run - to rush at a person with hostile intention, to make an attack on + (notebook 1922-23): 'ran him' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 271: 'Reynard the Fox': 'in the early summer greyhounds can seldom be induced to attack a she-wolf. They will run her readily, but never hurt her when overtaken'.
breast high scent - a scent so strong that dogs course heads up + (notebook 1922-23): 'hounds find scent is breasthigh'.
keen - eager, ardent, full of intense desire
worry - the act of biting and shaking an animal so as to injure or kill it (properly of hounds when they seize their quarry) + (notebook 1922-23): 'the worry'.
holt - a place of refuge or abode, an animal's lair or den esp. that of an otter.
rat - to desert one's party, side, or cause, esp. in politics; to go over as a deserter + lit. ausrotten (ger) - exterminate.
yuletide - the season of Yule, Christmas-tide
genial - cheering, enlivening, inspiriting
crossland - land belonging to the church (Irish.)
MULLINAHOB - House, 2 miles South-East of Ratoath, County Meath.
PEACOCKSTOWN - Townland, parish and barony of Ratoath, County Meath.
bear - to move with effort, with persistence, or with a distinct bias in some direction.
TANKARDSTOWN - Townland, parish and barony of Ratoath, County Meath.
outlier - one that sleeps outdoors; animal outside enclosure
Noël (fr) - Christmas
Lowenanteil (ger) - lion's share
fitz - one whose surname begins with fitz i.e. an Irishman of Anglo Norman extraction.
urse - a bear + Fitz Urse, Mr Loewensteil - according to Mrs Christiani, a scramble of German, Norman French, Latin, meaning "Mr Lion's-share Bear-son."
basset - a short-legged dog used in unearthing foxes and badgers.
beater - a man employed in rousing and driving game
misbrand - to brand falsely + badger - a plantigrade quadruped (Meles vulgaris), intermediate between the weasels and the bears, found in Europe and Middle Asia.
bruin - brown bear; the name of the bear in Reynard the Fox + bruin (Dutch) - brown.
swart - a dark color + sort
bay - to bark; to pursue with barking like a pack of hounds
run - the act of running
RAYSTOWN - Townland in barony of Ratoath, County Meath.
to loop the loop - to perform the feat of circling in a vertical loop, orig. on a specially prepared track, later in an aeroplane + loup - leap, flee + loup (fr) - wolf.
ear - the organ of hearing in men and animals
canny - skilful, clever, 'cunning'
hare - to run or move with great speed; a rodent quadruped of the genus Lepus, having long ears and hind legs, a short tail, and a divided upper lip.
race - to run a race (with)
Loughlinstown - townland, county Meath
Nuttstown - townland, county Meath
wind - to move so as to encircle; to perceive (an animal) by the scent conveyed by the wind.
booly - a temporary enclosure for the shelter of cattle or their keepers + BOOLIES - Townland, parish of Kilbride, barony of Ratoath, County Meath. (Other townlands of this common name, which means "milking places," are exduded by the context.)
good turn - an act of good will, a benefit
check - a stop in the progress of the hounds through the failure of the scent
ye - the
ticker - something that ticks; heart, guts
rooming house - lodging house + (notebook 1922-23): 'pointing for his kennel' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 274: 'Reynard the Fox': 'a beautiful dog-fox... Full fed, and therefore at peace with all things, he was pointing for his own kennel, somewhere in one of the breaks'.
top royal - lofty, grand, fine
hessian - high boot
Fuchs Reinhard - German poem (Reynard the Fox) + fuchs (ger) - fox + (notebook 1922-23): 'old deaf fox' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 275: 'Reynard the Fox': ''He was deaf,' said my friend laconically. 'Old foxes often lose their hearings as old dogs do''.
volpone - a cunning schemer or miser + volpone (it) - fox + Volpone or The Fox - play by Ben Jonson, 1606, in which the fox "dies" and "comes to life" again.
in covert - in concealment; in hiding, or disguise, secretly; rarely, in safety
buoy up - to keep afloat on a liquid, support
rumen - the first stomach of a ruminant animal
reticulum - the second stomach of a ruminant animal
omasum - the third stomach of a ruminant animal
abomasum - the fourth stomach of a ruminant animal
mead - meed
clot - Of fluids, as blood, cream, gravy: To coagulate, curdle, run into clots.
