whence - from what place?

Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) - father of a Chinese revolution

bukser (Danish) - trousers

sola (l) - alone + sol (l) - sun solaris (l) - pertaining to the sun + sistra (l) - metallic rattles used in worship of Isis.

to make odds even - to equalize or level inequalities, to adjust or do away with differences; to do away with, atone for, remit, or forgive shortcomings and transgressions.

at defiance - at enemity or hostility


'The Liberator (of Ireland)' - designation applied by his followers to Daniel O'Connell + laus laboris (l) - praise of the work.

displace - to remove or shift from its place; to put out of the proper or usual place.

Tom, Dick, and Harry - any men taken at random from the common run

Dilke, Sir Charles (1848-1910) - Gladstonian M.P. who got into a sexual scandal (?three abed) but came back to politics, as Parnell did not. Mr Senn found a political song: "Master Dilke/Upset the Milk/When Taking it Home to Chelsea". It goes on: "He let the cat-the naughty cat-/Slip out of the Gladstone bag ... Won't it be a dainty dish! To set before the Queen?"   

to change the venue - Law. to change the place where a jury is summoned to come for the trial of a case + vender - one who sells; a seller; sometimes in restricted sense, a street-seller.

as to - as it regards, so far as it concerns, with respect or reference to

pugnacity - tendency or inclination to fight; quarrelsomeness + pugnax (l) - fond of fighting.

evince - to prove by argument or evidence, to make evident or manifest + evinxi (l) - I wound round.

flagfall - the falling or dropping of a flag to indicate the start of a race

antepost - made before racer's numbers are posted (of a horse racing bet)

effray - an attack; a disturbance esp. one caused by fighting, a fray

father time - time personified esp. as an old man who is bald, bearded and holding a scythe and water jar.

backside - the back, the rear; the back premises, back yard

regent - a variety of potato + het regent (Dutch) - it's raining + regens (Dutch) - rains.

plantsoen (Dutch) - park, public gardens

skiddy - likely to skid, treacherously slippery

morken (Norwegian) - rotten, decayed

wind up - a state of nervous anxiety or fear; a trick or particular joke

wildfire - a furious or destructive fire; lightning esp. sheet lightning without audible thunder.

KATTY GOLLOGHER - Popular name for the hill over the Ballycorus lead mines, near Enniskerry, County Wicklow + Gallaghers, Betty - two moons, for gealach is Irish "moon, moonlight." 


Schreck (ger) - terror, horror, fright

welkin - the apparent arch or vault of heaven overhead; the sky, the firmament. Also, in phrases descriptive of loud sounds, as to make the welkin ring, to rend the welkin, etc.

toasting fork - a long handled fork used to toast bread or other food over an open fire; sword, rapier.

prick - to pierce, or indent with a sharp point

prong - each pointed tine or division of a fork

tunny - a scombroid fish of the genus Orcynus

Genesis 1:3: 'Let there be light'

Focht (ger) - (fechten) fencing, swordsmanship, fight

on the side of the angels - in favour of a spiritual interpretation (of human nature); more loosely, on the side of right despite the risk of unpopularity.

Guinness - brand of stout + stop gap - an utterance intended to fill up a gap or an awkward pause in conversation or discourse.

garth - a small yard or enclosure; a small piece of enclosed ground usu. beside house, used as a yard or garden + Genesis 3:3: 'But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die'.

solicitress - a female solicitor; a female who entices to immorality [Joyce's note: 'Solicitress'].

fort - a fortified place, stronghold + Slattery's Mounted Foot - Percy French's song about comic Irish peasant warriors, extravagant in heroic wish, cowardly in act. 

Jah - Jehovah + ja (ger) = ja (Danish) - yes.

