grill - to torment with heat; to subject to severe questioning

bumper - a cup or glass of wine, etc., filled to the brim, esp. when drunk as a toast + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song: One Bumper at Parting [air: Moll Roe in the Morning].

elicit - to extract, draw out (information) from a person by interrogation + solicitor.

morse - the sea-horse or walrus + walrus moustache - a large moustache which overhangs the lips (thus resembling the whiskers of a walrus) + Morse code.

mustacci (it) - moustache + Norse accents.

god bless + gob (gob) (geal) - beak, snout + (onomat. of sneezing) + "for the anonymous "throat witness", sleeping throughout this entire scene, "obliffious" entirely of himself, is much more "pigstickularly" oblivious of the existence of his own shut mouth: he is "(gob-less)", and he just lies there, "stuck like a pig". Evidence given about exact dates and times designates as well the absence of perceived historical time altogether... The misheard echo of a Guy Fawkes Day chant - "Please to remember the fifth of November, gunpowder, treason and plot" - finally suggests that this entire Irish juridical nightmare, bearing obscurely on the annihilation of English reality and legality, actually threatens more the etymologically related properties of English reality and legibility. For ultimately on trial in this starnge legal scene is not simply the taxed evidence of the senses, but all the exacting rules of evidence by which the innately formless senses of sight and hearing have been disciplined over years both of personal and cultural history to bear witness on an "audible-visible-gnosible-world"..." (John Bishop: Joyce's Book of the Dark).

bonafide - (orig. used with agent nouns, or those involving some quality, as in 'bona fide purchaser', 'bona fide poverty', 'bona fide traveller'.) Acting or done in good faith; sincere, genuine.

..."be (sleeping) ^doorbringing^ there that night and how he was pleased to remember"... (The typesetter who reset the lines and produced the actual transition text dropped the doubled "that" and somehow managed to misread the instruction about "doorbringing"--though it is clearly marked with matching indexing symbols and a connecting line to replace "sleeping". But (and here's where the opportunity for new interpretation presents itself) why in the world is "doorbringing" a substitute for "sleeping"? What can he mean when he says he'll be doorbringing there that night?) (Bill Cadbury, 10 Sep. 1996).

fifth + FDV: An eyewitness said he remembered the fifth of November [which was going to go down in the annals of history] & one thing that particularly struck him was he saw or heard unquestionably a man named Pat O'Donnell beat & murder another of the Kings, Simon, but when the ambush was laid there was not as much light as wd light dim a child's altar and to the perplexedly uncondemnatory bench, the first King, Festy, declared through his interperter on his oath & before God & their honours that he did not fire a stone either before or after he was born up to that day & this he supplemented had the neck to supplement in the same language by postasserting that he wd impart he might never ask to see sight or light of this world or the next world [or any other world] if ever he took or threw the sign of a stone either before or after being baptised up to that blessed & holy hour. 

throw one's hat in the ring - to enter a political race, to issue a challenge

rowdy - a rough, disorderly person; one addicted to quarrelling, fighting, or disturbing the peace

jubilee - the fiftieth anniversary of an event + giboulées d'avril (fr) - April showers.

Juno - Roman godess (daughter of Saturn, wife of Jupiter) + June.

ould = old + Auld Lang Syne (song): 'days of Auld Lang Syne'.


rainmaker - a member of a tribal community believed or claiming to be able to procure rain by the use of magic + Pluvius (l) - epithet of Jupiter, Roman chief god and Juno's husband.

decem (l) - ten + December (l) - tenth month of the Roman year.

ephemerides - an almanac or calendar of any kind; in early use esp. one containing astrological or meteorological predictions for each day of the period embraced

profane - not possessing esoteric or expert knowledge

all one - alone

TOURNAY - City, 45 miles South-West of Brussels, Belgium + today 

Teamhair (t'our) (geal) - Prospective Hill, Co. Meath, ancient seat of high king: anglic. Tara; distorted to Temora by Macpherson.

pigstick - to hunt the wild boar on a horseback with a spear stright + particularly

sorely - painfully; severely, extremely

tried - found good or trusworthy through experience or testing; subjected to trials or distress

Shem (*V*), Ham (*C*) and Japhet (*Y*)

Tennyson: Charge of the Light Brigade: 'Their's not to make reply, / Their's not to reason why, / Their's but to do and die.'

