presenile - Med. Occurring in or characteristic of the period of life preceding old age, esp. the two or three decades immediately before.

opulence - abundance of resources or power; wealth, riches

ere - rather, in preference to; before

decrepitude - a state of feebleness and decay, esp. that due to old age

lent - post, loan + lente (Dutch) - spring.

lenience - lenient (gentle, tolerant) action or behaviour, indulgence + 4 l's (neters): "a lone a last a loved a long the".

stuffer - a person who stuffs or fills (dead animals or cushions) + stofferig (Dutch) - dusty.

whale away - to make a vigorous attack on a person or thing; to preach, talk, or lecture away continuously or vehemently

while - a period of time, a time marked by bad conditions, trouble + all the while - during the whole time + all of (P) - completely, quite (used to emphasize how great, how small etc. something is).

Hypnos - name of the god of sleep in Greek mythology + hypnos chilia aionon (gr) - a sleep for thousands of ages + Joyce's note, Circe: 'hypnoschillia eonon'.

Lethe - a river in Hades, the water of which produced, in those who drank it, forgetfulness of  the past. Hence, the 'waters of oblivion' or forgetfulness of the past + lulled - quieted; reduced to calmness + Joyce's note: 'life explosion to explosion (Georg Kaiser)'.

life explosion to explosion (George Kaiser) [Joyce's note, Circe]

Donnerwetter (ger) - thunder, thunderstorm, thunderweather

hunder - hundred + Joyce's note: 'Greeks believe thunderbolts form mines' fw 78.5-10.

gross - massive, big + Kopf (ger) = kop (Dutch) - head.

mega (gr) - great + pod (gr) - foot + megapodos (gr) - large foot.

embalm - to impregnate (a dead body) with spices, to preserve it from decay

anticipated - looked for, expected

abide - to wait for, await; remain ready for, watch for, expect

Zeus - the ruler of gods and men, and the god of the heavens, whose weapon was the thunderbolt (Greek myth.) + Zeit (ger) - time.

summon - an authoritative call to attend at a specified place for a specified purpose

after all - after considering everything to the contrary, nevertheless + Upon hearing of her father’s death Lucia Joyce said, "What is he doing under the ground, that idiot?
When will he decide to come out? He’s watching us all the time."

Blitz (ger) - lightning + blitzblau (ger) - black and blue + bolt - to dart off or away, take flight, escape; to rush suddenly off or away.

hinge - the movable joint or mechanism by which a gate or door is hung upon the side-post

hallmark - a distinctive mark or token of genuineness, good breeding, or excellence

habitation - a place of abode or residence

burrow - to dig a hole or tunnel in or through

gehenna [heb. - valley of hinnom] - hell, a place or state of misery + 'gehinnon, sheol, unter welt, eden' (notebook 1924).

proliferate - to produce new individuals, to reproduce prolifically

Unterwelt (ger) - underworld

seam - Geol. A thin layer or stratum separating two strata of greater magnitude.

Sheol - the underworld; the abode of the dead or departed spirits, conceived by the Hebrews as a subterranean region clothed in thick darkness, return from which is impossible.

uppercrust - having the characteristics of the highest class of society; the human head + Uppercross Barony - a subdivision of Dublin (includes part of Chapelizod).

sideris (l) - star + siderea (l) - starry, pertaining to constellations + sidêreia (gr) - iron mines + Siberia.

utilitários (Portuguese) - useful, to be useful + utilitas (l) - usefulness, profit + United States of America.

hoarder - one who hoards or stores up, esp. money; a keeper of the hoard or treasure

propagate - to breed, to produce offspring; to reproduce itself, i.e. its kind

plut- - wealth + Pluto - Greek god of the underworld + "There seemed to be an awful, immemorial linkage in several definite stages betwixt man and nameless infinity. The blasphemies which appeared on earth, it was hinted, came from the dark planet Yuggoth [Pluto], at the rim of the solar system; but this was itself merely the populous outpost of a frightful interstellar race whose ultimate source must lie far outside even the Einsteinian space-time continuum or greatest known cosmos." (H.P.Lovecraft: The Whisperer in Darkness

progeniem (l) - descent, posterity, offspring.

bidden - p.p. of bid, arhaic p.p. of bide + binnenland (Dutch) - interior (of a country) + in binnenland en buitenland (Dutch) - at home and abroad.

boughten = bought (ppl. a.) Used poet. for the sake of metre; otherwise only dial. and in U.S. in application to purchased as opposed to home-made articles + buitenland (Dutch) - abroad. 

