macadamized - covered with paving material

sidetrack - a side path

nekropolitan - of or belonging to necropolis (cemetery, an ancient burying place)

barring - excepting

footbeat - foot step, pace, tread + bothar (boher) (gael) - road, path; anglic. -batter in place-names + footpath.

Giant's Causeway - a natural formation in county Antrim, Ireland, consisting of a collection of basaltic columns extending like a mole or pier into the sea + Jacob Bryant - 18th century mythologist, identified Noah's Ark with the Moon.

bordered - having a border, edged

speedwell - one or other species of Veronica, an extensive genus of small herbaceous plants with leafy stems and small blue (rarely pink or white) flowers (PICTURE)

white clover - trefoil T. repens (PICTURE)

sorrel or spinach dock - slender plant about 60 cm high, with juicy stems and edible, oblong leaves (PICTURE) + sorra a foot knows (Anglo-Irish) - no one knows.

beaten - worn out, dilapidated

plaintiff -  Law. The party who brings a suit into a court of law; a complainant, prosecutor; opposed to defendant + Joyce's note: 'footpath ceased where the plaintiff was struck' + FDV: which left off where the man was struck, 

scavanger - one who collects filth, one who does 'dirty work'

dump - a pile or heap of refuse or other matter 'dumped' or thrown down + "I asked him what he had done to me, and he said that I was in pieces. His tone was reproachful, and he seemed to be annoyed or dissatisfied with me. He repeated various times that I was in pieces and that I had to come together again. He tried to feign a severe tone, but he laughed in the middle of his harangue. He was telling me that it was just terrible that I was spread all over the place, and that he would have to use a broom to sweep all my pieces into one heap ... Don Juan then turned my body around and pointed to a lump on the ground. Don Genaro pulled me closer to it and made me go around it. The lump was a man lying on the ground. He was lying on his stomach with his face turned to his right. They kept on pointing out the man to me as they spoke. They pulled me and twisted me around him. I could not focus my eyes on him at all, but finally I had a feeling of quietness and sobriety and I looked at the man. I had a slow awakening into the realization that the man lying on the ground was me." (Carlos Castaneda: Tales of Power).

serpentine - a winding path, something that winds sinuously + Although the long pond which curves from one end of the Zoo in Phoenix Park to the other resembles the Serpentine lake in Hyde Park, London, it has no name, official or popular. The avenue of elms laid out by Lord Chesterfield along the line of the present Main Road was serpentine. 

fornix (l) - arch, vault, brothel + porneion (gr) - brothel + Phoenix Park. 


keepsake - anything kept or given to be kept for the sake of, or in remembrance of, the giver + trans. Pairc an Fionnuisce (park un finishki) (gael) - Field of the Clear Water; Pronunciation 'park un finishki', anglic. Phoenix Park.

baptized + tau (gr) - letter T + tauf- (ger) - baptize + Tau (ger) - dew + taub (ger) - deaf + "mishe mishe to tauftauf thuartpeatrick".

purge - that which purges; spec. an aperient medicine, a purgative; the act of purging + Patrick's Purgatory - a cave on an island in Lough Derg, which Christ revealed to St Patrick, saying that whoever spent a day and a night there would witness hell's torments, heaven's bliss. It was a favorite resort of pilgrims, but was closed by the pope's order on St Patrick's Day, 1497, following reports of diabolic visions there. Also, according to legend it was the last stronghold of the devil in Ireland until St Patrick drove the devil out by 40 days of fasting and prayer.

BUTCHER'S WOOD - South of Castleknock Gate, Phoenix Park. In Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard, Dr Sturk is bludgeoned and left for dead in Butcher's Wood by Paul Dangerfield (alias Charles Archer), who is overheard by Charles Nutter, agent for Lord Castlemallard's Irish properties, as Dangerfield is his English agent. Fireworker O'Flaherty, of the artillery regiment stationed in Chapelizod, is not involved. Mr Nutter later fights an abortive duel with Lt Hyacinth 'Fireworker' O'Flaherty, also in Phoenix Park.

fireworker - one who makes a fireworks; an artillery officer

O' Flaithbheartaigh (o'flaverti) (geal) - descendant of Flaithbheartach ("bright ruler").

nutter - a gatherer of nuts; an insane person, an eccentric person + Nutter - in LeFanu's House by the Churchyard, Nutter is steward to Lord Castlemallard; he fights a comic duel in the Phoenix Park with Fireworker O'Flaherty + a number of.