sherry - Originally, the still white wine made near Xeres (now Jerez de la Frontera, a town in Andalusia, near Cadiz); in modern use, extended to a class of Spanish fortified white wines of similar character.
cinnamon - a culinary spice
syllabub - a drink or dish made of milk (freq. as drawn from the cow) or cream, curdled by the admixture of wine, cider, or other acid, and often sweetened and flavoured + (notebook 1922-23): 'Syllabub: warm milk milked into 2 pints of Port & sherry, clotted cream, cinnamon comfits' → Daily Mail 29 Nov 1922, 8/5: 'Grandfather's Syllabub': '"When I was a girl... we would have no... thought of omitting syllabub for the Christmas festivities... a pint from the sherry... fetch up a bottle of port and pour out a pint of that also. Both lots of wine went into a big old china bowl and were sweetened with sugar... Father would pet one of the quietest of the cows and feed it with apples while I milked her into the bowl... After waiting about 20 minutes... pile up the bowl with clotted cream... put in a little powdered cinnamon. On the top we grated nutmeg and stuck in some sweetmeats... nonpareil comfits"'.
Mikkelraev - according to Mrs Christiani, Danish 'Reynard the Fox'.
hie - to hasten, speed, go quickly
preservative - tending to preserve, protective + FDV: Preserving perseverance in the reeducation of his intestines was the his the best rebuttal whereby he got the big bulge on all the crowd of spasoakers in that one street town.
perservance - persistance, steadfastness + (notebook 1922-23): 'preserving perseveres'.
reeducate - to train the physically disabled in the use of muscules in new functions or of prosthetic appliances in old functions.
rebuttal - refutation, contradiction [Joyce's note: 'rebuttal']
whilk - which
git = get
bulge - a hump + to have the bulge on - to have the adventage over + get the bulge on - have the advantage of.
spa - a medicinal or mineral spring or well + soaker - one who soaks (to drink, imbibe, esp. to excess) something.
glue - a hard, brittle, brownish gelatin, obtained by boiling the hides and hoofs of animals to a jelly.
gravy - the fat and juices which exude from flesh during and after the process of cooking.
lit. Vorort (ger) - suburb + (notebook 1922-23): '1 street town' + Leader 11 Nov 1922, 320/1: 'Current Topics': 'We would not insult the thriving and historic town of Ardee by referring to it as a village, but of all the towns we ever saw in Ireland, it is a one-street town'.
virulence - extreme
acrimony or bitterness of temper or speech; violent malignity or rancour +
FDV: Vainly virulence, violence, &
vituperation sought wellnigh utterly to end the reign of the great
shipping mogul and linen lord; it was one more dearer than all who was to
a the nine days' jeer for the lounge lizards
of the pumproom.
vituperation - blame, censure, reproof, or (esp. in later use) the expression of this, in abusive or violent language.
wellnigh - very nearly, almost wholly or entirely
attach - to arrest, lay hold of, seize, 'nail'; indict, accuse, charge.
abridge - to curtail, to lessen, to diminish (rights, privileges, advantages, or authority).
derail - to cause (a train, etc.) to leave the rails; to throw off the rails.
pontify - to play the pontiff; to speak or behave 'pontifically', or with assumption of authority or infallibility + pons (l) - bridge → depontifacio (l) - to unbuild the bridge.
inroad - to invade
goad - to irritate; to instigate or impel by some form of mental pain or annoyance.
humus (l) - the earth
ship - to go by ship to, into, or from a place
the Great Mogul - the common designation among Europeans of the emperor of Delhi, whose empire at one time included most of Hindustan; the last nominal emperor was dethroned in 1857.
uderlinen - underwear usu. of lightweight material
overlord - one who is the lord of other lords or rulers; a lord paramount, supreme lord.
spoil - damage, harm, impairment, or injury, esp. of a serious or complete kind; the action or practice of pillaging or plundering, the carrying off or taking away of goods as plunder.
