bugle - a hunting-horn, originally made of the horn of a 'bugle' or wild ox; to sound a bugle.

run - to rush at a person with hostile intention, to make an attack on + (notebook 1922-23): 'ran him' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 271: 'Reynard the Fox': 'in the early summer greyhounds can seldom be induced to attack a she-wolf. They will run her readily, but never hurt her when overtaken'.

breast high scent - a scent so strong that dogs course heads up + (notebook 1922-23): 'hounds find scent is breasthigh'.

keen - eager, ardent, full of intense desire

worry - the act of biting and shaking an animal so as to injure or kill it (properly of hounds when they seize their quarry) + (notebook 1922-23): 'the worry'.

holt - a place of refuge or abode, an animal's lair or den esp. that of an otter.

rat - to desert one's party, side, or cause, esp. in politics; to go over as a deserter + lit. ausrotten (ger) - exterminate.

yuletide - the season of Yule, Christmas-tide

genial - cheering, enlivening, inspiriting

crossland - land belonging to the church (Irish.)

MULLINAHOB - House, 2 miles South-East of Ratoath, County Meath. 

PEACOCKSTOWN - Townland, parish and barony of Ratoath, County Meath. 

bear - to move with effort, with persistence, or with a distinct bias in some direction.

TANKARDSTOWN - Townland, parish and barony of Ratoath, County Meath. 

outlier - one that sleeps outdoors; animal outside enclosure

Nol (fr) - Christmas

Lowenanteil (ger) - lion's share

fitz - one whose surname begins with fitz i.e. an Irishman of Anglo Norman extraction.

urse - a bear + Fitz Urse, Mr Loewensteil - according to Mrs Christiani, a scramble of German, Norman French, Latin, meaning "Mr Lion's-share Bear-son." 

basset - a short-legged dog used in unearthing foxes and badgers.

beater - a man employed in rousing and driving game

misbrand - to brand falsely + badger - a plantigrade quadruped (Meles vulgaris), intermediate between the weasels and the bears, found in Europe and Middle Asia.

bruin - brown bear; the name of the bear in Reynard the Fox + bruin (Dutch) - brown.

swart - a dark color + sort

bay - to bark; to pursue with barking like a pack of hounds

run - the act of running

RAYSTOWN - Townland in barony of Ratoath, County Meath. 

to loop the loop - to perform the feat of circling in a vertical loop, orig. on a specially prepared track, later in an aeroplane + loup - leap, flee + loup (fr) - wolf.

ear - the organ of hearing in men and animals

canny - skilful, clever, 'cunning'

hare - to run or move with great speed; a rodent quadruped of the genus Lepus, having long ears and hind legs, a short tail, and a divided upper lip.

race - to run a race (with)

Loughlinstown - townland, county Meath 

Nuttstown - townland, county Meath 

wind - to move so as to encircle; to perceive (an animal) by the scent conveyed by the wind.

booly - a temporary enclosure for the shelter of cattle or their keepers + BOOLIES - Townland, parish of Kilbride, barony of Ratoath, County Meath. (Other townlands of this common name, which means "milking places," are exduded by the context.) 

good turn - an act of good will, a benefit

check - a stop in the progress of the hounds through the failure of the scent

ye - the

ticker - something that ticks; heart, guts

rooming house - lodging house + (notebook 1922-23): 'pointing for his kennel' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 274: 'Reynard the Fox': 'a beautiful dog-fox... Full fed, and therefore at peace with all things, he was pointing for his own kennel, somewhere in one of the breaks'.

top royal - lofty, grand, fine

hessian - high boot

Fuchs Reinhard - German poem (Reynard the Fox) + fuchs (ger) - fox +  (notebook 1922-23): 'old deaf fox' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 275: 'Reynard the Fox': ''He was deaf,' said my friend laconically. 'Old foxes often lose their hearings as old dogs do''.

volpone - a cunning schemer or miser + volpone (it) - fox + Volpone or The Fox - play by Ben Jonson, 1606, in which the fox "dies" and "comes to life" again. 