Archer, Charles - villain of LeFanu's (q.v.) "House by the Churchyard". Through most of the novel, Archer is known as Dangerfield; with deadly intent, he stuns Sturk, who later is, so to speak, "resurrected." The crime is done in Butcher's Wood in the Phoenix Park + A Was an Archer (nursery rhyme). 

Sturk - occupant of LeFanu's House by the Churchyard, he is attacked in Butcherswood in the Phoenix Park. Sturk is "resurrected" by Black Dillon + sturc (sturk) (geal) - corpse of one who dies upright + torc (turk) - wild boar, hog.

footprint - the print or impression left by the foot; spec. in Geol. a fossilized one + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard, ch. 53 has drawing of footprint left by Nutter's boot at scene of murder.

breech - the buttocks, posteriors, rump, seat

envolve = involve - to entangle (a matter), to render intricate.

subtle - not easily grasped, understood, or perceived, intricate, fine or delicate, esp. to such an extent as to elude observation or analysis

weald - a heavily wooded area, forest

wolfberry - sort of shrub, mountain cranberry

castra (l) - camp (pl. of castrum: fort) + castramentor (l) - to pitch camp + castratio (l) - pruning; castration + testament.

leabhar (lyour) (geal) - book + (Irish monks hid books from the Vikings).

"pointedly asked with gaeilish gall wodkar blizzard's business Thornton had with that Kane's fender only to be answered by the aggravated assaulted that that that was the snaps for him..."

brand (Danish) - fire

loveletter - a letter written by a lover to the beloved, and expressing amatory sentiments + "MAGIC WAS brought to perfection, historically speaking, in ancient Egypt. But long anterior to the systematized exploration and control of subconsciousness, the African sorcerer was already controlling unseen forces by means of a peculiar charm or fetish known as the d-mammu or "effigy of blood", which was later typified by the mummy. Being the true magical link with the unseen world the d-mammu is still the basis of all practical occultism, although its form changes with the times. In antiquity it often took the form of a "chance" object which has become associated by the sorcerer with the object of his desire, or somehow identified with his magical power. Once it had been charged with his vitality it was no longer an ordinary object, and it was then burnt or concealed. According to whether the magical working involved the element earth, fire, air or water, the object was buried, burnt, hidden in the foliage of a lofty tree or submerged in a lake or river. This act affirmed a forgetting by the conscious mind, a sinking of the talisman in the abyss of subconsciousness. It was in the dark womb of forgetfulness that the hidden desire germinated." (Kenneth Grant)

lustfully, lost + Boston, Ma. (i.e. Massachusetts).

ruction - a disturbance, riot, tumult

forethought - previous thought or consideration; thought for the future, provident care

reconcilement - the fact of reconciling or being reconciled to another or to each other

give over - to leave off, finish, cease from (an action); to give up, abandon (an attempt, a habit, a mode of life)

pick - a heavy tool consisting of an iron or steel head, usually curved, tapering to a point at one or both ends, mounted on a wooden handle, and used for loosening and breaking up soil, rock, etc.; Archæol. A prehistoric implement used for breaking up rocks, soil, etc. Fishing. A kind of gaff, an eel-spear + (digging with a pick for the letter).

Sprache (ger) - language + sprak (Dutch) - spoke + crack.

