bugle - a hunting-horn, originally made of the horn of a 'bugle' or wild ox; to sound a bugle

run - to pursue, to follow up (a scent) + (notebook 1922-23): 'ran him' Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 271: 'Reynard the Fox': 'in the early summer greyhounds can seldom be induced to attack a she-wolf. They will run her readily, but never hurt her when overtaken'.

A fox is said to be given law when it is allowed a 'fair chance' to run after being bolted, before hounds are laid on.

breast high scent - a scent so strong that dogs course heads up + (notebook 1922-23): 'hounds find scent is breasthigh' Daily Mail 21 Nov 1922, 8/4: 'Missing the Hunt by "Silver Button"': 'hounds find, scent (that most curious and incomprehensible phenomenon) improves, is, in fact, breast-high'.

keen - eager, ardent, full of intense desire

worry - the act of biting and shaking an animal so as to injure or kill it (properly of hounds when they seize their quarry, i.e. fox) + (notebook 1922-23): 'the worry' Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 268: 'Reynard the Fox': 'A comparatively fresh fox had been headed into the very mouths of the pack, and rolled over. Somehow during the worry he got dragged into a deep runnel'.

view - in hunting, footprints of a buck or fallow deer

holt - a place of refuge or abode, an animal's lair or den esp. that of an otter

rat - to desert one's party, side, or cause, esp. in politics; to go over as a deserter + lit. ausrotten (ger) - exterminate + Ratoath, County Meath + {from his wood he ran like a rat across Humfries’ Chase}

yuletide - the season of Yule, Christmas-tide

genial - pleasantly warm, so as to give life, growth, or health

crossland - land belonging to the church (Irish)

MULLINAHOB - House, 2 miles South-East of Ratoath, County Meath

PEACOCKSTOWN - Townland, parish and barony of Ratoath, County Meath

bear - to move with effort, with persistence, or with a distinct bias in some direction

TANKARDSTOWN - Townland, parish and barony of Ratoath, County Meath.

outlier - one that sleeps outdoors; animal outside enclosure

Noel (fr) - Christmas + Nolan.

Lowenanteil (ger) - lion's share

fitz - one whose surname begins with fitz i.e. an Irishman of Anglo Norman extraction

urse - a bear + Mr Loewensteil Fitz Urse - according to Mrs Christiani, a scramble of German, Norman French, Latin, meaning "Mr Lion's-share Bear-son." 

basset - a short-legged dog used in unearthing foxes and badgers

beater - a man employed in rousing wild game from under cover for a hunter + basset hounds.

misbrand - to brand falsely + badger - sturdy carnivorous burrowing mammal with strong claws, intermediate between the weasels and the bears, found in Europe and Middle Asia.

bruin - brown bear; the name of the bear in Reynard the Fox + bruin (Dutch) - brown + Browne/Nolan (motif).

swart - a dark color, black + sort

bay - to bark; to pursue with barking like a pack of hounds

run - the act of running

RAYSTOWN - townland in barony of Ratoath, County Meath

Harlockstown - townland in vicinity of Ratoath, County Meath

loop the loop - to perform the feat of circling in a vertical loop, orig. on a specially prepared track, later in an aeroplane + loup - leap, flee + loup (fr) - wolf.

canny - skilful, clever, 'cunning'

hare - to run or move with great speed; a rodent quadruped of the genus Lepus, having long ears and hind legs, a short tail, and a divided upper lip + ECH.

double - to follow a circuitous course, to turn sharply and suddenly. Especially: to turn back on one's course (the rabbit doubled back on its tracks) + Dublin.

Cheeverstown - townland in vicinity of Ratoath, County Meath

race - to run a race (with)

Loughlinstown - townland, county Meath 

Nuttstown - townland, county Meath + Area hunted by Ward Union Staghounds [622.25] are townlands in vicinity of Ratoath, County Meath: Loughlinstown, Nuttstown, Boolies.

wind - to move so as to encircle; to perceive (an animal) by the scent conveyed by the wind

booly - a temporary enclosure for the shelter of cattle or their keepers + BOOLIES - Townland, parish of Kilbride, barony of Ratoath, County Meath. Other townlands of this common name, which means "milking places," are excluded by the context. 

good turn - an act of good will, an act of service to someone else without expecting a reward or praise + FDV: but from the good day he last was viewed

check - a stop in the progress of the hounds through the failure of the scent

ye - the

Rath Hill - townland in vicinity of Ratoath, County Meath + Rutland Square, Dublin.

ticker - something that ticks; heart, guts + thicker.

point - Of a hound: To indicate presence and position of (game) by standing rigidly looking towards it.

rooming house - lodging house + (notebook 1922-23): 'pointing for his kennel' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 274: 'Reynard the Fox': 'a beautiful dog-fox... Full fed, and therefore at peace with all things, he was pointing for his own kennel, somewhere in one of the breaks'.

