hatter - a maker of or dealer in hats + Mad Hatter and March Hare - characters in 'Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland' by Lewis Carroll.

mon - man

advance - to put forth, to bring forward; to offer, propose, present

bach (Welsh) - little + Bach (ger) - brook + Johann Sebastian Bach - 18th century composer, had several sons who also became composers (two of which were also called Johann).

John Jameson and Son - the proprietary name of a brand of Irish whiskey. Also, a drink of this whiskey + LDV: To this the other then said: Would you be surprised to hear that I honestly have not such a thing as the loose change of a ten pound note about me at the moment but I believe I can see my way to advance you four and sevenpence between hopping and trotting to buy whisky.

rekindle - to kindle again, arouse again


whisk - to brush or sweep lightly and rapidly from a surface + LDV: At the mention of whisky the gunman became calm and remarking, apparently highly pleased: You stunning little southdowner!

prick up one's ears - to become attentive or alert to listen

gunman - a man armed with a gun, killer esp. one hired to kill another + (following starvation in grave).

strike me pink! - Used to express surprise or disbelief.

fortright - strightforward, immediately, without hesitation

Lord's + lard - the fat of swine + Lars Porsena - Etruscan king known for his war against the city of Rome (around 500 BC). He was buried in an elaborate tomb in (or under) the city he ruled (Clusium). Porsena's tomb is described as having a 15 m high rectangular base with sides 90 m long. It was adorned by pyramids and massive bells.

porsenal - porcelain + arsenal + John Joyce was quoted in, and on the book jacket of, 'Lars Porsena; or The Future of Swearing and Improper Language', by Robert Graves + Thomas Babington Macaulay: Lays of Ancient Rome: Horatius at the Bridge (poem): 'Lars Porsena of Clusium / By the nine gods he swore' + REFERENCE 

thorntree - any of various thorny trees + Zakkum - in Muslim theology, a thorny bitter-fruited tree growing in hell and serving as the only food for the damned.

Sheol - the underworld; the abode of the dead or departed spirits, conceived by the Hebrews as a subterranean region clothed in thick darkness, return from which is impossible.

ramify - to form branches, to branch out, extend in the form of branches + (bugger him).

heofon (Old English) - heaven

lux (l) - light + "Lux upon Lux" (James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Grace') + lex (l) - law..

suntime - time by the sun, a time of brightness or joy + sometime

Marx, Karl (1818-83) - German socialist + mark - to take notice, to keep watch; to fix (one's) attention; to consider + take my word for it - I can assure you, you may be sure, believe me. 

flint - hard stone in general + Flint, Captain - dead pirate in Stevenson's Treasure Island + chip of the old block - one that resembles his father.  

Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900) - German philosopher + nicht (ger) - not + Seaghán Ua Neachtain - author of an 18th century Irish dictionary. 

glossary - a collection of glosses; a list with explanations of abstruse, antiquated, dialectal, or technical terms; a partial dictionary

purvey - to provide, furnish, supply (something)

a priori - phrase used to characterize reasoning from causes to effects, from abstract notions to their conditions or consequences

a posteriori - a phrase used to characterize reasoning or arguing from effects to causes, from experience and not from axioms + Jespersen: An International Language: (quoting Dr. Sweet) 'the ideal way of constructing an a posteriori language would be to make the root words monosyllabic... and to make the grammar a priori in spirit'.

nat = not + nat (Danish) - night (Pronunciation 'not').

sinse (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - sense

kish - a large wicker basket + 'ignorant as a kish of brogues' (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English phrase) + kiss.

sprog (Danish) - language + brogue - a type of rough shoe; a strong dialectal accent (especially Irish).

elude - to slip away from, escape adroitly from (a person's grasp or pursuit) + alluded to some lines earlier.

coctible - that may be cooked

remark - to say, utter, or set down, as an observation or comment

languidly - in a languid (faint, weak) manner + Langue d'oïl - Romance dialect of Northern France + oily.

