mandragon = mandrake - any plant of the genus Mandragora, native to Southern Europe and the East, and characterized by very short stems, thick, fleshy, often forked, roots, and fetid lance-shaped leaves. The mandrake is poisonous, having emetic and narcotic properties, and was formerly used medicinally. The forked root is thought to resemble the human form, and was fabled to utter a deadly shriek when plucked up from the ground. The notion indicated in the narrative of Genesis xxx, that the fruit when eaten by women promotes conception, is said still to survive in Palestine.

mor - a forest humus

wifey* - wife

morion - black smoky quartz; a kind of helmet, without beaver or visor, worn by soldiers in the 16th and 17th c.

basilisk - a fabulous reptile, also called a cockatrice, alleged to be hatched by a serpent from a cock's egg; ancient authors stated that its hissing drove away all other serpents, and that its breath, and even its look, was fatal.

weeny* - very small, tiny; Also teeny-weeny

hale - free from disease, healthy, in good health, well


verve - energy, vigour, spirit

arsenic - name of one of the chemical elements, and of some of its compounds, which are violent poisons.

bismuth* - a reddish white metal, found native, and also in combination in numerous ores.

alloyed - mixed with a baser metal, so as to be reduced in quality.

martial - of or pertaining to war or battle                                                                                                                         mortal

peccadillo* - a small or venial fault or sin; a trifling offence;                Piccadilly - the name of a street and circus in London.

lease - to grant the possession or use of (lands, etc.) by a lease.

dowser - one who uses the divining-rod, a water-diviner

dour - hard, severe, bold, stern, fierce, hardy

dipper - one who uses immersion in baptism; esp. an Anabaptist or Baptist; a name given to various birds which dip or dive in water.

douce - sweet, pleasant, cheerful

hearten - to put heart into, give heart to (a person, etc.); to inspire with confidence, embolden, encourage.

Landsmal* - a literary form of Norwegian devised by the Norwegian philologist Ivar Aasen (1813-1896) from the country dialects most closely descended from Old Norse, and considered to be a 'purer' form of the Norwegian language than the official Riksmĺl or Dano-Norwegian.

gas - something or someone that is very pleasing, exciting, impressive, admirable, etc.

grand slam - a complete success; spec. victory in all of a series of matches or competitions.

shabby* - Of persons, their actions, etc.: Contemptibly mean, ungenerous, or dishonourable; poorly-dressed, 'seedy'.

cash and carry - a system whereby the purchaser pays cash for goods and takes them away himself.

corsair - In English often treated as identical with pirate, though the Saracen and Turkish corsairs were authorized and recognized by their own government as part of its settled policy towards Christendom.

dame - a form of address originally used to a lady of rank, or a woman of position.

lymph - pure water, water in general, a stream. Only poet. and rhetorical.

Boniface - the name of the jovial innkeeper in Farquhar's Beaux' Stratagem 1707; whence taken as the generic proper name of innkeepers; 'mine host', or 'the landlord' of the inn.

bonny - pleasing to the sight, comely, beautiful

the big smoke - a colloquial name for London

lickle* - childish or illiterate form of little

wagoner* - jocular. The driver of a vehicle

trolley* - locally applied to a low cart of various kinds, e.g. a costermonger's cart; a low truck without sides or ends, esp. one with flanged wheels for running on a railway, or a track of rails in a factory, etc.

hundert (d) - 100

elf (d) - 11

régie - In France and certain other countries: a government department that administers a state-controlled industry or service; formerly esp., one responsible for taxation, customs and excise, etc.

screendoor* - a metallic or textile outer door of a pair, used for protection against insects or storms.

vedette - Mil. A mounted sentry placed in advance of the outposts of an army to observe the movements of the enemy; a stage or film star.

scaur - an isolated or protruding rock

grisly - causing horror, terror, or extreme fear

rockdove = rockpigeon -a species of dove (Columba livia) inhabiting rocks and believed to be the source of the domestic pigeon.

baron - Law and Her. (conjoined with feme): Husband.

feme - Law. (Chiefly conjoined with baron.) Wife.

dishcover - a cover of ware or metal placed over hot food                                                                                             discover

uncouple - to unfasten, disconnect, detach

crumple - to become creased or wrinkled by being crushed together; fig. To deprive of strength and energy.

recoup - to recompense (a person) for (some loss or outlay); to make up or make good (loss, etc.) to (a person); to regain lost health, vitality, etc.

now and then (obs.) - at one time and at another, at various times, at intervals, occasionally.

periodicity - the quality or character of being periodic, the quality of regular recurrence.

neave - obs. form of nieve (a clenched hand, a fist)

skittish - Of disposition, etc.: Characterized by levity, frivolity, or excessive liveliness.

widda - vulgar pronunciation of widow

mala (l) - face, cheek

pent - shut up within narrow limits; closely confined, imprisoned.

plain - free from obstructions or interruptions; unobstructed, clear, open.

cowslip - the common name of Primula veris, a well-known wild plant in pastures and grassy banks, blossoming in spring, with drooping umbels of fragrant yellow flowers.

pumpkin - the large fruit of a cucurbitaceous plant (Cucurbita Pepo), egg-shaped or nearly globular with flattened ends; widely cultivated for the fleshy edible layer next to the rind, which is used in cookery, esp. for pies, and as a food for cattle.

whack - transf. and fig. Substituted for 'put', 'bring', 'get', etc., with implication of vigorous or violent action.

to the wide - to the extreme; entirely, utterly. Used in various slang phrs., as blind (broke, dead, out, etc.) to the wide.

hustings - a court held in the Guildhall of London by the Lord Mayor, Recorder, and Sheriffs (or Aldermen), long the supreme court of the city; the proceedings at a parliamentary election.

neath - beneath

Derby - proper name of the most noted annual horse-race in England, founded in 1780 by the twelfth Earl of Derby, and run at the Epsom races, usually on the Wednesday before, or the second Wednesday after, Whitsunday.

toun - town (obs.)

unter (d) - under

canny - skilful, clever, 'cunning'

shipside - the outside of the hull of a ship; the dock adjacent to a moored ship.

sempstress - a woman who seams or sews; a needlewoman whose occupation is plain sewing as distinguished from dress or mantle-making, decorative embroidery, etc.

sackcloth - a coarse textile fabric (now of flax or hemp) used chiefly in the making of bags or sacks and for the wrapping up of bales, etc.; As the material of mourning or penitential garb; also (in contrast with 'purple' or 'gold') as the coarsest possible clothing, indicative of extreme poverty or humility.

silkily - in a silky manner; smoothly, quietly

curious - somewhat surprising, strange, singular, odd, queer (The ordinary current objective sense.)

dayman - one employed for the day, or for duty on a special day.

planter - one who sets plants in the ground to grow, or who sows seed; hence, a cultivator of the soil, a farmer, an agriculturist;   fig. One who plants a church, religion, institution, or the like, which takes root and grows.


felon - a vile or wicked person, a villain, wretch, monster; Law. One who has committed felony.


laddo (colloq.) - lad, boy