Papal dispensation - a reserved right of the Pope that allows for individuals to be exempted from a specific Canon Law. Dispensations are divided into two categories: general, and matrimonial. Matrimonial dispensations can specifically be used to dissolve a marriage, as in the case of Henry VIII when he wished to divorce his wife. The authority for the Pope to exempt an individual or situation from a law stems from his position as the Vicar of Christ, which implies divine authority and knowledge as well as jurisdiction.

poke - an annoyingly stupid individual + pope

Minos - Cretan king, son of Zeus, husband of Pasiphaë, father of Ariadne and Phaedra, patron of Daedalus, who built the labyrinth for him, in which was housed the Minotaur. After death, Minos became a judge in the underworld with Aeacus and Rhadamanthus + menace. 

YORK - City, Yorkshire, North England. The archdiocese of York is 2nd only to Canterbury in the hierarchy of the Church of England. St Peter's Cathedral is usually called the Minster, or York Minster. In the Wars of the Roses, the Anglo-Irish replicated the controversy, with the Butlers (Ormond) supporting York, and the rest of Ireland, led by the Geraldines, supporting Lancaster. 

gush - a whiff, smell + FDV: I mind the smell of him like the vitriol vetriol works of a windy day

mon - man

BALLYBOUGH - Road, bridge over Tolka River, North-East Dublin, and name of surrounding area between Summerhill and Fairview. Vitriol works at Ballybough Bridge were operated by the Dublin and Wicklow Manure Co, Ltd. Baile bocht, Ir. "poortown." 

manure - dung or compost spread over or mixed with soil to fertilize it

tradewind - any wind that 'blows trade', i.e. in a constant course or way; a wind that blows steadily in the same direction (obs.)

moyly - gently, demurely + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: The Song of Fionnuala: 'Silent, oh Moyle' + Grace O'Malley (following her death, her bones were supposedly ground to make Scottish manure).

briny - salty; sea

rossie - Used as a disparaging term for a woman; a wandering woman + rossy (Anglo-Irish) - impudent girl, brazen woman (from Irish rásach: rambling woman, gipsy, jilt) + Sweet Rosie O'Grady (song).

chaff - to banter, rail at, or rally, in a light and non-serious manner, or without anger, but so as to try the good nature or temper of the person 'chaffed'

blush + FDV: The O'Brine O'Briny rossies, the O'Moyly gracies chaffing his him redface bluchface & playing him pranks.

to do - excited and usu. exaggerated stir, bustle + todo (sp) - everyone + 'How are you today, my dark/fair sir?' (motif) + 'How do you do, Master North?' (one of the Four Masters). 

ber om forladelse! (Danish) - beg your pardon! + {Ah, the fearsome Prankquean – she’s gone over the sea} + FDV: How do you do, North Mister? Get into my way! till they had him the mon timed to the hifork pitch of fit to be tried. Ah, dearo me forsale forsailorshe!

Comin' through the Rye - song by Robert Burns: 'Gin a body meet a body / Comin thro' the rye, / Gin a body kiss a body, / Need a body cry?' = (English Translation): 'Should a body meet a body / Coming through the rye, / Should a body kiss a body, / Need a body cry?'

yerra - a mild oath (O God but, O God now. From Irish dheara, contracted form of Irish a Dhia ara).


heed - to care for, concern oneself about; to take notice of, give attention to

gasometer - apparatus for holding and measuring gases; In James Joyce's day, the cylindrical gasometer on Sir John Rogerson's Quay (South bank of Liffey) was the most noticeable feature of the Dub skyline.

hoop - to clasp, enclose, surround + Copenhagen + hooping cough - a contagious disease chiefly affecting children, and characterized by short, violent, and convulsive coughs, followed by a long sonorous inspiration called the hoop (whoop). Dublin superstition that gasworks' air cures whooping cough is mentioned in Ulysses.6.121: 'Gasworks. Whooping cough they say it cures'.