(tombstones of Northeast family at Sidlesham [.20])

top royal - lofty, grand, fine + FDV: pointing for home in his 7mile [rolltop] boots

hessian - a man's high tasseled boot (19th century)

Fuchs Reinhard - Reynard the Fox (German poem) + fuchs (ger) - fox + (notebook 1922-23): 'old deaf fox' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 275: 'Reynard the Fox': ''He was deaf,' said my friend laconically. 'Old foxes often lose their hearings as old dogs do''.

volpone - a cunning schemer or miser + volpone (it) - fox + Volpone or The Fox - play by Ben Jonson, 1606, in which Volpone (the fox) takes to bed and pretends to be dying + FDV: a deaf fox's wisdom kept him safe in covert 

covert - woods and undergrowth that shelter game + in covert - in concealment; in hiding, or disguise; rarely, in safety.

Elijah was fed by ravens + {miraculously raven-fed [his daughter] on clotted-cream cinnamon syllabub}

buoy up - to keep afloat on a liquid, support

rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum - four stomachs of a ruminant animal


mead - meed

clot - Of fluids, as blood, cream, gravy: To coagulate, curdle, run into clots + FDV: miraculously ravenfed & sustained by the clotted creamclotted sherriness of cinnamon syllabub.

sherry - Originally, the still white wine made near Xeres (now Jerez de la Frontera, a town in Andalusia, near Cadiz); in modern use, extended to a class of Spanish fortified white wines of similar character.

cinnamon - a culinary spice

syllabub - a drink or dish made of milk (freq. as drawn from the cow) or cream, curdled by the admixture of wine, cider, or other acid, and often sweetened and flavoured + (notebook 1922-23): 'Syllabub: warm milk milked into 2 pints of Port & sherry, clotted cream, cinnamon comfits' Daily Mail 29 Nov 1922, 8/5: 'Grandfather's Syllabub': '"When I was a girl... we would have no... thought of omitting syllabub for the Christmas festivities... a pint from the sherry... fetch up a bottle of port and pour out a pint of that also. Both lots of wine went into a big old china bowl and were sweetened with sugar... Father would pet one of the quietest of the cows and feed it with apples while I milked her into the bowl... After waiting about 20 minutes... pile up the bowl with clotted cream... put in a little powdered cinnamon. On the top we grated nutmeg and stuck in some sweetmeats... nonpareil comfits"'.

Mikkelraev - according to Mrs Christiani, Danish 'Reynard the Fox' + Mick/Nick (motif). 

hie - to hasten, speed, go quickly

preservative - tending to preserve, protective + FDV: Preserving perseverance in the reeducation of his intestines

perservance - persistance, steadfastness + (notebook 1922-23): 'preserving perseveres'.

reeducate - to train the physically disabled in the use of muscules in new functions or of prosthetic appliances in old functions

rebuttal - refutation, contradiction; rebuttal testimony is when a witness is called to testify for the sole purpose of contradicting what another has testified to + Joyce's note: 'rebuttal'.

whilk - which

git = get + {His perseverance in eating alternative foods was the way in which he got the better of all the hunters, dieting on Glues and Gravies [the dead in Sidlesham] in those early times}.

bulge - a hump + have the bulge on - to have the adventage over + get the bulge on - have the advantage of.

spa - a medicinal or mineral spring or well + soaker - one who soaks (to drink, imbibe, esp. to excess) something + FDV: was the his the best rebuttal whereby he got the big bulge on all the crowd of spasoakers in that one street town.

glue - a hard, brittle, brownish gelatin, obtained by boiling the hides and hoofs of animals to a jelly

gravy - the fat and juices which exude from flesh during and after the process of cooking + tombstones of Glue and Gravy families at Sidlesham.

lit. Vorort (ger) - suburb + (notebook 1922-23): '1 street town' Leader 11 Nov 1922, 320/1: 'Current Topics': 'We would not insult the thriving and historic town of Ardee by referring to it as a village, but of all the towns we ever saw in Ireland, it is a one-street town'.

virulence - extreme acrimony or bitterness of temper or speech; violent malignity or rancour

vituperation - abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will

wellnigh - very nearly, almost wholly or entirely

attack + (to impose a tax on).

