hatter - a maker of or dealer in hats + Mad Hatter and March Hare - characters in 'Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland' by Lewis Carroll.

mon - man

advance - to put forth, to bring forward; to offer, propose, present.

bach (Welsh) - little

Jameson - the proprietary name of a brand of Irish whiskey. Also, a drink of this whiskey.

rekindle - to kindle again, arouse again


whisk - to brush or sweep lightly and rapidly from a surface + whiskey

to prick up one's ears - to become attentive or alert to listen

gunman - a man armed with a gun, killer esp. one hired to kill another

strike me pink! - Used to express surprise or disbelief

fortright - strightforward, immediately, directly forth, without hesitation

Lord's + Lars Porsena - Etruscan figure associated in conflicting legends with the traditional kings of Rome.

porsenal - porcelain + arsenal + Porsena, Lars - king of Clusium, who swore by the nine gods to destroy Rome, but was prevented by Horatius at the bridge. John Joyce was quoted in, and on the book jacket of, Lars Porsena; or The Future of Swearing and Improper Language, by Robert Graves + REFERENCE 

thorntree - any of various thorny trees

Sheol - the underworld; the abode of the dead or departed spirits, conceived by the Hebrews as a subterranean region clothed in thick darkness, return from which is impossible.

ramify - to form branches, to branch out, extend in the form of branches.

heofon (Old English) - heaven

lux (l) - light + "Lux upon Lux" (James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Grace') + lex (l) - law..

suntime - time by the sun, a time of brightness or joy + sometime

take my word for it - I can assure you, you may be sure, believe me + mark - to take notice, to keep watch; to fix (one's) attention; to consider + Marx, Karl (1818-83) - German socialist.  

chip of the old block - one that resembles his father + flint - hard stone in general + Flint, Captain - dead pirate in Stevenson's Treasure Island

Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900) - German philosopher + nicht (ger) - not. 

glossary - a collection of glosses; a list with explanations of abstruse, antiquated, dialectal, or technical terms; a partial dictionary.

purvey - to provide, furnish, supply (something)

a priori - phrase used to characterize reasoning from causes to effects, from abstract notions to their conditions or consequences.

a posteriori - a phrase used to characterize reasoning or arguing from effects to causes, from experience and not from axioms; empirical, inductive + Jespersen: An International Language: (quoting Dr. Sweet) 'the ideal way of constructing an a posteriori language would be to make the root words monosyllabic... and to make the grammar a priori in spirit'.

nat = not + nat (Danish) - night (Pronunciation 'not').

sinse (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - sense

kish - a large wicker basket + kiss + Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English phrase: ignorant as a kish of brogues.

sprog (Danish) - language

elude - to slip away from, escape adroitly from (a person's grasp or pursuit) + alluded

coctible - that may be cooked

remark   - to say, utter, or set down, as an observation or comment

languidly - in a languid (faint, weak) manner

(notebook 1924): 'chance of a lifetime'

foretaste - a taste beforehand, an anticipation

mother of pearl - the pinna or sea-pen, or other shell-fish yielding mother-of-pearl; mother of pearl oyster + Perlmutter (ger) - mother of pearl.

boy - champagne

to wash down - to swallow liquor along with or after (solid food), in order to assist deglutition or digestion.

"At the foot of [Tallaght Hill] on the Blessingtom side, there stood an inn, called the Red Cow, which, in the month of December, 1717, was the scene of a sanguinary encounter between a party of rapparees...and the forces of the Crown" (Ball, History of County Dublin III, 39) [(notebook 1924): 'Red Cow Tallaght'] + ruadh (rue) (geal) - red + Tamhlacht (toulokht) (geal) - "Plague-grave": village S.W. of Dublin.

GOOD WOMAN, THE - Inn at Ringsend; noted for oysters, shrimps and cockles, as early as beginning of 18th cent [(notebook 1924): 'Good Dame Ringsend']

RINGSEND - District, South bank of Liffey, where it enters Dublin Bay. The Dodder River joins the Liffey just above Ringsend. 