Krishna - Hindu god of fire and storm + christians.

propaganda fide (l) - things of the faith to be propagated (name of a Vatican agency) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

nuptial - of or pertaining to marriage or the marriage ceremony

bird of prey - a predatory or rapacious bird + (notebook 1924): 'eagles sharpen beak before battle'.

mortal + morphê (gr) - shape + murphy (Slang) - potato.

pome - a fruit of the apple kind or resembling an apple; a jocular alteration of 'poem' + pomme de terre (French) - potato (literally 'apple of earth').

terrine - a French meat-dish cooked in an earthenware cooking vessel (also, the vessel itself) + terrenus (l) - consisting of earth, earthy.

Agni - [Sanskrit: "Fire"] fire-god of the Hindus, second only to Indra in the Vedic mythology of ancient India. He is equally the fire of the sun, of lightning, and of the hearth that men light for purposes of worship.

aflame - in or into flame; ablaze + ara (l) - altar + flamen (l) - priest of one particular deity + aurea flamma (l) - golden flame + oriflamme - a banner or standard serving as a rallying point (after the sacred banner of Saint Denis, used by early French kings) + Flamme (ger) - flame.

Mithra - [Sanskrit: "friend" or "contract."; In short, Mithra may signify any kind of communication between men and whatever establishes good relations between them] the Iranian god of the sun, justice, contract, and war in pre-Zoroastrian (6th century BC or earlier) Iran.

monish - admonish (to give authoritative or warning advice)

Shiva - [Sanskrit: "Auspicious One"] one of the main deities of Hinduism and one of the most complex gods of India, embodying seemingly contradictory qualities. He is both the destroyer and the restorer, the great ascetic and the symbol of sensuality, the benevolent herdsman of souls and the wrathful avenger.

slew - p.p. of slay

maya - [Sanskrit: "wizardry," or "illusion"] powerful force that creates the cosmic illusion that the phenomenal world is real + mahamudra - [Sanskrit: "the great seal"] , in Tantric Buddhism, the final goal, the union of all apparent dualities. Mudra, in addition to its more usual meaning, has in Tantric Buddhism the esoteric meaning of "female partner," which in turn symbolizes prajña ("wisdom"). The union of the Tantric initiate with his sexual partner signifies the symbolic union of the upaya (the "means," or method of teaching the goal) with prajña and--on the highest level--the identity of Samsara (the phenomenal world) with Nirvana (ultimate reality).

oblivial - causing oblivion in Greek mythology, the waters of the Lethe river induced a complete memory loss + alluvial.

nauarchos (Greek) - admiral + Noah (flood) + archical (obs) - primordial; governmental.

windingly - in a winding manner, with twists and turns

gehorsam (ger) - obedient

hasty - quickly excited to anger, quick-tempered, passionate, irritable + wasty - wasteful, destructive, desolate, given to waste.

timberman - one who makes things of timber; a carpenter

archpriest - a chief priest

flamen - a priest devoted to the particular god of the roman pantheon + fan - an enhusiastic devotee, enthusiast + flame-fanning.

lighten - to kindle, ignite

Jove - Jupiter + This is the rat, That ate the malt, That lay in the house that Jack built (nursery rhyme).

Poseidon - Greek sea-god. The reference here is to Poseidon and Apollo building the walls of Troy + Posidonius (b. 135 B.C.) - Stoic philosopher, historian, teacher of Cicero.  

fluctuary - having the character of waves, fluctuating

lave - to wash, bathe; leave (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation)

minx - a pert, flirtatious or impudent young woman + minxit (l) - [he, she] has urinated + mix - to join in sexual intercourse.

rare = rear - the back part of something

minister - the church of a monastery; any major church

shane - p. of shine (obs.)

bury the hatchet - to lay down one's arms, to cease from hostilities + Heytesbury Street, Dublin.

gush - to flow or rush out with violence

pinafores + Isolda and 28 girls cross Dublin by tram.

scamper - a quick light run or movement + Richard Brinsley Sheridan: School for Scandal.

sash - a scarf, often with fringe at each end, worn by men, either over one shoulder or round the waist

lucan - rel. to evangelist Luke + {Westbound conductor shouting: current stop Chapelizod, anybody to Lucan?}