Hyacinthus (l) - Laconian youth beloved by Apollo who accidentally killed him, the flower sprang from his blood + FDV: he saw or heard unquestionably a man named Pat O'Donnell beat & murder another of the Kings, Simon,

O'Domhnaill (o'donel) (geal) - descendant of Domhnall ("world-mighty") + Pat O'Donnell shot James Carey (the informer that gave evidence against the Phoenix Park murderers) dead, when the latter was on his way to settle in South Africa under the assumed name of Power [.16-.21]

BA (notebook 1924) B.A. - Bachelor of Arts degree [088.16] + - "Ba" an aspect of a person that the Egyptians believed would live after the body died, and it is sometimes depicted as a human-headed bird flying out of the tomb to join with the 'Ka' in the afterlife. Following the death of the Khat, the Ba and Ka were reunited to reanimate the Akh. The reanimation of the Akh was only possible if the proper funeral rites were executed and followed by constant offerings. The ritual was termed: se-akh 'to make (a dead person) into an (living) akh', i.e. Sahu.

calendar - a list or register of any kind

mixer - one that mixes (paint, drug...); a person marked by easy sociability; a trouble maker; a bartender + mixer [088.04]

wordpainter - a writer of vivid or graphic descriptive power + W.P. [086.34]

si vis pacem (l) - if you want peace + si vis pacem, para bellum (l) - 'if you would have peace, prepare for war' (i.e. parabellum pistol) + civis (l) - citizen.

Gaeltacht - a region in Ireland in which Irish is the vernacular; also, these regions collectively

dungfork - a three- or four-pronged fork used to lift or spread dung

Fair Green - area southwest of the wall of medieval Dublin

24 o'clock (Joyce's note) → Gallois: La Poste et les Moyens de Communication 142: 'counting the hours of the day uninterruptedly from midnight to midnight, without differentiating between morning hours and evening hours, something that greatly complicates current schedules'.

BALLYCASSIDY - Town, County Fermanagh + BULLY ACRE - Ancient cemetery of Kilmainham, corner of SCR and Royal Hospital Road. Closed 1832 after thousands of burials in cholera epidemic + bellicosity - inclination for war.

Friedhof (ger) - cemetery + Friede (ger) - peace + hoffen (ger) - to hope.

sack - to put (a person) in a sack to be drowned

sock - to beat, strike hard, hit

stab - to wound (often to kill) with a thrust of a pointed weapon (chiefly, with a short weapon, as a dagger)

'ghus Mac Cathail (gus mok kohil) (geal) - "-choice, son of Battle-mighty" + gushing gale (i.e harsh weather).

O'Brian + Roderick (Rory) O'Connor - last High King of Ireland + roaring and crying (i.e harsh weather).

changeling - a child secretly substituted for another in infancy, a fairy child substituted for a human one

unlocalized - not fixed in, attached or restricted to, a certain locality + Lucan.

noncommunicable - not capable of being communicated

eversince - throughout all the time before or after a specified date

wallop - a heavy resounding blow; a whack

LEWES - The county town of Sussex, England. After Simon de Montfort defeated Henry III on 14 May 1264, he extracted from Henry the document called the "Mise of Lewes," in which Henry promised to abide by the Magma Carta and other documents and customs limiting royal prerogative.  

bad blood - resentment, ill feeling

on the ground of - by reason of

boer (Dutch) - farmer + Boer - South African of Dutch extraction + boar + bears and bulls - speculators for falls and rises, respectively, on the Stock Exchange.

Bull Island, Dublin + John Bull - a personification of England + "Pharaoh is the Bull of the Sky, / who shatters at will,... Pharaoh is one equipped, / who assembles his Akhs." (from pyramid text of pharaoh Unas).

twoway - extending in two directions or dimensions + Joyce's note, Circe: 'Abraham 1st man to part hair'.

fox and grapes

ant and grasshopper  

nippy - Formerly, a waitress in one of the restaurants of J. Lyons & Co. Ltd., London; hence, any waitress; quick, active, nimble + "After an unpleasant visit with Gogarty (Buck Mulligan in Ulyssess; Oliver St. John Gogarty was an ear, eye, nose and throat specialist), Joyce’s paranoid desire for betrayal came true in another old friend, Vincent Cosgrave (grimly renamed Lynch in Portrait). Cosgrave now claimed he and Nora had had an affair during the beginning of her relationship with Joyce."

novelette - a story of moderate length having the characteristics of a novel + novelletta (it) - short story.

butt and taff = shut! and thief = mute and deaf

meathe - a maggot, worm + Midhe (mi) (geal) - "Middle," former fifth (royal) province, now Co. Meath, N.W. of Dublin.

litigant - a person engaged in a lawsuit or dispute

Conga (kunge) (geal) - "Strait," religious settlement, Co. Mayo; anglic. Cong, where Roderick O'Connor, last high king, retired in old age + kingsman - a partisan of the king; a royalist; 'the King's men': a name for the dramatic company otherwise known as 'the King's Majesty's Servants' under James I.

