blackfaced - impudent; having a black or dark-coloured face + "Black-faced Connemara" - a breed of sheep.

Connemara - district in Connacht province, Ireland

fold - a pen or enclosure for domestic animals, esp. sheep; fig., esp in a spiritual sense.

household - the inmates of a house collectively

besetting - that besests (to surround, assail: said of temptations, dangers, difficulties, obstacles, evil influences; to set or place (one's mind, affections, faith, trust, love) on or upon).

pace - with all due respect or courtesy to

predominant - prevailing, prevalent + (notebook 1922-23): 'Odyss = 12 predom passions'.

formation - formal structure

favoured - favoured by Nature, fortune, or Providence; having unusual advantages or blessings.

clime - a tract or region of the earth; now often considered in relation to its distinctive climate + ..."climes, / on the occasion of his liberal mission's jubilee / of a truly criminal stratum"... (Lost line).

gastfreundlich (ger) - hospitable

stratum - a portion of a body of institutions, beliefs, etc., proceeding from one historical period or representing one stage of development; a level or grade in social position or culture; the part of a population belonging to a particular level in station or education, as social stratum; and the like.

cribcracker - a burglar (so: cribcracking)

yegg - robber, travelling burglar or safebreaker

thereby - by that

from / the oppidump much desultory delinquency from / all classes and masses... (The Finnegans Wake printer preparing the galley proofs haplographically jumps from the word "from" to the word "from" in the next line, thereby eliminating "from the oppidump much desultory delinquency" and leaving the final part of the sentence without an object. Already in 1944, in their Skeleton Key, Campbell & Robinson noticed the difference between the transition text of Work in Progress and the sentence in Finnegans Wake. The passage is already there in the very first draft, so can't be ignored as if it were a relatively late, obscure and not very important embellishment, it is an essential part of the narrative which is unfolding.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 18.05.2002)

derivative - characterized by being derived, drawn, obtained, or deduced from another; coming or emanating from a source.

decasualization - doing away with the casual employment of (labor) + Casual Labor - 'Unskilled help, employed and discharged at frequent intervals, and dependent upon the varying demand of the labor market from day to day, without any prospect of continuous employment.'

sicarius vindicat urbes terrorum (l) - the assassin sets free the cities of terrors + securus iudicat orbis terrarum (l) - untroubled, the world judges + vindicat (l) - to revenge.

sicker - assuredly, certainly + sic (l) - thus (i.e. misspeling sigarius is correctly transcribed) + sic-er (fake l) - thuser (i.e. improbable reading terrorum is even more correctly transcribed) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

to make a long story short - in few words, briefly

taal - a language developed in southern Africa; tale + taal (Dutch) - language.

arter - after

Obedientia civium urbis felicitas - the municipal motto of Dublin

gode - goad; good + Nauw goed (Dutch) - (literally) "Now good", used as opening words to a sentence similarly to "Well," or "OK," in English, or "Enfin" in French. From this point in the book, for about three pages, Joyce has worked in a high proportion of Dutch words and phrases + nu goed, nou goed (Dutch) - all right.

't is goed (Dutch) - it's all right

teak - a large East Indian tree; more usually, its timber, a dark, heavy, oily wood of great strength and durability + FDV: The coffin was to come in handy later & in this way. A number of public bodies presented him made him a present of a grave which nobody had been able to dig much less to occupy, it being all rock. This he blasted and then carefully lined the result with bricks & mortar, encouraging the public bodies to present him over & above that with a stone slab.

PUGH'S GLASS FACTORY - T and R Pugh, flint glass manufacturers, in Potter's Alley off Marlborough Street in the 19th century.  

turn in - to deliver up, hand over

patly - aptly, suitably + pitpat - with a succession of light rapid pats.

near - to draw or come near, to approach (in place or time) + naar de (Dutch) - to the.

corpus - the body of a man or animal + purpose

effect - to bring about (an event, a result)

cause - a matter of concern, an affair, business

liever (Dutch) - preferably, rather; sweeter, dearer

THING MOTE - The assembly place, usually on a mound, established by the Vikings whenever they settled. In Dublin, the Thing Mote was on a low hill South of the present Dame Street. The hill of the Thing Mote was called the Howe, Haugh, or "Howe over the Stein" (Steyne), from haugr, Old Danish "hill, sepulchral mound."   

committee - a body of (two or more) persons appointed or elected (by a society, corporation, public meeting, etc.) for some special business or function + Joyce's note: 'Select & other committees' +  FDV: A number of public bodies presented him made him a present of a grave which nobody had been able to dig much less to occupy, it being all rock.

vote - to choose, elect, or enact by vote; to ratify or determine by formal expression of will.

garrison - a place in which troops are quartered for defensive or other military purposes.

court order - a direction issued by a court or judge, usu. requiring a person to do or refrain from doing something; a decision of a court or judge, made or entered in writing + kurz (ger) - short + koorts (Dutch) - fever.

