Spitz (ger) - sharp point, pointed part + Spitze (ger) - tip + tungespids (Danish) - tip of tongue.

crimosin - obs. ff. crimson (to become crimson; esp. in blushing) + Crimea.

Balkon (ger) - balcony + Balkans.

stays - a woman's close-fitting foundation garment + Here's a Health unto His Majesty (song).

furbelow - a strip of pleated material used as a decoration or a trim

The possessive of 'od's (od's, odds) occurs like God's, Gad's, in many asseverative or exclamatory formulę. The origin of 'od's being forgotten, it was written ods, odds, or run together with the following word, as ods-, odz-. Among the phrases (now mostly obs., arch., or dial.) are 'od's blood, body, bones, etc.

carilloner - anglicization of carillonneur (one who plays on 'a set of bells so hung and arranged as to be capable of being played upon either by manual action or by machinery').

Glucksspiel (ger) - gamble, game of chance + glockenspiels - a musical percussion instrument having a set of tuned metal pieces mounted in a frame and struck with small hammers.

PROVINCES - The 4 provinces of Ulster, Munster, Leinster, and Connacht represent (almost invariably in that order) the Four Old Men, Matt Gregory, Mark Lyons, Luke Tarpey, and Johnny MacDougall, and their respective compass points, N, S, E, and W. The ass which brings up the rear is sometimes the missing 5th province, sometimes the Isle of Man.

underlook - a covert glance + ST MARK'S CHURCH - In Great Brunswick (now Pearse) Street, under the Loop Line Railway.  

ST LAWRENCE'S CHURCH - In Seville Place; named for St Lawrence O'Toole. Around the turn of the century, the Seville Engineering Works was 2 doors away.


hark - to give ear or listen to; to hearken to, hear with active attention

Saint Francis Xavier's church, on Upper Gardiner Street

Saint George's church, on Hardwicke Place

moidered (Anglo-Irish) - annoyed, persecuted + martyr + Saint Joseph's church, on Berkeley Street.

ALL SAINTS CHURCH, in Phibsborough Road 

ST COLUMBA'S CHURCH, in Iona Road, Glasnevin 

Paul - the English form of the Latin personal name Paulus, well known as that of the 'Apostle of the Gentiles' + Saint Paul's church, on King Street North, Arran Quay + Aposteln (ger) - apostles.

audio (l) - to listen + alteraudiens (l) - listening to another.

ST JUDE'S CHURCH - In Inchicore Road, Kilmainham, near the gate of the Royal Hospital. 

ST MARY OF THE ANGELS CHURCH - Franciscan Capuchin church, Church Street, called "Brown Friars."   

John Wesley - (1703-1791) originator of Methodism + veslo (Serbian) - oar + Saint Andrew's church, on Westland Row.

Old Molyneux church, on Bride Street (disused)

STELLA MARIS CHURCH - The "Star of the Sea," in Sandymount. 

ST AUDOEN'S CHURCH, near Saint Werburgh's church, on Werburgh Street + ST BRIDE'S CHURCH - Formerly in Bride Street, several blocks South of St Audoen's and St Werburgh's.

tingaling - the sound of the continued ringing of a small bell, or the like

So many churches can't hear own prayers (Joyce's note) Crawford: Back to the Long Grass 101: 'Yet no country in the world, says Lobo, is so full of churches, monasteries, and ecclesiastics as Abyssinia. It is not possible to sing in one church or monastery without being heard by another, and perhaps by several'.

Holy Year - a year so designated by the Pope, now usu. once every 25 years, during which special Indulgences are granted and ceremonies held

Agathe (gr) - "Good": fem. name + agitata (pp. fem.) (l) - driven, impelled + Saint Agatha's church, on William Street North.

tranquille (obs. rare.) = tranquillity + TRANQUILLA CONVENT (RC) - In Rathmines Road, Upper, Rathmines + tranquilla (fem.) (l) - quiet, calm, still.

demure - ? To look demurely, 'to look with an affected modesty'.

clausus (pp.) (l) - closed, shut + unclosed.

Saint Thomas's church, on Marlborough Street, which also contains the larger Catholic Pro-Cathedral

Christ Church Cathedral, on Christ Church Place

Saint Patrick's Cathedral, on Patrick Street

vigil - Eccl. A devotional watching, esp. the watch kept on the eve of a holy day; a nocturnal service or devotional exercise. Chiefly in pl. + vigilance - watchfulness against danger or any action on the part of others + Virgil or Publius Vergilius Maro (B.C. 70 - 19) - Roman poet. Also a 7th century "fantastic grammarian" (Sortes Virgilianae is telling fortunes by opening Virgil and reading the first passage hit on).

beatus (l) - happy, blessed, blissful + beata (fem.) (l) - blessed.

basilica - Anc. Hist. Literally and originally, a royal palace; thence, a large oblong building or hall, with double colonnades and a semicircular apse at the end, used for a court of justice and place of public assembly. A building of the preceding type, used for Christian worship.

pontification - the act or an instance of pontificating (to perform the functions of a pontiff or bishop, to officiate as a bishop, esp. at mass)

agame (obs.) - in game, in sport

primatial - of, pertaining to, or having ecclesiastical primacy; pertaining to a primate; gen. Of pre-eminence or superiority.

