wayleave - a right of way granted by the owner of land to a particular body and for a particular purpose, often in return for payment.

pont - a bridge

liquidation - Law. The action or process of ascertaining and apportioning the amounts of a debt, etc.; the action or process of abolishing or eliminating, the doing away with or killing of unwanted persons.

heir - one who possesses, or is entitled at some future time to possess, any gift, endowment, or quality in succession to another.

congested district - in Ireland and Scotland, an area of land of which the resources are inadequate to support its population. Hence applied to similar areas elsewhere. Also of an urban area: excessively full of buildings, traffic. etc.


sawyer* - a workman whose business it is to saw timber, esp. in a saw-pit.

werfen (d) - to throw

woodcut - a design cut in relief on a block of wood, for printing from; a print or impression obtained from this; a wood-engraving.

wharf - a substantial structure of timber, stone, etc., built along the water's edge, so that ships may lie alongside for loading and unloading.

ewe - to yean, give birth to (a lamb) (obs.)

lea - a tract of open ground, either meadow, pasture, or arable land; Used loosely for 'ground'.

ram (obs. rare.) - to leap (the ewe)

haggard - a wild (female) hawk caught when in her adult plumage; fig. A wild and intractable person (at first, a female).

fourscore - 80

to strike oil (orig. U.S.) - lit. to reach the oil (petroleum) in sinking a shaft for it through the overlying strata; hence fig. (colloq.), to hit upon a source of rapid profit and affluence;                        rock oil - native naphtha.


phiz - face

cuff - to beat, strike, buffet; to put cuffs on, to handcuff

to bite the dust* - to fall in death, to die; also, to fall to the ground, to fall wounded; to be abased.

garth - a small piece of enclosed ground, usually beside a house or other building, used as a yard, garden, or paddock.

to give up the ghost* - to breathe one's last, expire, die

Pharoah = Pharaoh - the generic appellation of the ancient Egyptian kings.

fairy - one of a class of supernatural beings of diminutive size, in popular belief supposed to possess magical powers and to have great influence for good or evil over the affairs of man.



Beelzebub* - the Devil, a devil

divil - devil

peekaboo = bo-peep - a nursery play with a young child, who is kept in excitement by the nurse or play-mate alternately concealing herself (or her face), and peeping out for a moment at an unexpected place, to withdraw again with equal suddenness. Johnson says 'The act of looking out and then drawing back as if frighted, or with the purpose to fright some other'.

durk - a short sword; dark                                                                                                                                             through

thicket - a dense growth of shrubs, underwood, and small trees.


tour d' - tour of the;                             adieu - 'farewell'.

pervinco (l) - to win




gag - to deceive, take in or impose upon (a person), to ply with talk.


flattery - false or insincere praise; cajolery, blandishment

deciduously* - ephemerally, transitory, of passing interest or importance.

silver - to invest or suffuse with a silvery hue or lustre; to flow with a silvery gleam.

near - to draw or come near, to approach (in place or time)

chill - 'cold, cold to the touch' (J.); now always unpleasantly, depressingly, or injuriously cold.

stair - a staircase

incorporate - without body or material substance, incorporeal, unembodied; not incorporated, not existing as a corporation.

licensed - spec. (of a house, etc.) licensed for the sale of alcoholic liquor.

vintner - one who deals in or sells wine; a wine-merchant; an innkeeper selling wine.

ambling - walking (obs.); moving with the gait or pace of an ambling horse, whether with  regard to alternacy, smoothness, or affectation.

bend - to assume or receive a curved form, to turn away from the straight line.

bane - ruin, fatal mischief; woful or hapless fate

busyness* - busy state or quality; = business                                                                                                                    best

cop - the top or summit of anything (obs. or dial.)

Fenian - of or pertaining to the Fenians

bark - a small ship; in modern use, applied poetically or rhetorically to any sailing vessel.

pickle - to pick in a small way, or a little at a time; to peck, nibble; a condition or situation, usually disagreeable; a sorry plight or predicament.

prime - to charge, fill, or fully furnish (a person) beforehand with information which he may subsequently give forth or otherwise use.

croppy - one who has his hair cropped short; applied esp. to the Irish rebels of 1798, who wore their hair cut very short as a sign of sympathy with the French Revolution.

knee - to strike or touch with the knee

doss - sleep; a place for sleeping in, a bed; esp. a bed in a common lodging-house.

shoulder - to push against (a person or thing) with the shoulder.

butt - to strike, thrust, shove. Now almost always to strike or push with the head or horns, or with allusion to that sense.

busker - an itinerant entertainer or musician

greaten* - to exalt mentally or spiritually; chiefly in good sense, to elevate or ennoble (the mind).

to buck up* - to cheer up

jigger - one who 'jigs' or dances a jig. Also, in dial., An odd-looking person, a 'guy'.

rhyme - to make rimes or verses; to put (one's thoughts) into riming form.

rann - a verse, a strain

route - a way, road, or course

ransom - to redeem (from captivity or punishment); to procure the release of (a person) or restoration of (a thing) by payment of the sum or price demanded; to redeem, deliver, in religious sense.

leud - lewd; In the Frankish kingdoms: A vassal or feudatory.