Castilian - the dialect of Castile + extra Christian - outside the range of Christian thought + ex cathedra (l) - from the chair (referring to papal infallibility).

seguire (it) - to follow

pursuit - to persecute

olla podrida - soup made of one or more meats and several vegetables; a miscallaneous mixture, hodgepodge; a mixture of languages + olla podrida (sp) - rotten pot (savoury stew, Spanish equivalent of Irish stew).

outbreak - to break out

Gelachter (ger) - laughter + Joyce's note: 'laughter (witness joined)'

mollification - an appeasing, appeasement, pacification

testifier - witness + (notebook 1924): 'laughter in which the witness joined' Connacht Tribune 24 May 1924, 5/2: 'Outrageous Act. Stationmaster's House Fired Into. Youth of 16 and His Oath': '"Do you remember the statement you made and that you were on your oath?" asked the justice, and the witness replied "It was all lies," at which there was some laughter in which the witness joined'.

indecorum - a violation of the rules of behaviour proper to the sex, age, or character of the actor; impropriety, now esp. of behaviour.

hilarious - boisterously joyous or merry; rollicking + hoot - a laugh; a shout, outcry.

FDV: Though The hilarious hilariohoot of Pegger's Windup contrasted so neatly with the tristitone of the wet pinter's as were they opposites, evolved by the a power powers of nature & spirit as the sole means & condition of its manifestation, polarised for reunion by the symphysis of their antipathies. Distinctly different were their destinies. Whereas While the maidies of the bar clustered fluttered & flattered around the willingly pressed, complimenting him on having all his senses about him, sticking hyacinths in his hair curls, & bringing busses to his cheeks, legando round his nice new neck for him & pizzicando at his willywags woolywags it was not unobserved by the court their worships that for by one among all wild gentian of the hills [Makegiddculling] reeks, with in unmixed admiration he seemed blindly, mutely, hands over ears speechlessly fascinated anamourate when while with she herupor heruponhim shining aminglement, the shay of his shifting into the shimmering of hers till the wild wishwish of her shashay melted moist musically mid the dark deepdeep of his shayshaun.  

wind up - closing, concluding

cum - come + cum (l) - with + justle - to knock or push against, to come into collision with + combust - to burn up, consume with fire; fig. To consume or waste as fire does.

neatly - so as to present a neat appearance; in a nicely finished way

triste - sad {Earwicker's fragile identity splits apart under the strain of his examination and his consciousness is amalgamated with those of his two sons. Although what remains of Earwicker is ultimately acquitted - for this courtroom permits no proper adjudication - the judges conclude by expressing their contempt for him. (Lee Spinks: James Joyce, a critical guide)}.

isce et ille (l) - this (emphatic) and that

evolve - to bring out (what exists implicitly or potentially); to develop by natural processes from a more rudimentary to a more highly organized condition.

einsam (ger) - lonely, single

iste (l) - that of yours

sole - singular, unique + Samuel Taylor Coleridge: The Friend: 'Every power in nature and in spirit must evolve an opposite as the sole means and condition of its manifestation, and all opposition is a tendency to reunion. This is the universal law of polarity or essential dualism, first promulgated... by Giordano Bruno'.

hin und her (ger) - hither and thither

polarized - characterized by division into opposing groups or principles

symphysis - union or fusion of parts originally or normally separate

distinctly - clearly, plainly, in a way clear to mind or perception

duo - - 'two', bi -

maidy - a little maid

bar - a (particular) court of law; the whole body of barristers, or spec. the barristers practising in a particular court, circuit, or country.


13 + trente (fr) - thirty.

score - 12

eranthos (gr) - spring flower

murmurred + myrris (gr) - sweet cicely; myrtle.

Shaun the Post

willingly - with a ready will, without reluctance: with various shades of meaning from 'with acquiescence, submissively' to 'with pleasure, cheerfully, gladly' or 'wishfully, eagerly'.

pressed - subjected to pressure, well dressed

nominate - to appoint (a person) by name to hold some office or discharge some duty.

