Connemara - district in Connacht province, Ireland + Black-faced Connemara - a breed of sheep.
fold - a pen or enclosure for domestic animals, esp. sheep; fig., esp in a spiritual sense
household - the inmates of a house collectively
besetting - constantly assailing or obsessing, as with temptation + Later draft version (LDV): It may be that with his deepseeing insight (had not wishing been but good time wasted) H.C.E. prayed all that time in silence that his wordwounder might become the first of a distinguished dynasty, his most cherished of all ideas being the formation, as in more favoured climes, of a truly criminal stratum, thereby at last eliminating much general delinquency from all classes and masses.
pace - with all due respect or courtesy to
predominant - prevailing, prevalent + pre-Adam + (notebook 1922-23): 'Odyss = 12 predom passions'.
favoured - favoured by Nature, fortune, or Providence; having unusual advantages or blessings
clime - a tract or region of the earth; now often considered in relation to its distinctive climate + ..."climes, / on the occasion of his liberal mission's jubilee / of a truly criminal stratum"... (Lost line).
Clonmel - town, County Tipperary (its name means 'meadow of honey'; site of a prison)
gastfreundlich (ger) - hospitable
Mountjoy Prison, Dublin
stratum - the part of a population belonging to a particular level in station or education, and the like + FDV: With deepseeing insight he may have prayed in silence that his wordwounder might become the first of a long distinguished dinasty his most cherished idea being a formation, as in more favoured climes, of a truly criminal class, thereby eliminating much general delinquency from all classes & masses.
Château de Ham - famous prison on the Somme in France (housed several famous prisoners, including Mirabeau and the future Napoleon III)
cribcracker - a burglar
yegg - robber, travelling burglar or safebreaker + ham and eggs + cracking eggs.
thereby - by that
from / the oppidump much desultory delinquency from / all classes and masses... (The Finnegans Wake printer preparing the galley proofs haplographically jumps from the word "from" to the word "from" in the next line, thereby eliminating "from the oppidump much desultory delinquency" and leaving the final part of the sentence without an object. Already in 1944, in their Skeleton Key, Campbell & Robinson noticed the difference between the transition text of Work in Progress and the sentence in Finnegans Wake. The passage is already there in the very first draft, so can't be ignored as if it were a relatively late, obscure and not very important embellishment, it is an essential part of the narrative which is unfolding.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 18.05.2002)
derivative - characterized by being derived, drawn, obtained, or deduced from another; coming or emanating from a source
decasualization - doing away with the casual employment of (labor) + Casual Labor - 'Unskilled help, employed and discharged at frequent intervals, and dependent upon the varying demand of the labor market from day to day, without any prospect of continuous employment.'
vindicat (l) - to revenge + sicarius vindicat urbes terrorum (l) - the assassin sets free the cities of terrors + securus iudicat orbis terrarum (l) - untroubled, the world judges.
sicker - assuredly, certainly + sic (l) - thus (i.e. misspeling 'sigarius' is correctly transcribed) + sic-er (fake l) - thuser (i.e. improbable reading 'terrorum' is even more correctly transcribed) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).
taal - a language developed in southern Africa; tale + taal (Dutch) - language.
arter - after + shorter + to make a long story short - in few words, briefly.
Obedientia civium urbis felicitas - the municipal motto of Dublin
help the health of the (w)hole
gode - goad; good + Nauw goed (Dutch) - (literally) "Now good", used as opening words to a sentence similarly to "Well," or "OK," in English, or "Enfin" in French. From this point in the book, for about three pages, Joyce has worked in a high proportion of Dutch words and phrases + nu goed, nou goed (Dutch) - all right.
't is goed (Dutch) - it's all right + God again.
teak - a large East Indian tree; more usually, its timber, a dark, heavy, oily wood of great strength and durability
PUGH'S GLASS FACTORY - T. and R. Pugh, flint glass manufacturers, in Potter's Alley off Marlborough Street in the 19th century.
