whence - from what place?

(tones play a significant role in Chinese)

Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) - father of a Chinese revolution, the first provisional president of the Republic of China (in 1912)

kowtow - Chinese custom of touching the ground with one's forehead as a mark of respect

bukser (Danish) - trousers + boxer.

sola (l) - alone + sol (l) - sun + solaris (l) - pertaining to the sun + sistra (l) - metallic rattles used in worship of Isis.

make odds even - to equalize or level inequalities, to adjust or do away with differences; to do away with, atone for, remit, or forgive shortcomings and transgressions

at defiance - at enemity or hostility + Defiance - a black colt raced in the 1920s.

law

The Liberator (of Ireland) - designation applied by his followers to Daniel O'Connell + laus laboris (l) - praise of the work + Pope Adrian IV's Bull Laudabiliter granted Ireland to Henry II.

displace - to remove or shift from its place; to put out of the proper or usual place + unplaced - (of horses in a race) not among the three first finishers.

tobh (Hebrew) - good + Tom, Dick, and Harry - any men taken at random from the common run.

Dilke, Sir Charles (1848-1910) - Gladstonian M.P. who got into a sexual scandal (?three abed) but came back to politics, as Parnell did not. Mr Senn found a political song: "Master Dilke / Upset the Milk / When Taking it Home to Chelsea". It goes on: "He let the cat-the naughty cat-/Slip out of the Gladstone bag ... Won't it be a dainty dish! To set before the Queen?"   

vender - a seller; sometimes in restricted sense, a street-seller + change the venue - Law. to change the place where a jury is summoned to come for the trial of a case.

King's Head - name of several old Dublin pubs

publican's

as to - as it regards, so far as it concerns, with respect or reference to

pugnacity - tendency or inclination to fight; quarrelsomeness + pugnax (l) - fond of fighting.

evince - to prove by argument or evidence, to make evident or manifest + evinxi (l) - I wound round.

flagfall - the falling or dropping of a flag to indicate the start of a race

antepost - bet placed before the day of the race (horse racing) + (backwards in time).

effray - an attack; a disturbance esp. one caused by fighting, a fray

father time - time personified esp. as an old man who is bald, bearded and holding a scythe and water jar

backside - the back, the rear; the back premises, back yard

regent - a variety of potato + het regent (Dutch) - it's raining + regens (Dutch) - rains + Regent's Park, London.

plantsoen (Dutch) - park, public gardens

skiddy - likely to skid, treacherously slippery

morken (Norwegian) - rotten, decayed + Morgen (ger) - morning.

windup - an act of concluding or finishing something + (alarm clock).

wildfire - a furious or destructive fire; lightning esp. sheet lightning without audible thunder + Walpurgis Night - a pre-Christian May Day celebration.

KATTY GOLLOGHER - Popular name for the hill over the Ballycorus lead mines, near Enniskerry, County Wicklow + Gallaghers, Betty - two moons, for gealach is Irish "moon, moonlight." 

sword

Schreck (ger) - terror, horror, fright

welkin - the apparent arch or vault of heaven overhead; the sky, the firmament. Also, in phrases descriptive of loud sounds, as to 'make the welkin ring', 'to rend the welkin', etc. + Wilkinson Sword - an English brand of razors, scissors, gardening tools (and originally swords).

toasting fork - a long handled fork used to toast bread or other food over an open fire; a sword, rapier (Colloquial)

prick - to pierce, or indent with a sharp point

prong - each pointed tine or division of a fork

tunny - a scombroid fish of the genus Orcynus

Genesis 1:3: 'Let there be light'

Focht (ger) - (fechten) fencing, swordsmanship, fight

on the side of the angels - in favour of a spiritual interpretation (of human nature); more loosely, on the side of right despite the risk of unpopularity

Guinness - brand of stout + gynê (gr) - woman + stop gap - an utterance intended to fill up a gap or an awkward pause in conversation or discourse + in Norse Eddas, the Ginnunga-gap is the interval between aeons + Joyce's note, Circe: 'Guiney's Gap'.

garth - a small piece of enclosed ground usu. beside house, used as a yard or garden + Genesis 3:3: 'But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die' + Midgaard - the Earth in Old Norse literature.

solicitress - a female solicitor; a female who entices to immorality + Joyce's note: 'Solicitress' → Czarnowski: Le Culte des Héros, Saint Patrick LXXV: (of dead heroes) 'le souvenir qui s'attache à eux et les désigne aux solliciteurs' (French 'the memory that is attached to them and singles them out for petitioners') + *IJ*.

fort - a fortified place, stronghold + Slattery's Mounted Foot - Percy French's song about comic Irish peasant warriors, extravagant in heroic wish, cowardly in act + In Greek mythology, the War of the Titans was fought between the Titans, led by Cronos (Saturn) and based on Mount Othrys, and the Olympians, led by Zeus (Jupiter) and based on Mount Olympus. 