in covert - in concealment; in hiding, or disguise, secretly; rarely, in safety

buoy up - to keep afloat on a liquid, support

rumen - the first stomach of a ruminant animal

reticulum - the second stomach of a ruminant animal

omasum - the third stomach of a ruminant animal

abomasum - the fourth stomach of a ruminant animal

mead - meed

clot - Of fluids, as blood, cream, gravy: To coagulate, curdle, run into clots.

sherry - Originally, the still white wine made near Xeres (now Jerez de la Frontera, a town in Andalusia, near Cadiz); in modern use, extended to a class of Spanish fortified white wines of similar character.

cinnamon - a culinary spice

syllabub - a drink or dish made of milk (freq. as drawn from the cow) or cream, curdled by the admixture of wine, cider, or other acid, and often sweetened and flavoured + (notebook 1922-23): 'Syllabub: warm milk milked into 2 pints of Port & sherry, clotted cream, cinnamon comfits' Daily Mail 29 Nov 1922, 8/5: 'Grandfather's Syllabub': '"When I was a girl... we would have no... thought of omitting syllabub for the Christmas festivities... a pint from the sherry... fetch up a bottle of port and pour out a pint of that also. Both lots of wine went into a big old china bowl and were sweetened with sugar... Father would pet one of the quietest of the cows and feed it with apples while I milked her into the bowl... After waiting about 20 minutes... pile up the bowl with clotted cream... put in a little powdered cinnamon. On the top we grated nutmeg and stuck in some sweetmeats... nonpareil comfits"'.

Mikkelraev - according to Mrs Christiani, Danish 'Reynard the Fox'. 

hie - to hasten, speed, go quickly

preservative - tending to preserve, protective + FDV: Preserving perseverance in the reeducation of his intestines was the his the best rebuttal whereby he got the big bulge on all the crowd of spasoakers in that one street town.

perservance - persistance, steadfastness + (notebook 1922-23): 'preserving perseveres'.

reeducate - to train the physically disabled in the use of muscules in new functions or of prosthetic appliances in old functions.

rebuttal - refutation, contradiction [Joyce's note: 'rebuttal']

whilk - which

git = get

bulge - a hump + to have the bulge on - to have the adventage over + get the bulge on - have the advantage of.

spa - a medicinal or mineral spring or well + soaker - one who soaks (to drink, imbibe, esp. to excess) something.

glue - a hard, brittle, brownish gelatin, obtained by boiling the hides and hoofs of animals to a jelly.

gravy - the fat and juices which exude from flesh during and after the process of cooking.

lit. Vorort (ger) - suburb + (notebook 1922-23): '1 street town' + Leader 11 Nov 1922, 320/1: 'Current Topics': 'We would not insult the thriving and historic town of Ardee by referring to it as a village, but of all the towns we ever saw in Ireland, it is a one-street town'.

virulence - extreme acrimony or bitterness of temper or speech; violent malignity or rancour + FDV: Vainly virulence, violence, & vituperation sought wellnigh utterly to end the reign of the great shipping mogul and linen lord; it was one more dearer than all who was to make him a the nine days' jeer for the lounge lizards of the pumproom.

vituperation - blame, censure, reproof, or (esp. in later use) the expression of this, in abusive or violent language.

wellnigh - very nearly, almost wholly or entirely

attach - to arrest, lay hold of, seize, 'nail'; indict, accuse, charge.

abridge - to curtail, to lessen, to diminish (rights, privileges, advantages, or authority).

derail - to cause (a train, etc.) to leave the rails; to throw off the rails.

pontify - to play the pontiff; to speak or behave 'pontifically', or with assumption of authority or infallibility + pons (l) - bridge depontifacio (l) - to unbuild the bridge.

inroad - to invade

goad - to irritate; to instigate or impel by some form of mental pain or annoyance.

humus (l) - the earth

ship - to go by ship to, into, or from a place

the Great Mogul - the common designation among Europeans of the emperor of Delhi, whose empire at one time included most of Hindustan; the last nominal emperor was dethroned in 1857.

uderlinen - underwear usu. of lightweight material

overlord - one who is the lord of other lords or rulers; a lord paramount, supreme lord.

spoil - damage, harm, impairment, or injury, esp. of a serious or complete kind; the action or practice of pillaging or plundering, the carrying off or taking away of goods as plunder.