chance of a lifetime (notebook 1924) Irish Independent 14 Jun 1924, 5/7: (advertisement for the Irish Free State's Savings Certificate) 'The Chance of a lifetime!'

foretaste - a taste beforehand, an anticipation

mother of pearl - the pinna or sea-pen, or other shell-fish yielding mother-of-pearl; mother of pearl oyster + Red Bank oysters.

boy - champagne

wash down - to swallow liquor along with or after (solid food), in order to assist deglutition or digestion

Red Cow Tallaght (notebook 1924) Irish Independent 10 Jun 1924, 4/6: 'Dublin's Old Inns and Taverns': 'On a night in December 1717, a party of O'Byrnes pitched their quarters in an inn called The Red Cow. The premises nestled where the coach road by the base of Tallaght Hill winds to Blessington. Attacked by the military the besieged fought for twelve hours' + 'At the foot of [Tallaght Hill] on the Blessingtom side, there stood an inn, called the Red Cow, which, in the month of December, 1717, was the scene of a sanguinary encounter between a party of rapparees...and the forces of the Crown' (Ball, History of County Dublin III, 39) + ruadh (rue) (geal) - red + Tamhlacht (toulokht) (geal) - "Plague-grave": village S.W. of Dublin.

GOOD WOMAN, THE - Inn at Ringsend; noted for oysters, shrimps and cockles, as early as beginning of 18th cent + (notebook 1924): 'Good Dame Ringsend' Irish Independent 10 Jun 1924, 4/6: 'Dublin's Old Inns and Taverns': 'cockles, oysters and shrimps that might be tasted "in their purity" at the sign of The Good Woman in Ringsend'

RINGSEND - District, South bank of Liffey, where it enters Dublin Bay. The Dodder River joins the Liffey just above Ringsend. 

Conway's Tavern Blackrock (notebook 1924) Irish Independent 10 Jun 1924, 4/6: 'Dublin's Old Inns and Taverns': 'Vanished also is Conway's Tavern, that rose in the Main street of Blackrock. For long it commanded esteem for its annual melon festival'.

BLACKROCK - Town on Dublin Bay between Dublin and Dun Laoghaire; Since the 18th century a place of resort for Dubliners, reached by the "Rock Road", later by the Dalkey, Kingstown, and Blackrock tram. Conway's Tavern and Vauxhall Gardens were two of its attractions.  

keen - sharp, intense, piercing

atte - at, at the (Middle English)

fun fair - fair devoted to amusements and side shows + fe'n riaghail (fen riel) (geal) - under the government; under religious rules.

Adam & Eve (notebook 1924) Irish Independent 10 Jun 1924, 4/6: 'Dublin's Old Inns and Taverns': 'the taverns of Adam and Eve and the Struggler in Cook street'.

Quality Row, Dublin + J.M. Barrie: Quality Street (1901 play).

gamy - showing spirit, spicy, racy; morally tainted + Grace, Prankquean.

Tailte - Firbolg queen whose foster-son, Lug, founded the Tailtean games in her honor. Revived by the Free State, the games are held in Teltown. 

stunning - excellent, first rate, delightful

southdowner - sheep from Southdown (town in England) + South Downs, Sussex, not far from Sidlesham.

Delaney, Patrick - the Phoenix Park assassin who testified against Parnell at the Parnell Commission + Saint Declan - 5th century Irish saint + Delaney/Delacey [043.33] [084.08].

lexicon - the vocabulary proper to some department of knowledge or sphere of activity + extinction.

blanche = blanch - white + white patch [093.04] [488.30] + (bald patch).

boney = bony - rel. to bone or bones; having large or prominent bones + Napoleon Bonaparte.


by golly - by God (a mild oath) + Joyce's note: 'by Golly!'.

my hat - a trivial exclamation of surprise

bully - worthy, admirable; capital, first-rate

grit - firmness or solidity of character; indomitable spirit or pluck; stamina + FDV: At the mention of whisky the wouldbe burglar became calm and left him the place said he wd go good to him [remarking [gleefully]: You plucky stunning little Southdowner! You have some pluck Southdowner! This is my goalball I've struck this day!]

sundowner (Australian Colloquial) - a tramp who arrives at a station about sundown under the pretence of seeking work, to obtain food and a night's lodging + southdowner.  

spud - potato + spat (Irish practice of spitting in hands before shaking them to conclude a deal).

