burral (burel) (geal) - bit, jot + burial + lock, stock and barrel - the whole thing (the 'whole thing' in question when this phrase originated was a musket: the lock, or flintlock, which is the firing mechanism; the stock, which is the wooden butt-end of the gun; the barrel, i.e. a cylindrical object).

Kenneth Grant: "African sorcerer was already controlling unseen forces by means of a peculiar charm or fetish known as the d-mammu or "effigy of blood", which was later [in ancient Egypt] typified by the mummy. In antiquity it often took the form of a "chance" object which has become associated by the sorcerer with the object of his desire, or somehow identified with his magical power. Once it had been charged with his vitality it was no longer an ordinary object, and it was then burnt or concealed. According to whether the magical working involved the element earth, fire, air or water, the object was buried, burnt, hidden in the foliage of a lofty tree or submerged in a lake or river. This act affirmed a forgetting by the conscious mind, a sinking of the talisman in the abyss of subconsciousness. It was in the dark womb of forgetfulness that the hidden desire germinated. Fragments of ritual surviving from the remotest times show that the dead underwent a transformation in the abyss or underworld. The deceased arose as Asar-Un-Nefer [Osiris]. Legend relates that Osiris was dismembered or cut in pieces by Set, who typified Night, Forgetfulness. Isis found all the pieces of the body with the exception of the phallus; it was Horus who supplied the missing member, thus enabling the Osirified to rise to new life. The re-membered form of the god symbolizes spiritual wholeness and perfection. The goddess Isis represents the spontaneous operation of Nature healing the breach of consciousness by revealing the hidden key to the subconscious. In one legend she copulates with the corpse of Osiris in order to bring forth Horus."

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by the black of your nail (Anglo-Irish phrase) - only just

Buddha + Vedas - major scared texts of Hinduism + Vedda - an aboriginal people of Sri Lanka.

mam - mom; madam + man + Maamtrasna - a valley in Joyce country, County Galway, and the scene of the murders of five members of a family named Joyce in 1882, for which ten men (five of whom were also called Joyce) were accused, of whom five were sentenced to life imprisonment and three executed (including the apparently-innocent Myles Joyce) after an unsound trial (including withheld documents, suppressed testimonies, etc.), in which the proceedings were carried out in English, while the accused spoke only Irish and their interpreter spoke a Donegal dialect, that at times was almost unintelligible to the accused (written about at length, with quite a few factual errors, in James Joyce's Ireland at the Bar).

kayoed - knocked, knocked out + "kayoed = knocked out (3.22) = phoenished (130.11-12) = parked (454.34)" (John Bishop: Joyce's Book of the Dark).

offhand - at once, strightaway; without previous thought or preparation + K.O. - a knockout in a boxing match.

heckler - one who severely questions another; somebody who insults, makes fun of, or teases; a person who shouts a disparaging comment at a performance or event, or interrupting set-piece speeches, for example at a political meeting, with intent to disturb its performers or participants.

Peter the Painter - German Mauser automatic pistol named after Russian anarchist involved in the Siege of Sidney Street, 1911 + Joyce's note: 'Peter the Painter' Irish Times 2 Dec 1922, 7/8: 'The attacking party were all armed with Service rifles, and some of them carried "Peter the Painters" and Smith and Wesson revolvers'.

hole - to make a hole in, pierce, to place in a hole; to fire a bullet into; to put in prison

consistently - constantly adhering to the same principles of thought or action

imprescriptable - that cannot in any circumstances be legally taken away or abandoned

bellybone (Joyce's note) → Douglas: London Street Games 37: (a chant) 'I-N spells in I was in my kitchen Doing a bit of stitching, Old Father Nimble Came and took my thimble, I got up a great big stone, Hit him on the belly bone O-U-T spells out'.

chuck - to throw with the hand with little action of the arm; to throw underhand; to toss; prob. at first said of throwing or tossing money, or anything light; now used somewhat playfully or contemptuously of heavy things, as suggesting that they are thrown with ease or contempt.

chum - a habitual companion, an associate, an intimate friend; In Australia: new chum, a fresh immigrant, a 'greenhorn'; old chum, an old and experienced settler.

chuck and chance it - a derisive phrase used attrib. to describe wet-fly fishing

alongst = along

unprohibited (i.e. public) + Humphrey.

semita (l) - path + cemetery.