abridge - to curtail, to lessen, to diminish (rights, privileges, advantages, or authority)

derail - to cause (a train, etc.) to leave the rails; to throw off the rails

pontify - to play the pontiff; to speak or behave 'pontifically', or with assumption of authority or infallibility + pons (l) - bridge depontifacio (l) - to unbuild the bridge.

inroad - to invade

goad - to irritate; to instigate or impel by some form of mental pain or annoyance

humus (l) - the earth

ship - to go by ship to, into, or from a place + Joyce's note: 'shipping mogul'

the Great Mogul - the common designation among Europeans of the emperor of Delhi, whose empire at one time included most of Hindustan; the last nominal emperor was dethroned in 1857.

uderlinen - underwear usu. of lightweight material

overlord - one who is the lord of other lords or rulers; a lord paramount, supreme lord + FDV: Vainly virulence, violence, & vituperation sought wellnigh utterly to end the reign of the great shipping mogul and linen lord; it was one more dearer than all who was to make him a the nine days' jeer for the lounge lizards of the pumproom. 

spoil - damage, harm, impairment, or injury, esp. of a serious or complete kind; the action or practice of pillaging or plundering, the carrying off or taking away of goods as plunder.

hesitant - hesitating; irresolute, undecided; stammering + (one who hesitates).

spell - orally recite the letters of or give the spelling of; a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation  

Richard Pigott's misspelling of 'hesitancy' before an investigating commission revealed him as a forger of letters supposedly written by Parnel (in those letters Parnel condones the Phoenix Park murders of May 1882). Pigott was born in Ratoath [.02-.11]

atake - to overtake, catch + atake ... ashe = anagrams of Kate, Shea 

ashe = ash

tittery - Of laughter, remarks, etc.: having a nervous, tittering quality + hesitency (motif).

taw - a large marble used for shooting in the game of marbles

tattery - ragged, tattered + {His only attacker (or tax) was a 'she' – a tittery tattery telltale}

hump - to have sexual intercourse with (someone) + dimply - having a small natural indentation in the flesh on a part of the human body, especially in the cheek or on the chin + Humpty Dumpty.

wincey - fabric used for warm shirts, skirts and pyjamas

assembly man - a member of an assembly + "Dispersal women wondered. Was she fast?" [101.01]

reynard - a quasi-proper name given to the fox

eruct - to belch

libber - feminist; one who supports liberation for some group + Vico believed that the fear of divinity arises in all nations from Jove's discipline of Prometheus, who, chained to Mount Caucasus, is visited daily by a vulture who devours his liver, only for it to grow back the next day, continuing the cycle until the day Hercules unbinds him + lieber (ger) - dear + deliver + the letter. 

gush (Slang) - smell

visuals - a picture images of a motion picture film; Of organs: Endowed with the power of sight + victuals - articles of food.

pung (Danish Slang) - cod + pong - a disagreeable or offensive smell.

orelode - a vein of metal ore + øre (Danish) - ear.

FDV: He had laid violent hands on himself, lain down, fagged out, with equally melancholy death. He had left the country by via subterranean tunnel lined shored with bedboards. [An infamous private ailment (variovenereal) (variolovenereal) had claimed him.] [He had walked into a pond while intoxicated up to that point where braces meet buttons braced shirts meet knickerbockers.] Ten The helping hands of five had rescued him from seven feet of semifresh water. Aerials reported buzzed of a finding of a bloody [antichill cloak] with a tailor's tab reading V. P. H. & all shivered to think what beast had devoured him The black hand had done him in On his postern had been nailed the title: Move up, Dumpty. Make room for Humpty! and this time no mistake the boys had done him in. Indeed several wellwishers bought went so far as to buy copies of the evening editions just to make sure whether he was genuinely quite dead. But on the morrow morn of the suicide suicidal murder [unrescued] & expatriated half past eight ¼ to 9 o'clock saw the unfailing spike of smoke plume punctual from his chimneypipe 7th gable and ten thirsty p.m., the lamps of maintenance lighted for the long night a suffusion of the leadlight panes. Therefore let it be neither said nor thought that the inhabitant of that sacred edifice was a parable merely nor [more strictly] H.C.E. a nonens. Not one of his many contemporaries seriously doubted or for long of his real legitimate existence.

lay violent hands on oneself - to commit suicide + (Van Hoother).