Domhnall (donel) (geal) - "World-mighty"

king of arms - an officer of arms (herald) of the highest rank + ARAN ISLANDS - Islands off Galway Bay.

Dalkey, King of - "His facetious Majesty, King of Dalkey, King of Mugleins Sovereign of the Illustrious Order of the Periwinkle and the Lobster." He was a figure in an 18th-century burlesque ceremony, which the English suppressed and the Free State revived.  

Mud Island, King of - hereditary robber chieftain who ruled a gang of smugglers and highwaymen 

TORY ISLAND - Island, 7 miles off North coast of County Donegal; The island was noted for its various clays, used for heat-resistant pottery. The islanders traditionally elected a "king."

god king - a human ruler believed to be a god

Killorglin, Goat King of - Killorglin, Co. Kerry, holds a Puck Fair at Lammas. A male goat, called Puck, is paraded as king of the fair. 

egg - to provoke to action, incite, encourage

bowstring - to strangle with a bowstirng (the string of a bow) + Strongbow - leader of the Anglo-Normans who invaded Ireland.

CARTHAGE - Ancient Phoenician city, North Africa, on coast North-East of modern Tunis, noted for sea power and the Punic Wars with Rome. Cato the Elder proclaimed that Rome must destroy Carthage: "Delenda est Carthago." An 18th-century theory held that the Irish people was of Carthaginian origin. The women of Carthage, at the final siege by the Romans, 146 B.C., cut off their hair to make bowstrings. 

ruddiness - the quality or state of being ruddy (red or reddish) + carrotty ruddiness (i.e. orange-red).

crimson - deep red somewhat inclining towards purple

petty - petticoat

Isod's Tower, Essex Street, Dublin, demolished 1675

thickset - set or placed close together; closely arranged

bohereen - a narrow country road esp. in hilly country + BOHERNABREENA - Bóthar-na-Bruighne, "Road of the mansion." Townland, road, and reservoir, 2 miles South of Tallaght in Glenasmole; named for the famous "Hostel of Da Derga," destroyed by pirates ca 1st century AD. It was the site of a famous murder and execution in 1816: one Kearney and his 2 sons were hanged for the hatchet slaying of a gamekeeper.  

bang banagher - to surpass everything + BANAGHER - Village, County Offaly, on Shannon River. To anything unusual, people say, "Well, that bangs Banagher and Banagher beats the Devil" (P W Joyce) + Irish folklore has a tale about 'How Banagher banged the devil'.  

mick - Irishman + Mic (mik) (geal) - Son; Mr. in Mac names + mixer.

O'Donnabhair (o'donawir) (geal) - descendant of Donnabhar ("brown eyebrow") + O'Donnell abú (song) - O'Donnell to victory! + Hyacinth O'Donnell.

ay - Ah! O! (now the common northern exclamation of surprise, invocation, earnestness)

relics - the remains of a person; the body, or part of the body, of one deceased; male sex organs (Slang)

bu = boo - a sound imitating the lowing of oxen; also used to express contempt, disapprobation, aversion.

give tongue - properly of a hound: to give forth its voice when on the scent or in sight of the quarry. Also transf. of persons.

mor = more + tungc mór (Irish) - big push

ooze - to pass as through pores or minute interstices, and so slowly or gradually

deadman - corpse + Joyce's note: 'deadmen's dark scenery court' Douglas: London Street Games 5: 'Dead Man's Rise (also called Dead Man's Dark Scenery or Coat) is one of these jacket-games, where one party has to hide, covered up in their coats'.

crossexamination - a careful examination + exanimation - loss of life, swooning + exanimatio (l) - terror.

case hardened - insensible, callous; hardened on the surface (as the male testis is) + (notebook 1924): 'casehardened' Irish Times 9 Aug 1924, 7/3: 'Irish Plays at the Abbey. Tailteann Literary Awards': 'Mr. Compton Mackenzie... said that one book... had stood. Although he was a hardened reader and writer - case-hardened and shameless perhaps - he had read it at a sitting' & FitzGerald: Miscellanies 89: 'Euphranor': (of Socartes and his "ugly" soul) 'by the time he had beautified her within, it was too late to re-front her Outside, which had case-hardened, I suppose'.

testis (l) - a witness; a testicle

night of nights

threeparted - having three parts, tripartite (*VYC*)

spout - to discharge a liquid or other substance in a copious jet or stream; fig. To engage in declamation or recitation; to make a speech or speeches, esp. at great length or without much matter + speaking.

twixt - between