Dion Boucicault (wrote Arrah-na-Pogue, The Colleen Bawn, etc.) + FDV: Yerra, why'd she heed that old gasometer & his hooping coffin [& his dying boosy cough]

bird - a young man, child; a maiden, a girl; a man + Cock Robin (nursery rhyme): 'All the birds of the air' + FDV: & all the boys birds of the south side after her, [[Minxy Cunningham,] jimmies & johnnies to be her jo]?

minxi (l) - I have urinated + Minnie Cunningham - male impersonator in Dan Lowrey's Music Hall [095.21]

divorcee - a divorced woman + Dear Dirty Dublin.

jo - sweetheart, dear

hold hard - (orig. a sporting phrase): To pull hard at the reins in order to stop the horse; hence gen. to 'pull up', halt, stop. Usually in imper. (colloq.)

cork - a piece of cork, cut into a cylindrical or tapering form, used as a stopper for a bottle, cask, etc; a piece of cork used as a float for a fishing net or line

float - a floating appliance for supporting something in the water, a cork or other light substance used to support a fishing-net, etc. in the water + {there’s three other masters with a view on that}

tele- - at distance, distant + FDV: Sure, I well remember him H2CE3, that'd take your breath away.

township - the inhabitants of a town

heave - to lift, raise + FDV: Gob, I knew him well as meself too. Coming heaving up the east-end Kay Wall by the 32 to 11 with his limelooking horses bags,

kay (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - quay + North Wall Quay, Dublin.

sesame seed - the small flattish seeds of sesame that yield an oil used as a flavouring agent + Open Sesame!

Whiteside, James (1804-76) - Dublin lawyer, defended O'Connell and William Smith O'Brien + FDV: Old Whitehorse the Whiteside Kaffir with his painted voice puffing [out] brown cabbage.  

kaffir - one who is not a muslim, infidel + Whiteeyed Kaffir - G.H. Chirgwin, 19th century music hall entertainer, appeared in Dan Lowrey's Music Hall (Ulysses.12.1552: 'that whiteeyed kaffir').

sayman - a maker or seller of say (a cloth of fine texture resembling serge) + say (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - sea + semen (l) - seed + semen's

effluvium - emanation

puff out - to issue, arise in puffs

thundering - awesome in virtue of impresive greatness or magnitude

cabbage (Slang) - cheap cigar + "[Yog-Sothoth] knows where the Old Ones broke through of old, and where They shall break through again. He knows where They had trod earth's fields, and where They still tread them, and why no one can behold Them as They tread. By Their smell can men sometimes know Them near, but of Their semblance can no man know, saving only in the features of those They have begotten on mankind... As a foulness shall ye know Them." (H.P. Lovecraft: The Dunwich Horror)

pa - father + (onomat.)

thawt = thought - rower's bench + that

gull - a credulous person, one easily imposed upon, a dupe, simpleton, fool

paistin fionn (pashtin fin) (gael) - fair-haired child + An Paistin Fionn ('The Fair-haired Girl') - a song + FDV: [Thaw him a gull, me pawsdeen fiunn!]

Goodmorrow + go barradh (gubore) (gael) - excellently + Gommorah - an ancient city destroyed, with Sodom, because of its wickedness. Gen. 19:24, 25.

Lancashire [.02] + FDV: Gomorro, says ses he, Lankyshy Lankyshies!

good bye + go bog (gubug) (gael) - easily, softly + FDV: Bugger ye! ses I, O breezes west!

'- says you' (Joyce's note) Leader 16 Dec 1922, 452/1: 'Our Ladies' Letter': 'If everyone was like me, says you!'

sniff - to perceive as if by smell, to smell out

when I was in my (Anglo-Irish) - when I was a

farfar (Danish) - grandfather.

first night - the night on which a play, or a particular representation of a play, is first produced on the stage + (droit de seigneur [017.21]) + FDV: When I had her first when I was in my grandfather & that was up Sycomore Lane.