Irish Independent 10 Jun 1924, 4/6: 'Dublin's Old Inns and Taverns': 'Vanished also is Conway's Tavern, that rose in the Main street of Blackrock. For long it commanded esteem for its annual melon festival' [(notebook 1924): 'Conway's Tavern Blackrock'].

BLACKROCK - Town on Dublin Bay between Dublin and Dun Laoghaire; Since the 18th century a place of resort for Dubliners, reached by the "Rock Road", later by the Dalkey, Kingstown, and Blackrock tram. Conway's Tavern and Vauxhall Gardens were two of its attractions.  

keen - sharp, piercing, penetrating; strong

atte - at, at the (Middle English)

fun fair - fair devoted to amusements and side shows + fe'n riaghail (fen riel) (geal) - under the government; under religious rules.

(notebook 1924): 'Adam & Eve' Irish Independent 10 Jun 1924, 4/6: 'Dublin's Old Inns and Taverns': 'the taverns of Adam and Eve and the Struggler in Cook street'.

gamy - showing spirit, spicy, racy; morally tainted

Tailte - Firbolg queen whose foster-son, Lug, founded the Tailtean games in her honor. Revived by the Free State, the games are held in Teltown. 

stunning - excellent, first rate, delightful

southdowner - sheep from Southdown (town in England)

Delaney, Patrick - the Phoenix Park assassin who testified against Parnell at the Parnell Commission.

lexicon - the vocabulary proper to some department of knowledge or sphere of activity.

blanche = blanch - white

boney = bony - rel. to bone or bones; having large or prominent bones

by golly - by God (a mild oath) [Joyce's note: 'by Golly!']

my hat - a trivial exclamation of surprise

bully - worthy, admirable; capital, first-rate

grit - firmness or solidity of character; indomitable spirit or pluck; stamina

sundowner - hobo, tramp

spat in his hands + Faust or Faustus - 16th-century magician who sold his soul to the devil, subject of works by Marlowe and Goethe + Faust (ger) - fist.

axin (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - asking

tope - to drink; to drink largely or in large draughts + topped

rest + raw beast

picked his pocket + poke - to thrust or push (anything) with one's hand or arm; to put in a poke or bag + pick - transf. that which is selected, the best or choicest portion or example of anything, the choicest product or contents.

to take (one's) leave - to depart with some expression of farewell; to bid farewell.

portfolio - a receptacle or case for keeping loose sheets of paper, prints, drawings, maps, music, or the like; usually in the form of a large book-cover, and sometimes having sheets of paper fixed in it, between which specimens are placed.

haste - hurry, precipitancy, want of deliberation, rashness

leisure - the state of having time at one's own disposal; free or unoccupied time + proverb Marry in haste and repent at leisure.

pax - kiss of peace

pogue (Anglo-Irish) - kiss

(notebook 1924): 'frères du même sein' (French brothers of the same breast)

alleluia = hallelujah - an exclamation meaning 'Praise the Lord,' which occurs in many psalms and anthems.

HILL OF ALLEN - Hill (676 feet), 8 miles North-East of Kildare, County Kildare; famous in legend as the Otherworld seat of Finn MacCool. Seefin, a mound on its summit, is known as Finn's Chair. Alma on Almhain, Ir "whitened." 

tuargain (turgen) (geal) - battering, bombardment

belittler - one that belittles (to speak slightingly or disrespectfully)

schmal (ger) - little, narrow + SCHMALKALDEN - City, East Germany, where in 1531 Lutheran princes formed the League of Schmalkalden against Charles V; it lasted until 1547, when Charles defeated its leaders and destroyed its power.  

treaty - to make a treaty + to treat (a person, etc.) to - to entertain with (food or drink, or any enjoyment or gratification).

fez - a skull-cap formerly of wool, now of felt, of a dull crimson colour, in the form of a truncated cone, ornamented with a long black tassel; formerly the national head-dress of the Turks + face

MENAI STRAIT - The channel of the Irish Sea which separates Anglesey from Caernarvonshire (now Gwynedd), the mainland of Wales. It's crossed on every trip between Ireland and Britain via Hohyhead, by suspension road bridge ("assbacks,") or "tubular" railway bridge.