hesitant - hesitating; irresolute, undecided; stammering
hesitancy - Richard Pigott's misspelling of that word before an investigating commission revealed him as a forger of letters supposedly written by Parnel (in those letters Parnel condones the Phoenix Park murders of May 1882.)
atake - to overtake, catch + atake ... ashe = anagrams of Kate, Shea
ashe = ash
tittery - Of laughter, remarks, etc.: having a nervous, tittering quality
taw - to treat (a person) abusively or with contumely; to vex, torment; to harass, afflict; to abuse (obs.)
tattery - ragged, tattered
nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty
wincey - fabric used for warm shirts, skirts and pyjamas
assembly man - a member of an assembly
reynard - a quasi-proper name given to the fox
eruct - to belch
deliver + lieber (ger) - dear + libber (Anglo-Irish) - a flipper, an untidy person + Vico believed that the fear of divinity arises in all nations from Jove's discipline of Prometheus, who, chained to Mount Caucasus, is visited daily by a vulture who devours his liver, only for it to grow back the next day, continuing the cycle until the day Hercules unbinds him.
gush (Slang) - smell
visuals - a picture images of a motion picture film; Of organs: Endowed with the power of sight + victuals - articles of food.
pung (Danish Slang) - cod
orelode - a vein of metal ore + øre (Danish) - ear.
to lay violent hands on oneself - to commit suicide + FDV: He had laid violent hands on himself, lain down, fagged out, with equally melancholy death. He had left the country by via subterranean tunnel lined shored with bedboards. [An infamous private ailment (variovenereal) (variolovenereal) had claimed him.] [He had walked into a pond while intoxicated up to that point where braces meet buttons braced shirts meet knickerbockers.] Ten The helping hands of five had rescued him from seven feet of semifresh water. Aerials reported buzzed of a finding of a bloody [antichill cloak] with a tailor's tab reading V. P. H. & all shivered to think what beast had devoured him The black hand had done him in On his postern had been nailed the title: Move up, Dumpty. Make room for Humpty! and this time no mistake the boys had done him in. Indeed several wellwishers bought went so far as to buy copies of the evening editions just to make sure whether he was genuinely quite dead. But on the morrow morn of the suicide suicidal murder [unrescued] & expatriated half past eight ¼ to 9 o'clock saw the unfailing spike of smoke plume punctual from his chimneypipe 7th gable and ten thirsty p.m., the lamps of maintenance lighted for the long night a suffusion of the leadlight panes. Therefore let it be neither said nor thought that the inhabitant of that sacred edifice was a parable merely nor [more strictly] H.C.E. a nonens. Not one of his many contemporaries seriously doubted or for long of his real legitimate existence.
Fugger's News Letter - 36,000 pages of manuscript (the first known examples of newsletters) sent by agents to Count Edward Fugger from 1568 to 1605, written in Italian, German, Latin, dog-Latin.
newsletter - pamphlet or small newspaper containing news
lain - p. of lie
all in - completely tired, exhausted
fag out - to exhaust by toil or heavy activity
triduum - a period of three days
Saturnalia - Roman Antiq. The festival of Saturn, held in the middle of December, observed as a time of general unrestrained merrymaking, extending even to the slaves; a period of unrestrained licence and revelry.
parade - to make a parade of, to display or hold out to view ostentatiously, to 'show off'.
wellington - a high boot
forum - Rom. Ant. The public place or market-place of a city. In ancient Rome the place of assembly for judicial and other public business; The Forum Romanum (in Rome), with its wealth of temples, arches, and stats, occupied low ground between the Capitoline and Palatine Hills. It contained a temple of Saturn, built against the Capitoline Hill.
jenny - the female name
infant - to give birth to, to bring forth (a child)
lass - a girl
raucously - in a raucous (hoarse, rough, harsh-sounding) manner
the Yard - short for 'Scotland Yard', the chief London police office.
houx (fr) - holly
Efeu (ger) - ivy
measure - to judge or estimate the greatness or value of (a person, a quality, etc.) by a certain standard or rule.
missile - missilia, res missiles, largesse (consisting of sweets, perfumes, etc.) thrown by the Roman emperors to the people.