hesitant - hesitating; irresolute, undecided; stammering

hesitancy - Richard Pigott's misspelling of that word before an investigating commission revealed him as a forger of letters supposedly written by Parnel (in those letters Parnel condones the Phoenix Park murders of May 1882.)

atake - to overtake, catch + atake ... ashe = anagrams of Kate, Shea 

ashe = ash

tittery - Of laughter, remarks, etc.: having a nervous, tittering quality

taw - to treat (a person) abusively or with contumely; to vex, torment; to harass, afflict; to abuse (obs.)

tattery - ragged, tattered

nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty

wincey - fabric used for warm shirts, skirts and pyjamas

assembly man - a member of an assembly

reynard - a quasi-proper name given to the fox

eruct - to belch

deliver + lieber (ger) - dear + libber (Anglo-Irish) - a flipper, an untidy person + Vico believed that the fear of divinity arises in all nations from Jove's discipline of Prometheus, who, chained to Mount Caucasus, is visited daily by a vulture who devours his liver, only for it to grow back the next day, continuing the cycle until the day Hercules unbinds him. 

gush (Slang) - smell

visuals - a picture images of a motion picture film; Of organs: Endowed with the power of sight + victuals - articles of food.

pung (Danish Slang) - cod

orelode - a vein of metal ore + re (Danish) - ear.

to lay violent hands on oneself - to commit suicide + FDV: He had laid violent hands on himself, lain down, fagged out, with equally melancholy death. He had left the country by via subterranean tunnel lined shored with bedboards. [An infamous private ailment (variovenereal) (variolovenereal) had claimed him.] [He had walked into a pond while intoxicated up to that point where braces meet buttons braced shirts meet knickerbockers.] Ten The helping hands of five had rescued him from seven feet of semifresh water. Aerials reported buzzed of a finding of a bloody [antichill cloak] with a tailor's tab reading V. P. H. & all shivered to think what beast had devoured him The black hand had done him in On his postern had been nailed the title: Move up, Dumpty. Make room for Humpty! and this time no mistake the boys had done him in. Indeed several wellwishers bought went so far as to buy copies of the evening editions just to make sure whether he was genuinely quite dead. But on the morrow morn of the suicide suicidal murder [unrescued] & expatriated half past eight to 9 o'clock saw the unfailing spike of smoke plume punctual from his chimneypipe 7th gable and ten thirsty p.m., the lamps of maintenance lighted for the long night a suffusion of the leadlight panes. Therefore let it be neither said nor thought that the inhabitant of that sacred edifice was a parable merely nor [more strictly] H.C.E. a nonens. Not one of his many contemporaries seriously doubted or for long of his real legitimate existence.  

Fugger's News Letter - 36,000 pages of manuscript (the first known examples of newsletters) sent by agents to Count Edward Fugger from 1568 to 1605, written in Italian, German, Latin, dog-Latin.  

newsletter - pamphlet or small newspaper containing news

lain - p. of lie

all in - completely tired, exhausted

fag out - to exhaust by toil or heavy activity

triduum - a period of three days

Saturnalia - Roman Antiq. The festival of Saturn, held in the middle of December, observed as a time of general unrestrained merrymaking, extending even to the slaves; a period of unrestrained licence and revelry.

parade - to make a parade of, to display or hold out to view ostentatiously, to 'show off'.

wellington - a high boot

forum - Rom. Ant. The public place or market-place of a city. In ancient Rome the place of assembly for judicial and other public business; The Forum Romanum (in Rome), with its wealth of temples, arches, and stats, occupied low ground between the Capitoline and Palatine Hills. It contained a temple of Saturn, built against the Capitoline Hill. 

jenny - the female name

infant - to give birth to, to bring forth (a child)

lass - a girl

raucously - in a raucous (hoarse, rough, harsh-sounding) manner

the Yard - short for 'Scotland Yard', the chief London police office.

houx (fr) - holly 

Efeu (ger) - ivy

measure - to judge or estimate the greatness or value of (a person, a quality, etc.) by a certain standard or rule.

missile - missilia, res missiles, largesse (consisting of sweets, perfumes, etc.) thrown by the Roman emperors to the people.