grondwet (Dutch) - constitution (of the country)

once for all - now and for the last time, once as a final act, once and done with

plotty - marked by intricacy of plot or intrigue; Also, of a novel, play, or the like: having an elaborate or complicated plot.

afore said - earlier in time or order, previously in document +    voorschot (Dutch) - overdraft, disbursement, advance payment (on loan) + voorschoot (Dutch) - (butcher's) apron + schoot (Dutch) - lap, womb (of time), bosom (of the Church).

maatschappij (Dutch) - company, corporation, society, community + maat (Dutch) - measure, size, metre, bar (in music); mate, partner + scheepsmaat, scheepsmaatje (Dutch) - ship mate + kip (Dutch) - hen + ei (Dutch) - egg.

to cut and run - to make off promptly, hurry off

Nieuw pak kleren (Dutch) - a new suit of clothes + een nieuw pak (Dutch) - a new suit of clothes + kleed (Dutch) - cloth, garment (plural 'kleren') + neu (ger) - new.

persist - to remain in existence, to last, endure

protem - for the time, temporary

MOYELTA - The plain running North and North-East from Dublin was anciently called the Sean Magh Ealta Eadair, the "Old Plain of the Bird Flocks of Howth." Moyelta is recorded as the site of Parthalon's settlement.

Lough Neagh - a freshwater lake in Northern Ireland. With an area of 392 square kilometres, it ranks among the forty largest lakes of Europe and is the largest lake in Great Britain and Ireland. An old Irish story tells how the Lough was formed when Ireland's legendary giant Fionn mac Cumhaill (sometimes known as Finn McCool) scooped up a portion of the land and tossed it at a Scottish rival. He missed, and the chunk of earth landed in the Irish Sea, thus creating the Isle of Man. 

misoneism - intolerance of something new or changed + misos (gr) - hatred + nesos (gr) - island + misonesiotai (gr) - island-haters, hate-islanders (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

limni - - freshwater lake + limne (gr) - lake + phobos (gr) - fear + limnephobos (gr) - lake-fearer.

wacht - to drink in large draughts + Wacht (ger) - guard; awake + wacht even (Dutch) - wait a minute!

fishy - abounding in fish + phrase kettle of fish.

James Joyce: Letters I.256: letter 01/07/27 to Michael Healy: (of the people of Holland) 'curry which they call kerry'.

fianna (ir) - 'band of hunters'

foreman - the chief or leader

handful - as much as one can manage

enrich - to make 'richer' in quality, flavour, colour, etc

dutchy - characteristically Dutch or German

knoll - a small hill or eminence of more or less rounded form; a hillock

beck - a brook or stream: the ordinary name in those parts of England from Lincolnshire to Cumbria which were occupied by the Danes and Norwegians; hence, often used spec. in literature to connote a brook with stony bed, or rugged course, such as are those of the north country.

osiery - an area where osiers are grown

chatty - given to chat or light easy talk

sally - old world willow, european wren

wilt - the action or an act of wilting

Walton, Isaac (1593-1683) - author of The Compleat Angler + compleat - arch. spelling of complete.    

ogle - to eye with amorous, admiring, or insinuating glances + angle

tickle - a tickling sensation, a tickled or pleasantly excited feeling

rod - an angling-rod, a fishing-rod; penis (erect)

silly - to act foolishly, to fool about

ripple - to have or present a ruffled surface, to form little waves upon

quilt - a thick covering + song The Quilt (Oh Molly, I can't say you're honest): 'May the quilt lie light on your beautiful form'.

to gild over - to cover with gilding, so as to conceal defects

somnolent - inclined to sleep; heavy with sleep; drowsy + somnolentus (l) - sleepy, drowsy + lutensis (l) - living in mud.

Bog (Serbian) - God

erst - formerly + erst (ger) = eerst (Dutch) - first.

curst - cursed

true blue - faithful, staunch and unwavering (in one's faith, principles, etc.), genuine, real.


best (Dutch) - very well!, all right! (Used to open a sentence or discussion, similar to "bien" in French. Listed by Joyce among Dutch phrases in his notebooks of foreign words. Similar to opening of previous paragraph).

(notebook 1924): 'heaven underground'

mole - a small animal about six inches in length, having a velvety fur, usually blackish, exceedingly small but not blind eyes, and very short strong fossorial fore-limbs with which to burrow in the earth in search of earthworms and to excavate the galleried chambers in which it dwells.

inversion - a turning upside down, a reversal of position, order, sequence, or relation.

phallos (gr) - penis + pharos (gr) - piece of cloth: plough; a lighthouse to guide seamen, a conspicious light + phallopharos (gr) - phallos-cloth; phallos-plough; phallos-lighthouse (phallos the size of the lighthouse).

foster - to encourage or help to grow, to promote the growth of (plant)

wheat crop - the yield or produce of wheat in a single season or in a particular locality.

ginger up - to spirit up (to stimulate, animate, encourage)

mgr. - monsieigneur

PERE LACHAISE CEMETERY - In East Paris; Oscar Wilde is buried there, among many other notables + peur (fr) - fear + chasse (fr) - hunting.

obcaecate - to blind