Jah - Jehovah + ja (German, Danish) - yes + ja (Serbian) - me.

Gemellus (l) - "twin" + Gamal and Camel - legendary doorkeepers at Tara during the reign of King Nuad.

parfait (fr) - perfect + (notebook 1923): 'Parfait!'.

obsolute = absolute

egregious - conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

allude - to have an oblique, covert, or indirect reference, to point as it were in passing

hole in the wall - any small, obscure place; spec. in the U.S., a place where alcoholic drinks are sold illegally; business that is very small, mean, dingy, or the like, or a person running such a business + 'The Hole in the Wall' - pub at the Cabra Gate of Phoenix Park, also called 'Nancy Hand's' + Chart: The Story of Dublin 319: (of Northern suburbs of Dublin, near Phoenix Park) 'The district is connected also with the old times of bribery at elections. There is still a place known as "The Hole in the Wall," where the virtuous elector used to pass his empty hand through an aperture and withdraw it again filled with guineas by some unseen benefactor beyond'.

elude - to slip away from, escape adroitly from (a person's grasp or pursuit, lit. and fig.); to evade (curiosity, vigilance, etc.)

crack - a sudden sharp and loud noise as of something breaking or bursting; a burglar

Brucke (ger) - bridge + break the bank - to ruin financially, make bankrupt (a person or bank).

MULTYFARNHAM (Gael. Muilte Farannain) - 'Farannan's mills': Village and Franciscan abbey, County Westmeath, North of Mullingar, beteween Lough Owel and Lough Derravaragh + The Man That Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (song).

fall in with - to drop into the views of + Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'fell in with what he said'.

supposed + pox (Slang) - venereal disease.

Nom., Gen., Dat., Acc., Abl. cases (Thos, Thoris, Thori, Thorem, Thore)

TOMAR'S WOOD - At the Battle of Clontarf, the aged Brian Bonu followed the battle from Tomar's Wood, somewhere to the West of Clontarf, and there was slain +     Tomhar (tor) (geal) - Thor + Thomar - Danish invader of Ireland (defeated by Malachy).

Thom's Dublin Directory - for which Bloom once canvassed. It is to Ulysses and FW as the Domesday Book is to Norman England. Sometimes "Thom" is Thomas (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

rhotacism - the process by which in oblique cases of nouns, the -s of the stem passes over, between vowels, into -r- (e.g. flos, floris; Thos, Thoris) + ruddiest (Slang) - bloodiest, most damned.

rotter - one who is objectionable on moral or other grounds + (George Joyce [516.18] escaped to Rotterdam).

roebuck - the male roe deer + ROEBUCK - District and road between Milltown and Mt Merrion, South-East Dublin. Roebuck Lodge, was the home of Maud Gonne MacBride. 

sur- - super + topical - of or pertaining to a place or locality; local; of or pertaining to a general heading, a topic or subject of discourse, composition, etc.

subhuman - less than human

ach (ger) - oh

clap (Slang) - venereal disease + A B C + a bad chap + {was it a bad clap of thunder?}

Auge (ger) - eye

Ohr (ger) - ear

Rioghan (geal) - "queen"; anglic. Ryan + rhino (Greek) - nose.

O'Ceallaigh (o'kyali) (geal) - descendant of Ceallach ("contention"); anglic. O' Kelly + Kehle (ger) - throat + 5 senses (touch missing) [086.32]

tertian - recurring at 48 hours intervals; third in order

oreilles (French) - ears + Persse O'Reilly.

really and truly 

blyad' (Russian) - whore + bloody awful.

Mecklenburg Street, Dublin (Nighttown)

Hure (ger) - whore

hora (Swedish) - whore

scrota (l) - pl. of scrotum (harlot, strumpet)

porne (gr) - prostitute

nanny (Slang) - whore + mennykocsapas (Hungarian) - lightning-stroke.

kekse (Lithuanian) - whore

stipata (l) - surrounded, pressed together

stripu (Shelta) - whore + striopach (Irish) - whore.

puttana (it) - whore + {(thunder clap) It was the whores, eh?}

meirdreach (merdrokh) (geal) - whore + merde! (French) - shit!

an (un) (geal) - the

Oinciu (Bog Latin - secret language of Ireland) - "Ireland" + oinseach (onshukh) (geal) - harlot, giddy woman + 'Shite and onions!' (expression of Joyce's father, cited in Joyce's 'Gas from a Burner' 55).

complexion - appearance, aspect

perplexedly - in a perplexed (bewildered, puzzled)) manner  

condemnatory - imposing condemnation, condemning

whereon - on what, on which

punic - faithless, trecherous, tending to betray; especially having a treacherous character as attributed to the Carthaginians by the Romans

judgeship - the jurisdiction or office of a judge; title for a judge (humorously)

penal law - a law imposing a penalty, criminal law