spur way - a Horse-way through a Man's Ground, which one may ride in by right of Custom

spoorweg (Dutch) - railway, railroad

FDV: The other spring offensive seems to have been may have come about all quite by accident, though granted, of course [for the sake of argument] men on both sides had grand ideas. All conditions were drawn into the conflict, some for lack of proper feeding, others already carving honourable careers for themselves and, if emaciated, the person garotted may have suggested whigging or the grand old whig in person the flesh when falsesighted by the wouldbe burglar, a tory of the tories, for there circulated pretty clearl freely the feeling that in so hibernating Earwicker was feeding on his own fat. Kate Strong, a widow, did all the scavenging in from good King Charles' days but she cleaned sparingly and her statement was that, there being no macadamised sidewalks barring footpaths which left off where the man was struck, at the time in those R J C days she left, as scavengers will, a filth dump near the dogpond in the park on which fossil boot bootmarks, elbowdints, breechbowls, kneecaves, & fingerprints were all successively found of a very involved description. There It was on that resurfaced spot evidently the attacker, though under medium, with truly native pluck tackled him whom he took to be, saying he wd have his life & lay him out & [made use of sacriligeous language &] catching hold of a long bar he had & with which he usually broke furniture. The struggle went on They struggled for a considerable time and in the course of it the masked man said to the other: Let me go, Pat. Later on the same man asked: Was six pounds fifteen taken from you by anyone two or three months ago? There was severe mauling and then a wooden affair in the shape of a revolver fell from the intruder who thereupon became friendly & wanted to know whether his chance companion who had the fender happened to have the change of a ten pound note because, if so, he would pay the six pounds odd out of that for what was lost last summer. The other then said: Would you be surprised to hear that I have not such a thing as the change of a ten pound note but I am able to see my way to give you at for the present four and 7 pence to buy whisky. At the mention of whisky the wouldbe burglar became calm and left the place said he wd go good to him [remarking [gleefully]: You plucky stunning little Southdowner! You have some pluck Southdowner! This is my goalball, I've' struck this day!] He then went away with the four & ______ (seven) and his huribat while the fenderite who bore up under all of it [with a no of bruises on him] reported the occurrence to the [Vicar Street] watch house, his face being all covered with nonfatal blood as a good proof that he was bleeding from the nose, mouth & ears while some of his hair had been pulled off his head though otherwise his allround health was good middling enough. As regards the fender pierced fender & fireguard the question of unlawfully obtaining is subsidiary to the far more capital point of the political bias of a person who, when mistakenly molested ambushed, was simply exercising one of the most primary liberties of the subject by walking along a public thoroughfare in broad daylight.

spring offensive (love) [Joyce's note]

Abraham's bosom - the abode of bliss, paradise + Battle of the Heights of Abraham (a.k.a. Battle of the Plains of Abraham or Battle of Quebec) - a September 1759 battle of the Seven Years' War (a.k.a. the French and Indian War) + Ides of April - 13 April [035.03]

Vater Unser (ger) - Our Father (*E*)

breed (Dutch) - broad + brood (Dutch) - bread + Attila became king of the Huns after murdering his brother Breda.

at length - after a long time, in the end

septuply - sevenfold

Cian - Irish chief, father of Lug. When his murderers tried to bury him, the ground rejected him seven times + (notebook 1923): 'C had been 40 yrs in his grave'.  

monad - An ultimate unit of being, an absolutely simple entity. Chiefly used with reference to the philosophy of Leibniz (1646-1716), according to which the universe of existence consists of entities without parts, extension, or figure, and possessing, in infinitely various degrees, the power of perception. Those among these 'monads' which have the perceptive power in the higher degrees are souls; the rest are formed in the view of the percipient mind into aggregates, which constitute bodies. The term was adopted by Leibniz from Giordano Bruno (d. 1600), with whom the 'monad' has the twofold aspect of a material atom and an ultimate element of psychical existence + Monat (ger) - month.

vigilante - a member of vigilance committee (a volunteer committee of citizens for the oversight and protection of an interest); a night watchman + vigilante (Dutch) - taxi, cab.

riding - a festival or pageant marked by a procession

sweet wine - wine having a sweet taste (as distinguished from dry wine) + spuitwijn (Dutch) - sparkling wine.