Sweeney - I cannot distinguish T. S. Eliot's Sweeney among the Nightingales from the Irish king, Sweeney, who went mad and lived in trees with wild birds (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

captivating - that captivates or enthralls + captivate - to overpower with excellence, to enthrall with charm or attractiveness + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song Sweet Innisfallen [air: The Captivating Youth].


buss - a kiss

masculine - belonging to the male sex, male

song My Wild Irish Rose + (notebook 1924): 'masculine Irish rose' Key: John McCormack, His Own Life Story 74: (of Lily Foley, a soprano and later McCormack's wife) 'She just stood there, like a feminine Irish rose, and brought everyone to her feet'.

nice color + kleur (Dutch) - colour.

legando (it) - tying

pizzicagnolo (it) - porkbutcher, delicatessen dealer, cheesemonger + pizzicare (it) - to pinch.

golliwog - a name invented for a black-faced grotesquely dressed (male) doll with a shock of fuzzy hair.

dandy - very good, first rate, fine + song Handy Spandy.

sugar candy - sugar clarified and crystallized by slow evaporation; fig. Something sweet, pleasant, or delicious + Joyce's note: 'sugar de candy' Douglas: London Street Games 40: (a chant) 'Charlie likes whisky, Charlie likes brandy, Charlie likes kissing girls -- O sugar-de-candy'.

machree - my dear, my heart + song Mother Machree.

Fion, Paustheen - an Irish air +  mo phaistin (mufashtin) (gael) - my little child + mo phuistin (mufushtin) (gael) - my little post.

(notebook 1923): 'courier (facteur)' (i.e. postman)

Thomas Moore: Irish Melodiessong: Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms.

treat - a great pleasure

present - a person that is present

worship - a person of importance

deputize - to appoint as a deputy (a person delegated or sent (alone or as a member of a deputation) to act in the place of those who send him).

defame - to attack the good fame or reputation of (a person); to dishonour by rumour or report.

lunar - of or belonging to the moon

celibacy - the state of living unmarried

alonely - solitary, lonely + Joyce's note: 'all all alonely' Douglas: London Street Games 47: (a chant) 'Three little children sitting on the sand, All, all a-lonely'.

gentian - any plant belonging to the genus Gentiana

gemma - bud + Gentica Gemma (l) - national gem + gemma (it) - gem (also feminine proper name).

McGILLYCUDDY'S REEKS - Mountain ("reek") range West of Killarney, County Kerry. Boucicault's Coleen Bawn had her cottage there. The hereditary title of the chief is "The M'Gillycuddy of the Reeks."  

wan - pale

unmixed - pure

tactless - destitute of tact; awkward

inamorate - to inspire with love, to enamour

minglement - the action of mingling; a mixture

shame + shine.

shimmer - to shine with a tremulous or flickering light; to gleam faintly

Joyce's note: 'youth, sir, tey'

Douglas: London Street Games 3: 'Catch... Two boys stand at each side of the road and one in the middle, that's Hee. One of them tries to get the ball over middles head for the other to get it but if middle gets it the throer goes Hee' + Joyce's note: 'Hee middles'.

Joyce's note: 'her chap'

home + Joyce's note: 'I'll tell ma when I get home' Douglas: London Street Games 29: (a chant) 'I'll tell Ma when I get home That the boys won't leave me alone. They pull my hair and break my comb, I'll tell Ma when I get home'.

mid - amid

FDV: [And whereas] Distracted by [(for was not just this, [in effect,] which had just caused that the effect of that which it had caused to occur)] The four judges Unchus Uncius Munchus Muntius, Punchus and Pylax put their wigs together but could do no more than pass the usual sentence of Nolans Brumans & King having murdered all the English he knew left his court tribunal scotfree trailing his tunic in his hurry [& [thereinunder] proudly showing off the [blank] patch on to his britgits]. On To the Swiss bobbyguard's curial but courtly courtlike: Commodore valley O hairy Arthery Arthre jennyrosy?: the firewaterloover replied returted with such a vinesmelling fortytudor ages rowdawnham rawdownhams tanyouhide that all the twofromthirty advocatesses within echo pulling up their briefs soc- pa- jus simply & safely & soundly soccered him imprumptu umprumptu rightaway like hames to Drinkbottle Dingy Dwellings like the muddy goalbird who he was, conclaiming: Hon! Verg! Putor! Nan! Putor! Sham! Shams! Shames!

distracted - mentally drawn to different objects; perplexed or confused by conflicting interests; torn or disordered by dissension or the like; much confused or troubled in mind.

justicer - judge

put their heads together - to have discussions together

unctus (l) - anointed, oiled

munitus (l) - fortified, safe + mun (mun) (gael) - urine.

Pontius Pilatus (l) - governor of Judaea in time of Christ + phylax (gr) - a guard.

promulgate - to proclaim