The Catholic Encyclopedia vol. III, 'Burial, Christian', 73b: 'the medieval liturgists apparently know no exception to their rule that both before the altar and in the grave the feet of all Christians should be pointed to the East... its symbolism is discussed by Durandus. "A man ought so to be buried... that while his head lies to the West his feet are turned to the East, for thus he prays as it were by his very position and suggests that he is ready to hasten from the West to the East".'
turn in - to deliver up, hand over + FDV: The coffin was to come in handy later & in this way. A number of public bodies presented him made him a present of a grave which nobody had been able to dig much less to occupy, it being all rock. This he blasted and then carefully lined the result with bricks & mortar, encouraging the public bodies to present him over & above that with a stone slab.
patly - aptly, suitably + pitpat - with a succession of light rapid pats.
near - to draw or come near, to approach (in place or time) + naar de (Dutch) - to the.
corpus - the body of a man or animal + purpose
effect - to bring about (an event, a result)
cause - a matter of concern, an affair, business + cause and effect.
liever (Dutch) - preferably, rather; sweeter, dearer
THING MOTE - The assembly place, usually on a mound, established by the Vikings whenever they settled. In Dublin, the Thing Mote was on a low hill South of the present Dame Street. The hill of the Thing Mote was called the Howe, Haugh, or "Howe over the Stein" (Steyne), from haugr, Old Danish "hill, sepulchral mound." + LDV: The coffin was to come in handy later. This is the how of that.
committee - a body of (two or more) persons appointed or elected for some special business or function + Joyce's note: 'Select & other committees' → Irish Independent 13 Feb 1924, 4/4: 'Sir J. G. Butcher, New Bron, M. P. for York City, 1892-1906, 1910-23, and served on many Select and other Committees'.
vote - to choose, elect, or enact by vote; to ratify or determine by formal expression of will
garrison - a place in which troops are quartered for defensive or other military purposes + Tom, Dick and Harry.
koorts (Dutch) - fever + kurz (ger) - short + court order - a direction issued by a court or judge, usu. requiring a person to do or refrain from doing something; a decision of a court or judge, made or entered in writing.
grondwet (Dutch) - constitution (of the country) + wet ground.
once for all - now and for the last time, once as a final act, once and done with
plotty - marked by intricacy of plot or intrigue; Also, of a novel, play, or the like: having an elaborate or complicated plot.
afore said - earlier in time or order, previously in document + voorschot (Dutch) - overdraft, disbursement, advance payment (on loan) + voorschoot (Dutch) - (butcher's) apron.
maatschappij (Dutch) - company, corporation, society + maat (Dutch) - measure, size, bar (in music); mate, partner + scheepsmaat, scheepsmaatje (Dutch) - ship mate + kip (Dutch) - hen + ei (Dutch) - egg + might escape + Maat was the Egyptian goddess of harmony, justice, and truth represented as a young woman, sitting or standing, holding a was scepter, the symbol of power, in one hand and an ankh, the symbol of eternal life, in the other. In the Duat, the Egyptian underworld, the hearts of the dead were said to be weighed against single "Feather of Ma'at", symbolically representing the concept of Maat, in the Hall of Two Truths.
cut and run - to make off promptly, hurry off + cut a new pack of cards.
kleed (Dutch) - cloth, garment (plural 'kleren') + Nieuw pak kleren (Dutch) - a new suit of clothes.
persist - to remain in existence, to last, endure
protem - for the time, temporary + LDV: A number of public bodies made him a present of a grave in a fair state of repair which nobody had ever been able to dig much less occupy.
MOYELTA - The plain running North and North-East from Dublin was anciently called the Sean Magh Ealta Eadair, the "Old Plain of the Bird Flocks of Howth." Moyelta is recorded as the site of Parthalon's settlement.
