Golden Dawn - a magical order active in Great Britain during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The three founders, William Robert Woodman, William Wynn Westcott, and Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers were Freemasons. Members were (among others) Aleister Crowley, William Butler Yeats, Maud Gonne and Arthur Machen.

glowworm - a coleopterous insect, the female of which emits a shining green light from the extremity of the abdomen + Thomas Moore: The Young May Moon (song): 'The glow-worm's lamp is gleaming, love'.

gleam - a subdued or transient appearence of light

loquax (l) - talkative, wordy + loquacious.

tacit - saying nothing; still, silent + taciturn - characterized by silence or disinclination to conversation; reserved in speech; saying little.

elsewhere - at some other point, in some other place

Guinness - a popular Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness (1725–1803) at St. James's Gate, Dublin. Guinness is based on the porter style that originated in London in the early 18th century + Joyce's note, Circe: 'pigeons, no concern of the Guinesses' + "concerning the genesis of Harold or Humphrey Chimpden's occupational agnomen" [030.02]; "It may not or maybe a no concern of the Guinnesses but." [309.01]

ruina (l) - a falling down

esto perpetua (l) - it is to be permanent! let it be permanent (said of Venice and also by Grattan at establishment of Irish parliament, 1782) + est tout pour (fr) - is all for + Stout and porter are dark beers made using roasted malt or barley, hops, water, and yeast. Stouts were traditionally the generic term for the strongest or stoutest beers, typically 7% or 8%, produced by a brewery. The name porter was first used in 1721 to describe a dark beer popular with street and river porters of London that had been made with roasted malts. This same beer later also became known as stout, though the word stout had been used as early as 1677. 

crackling - the production of a rapid succession of slight cracking sounds

crick - to make a slight abrupt sound

pest - any deadly epidemic disease; pestilence; spec. the bubonic plague; any thing or person that is noxious, destructive, or troublesome; a bane, 'curse', 'plague'.

pist - a sibilant sound to attract attention + piste cyclable (French) - bicycle track.

sledgy - sledge like + sledge - a carriage mounted upon runners instead of wheels, and generally used for travelling over snow or ice.

pust- (ger) - blow + puste (Danish) - to be out of breath.

Morse = 'Morse telegraph'

nuisance - anything obnoxious or annoying to the community or individual by offensiveness of smell or appearance, by causing obstruction or damage, etc.

noise - to make noise

loose - unbound, at liberty

at large - without restraint or confinement, without plan or aim

Standbild (ger) - statue (here presumably a pun on 'stature')

corpulenta (l) - corpulent

gigas (gr) - giant + Jocasta - mother and wife of Oedipus.

attracted + Herbert Asbury: Hatrack (a story of a small-town prostitute; appeared in 1925 in American Mercury, barred in Boston, and the editor Mencken (also printed two stories from Joyce's Dubliners, 'A Little Cloud' and 'The Boarding House') arrested and tried) + hat trick - three successes (e.g. goals) in a sports game.

arbitrary - derived from mere opinion or preference, capricious; despotic, tyrannical

conduct - behaviour (usually with more or less reference to its moral quality); to act as a conductor in a bus

omnibus - a man or boy who assists a waiter at an hotel, restaurant, etc.; horse-drawn bus designed to carry 12-15 passengers, a vehicle set up to carry many people (now usually called a bus) + omnibus (l) - for everyone, for all.

aerial - an antenna

buzz - to make the humming sibilant sound characteristic of bees and other insects

coastal - located on a coast

overtax - to tax too greatly or heavily, to exact or demand too much of; esp. to overburden or oppress with taxes + ortyx (gr) - the quail + řre (Danish) - ear + wax.

brer - brother + bror (Danish) - brother.

budget - pouch, bag, wallet, usually of leather (obs. exc. dial.); the contents of a bag or wallet

filibeg - a kilt

sporran - a pouch or large purse made of skin, usually with the hair left on and with ornamental tassels, etc., worn in front of the kilt by Scottish Highlanders

tuft - an ornamental tassel on a cap

tabard - a coat or jerkin having short sleeves, or none, and emblazoned with the arms of the sovereign (the official dress of a herald or pursuivant)

tab - a small, usually decorative flap or tongue on a garment + (notebook 1922-23): 'tailor's tab'.

