ham - town, village, a plot of pasture ground; mawkish sentimentality  + take the time off - to use a certain amount of one's time.

plain - common in rank or station, average, ordinary (a plain man)

involve - to wrap, envelop

cirque - any circular space, esp. for games or the like; a circle or ring, of any sort (poetic.) + Low Church Whiggery - a contemptuous term referring to the perceived whiggish (liberal) attitudes of Low Churchmen (members of the Church of England who place low emphasis on church rituals and church authority).

waggery - mischievous merriment + LDV: and, if emaciated, the person garotted may have suggested incarnate whiggery or even the grand old whig himself in the flesh when falsesighted by the wouldbe burglar, a tory of the tories, for there then circulated pretty freely the feeling that in so hibernating Earwicker was secretly feeding on his own fat.

nay - no

wogger (Slang) - a dark-skinned foreigner, especially Arab (Ulysses.18.616: 'wogger she called him wogger') + bugger.

Whiggism - principles and polices associated with Whigs + [whig]issimus (l) - whiggest, most whig, superlatively whig + ipsissimus (l) - own very self (Ipsissimus 10=1).

incarnadine - to dye flesh colored, pink or red + William Shakespeare: Macbeth II.2.61: 'incarnadine'.

bully - a ruffian hired for purposes of violence or intimidation (arch.) + 'Billy in the Bowl' - legless beggar and strangler in old Dublin + FDV: All conditions were drawn into the conflict, some for lack of proper feeding, others already carving honble careers for themselves and, if emaciated, the person garroted may have suggested whigging or the grand old whig in person the flesh when falsesighted by the wouldbe burglar, a tory of the tories, for there circulated pretty clear freely the feeling that in so hibernating Earwicker was feeding on his own fat. 

hibernate - to remain in a torpid or inactive state

massa - master (Ulysses.14.1557: 'Massa Pat') + Master Earwicker.

demi - half + (notebook 1923): 'semidetached life'.

barmecidal - imaginarily satisfying or sumptuous; unreal, illusory + Barmecide's feast (phrase) - not eating (after The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, vol. I, 343: The Barber's Tale of his Sixth Brother, a story about make-belief food).

cook said (Joyce's note, Circe)

savour - flavouring, spice (obs.) + from soup to savoury - from the beginning to the end of a meal [(notebook 1924): 'from soup to savoury'].

eat his own length in mackerel (notebook 1923) Daily News 28 Jul 1923, 5/1: 'Sands Hermits': 'After living for 10 years... on the beach... Huggett, aged 76, and his wife... received notice to quit... Huggett boasts that he makes a breakfast of 12 eggs and can eat his own length in mackerel'. 

rainbow trout - a large stout bodied trout [Joyce's note: 'rainbow trout']

taert, young salmon, (Joyce's note)

atta - wheaten flour or meal + ait tigh (at'ti) (gael) - house site; anglic. -atta- in place-names.

tarn - a mountain lake (especially one formed by glaciers)

William Shakespeare: Macbeth IV.1.80: 'for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth' + (notebook 1924): 'Adam not born of W' ('not' not clear).

great crested grebe - the largest European species of diving birds of the genus Podiceps or family Podicipedidæ that feeds on fish (including roach)

threescore - 60 + Psalms 90:10: 'The days of our years are threescore years and ten'.

roach - a small freshwater fish of the Carp family, common in the rivers of northern Europe

life day - a day or some period of man's life

minnow - a small cyprinoid freshwater fish, Leuciscus phoxinus or Phoxinus lævis, common in the streams, lakes, and ponds of Europe. Often loosely applied to any small fish.

gibbet - originally synonymous with gallows, but in later use signifying an upright post with projecting arm from which the bodies of criminals were hung in chains or irons after execution.

Salmon Leap (Joyce's note) → Salmon Leap: a former waterfall of the Liffey in Leixlip (a Scandinavian name, meaning 'salmon leap') + salmon leap - a precipitous fall in a river (either natural or contrived artificially) over which salmon leap in ascending the river for breeding.

salmon ladder (Joyce's note) Note: Salmon Ladder. See OED. A series of steps to enable salmon to ascend a fall or dam by a succession of leaps. MS 47472-133, ILA: Earwicker ^+, who previous to that semidetached life had been known to eat his own length in rainbow trout,+^ was ^+, like the salmon of his ladderleap,+^ secretly feeding on his own misplaced fat | JJA 46:023 | Dec 1923 |

totality - sum, whole; absolute or indiscriminate oppression

socage (Archaic) - a tenure of land in return for services or rent, but not military service + (sucking).

misplaced - put in a wrong place + Joyce's note: 'misplaced fat' + (of his hump).

ironed - fitted, furnished, covered, armed, or strengthened with iron + Irish Times (newspaper).

Joyce's note: '*C* calls city after eldest' ('*C*' written over a 'C' (for Cain))  Lamy: Commentarium in Librum Geneseos I.257: 'Not until two hundred or three hundred years after the birth of Enoch did Cain found a city, to which he gave the name in honour of his eldest son' (Genesis 4:17).