CANBERRA - City, capital of Australia + Canterbury and York archdioceses.

supplicate - to beg, pray, or entreat humbly; to present a humble petition + supprecor (l) - to ask humbly, to beg + precare (l) - to pray.

veper - obs. Sc. f. viper + vespers.

golden swastika (notebook 1923)

aloft - above, over

umbrella + hieroglyph for khaibit (shadow) is in the form of a parasol or umbrella (Budge: The Book of the Dead cxlvii).

parasol - a light portable screen or canopy carried as a defence from the sun + para (Sanskrit) - supreme.


impart - to communicate as knowledge or information; to make known, tell, relate

Benedictus - the fifth movement in the service of the Mass, beginning with the words 'Benedictus qui venit' + benedictus benedicat (l) - may the blessed one bless (form of Grace used in Trinity College, Dublin).

Mahlzeit (ger) - Good appetite!

unjoint - to sever the joints of; to disjoint, to dislocate; fig. To separate, disunite + anoint

bittern - a very bitter liquor

frust (obs. rare.) - a fragment

unlace - to free or relieve (a person, the body, etc.) by undoing a lace or laces + Randle Holme: The Academy of Armory and Blazonry (1688), III.3.78: 'Terms for Carving and Serving... Unlace that Coney. Chine that Salmon... Culpon that Trout... Tranch that Sturgeon... Barb that Lobster... Sauce that Capon... Frust that Chicken... Display that Crane... Unjoynt that Bittern... Allay that Pheasant... Thigh that Pigeon, and Woodcock'.

mellow - good-humoured, genial, jovial; affected with liquor, partly intoxicated

samhail (soul) (gael) - likeness, ghost + saoul (fr) - drunk + saoul (Irish Pronunciation) - soul.

swill - to drink freely, greedily, or to excess, like hogs devouring 'swill' or 'wash'

fuddler - one who fuddles, a tippler + 'Old King Cole was a merry old soul... and he sent for his fiddlers three' (nursery rhyme).

array - to prepare, 'dress'; to make ready (food) + hip, hip, hurray!

fellows + 'For he's a jolly good fellow... Which nobody can deny' (song).

culpon (obs.) - to cut into pieces, cut up, slice

chine - to cut along or across the chine or backbone; spec. To cut up (a salmon or other fish).

sturgeon - a large fish of the family Acipenseridę, having an elongated, almost cylindrical, body protected by longitudinal rows of bony scutes and a long tapering snout, found widely distributed in the rivers and coastal waters of the north temperate zone.

tranche - a cutting, a cut; a piece cut off, a slice

capon - Humorously applied to various fish; esp. a red-herring.

barb - The specific term for carving a lobster.

Hilton, Edwards - as Mr Wilder points out, 20th-century Dublin actor

give + Mumm Champagne.

moll - minor; prostitute + Defoe: Moll Flanders + Melpomenź - muse of tragedy.

accordingly - in accordance with the sequence of ideas; agreeably or conformably to what might be expected; in natural sequence, in due course

play actor - an actor of plays, a dramatic performer

Gate Theatre, Dublin + crash the gate - to enter without paying or without permission.

Mossop, Henry (1729-74) - Dublin-born actor who long played with Barry + The command performance relates additionally to one at the Smock Alley Theatre, which was famous in connection with Dublin's two great eighteenth-century rival actor/managers, the imperious Mossop and the emotional Barry. In 1784 the Viceroy, the Duke of Rutland, commanded there the production of John Home's Douglas ('My name is Norval, on the Grampian hills . . .'). But having recently made himself unpopular he was hissed and groaned on the command night.

Verona - the name of a city in northern Italy, scene of Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona + veruno (it) - anyone, no-one.

penitent - one who repents; a person performing (ecclesiastical) penance + Nicholas Rowe: The Fair Penitent (1703 play, performed in Dublin).

Broughton, Rhoda (1840-1920) - English novelist, author of Red as a Rose is She + brought on (to stage).

rhodon (gr) - rose + rhoda (pl.) (gr) - roses.


strave - obs. pa. tense of strive (v.) + strava (Serbian) - fright, panic, terror.

gat - pa. tense of get (v.) + gatten (German Slang) - fuck.

bouche (fr) - mouth + Dion Boucicault.

Tir Eoghain (tirowin) (gael) - Eoghan's ("wellborn") Land; tribal land of N. Ui Neill; co., anglic. Tyrone + William Grattan Tyrone Power (1797-1841) - best stage-Irishman of his generation.

fay - religious belief; credit, authority; promise, assurance; In quasi-oath: par ma fay (by my fay) + W. and F. Fay - actors of early Abbey Theatre.

"My name is Norval; on the Grampian hills / My father feeds his flocks..." - John Home, Douglas, 11.1 (Joyce's favourite example of a bad writer)

Granby - Dublin actor + GRAMPIAN HILLS - Mountain system of Scotland, boundary between Highlands and Lowlands.

bravo - capital! excellent! well done!