Lough Neagh - a freshwater lake in Northern Ireland. With an area of 392 square kilometres, it ranks among the forty largest lakes of Europe and is the largest lake in Great Britain and Ireland. An old Irish story tells how the Lough was formed when Ireland's legendary giant Fionn mac Cumhaill (sometimes known as Finn McCool) scooped up a portion of the land and tossed it at a Scottish rival. He missed, and the chunk of earth landed in the Irish Sea, thus creating the Isle of Man.
misoneism - intolerance of something new or changed + miso (gr) - half + misos (gr) - hatred + nesos (gr) - island + misonesiotai (gr) - island-haters, hate-islanders (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).
limni- - freshwater lake + limne (gr) - lake + phobos (gr) - fear + limnephobos (gr) - lake-fearer.
wacht - to drink in large draughts + Wacht (ger) - guard; awake + wacht even (Dutch) - wait a minute!
fishy - abounding in fish + kettle of fish (phrase).
James Joyce: Letters I.256: letter 01/07/27 to Michael Healy: (of the people of Holland) 'curry which they call kerry'.
fianna (Irish) - 'band of hunters'
foreman - the chief or leader
handful - the amount that a hand can hold
enrich - to make 'richer' in quality, flavour, colour, etc
dutchy - characteristically Dutch or German
linn (Irish) - pool + Dear Dirty Dublin (motif).
knoll - a small hill or eminence of more or less rounded form; a hillock + Old Nol - nickname of Cromwell.
beck - a brook or stream: the ordinary name in those parts of England from Lincolnshire to Cumbria which were occupied by the Danes and Norwegians; hence, often used spec. in literature to connote a brook with stony bed, or rugged course, such as are those of the north country + Troutbeck river, England.
osiery - an area where osiers are grown, an osier bed; a mass of osiers (osier: a species of willow used to make baskets) + hosiery - stockings and socks.
chatty - given to chat or light easy talk
sally (Dialect) - willow
wilt - the action or an act of wilting + William.
Walton, Isaac (1593-1683) - author of The Compleat Angler + compleat - arch. spelling of complete.
ogle - to eye with amorous, admiring, or insinuating glances + angle
Isaak Walton: The Compleat Angler
tickle - a tickling sensation, a tickled or pleasantly excited feeling
rod - an angling-rod, a fishing-rod; penis (erect)
silly - to act foolishly, to fool about
ripple - to have or present a ruffled surface, to form little waves upon
quilt - a thick covering + song: The Quilt (Oh Molly, I can't say you're honest): 'May the quilt lie light on your beautiful form'.
gild over - to cover with gilding, so as to conceal defects
somnolent - inclined to sleep; heavy with sleep; drowsy + somnolentus (l) - sleepy, drowsy + lutensis (l) - living in mud.
Bog (Serbian, Russian) - God
erst - formerly + erst (ger) = eerst (Dutch) - first.
curst - cursed
true blue - faithful, staunch and unwavering (in one's faith, principles, etc.), genuine, real + treu (ger) - loyal + bleu (ger) - light blue.
Donau (ger) - Danube + The O'Donoghue - chieftain supposedly living in a palace under Lake of Killarney, supposed to emerge annually if good harvests were on the way + Strauss: The Blue Danube.
best (Dutch) - very well!, all right! (Used to open a sentence or discussion, similar to "bien" in French. Listed by Joyce among Dutch phrases in his notebooks of foreign words. Similar to opening of previous paragraph).
heaven underground (notebook 1924) → Czarnowski: Le Culte des Héros, Saint Patrick XIX: 'L'Olympe de l'Irlande est souterrain' (French 'Ireland's Olympus is subterranean').
mole - a small burrowing insectivorous mammal (family Talpidae) with dark velvety fur, a long muzzle, and very small eyes
inversion - a turning upside down, a reversal of position, order, sequence, or relation
phallos (gr) - penis + pharos (gr) - piece of cloth: plough; a lighthouse to guide seamen, a conspicious light + phallopharos (gr) - phallos-cloth; phallos-plough; phallos-lighthouse (phallos the size of the lighthouse).
foster - to encourage or help to grow, to promote the growth of (plant)
wheat crop - the yield or produce of wheat in a single season or in a particular locality
ginger up - to spirit up (to stimulate, animate, encourage)
mgr. - monsieigneur
PERE LACHAISE CEMETERY - In East Paris; Oscar Wilde is buried there, among many other notables + peur (fr) - fear + chasse (fr) - hunting.
obcaecate - to blind