SYCAMORE STREET - Originally Sycamore Alley, since 1869 Sycamore Street; runs North from Dame Street to Essex Street, West of Eustace Street. Site of Dan Lowrey's 'Star of Erin' Music Hall, 1 Sycamore Street, Dublin (back entrance, main one being from Crampton Court, off Dame Street; end of 19th century) [093.34]. 

frisk - to move briskly and sportively; to dance, frolic, gambol, jig


lustiness - lustfulness; carnal nature or character; pleasantness, pleasure, delight (obs.)

pampa - the name given to the vast treeless plains of South America south of the Amazon, esp. of the Argentina and the adjacent countries

put out - to extinguish, put an end to; (of a woman) to offer oneself for sexual intercourse

mountain dew - a fanciful term for whisky illicitly distilled on the mountains

enrich - to make rich, endow, with mental or spiritual wealth

brewer - someone who brews beer or ale from malt and hops and water; the owner or manager of a brewery

belch - a slang name for poor beer + FDV: Arrah Nick, ses she, you have the nock, ses she, with your poyhn, ses she, yerynn & I'd sooner sip to yr. mountain dew to kiss me than that old brewer's belch.  

FDV: And so they went on, unquam & nunquam & linseed & colic, about the whosebefore and the wheresafter & all the scandalmonkers & the poor craigs that used to be at that time living & lying & rating & riding round Nunsbelly Square. And contradrinking themselves. I differ with ye! Are you sure of that now? You're a liar, excuse me! I will not & you're another! And Lully holding the breach of the peace for them. To give & to take. And to forgo the past. Ah, now, it was too bad to be falling out over the the shape of the ourang's time! Well, all right Lully! And shakeahand. And schenk us more. For Craig sake. Ah, well! Be it soak!  

This "experience sexual orgasm" slang meaning of come (perhaps originally 'come off') is attested from 1650, in 'Walking In A Meadowe Greene,' in a folio of "loose songs" collected by Bishop Percy: "They lay soe close together, they made me much to wonder; / I knew not which was wether, until I saw her under. / Then off he came, and blusht for shame soe soon that he had endit; / Yet still she lies, and to him cryes, "one more and none can mend it."

fourbottle man - one who can drink four bottles of wine or port at a sitting + '4 bottle men' (Joyce's note) + bottle (Slang) - to bugger (a woman), to engage in sodomy + Four canopic jars (with animal- or human-like heads), containing innards of the deceased's body, surrounded Egyptian mummies [026.17]

unguentum (l) - ointment, perfume + unquam (l) - at any time, ever + ungaim (Irish) - I anoint.

nunquam (l) - at no time, never

linguam (l) - tongue + longaim (Irish) - I lap up + Father O'Flynn (song): 'Sláinte and sláinte and sláinte again'.

Anschluss - annexation or union, spec. of Austria to Germany

whereafter - after which


anear - close, near + an ear

rustling - a rustling sound; bustling activity + (notebook 1924): 'night noises rustlings twittering raspin tingling scuttling The dense African forest by night was full of sounds, all intimately known to the native. Crawford: “For the hundreds of night-sounds — rustlings, twitterings, raspings, tinglings, and roarings — are all known to even Africa’s tot, the ears being called his ‘eyes of darkness.’” These two poetical observations both made it into the Wake. The night sounds appear in I.4 on FW 095.31, when the ‘fourbottle men’ are discussing how Anna Livia got lost in he woods (Robbert-Jan Henkes)

twittering - light tremulous chirping of a bird or birds; a sound resembling or likened to this

rasping - a grating sound

painting - colouring, pictorial decoration, a picture + panting

cuckoo - to utter the call of the cuckoo (uniformly repeated call), or an imitation of it

hist - a sibilant exclamation used to enjoin silence

spring apart - to burst asunder

by by - bye bye + scuttle - to run with quick, hurried steps.

scandalmonger - one who makes injurious report concerning another which may be the foundation of legal action + munkeln (ger) - to whisper + FDV: & all the scandalmonkers & the poor craigs that used to be at that time living & lying & rating & riding round Nunsbelly Square. 

craig = crag - a steep or precipitous rugged rock; the throat, the neck + Krieg (ger) - war + (Vico's 'pious and pure wars').


rate - to estimate the (nature) worth or value of, to appraise, value + reading and writing.

bod (bud) (gael) - penis (Pronunciation 'bud') + A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush (proverb).