Gemellus (l) - "twin" 

parfait (fr) - perfect [(notebook 1923): 'Parfait!']

obsolute = absolute

egregious - distinguished, eminent, excellent, renowned

allude - to have an oblique, covert, or indirect reference, to point as it were in passing.

hole in the wall - any small, obscure place; spec. in the U.S., a place where alcoholic drinks are sold illegally. Applied, esp. attrib., to a business that is very small, mean, dingy, or the like, or to a person running such a business + Chart: The Story of Dublin 319: (of Northern suburbs of Dublin, near Phoenix Park) 'The district is connected also with the old times of bribery at elections. There is still a place known as "The Hole in the Wall," where the virtuous elector used to pass his empty hand through an aperture and withdraw it again filled with guineas by some unseen benefactor beyond'.

elude - to slip away from, escape adroitly from (a person's grasp or pursuit, lit. and fig.); to evade (curiosity, vigilance, etc.)

crack - a sudden sharp and loud noise as of something breaking or bursting; a burglar.

to break the bank - to ruin financially, make bankrupt (a person or bank) + Brucke (ger) - bridge.

Monte Carlo + MULTYFARNHAM (Gael. Muilte Farannain) - "Farannan's mills": Village and Franciscan abbey, County Westmeath, North of Mullingar, bteween Lough Owel and Lough Derravaragh. 

to fall in with - to drop into the views of

supposed + pox (Slang) - venereal disease.

Nom., Gen., Dat., Acc., Abl. cases (Thos, Thoris, Thori, Thorem, Thore)

TOMAR'S WOOD - At the Battle of Clontarf, the aged Brian Bonu followed the battle from Tomar's Wood, somewhere to the West of Clontarf, and there was slain +     Tomhar (tor) (geal) - Thor.

Thom's Dublin Directory - for which Bloom once canvassed. It is to Ulysses and FW as the Domesday Book is to Norman England. Sometimes "Thom" is Thomas (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

rhotacism - the process by which in oblique cases of nouns, the -s of the stem passes over, between vowels, into -r- (e.g. flos, floris; Thos, Thoris) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

rotter - one who is objectionable on moral or other grounds

roebuck - the male roe deer + ROEBUCK - District and road between Milltown and Mt Merrion, South-East Dublin. Roebuck Lodge, was the home of Maud Gonne MacBride. 

sur - - super + topical - of or pertaining to a place or locality; local; of or pertaining to a general heading, a topic or subject of discourse, composition, etc.

subhuman - less than human

ach (ger) - oh

clap (Slang) - venereal disease

eyes and ears + Auge (ger) - eye + Ohr (ger) - ear.

Rioghan (geal) - "queen"; anglic. Ryan + rhino (Greek) - nose.

O'Ceallaigh (o'kyali) (geal) - descendant of Ceallach ("contention"); anglic. O' Kelly + Kehle (ger) - throat.

tertian - recurring at 48 hours intervals; third in order

really and truly 

bloody awful + blyad' (Russian) - whore.

Mecklenburg Street, Dublin (Nighttown)

Hure (ger) - whore + whore

hora (Swedish) - whore

scrota (l) - pl. of scrotum (harlot, strumpet)

porne (gr) - prostitute

nanny (Slang) - whore + mennykocsapas (Hungarian) - lightning-stroke.

kekse (Lithuanian) - whore

stipata (l) - surrounded, pressed together

stripu (Shelta) - whore

puttana (it) - whore

meirdreach (merdrokh) (geal) - whore.

an (un) (geal) - the

Oinciu (Bog Latin - secret language of Ireland) - "Ireland" + oinseach (onshukh) (geal) - harlot, giddy woman + 'Shite and onions!' (expression of Joyce's father, cited in Joyce's "Gas from a Burner" 55).

complexion - appearance, aspect

perplexedly - in a perplexed manner (involved in doubt or anxiety on account of the intricate character of the matter under consideration; bewildered, puzzled).

condemnatory - imposing condemnation, condemning

whereon - on what, on which

punic - faithless, trecherous

judgeship - the jurisdiction or office of a judge; title for a judge (humorously)

penal law - a law imposing a penalty, criminal law