Faust (ger) - fist + Faust or Faustus - 16th-century magician who sold his soul to the devil, subject of works by Marlowe and Goethe.

axin (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - asking

tope - to drink; to drink largely or in large draughts + topped the raw beast.

poke - to thrust or push (anything) with one's hand or arm; to put in a poke or bag

pick - transf. that which is selected, the best or choicest portion or example of anything, the choicest product or contents + picked his pocket.

take (one's) leave - to depart with some expression of farewell; to bid farewell + take French leave - to go away (or do anything) without giving notice.

French hen = The Faverolles - a French breed of chicken. The breed was developed in the 1860s in the Loire area of France. Faverolles were originally bred in France as a utility fowl, used for both eggs and meat; but are now primarily raised for exhibition.

portfolio - a receptacle or case for keeping loose sheets of paper, prints, drawings, maps, music, or the like; usually in the form of a large book-cover, and sometimes having sheets of paper fixed in it, between which specimens are placed + portly fowl.

haste - hurry, precipitancy, want of deliberation, rashness

leisure - the state of having time at one's own disposal; free or unoccupied time + Marry in haste and repent at leisure (proverb) → portfolio of hastes and leisures = marriage.

pax - kiss of peace

pogue (Anglo-Irish) - kiss

pux (gr) - with closed or clenched fist (as in boxing)

(notebook 1924): 'frères du même sein' (French brothers of the same breast) → Delafosse: L'âme Nègre 20: 'Il y avait autrefois deux frères de même sein qui habitaient dans le village de leur père' (French 'There were once two brothers of the same breast who lived in the village of their father') + "I am thy Double Sister," says Isis to Osiris. (P. Pierret, Panthéon Eg., 28.) In this duality Isis is the Blood-Mother and Nephthys the Milch-Mother; hence she is called the Nurse.

alleluia = hallelujah - an exclamation meaning 'Praise the Lord,' which occurs in many psalms and anthems.

HILL OF ALLEN - Hill (676 feet), 8 miles North-East of Kildare, County Kildare; famous in legend as the Otherworld seat of Finn MacCool. Seefin, a mound on its summit, is known as Finn's Chair. Alma on Almhain, Ir. "whitened" + Lillibullero, Bullen a Law (song).

tuargain (turgen) (geal) - battering, bombardment

belittler - one that belittles (to speak slightingly or disrespectfully)

schmal (ger) - little, narrow + SCHMALKALDEN - City, East Germany, where in 1531 Lutheran princes formed the League of Schmalkalden against Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor); it lasted until 1547, when Charles in Schmalkaldic War defeated its leaders and destroyed its power.  

treaty - to make a treaty + to treat (a person, etc.) to - to entertain with (food or drink, or any enjoyment or gratification).

War of the League of Cognac - a war between Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) and the League of Cognac (formed by France, England, the Pope, and several Italian states via the Treaty of Cognac), 1526-1530.

fez - a skull-cap formerly of wool, now of felt, of a dull crimson colour, in the form of a truncated cone, ornamented with a long black tassel; formerly the national head-dress of the Turks + face

MENAI STRAIT - The channel of the Irish Sea which separates Anglesey from Caernarvonshire (now Gwynedd), the mainland of Wales. It's crossed on every trip between Ireland and Britain via Holyhead, by suspension road bridge ("assbacks,") or "tubular" railway bridge.