Fugger's News Letter - 36,000 pages of manuscript (the first known examples of newsletters) sent by agents to Count Edward Fugger from 1568 to 1605, written in Italian, German, Latin, dog-Latin.  

newsletter - pamphlet or small newspaper containing news

lain - p. of lie

all in - completely tired, exhausted

fag out - to exhaust by toil or heavy activity

triduum - a period of three days

Saturnalia - Roman Antiq. The festival of Saturn, marked by tomfoolery and reversal of social roles, in which slaves and masters ostensibly switched places. Originally (it was introduced around 217 BCE) celebrated for a day, on December 17, its popularity saw it grow until it became a week-long extravaganza, ending on the 23rd. Saturnalia involved the conventional sacrifices, a couch (lectisternium) set out in front of the temple of Saturn and the untying of the ropes that bound the statue of Saturn during the rest of the year. Saturnalia was a time to eat, drink, and be merry. The toga was not worn, but rather the synthesis, i.e. colorful, informal "dinner clothes"; and the pileus (freedman's hat) was worn by everyone. Slaves were exempt from punishment, and treated their masters with (a pretense of) disrespect. In Plato's unfinished Critias, Zeus had just decided to convene a council of the gods to determine the fate of the Atlanteans; but we have already learned the result of that council from the Timaeus; i.e., after suffering tremendous earthquakes and floods, the island of Atlantis, with all her warlike inhabitants, was destroyed, disappearing beneath the waves of the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlanteans were described by Plato as being in the beginning a most noble race; but slowly the godly element of their nature became diluted by the baser human side. They eventually became greedy, materialistic, and warlike. In Greek mythology, King Cronos ruled during a Golden Age, introduced agriculture, established cities and law. The Golden Age was one of abundance and peace. Hesiod writes about the Golden Age of Cronos in his Theogeny, wherein he is principally dealing with deities; but in his Works and Days where he is describing mankind he resorts to a different set of terms. He portrays mankind as a series of "races," starting with a Golden Race, but eventually degenerating into an Iron Race. The original Golden race "lived in the time of Cronos" during the Golden Age. (Hesiod, 735 B.C.) The manner in which Zeus finally defeats Cronos and his Titans (the sons of Heaven) is reminiscent of the account found in the Mahabharata. After the war had continued unabated for ten years, Zeus was finally presented with "weapons" which resembled lightning, and the earth began to quake as fiery bolts flew from his hands. The vast forests were set on fire and the waters of the ocean itself "boiled and seethed" (Hesiod, 750 B.C.). Cronos and the Titans are finally imprisoned in Tartaros, located deep beneath the ocean waves. In this passage from the Iliad (Book XIV), the queenly Hera proposes "to visit Oceanus at the far end of the earth, from whom the gods are sprung," where Zeus "had also thrust great Cronos down beneath earth and the restless sea." (Homer, 850 B.C.) Once the Titans are sealed in their infernal prison, Atlas himself is left guarding the gates, preventing a future escape (Rose, 1969). During the yearly festival known as the Kronia—similar to the Roman Saturnalia festival—the bound statue of Cronos was brought forth and loosed, but only for the duration of the festival. At the same time all slaves were temporarily freed, gifts exchanged, and a seven-day-long party ensued during which there was drinking and merry making. Slaves were allowed to order their masters around (although the severity of such orders was tempered by the knowledge that in a few days they would again be ruled by these same masters). This was all, of course, to honor Cronos, the first great king and civilizer of mankind; but also to commemorate the defeat, binding, and imprisonment of Cronos at the end of the 10-year-long war. 

parade - to make a parade of, to display or hold out to view ostentatiously, to 'show off'

wellington - a high boot + Zwilling (ger) - twin + (twin sons) + Willingdone, Jinnies.

forum - Rom. Ant. The public place or market-place of a city. In ancient Rome the place of assembly for judicial and other public business; The Forum Romanum (in Rome), with its wealth of temples and arches occupied low ground between the Capitoline and Palatine Hills. It contained a temple of Saturn, built against the Capitoline Hill. 

jenny - a female donkey or ass

infant - to give birth to, to bring forth (a child)

lass - a girl

raucously - in a raucous (hoarse, rough, harsh-sounding) manner, loudly

the Yard - short for 'Scotland Yard', the chief London police office

houx (fr) - holly + Joyce's note, Circe: 'with hunx & epheu'.

Efeu (ger) - ivy + {For the celebration of Saturnalia, his servant had paraded wellingtons in the Forum while his wife gave birth to a girl who was greeted with holly, ivy and mistletoes all the way from the Hundred of Manhood [Sidlesham] and with the murmuring of women}

measure - to judge or estimate the greatness or value of (a person, a quality, etc.) by a certain standard or rule

missile - missilia, res missiles, largesse (consisting of sweets, perfumes, etc.) thrown by the Roman emperors to the people + mistletoes.