throughfare - a road, street, lane, or path forming a communication between two other roads or streets, or between two places; a public way unobstructed and open at both ends; esp. a main road or street + Durchfahrt (ger) - thoroughfare, passage.

buggy - a two-wheeled cart

bike - bicycle

to wit

curb - a massive ornamental fireplace fender; thief's hook (Slang)

nostrum - a quack remedy

oxter - armpit + ULSTER - North province of Ireland. The arms of Ulster are a red right hand (lamh dearg) on a white shield (the arms of the O'Neils). 

alpenstock - a long staff pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps, whence it has passed into general use in mountain climbing

red hand - a heraldic hank that is erect, open and couped at the wrist + with red hand - with clear evidence of guilt.

commendable - proper to be commended, praiseworthy, laudable

number two (Slang) - defecation (children's euphemism)

Acta legitima plebeia (l) - Daily record of the lawful public acts of the common people. Acta at Rome included Acta publica, Acta Senatus, Acta Diurna, Acta Triumphorum but no known Acta L. P. (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake) + legitime (l) - lawful.

on the brink of - on the the very verge of some state, time, event, or action

baulk = balk - to check, hinder, thwart (a person or his action) + Henrik Ibsen: John Gabriel Borkman + (Russian General about to wipe his arse).

to wit

bare (Danish) - just

BUTT BRIDGE - Aka Swivel Bridge. The last (and East-most) bridge as the Liffey flows except for the Loop Line Railway bridge. Erected 1879; named for the 19th-century politician Isaac Butt + butt (Slang) - buttocks. 

go west - of the sun; also fig., to die, perish, disappear

Blackpool Bridge - part of the Roman road from Bristol to Lydney + The name Dublin derives from Irish dubh linn: black pool.

naturligvis (Danish) - naturally + likewise - in the like or same manner, similarly.

thankfully - with thanks, gratefully

bereave - to leave desolate or alone, especially by death + well-behaved.

ringdove - a common European pigeon (Columba palumbus); also called ring-pigeon, wood-pigeon, cushat, or queest

fearstruck - struck with or overwhelmed by fear + (notebook 1924): 'snake bites out of fear' Crawford: Thinking Black 252: 'For who does not know that a snake never really attacks a man, only bites out of fear, and only because you have stumbled over him in error' + feasting.

boa constrictor - large Brazilian serpent of the genus Boa; commonly applied to any great crushing snake

quite pleased at having other people's weather (notebook 1924)

Atlantic Ocean

Phoenicia + Phoenix Park.

headway - advance, progress (in general); ''The Stolt Surf was fortunate in that her engines remained operational, and the ship was able to remain with her stern into the waves. Had she lost headway, the storm would have forced her to turn sideways into the oncoming waves, where she risked being hulled or capsized, particularly if she encountered another rogue wave.''

conundrum - any puzzling question or problem; a riddle in the form of a question the answer to which involves a pun or play on words

Mam (mam) (geal) - Breach, Mountain pass; village, Co. Galway + Joyce's note: 'Interpreter / Maam'   'Ireland at the Bar', 197: Several years ago a sensational trial was held in Ireland. In a lonely place in a western province, called Maamtrasna, a murder was committed. Four of five townsmen, all belonging to the ancient tribe of the Joyces, were arrested. The oldest of them, the seventy year old Myles Joyce, was the prime suspect. Public opinion at the time thought him innocent and today considers him a martyr. Neither the old man nor the others accused knew English. The court had to resort to the services of an interpreter. The questioning, conducted through the interpreter, was at times comic and at times tragic. On one side was the excessively ceremonious interpreter, on the other the patriarch of a miserable tribe unused to civilized customs, who seemed stupefied by all the judicial ceremony.[...] The figure of this dumbfounded old man, a remnant of a civilization not ours, deaf and dumb before his judge, is a symbol of the Irish nation at the bar of public opinion + 'Maamtrasna, is anglicised as 'Maam Cross'.