Dana-dun (donedun) (gael) - Fort of Dana (Ana) [goddess of dead] + Danu - mother-goddess of Tuatha Dé Danann + Danair-Dun (danirdun) (gael) - Danes' Fort.

frond - large compound leaf, e.g. of the palm, banana, etc.; friend + Joyce's note: 'a ship was a ship indeed'.

deed - that which is done, acted, or performed by an intelligent or responsible agent; an act + Joyce's note: 'earwigs carry away dead'.

soil - ordure, excrement; the dung of animals used as a compost; manure

decline - said of the day (evening, etc.), also fig. of one's life: To draw towards its close + Thomas Moore: The Legacy (song): 'When in death I shall calmly recline' [air: unknown].

legacy - anything handed down by an ancestor or predecessor, what one bequeaths

Venus - Mythol. The ancient Roman goddess of beauty and love (esp. sensual love), the wife of Vulcan; a beautiful and charming woman.

giggle - to laugh continuously in a manner not uproarious, but suggestive either of foolish levity or uncontrollable amusement

tentatrix (l) - [female] assailant, attempter, tempter; (eccl. l) temptress

guffaw - to laugh loudly or boisterously; to laugh coarsely or harshly

Forficula - Latin "small shears or scissors," pincers (of an earwig), diminutive of forfex, the typical genus of the earwig family. 

fickle - inconstant and capricious in nature or character; Of places: Treacherous, dangerous.

inghean (inyen) (gael) - daughter, young woman

efter - after + (any erenoon or afternoon).

godkin - a lokal deity + bodkin - long, needle-like instrument (used by women to fasten up their hair) + William Shakespeare: Hamlet III.1.76: 'bare bodkin' ("For who would bear the whips and scorns of time, / The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely, / The pangs of despised love, the law's delay, / The insolence of office and the spurns / That patient merit of the unworthy takes, / When he himself might his quietus make / With a bare bodkin?")

hem (Archaic) - them

Lugh (lu) (gael) - god of sun and genius + look at!

dubh (du) (gael) - black

prettily - in a pretty manner; nicely; gently, softly

em - them

tapette - a passive male homosexual; an effeminate man (from French taper: to strike, beat, type) + tapette (French Slang) - tongue; homosexual.

I Know Where I'm Going (song): '...the dear knows who I'll marry'

arbour - a garden of herbs or flowers; a flower-garden; orchard + a, b, c, d + Rich Man, Poor Man, Beggarman, Thief (nursery rhyme).

wheelbarrow - a simple vehicle for carrying small loads, typically being an open container supported by a wheel at the front and two legs and two handles behind

dung cart - a cart used to convey manure + Four-stage Viconian cycle: Book I (birth), Book II (marriage), Book III (death), Book IV (ricorso).

Strong, Kate - Chart says: "The most odious of Dublin tax collectors... a woman, Kate Strong. The people erected an effigy of her, armed with a toll-dish of utterly unfair proportions." Fitzpatrick says: "Katherine Strong, a widow, inherited from her deceased husband the post of city scavenger, and a grant of tolls for performing the duties of that office. The lady... seems to have been much more active in collecting her dues than in removing the abundant filth of the city, notwithstanding the oath the city scavengers were bound to take." 

lane - lone, lonesome; a narrow passageway between fences + Lane Pictures - a collection of French Impressionist paintings claimed by both Dublin and London galleries (Hugh Lane, Lady Gregory's nephew, left them to Ireland, then to England, then to Ireland again, but failed to have the last change witnessed before dying on the Lusitania).

diorama - a spectacular picture, partly translucent, for exhibition through an aperture, made more realistic by various illuminating devices (DIORAMA)

vidual - of or belonging to, befitting, a widow or widowhood + visual


nose - to smell out, to pry or search, to discover by the smell

homelike - having the qualities of family living, simple and wholesome

cottage - a dwelling-house of small size and humble character, such as is occupied by farm-labourers, villagers, miners, etc.

elvan - the name given in Cornwall to intrusive rocks of igneous origin, so hard as to resist the pick, as quartz-porphyry, whinstone, etc.

dropping - dung of animals (Now only pl.) + "Kate, who has the job of emptying the chamberpots, understandably and typically describes both privy ('Pat's Purge') and adjoining yard and path as she usually sees it, a repellant heap of 'droppings of biddies... (there is at least one chicken and hence presumably a henhouse, the elm and a gravel path)" (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

biddy - domestic fowl, a young chicken; woman + Biddy Doran, the hen.

stinkend (German, Dutch) - stinking

fishes + pussies (Colloquial) - cats.

moggy - cow, calf; slut, prostitute + moggies (Slang) - cats + doggies + Maggy.


fester - to putrefy, rot; to become pestiferous or loathsome by corruption

rubbage = rubbish + cabbages.

beggars' bullets (Slang) - stones + (stones thrown at HCE's home).

omnifarious - Of all kinds or forms: exceedingly various + salmo (l) - salmon + Salmo Fario - species of trout (salmon-trout).

germ - In early use, vaguely, the 'seed' of a disease. In mod. use, a micro-organism or microbe; often, one of the microbes which are believed to cause disease.

gleefully - in a gleeful manner, with glee

smithereen - to smash or blow up into tiny fragments + (broken windows from stones thrown at HCE's home).

pane - a single sheet of glass in a window or door

Earwicker + turn one's face to the wall (phrase) - to die acquiescently, to accept one's death and die + (Kate Strong's "weaker" half has died).

scavenge - to remove dirt or waste

Hamlet (name derived from Danish prince Olaf) + FDV: Kate Strong, a widow, did all the scavenging in from good King Charles' days but she cleaned sparingly and her statement was that, there being no macadamised sidewalks barring footpaths which left off where the man was struck, at the time in those R J C days she left, as scavangers will, a filth dump near the dogpond in the park on which fossil boot bootmarks, elbowdints, breechbowls, kneecaves, & fingerprints were all successively found of a very involved description.

gulden - a gold coin (obs.); the name was subsequently transferred to a silver coin + gulden (Dutch) - golden.

dayne - to think it worthy of oneself (to do something); disdain + The Vicar of Bray (song): 'In good King Charles's golden days' + Dane.

lean - wanting in flesh, not plump or fat, thin

besom - an implement for sweeping, a broom + bosom.

make a clean breast - to make a full disclosure or confession + Sir James Carroll, Lord-Mayor of Dublin, on Katherine Strong: 'she cleans but sparingly and very seldom'.