pledge - the drinking of a health to a person, party, etc.; a toast

aardappel (Dutch) - potato

putrifaction - the decomposition of animal and vegetable substances, with its attendant unwholesome loathsomeness of smell and appearance + petrifaction [077.01]

drei Fusse (ger) - three feet (*E*) + Alfred Dreyfus - Jewish French military officer wrongly accused and imprisoned for treason from 1894 to 1906 (the entire Dreyfus Affair became the most famous example of French anti-Semitism).

ramp - to trample in triumph; to go about in a loose, immodest way

parch - to dry to extremity, to make hot and dry + Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys Are Marching (song).

hoodwink - one who hoodwinks (to blind by covering the eyes, to prevent (any one) from seeing the truth or fact; to 'throw dust in the eyes' of, deceive, humbug); a deceiver + hoedenwinkel (Dutch) - hat store.

Patrizier (ger) - patrician + In Ireland before the potato famine, pigs were usually housed close to the main dwelling, and sometimes in a wing attached to the house by a covered breezeway. Not only did this help keep the pigs warm and safe from predators, it was more convenient access for feeding kitchen scraps and collecting manure so very necessary for growing healthy crops. Pigs were butchered in the fall, around St. Martin’s in November. This meant that the animals wouldn’t need scarce fodder over the winter (stocking up enough hay was tedious and land-intensive for a small-holder) but also that cooler weather would slow down spoilage until the salted meat could cure. Cottagers would preserve enough ham, bacon, sausage & lard to see them through the year, and sell the rest to the butcher, providing enough cash to pay the annual rent, hence the phrase “the gentleman who pays the rent”.

scare - a state of fear, panic + scared + scarce.

grunter - an animal or person that grunts; esp. a pig + groenten (Dutch) - vegetables + grunts.

druiven (Dutch) - grapes

muscat - variety of grapes of the species Vitis vinifera widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes. Their color ranges from white to near black + musket.

Celtiberian - rel. to Celtiberia, a mountanous district of ancient Spain; one of the Celts that inhabited ancient Celtiberia

onset - beginning, start

New Sth Ireland (Joyce's note) → Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 276: 'Nouvelle-Galles du Sud' (French 'New South Wales') + (Ireland without Ulster).

ULSTER - North province of Ireland. The name is from ancient Uladh or Ulidia, Ir. "tomb" + Vetera Uladh (l + gael) - Old Ulster, Ancient Ulster. 

BLAALAND - Old Norse name ("Blueland") for Africa. In the Sagas, Africans (usually Moors) are called 'bluemen'. Moors were captured and taken to Ireland by Vikings in the 9th century + Blumen (ger) = bloemen (Dutch) - flowers.

palefaces

ferment - a process of the nature of that resulting from the operation of leaven on dough or on saccharine liquids; in Alchemy, it was the name of an internal change supposed to be produced in metals by a 'ferment', operating after the manner of leaven; fig. Agitation, excitement, tumult.

Pope, John (1822-95) - Union general who lost the 2d battle of Bull Run + {come back from a battle either with a shield or on it}

more or less - in a greater or less degree; to a greater or less extent + Moor - a dark-skinned North-African + Lett - a Latvian.

Ulysses S. Grant - 18th President of the United States (1869–1877) as well as military commander during the Civil War. Under the command of Grant, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and ended the Confederate States of America.

con - a reason, argument, or arguer against, esp. in pros and cons (reasons for and against) + con (French, Slang) - vulva.

dives - The Latin word for 'rich (man)', occurring in the Vulgate, Luke xvi; whence commonly taken as the proper name of the rich man in that parable; and used generically for 'rich man'.

mor - humus which forms a discrete layer on top of the soil with little or no mineral soil mixed with it, which is characteristic of coniferous forests and is generally strongly acid in reaction + mor (mor) (gael) - big, great.

on the defensive - in a state of defense + defensive/offensive.

the eternal - God

always

Bellona - proper name of the Roman goddess of war; transf. a spirited woman of commanding presence + LDV: From both camps (granted at once for the sake of argument that men on both sides had grand ideas) all conditions were drawn into the conflict,

ohibò! (it) - fie!

becrime - to make guilty of crime

carver - one who carves wood, ivory, stone, etc.; a sculptor: most frequently (when not otherwise qualified) applied to one who carves in wood

in conjunction - in union, association or combination + LDV: some for lack of proper feeding, others already caught in the act of carving honourable careers for self and family,

emaciated - made lean, atrophied, deprived of flesh

'nough - An aphetic form of 'enough'.

garotte - to strangle

whomever = whoever - whatever person, no matter who.