Festus Joyce, Recess (notebook 1922-23) + 2 Slavies = Festus King (Joyce's list of characters in I.2-3-4).

tar and feather - to smear with tar and then cover with feathers: a punishment sometimes inflicted by a mob (esp. in U.S.) on an unpopular or scandalous character

Romansch - one of the four national languages of Switzerland, along with German, Italian and French

MAYO OF THE SAXONS - "Yew-Plain of the Saxons": Monastery, now ruins and site of village of Mayo 3 miles South of Balla, County Mayo; est. 7th century by St Colman for English monks from Inishbofin following disputes between Irish and English monks there [(notebook 1923): 'Mayo of the Saxons' → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 60: 'This going to school in Ireland was not a matter of one short generation. It became traditional and continuous. Thus a part of the university city of Armagh became known as "Saxon Armagh," and likewise part of Mayo became known as "Mayo of the Saxons"'].

far famed - that is famed to a great distance, well known + LDV: As if that was not enough for anyone but little headway was made when a countryman, Festy King, who gave an address in Joyce's country in the heart of a wellfamed poteen district, was subsequently brought up on an improperly framed indictment.

potheen (Anglo-Irish) - illicit whiskey

hale - to draw up, to constrain or draw forcibly to, to bring in violently, drag in

Old Bailey - the seat of the Central Criminal Court in London

calends - the first day of any month in the Roman calendar

mars = march + calends of March - 1 March, first day of the Roman year.

incompatible - discordant, incongruous

indictment - Law. The legal process in which a formal accusation is preferred to and presented by a Grand Jury.

count - Law. Each particular charge in indictment + FDV: As if that would not do but little headway was made when a countryman Festy King who gave an address in Monaghan Joyce Country in the heart of a wellfamed poteen district was subsequently brought up on an improper improperly framed indictment of both courts.

equinox - the condition of having the days and nights of equal length. Also fig.

fetch - something that looks exactly like another, counterpart; the phantom double of a living person appearing as an omen of the death; a contrivance, dodge, trick + "One man's meat is another man's poison" ('meat' is often to be understood in the slang sense of 'penis') + fish + poisson (fr) - fish.

cushat - the wood-pigeon or ring-dove + to fly pigeons (Slang) - to steal coal.

overalls - an external covering, cloak, waterproof, trousers + ouver = over.

fesses - pl. of fess - a broad bar drawn horizontally across the middle of a heraldic field + fesses (fr) - buttocks + far fesso (it) - to make a fool of someone + faeces, battlefield (Russian General).

in mids - amidst, in the middle (of) + faces amidst (immodest).

field - Heraldry: the whole surface of a shield.

Oje! (ger) - oh dear! + oyez! (Archaic) - hear! (a call opening a court session) + O yeah!

soaked - dull, lacking in animation; saturated, drenched; intoxicated

methylate - to impregnate with methanol + methylated spirit - form in which alcohol is most commonly employed for industrial purposes.

dock - the enclosure in a criminal court in which the prisoner is placed at his trial + dry dock - a dock that can be kept dry for use during the construction or repairing of ships + in dry dock - inactive, unemployed; in quarantine, in hospital.

apparently + patently.

ambrosia (gr, l) - food of the goods + aureolus (l) - golden + Ambrosius Aurelianus - semimythical champion who led the Romanised Britons against the invading Saxons in the 5th century + (drunk).

kersey - a coarse woolen cloth for hose and work clothes, homespun + curse (stop thief!) = Kersse.

corduroy - a kind of coarse, thick-ribbed cotton stuff, worn chiefly by labourers or persons engaged in rough work

rent - a large tear in garment

nightshirt - a nightgown resembling a shirt

straw - of the color of straw

souwester - a large oilskin or waterproof hat or cap worn by seamen to protect the head and neck during rough or wet weather

corkscrew - resembling a corkscrew; spirally twisted; an imperfection in silk filaments


out of the blue - unexpectedly, without warning

tear up - to pull asunder by force (esp. cloth or paper)

WALES - Principality of UK forming the wide peninsula on the West of the island of Britain. Lat, Cambria; Welsh, Cymry.  

bespoke - Of goods: Ordered to be made, tailor-made (as distinguished from ready-made) + bespeak - to be the outward expression of; to indicate, give evidence of.

CARCER - The small prison North-East of the Forum in Rome where criminals were held pending trial. From medieval times called the "Mamertine prison" + Mamer - Oscan name for Mars + meantime + The actual catalyst for Punic Wars was a request by some unscrupulous adventurers called the Mamertines, from Campania on the
western seaboard of the Italian peninsula. The Mamertines had fought in Sicily as mercenaries against the Carthaginians.

depose - to testify, bear witness; esp. to give evidence upon oath in a court of law