1249), the founder of the dynasty of Savoy. In 1310 he helped against the Saracens at the siege of Rhodes.

maim - mutilation or loss of some essential part; a grave defect, blemish, or disablement

euphonize - to make pleasing in sound

isochronism - the property of having the same period of oscillation regardless of amplitude; spec. in Prosody, equal in metrical length.

W.G. 'Single Speech' Hamilton - Irish M.P., that made a brilliant maiden speech and said never to have spoken again

disvowelled - rendered vowelless; that does not pronounce vowels + disembowelled.

laylah tov (Hebrew) - good night

wellmeant - rightly, honestly, or kindly intended; said or done with good intention

take for granted - to regard as not requiring proof, or as likely to be admitted by every one

ultra vires - beyond the scope of legal power or authority

whereby - in consequence of, as a result of, or owing to which

procés verbale (fr) - minutes of proceedings

sublimate - to transmute into something higher, nobler, more sublime or refined; Psychoanal. To refine or direct (instinctual energy), esp. that of the sexual impulse, so that it is manifested in more socially acceptable ways.

blepharospasm - spasmodic winking of the eyelids

suppression - restraint or stifling (of utterance or expression); Psychoanal. The action or result of (consciously) inhibiting an unacceptable feeling, desire, or memory.

mix up - to mix or associate irrelevantly, unsuitably, or confusingly; to confuse

cast yr eyes around (Joyce's note)

CAPEL COURT - Colloquial name for London Stock Exchange, which has occupied premises in Capel Court of Bartholomew Lane since 1773 + SDV: Cast yr eyes around now. Tell us now as briefly as you can how the whole thing happened. / — First he wanted a match. Then counting 30 seconds and cursed at him to know who burned the hay which the man knew nothing about. / — In other words, Was that how it all the funeral sports began? / — Like that. Truly. — /

inexactly - in an inexact or inaccurate manner; not with perfect correctness

one's mind's eye - mental view or vision, remembrance + Joyce's note: 'mind's eye view all wrong'.

funeral games (notebook 1924) → Czarnowski: Le Culte des Héros, Saint Patrick LI: 'Apart from poetic recitations, the commemoration of heroes included games'.

pore - to fix one's thoughts earnestly upon something; to look intently or fixedly, to gaze; pour

kyrie (gr) - O lord + County Kerry.

pidgeon = pigeon (obs.) + homing pigeon + carrier pigeon.

massacred + Mass, Credo +mascarade, -ado - obs. ff. masquerade (an assembly of people wearing masks and other disguises (often of a rich or fantastic kind) and diverting themselves with dancing and other amusements; a masked ball) + dood (Dutch) - dead.

rally - a rapid reunion for concentrated effort, esp. of an army after repulse or disorganization

afoul - entangled, in collision; fouled + afore


campaign - Mil. The continuance and operations of an army 'in the field' for a season or other definite portion of time, or while engaged in one continuous series of military operations constituting the whole, or a distinct part, of a war.

bamboozle - to deceive by trickery; to mystify, perplex, confound + Kafoozalem (song): 'And with a verse of Al Koran, / Have managed to bamboozle 'em'.

minstrel + Christy Minstrels.

thrice - three times (in succession); very, highly, greatly, extremely

eyewitness - to be an eye-witness of (an event) + (notebook 1924): '*V* Ah sure I forget'.

Battersby and Company - Dublin auctioneers

All Round My Hat (song): 'All round my hat, I will wear a green willow, / All round my hat for twelve months and a day, / And if anybody's askin' me the reason why I'm wearin' it, / It's all for my true love who's far, far away' + (notebook 1924): '*V* all round my hat' & 'it's all round my hat'.

go on - to continue in speech

'Mister Bones' - name for sideman in minstrel show

gig - fun, merriment; a joke, whim (obs.) + Matthew 5:38: 'an eye for an eye'.

gag - a humorous remark, situation, action, etc.

impediment - hindrance, obstruction

politics + perroquet (fr) - parrot + trique (fr) - cudgel.

blank - pure, unmixed, downright (with a negative or privative force)

hatless - having no hat; not wearing a hat

darky - a Black, esp. a Southern U.S. Black (usu. considered patronizing or mildly offensive) + "Sackerson dresses in blue serge - a material associated with the lower orders, although homonym 'surge' ought to give his employers pause. He is often compared to a black slave, an identification most likely tracing not only to his subjugation but also to the fact that fire-tenders tend to be sooty. (With suit and soot, sans hat, he becomes 'hatless darky in blued suit')." (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

dove - An appellation of tender affection.

hayward - an officer of a manor, township, or parish, having charge of the fences and enclosures, esp. to keep cattle from breaking through from the common into enclosed fields + Hawarden - Gladstone's country place.

patcher - a worker who repairs something by patching

pretty + preatai (preti) (gael) - potatoes + 'Pat-a-cake, pat-a-cake, baker man' (nursery rhyme).

bonum minus (l) - a lesser good

chairful (Irish Pronunciation) - cheerful + chairo (gr) - to rejoice.

delicacy - a refined sense of what is becoming, modest or proper; exquisite fineness of feeling, observation, etc.