Victoria Palace Hotel, Paris, where Joyce lived in 1923-4 [284.F06]

SCALDBROTHER'S HOLE - subterranean cavern in Arbour Hill, Dublin, where Scaldbrother, robber, lived and kept his plunder until he was caught and hanged

divers - several, more than one, some number of + FDV: Aerials reported buzzed of a finding of a bloody [antichill cloak] with a tailor's tab reading V. P. H. & all shivered to think what beast had devoured him The black hand had done him in.  

croppy - one who has his hair cropped short; applied esp. to the Irish rebels of 1798, who wore their hair cut very short as a sign of sympathy with the French Revolution.

four penny - that costs or is valued at four pence + (notebook 1924): 'wolf or friar 4d each' Kinane: St. Patrick 184: (of attempts to crush Irish Catholicism) 'The same price was laid upon the head of a wolf or friar'.

hvid (Danish) - white + fionn (Irish) - fair.

lyk = like + lykke (Danish) - joy, luck, fortune.

drohnen (ger) - to drone, to roar

sverte (Norwegian) - black


lockt (ger) - (he/she/it) allures, beckons

pinkster - a spring festival, taking place in late May or early June. The name is a variation of the Dutch word Pinksteren, meaning "Pentecost". Pinkster in English almost always refers to the festivals held by African Americans (both free and slave) in the Northeastern United States, particularly in the early 19th centur + Pentecost  is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian liturgical year commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples of Christ. The feast is also called Whitsun, Whitsunday, Whit Sunday, or Whitsuntide, especially in the United Kingdom. Pentecost is celebrated seven weeks (50 days) after Easter Sunday, hence its name.

postern - back door, private way

Whit-week - the week beginning with Whit Sunday

nail - to fix or fasten with nails

ink up - to cover completely with ink + FDV: On his postern had been nailed the title: Move up, Dumpty. Make room for Humpty! and this time no mistake the boys had done him in.  

inscribed - marked with writing or other characters

'national' hand (notebook 1924) Studies, An Irish Quarterly Review, vol. 13, no. 50, 195: Comments on the Foregoing Article (Daniel A. Binchy): 'Professor Paul Lehmann urged the need of a work... which would treat of... the rise of cursive writing among the Irish, the influence of the script upon the various "national" hands of Europe'

cursive - a cursive character; written with a running hand, so that the characters are rapidly formed without raising the pen, and in consequence have their angles rounded, and separate strokes joined, and at length become slanted + (notebook 1924): 'cursive hand' Studies, An Irish Quarterly Review, vol. 13, no. 50, 195: Comments on the Foregoing Article (Daniel A. Binchy): 'Professor Paul Lehmann urged the need of a work... which would treat of the origin of the Irish book script, the differences between it and the Anglo-Saxon hand, the rise of cursive writing among the Irish'.

accelerated - hastened, quickened

regressive - acting in a backward direction, moving or directed backwards; decadent

filiform - having the form of a thread

turreted - furnished with a turret or turrets (a small tower on the top of another)

enveloped + envenom - to infuse venom or bitterness into (actions, relations, etc.)

bigotry - obstinate and unenlightened attachment to a particular creed, opinion, or system + Pigott, Richard - obscure Irish journalist who forged the letters which the Times published in "Parnellism and Crime." The forged letters linked Parnell to the assassinating-dynamiting faction of the Irish nationalists, indicated his approval of the Phoenix Park murders. Pigott's forgery was exposed when, before a government tribunal, he misspelt "hesitancy" as "hesitency." Pigott fled across Europe, pursued by Scotland Yard, and, in Madrid, he shot himself. In FW, the pursuit is mixed with the pursuit of Parnell. Who sent Pigott a-forging has not been surely established. FW seems to think it was Gladstone or the O'Sheas. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake)  

rumpty - (something) excellent + Humpty Dumpty + (notebook 1922-23): 'Move up, Mick, Make room for Dick' → 'Move up, Mick, make room for Dick' (Dublin graffito after Collins' death, 1922, referring to Michael Collins and to Richard Mulcahy, his succesor; mentioned in Illustrated Sunday Herald 26 Nov 1922, 11/2.

by order - by authoritative direction or command, in obedience to constituted authority or usage

Nicholas Proud - secretary of Dublin Port and Docks Board in Joyce's time + "...playing Wharton's Folly, at a treepurty on the planko in the purk. Stand up, mickos! Make strake for minnas! By order, Nicholas Proud." [012.22-24]; "Move up, Mackinerny! Make room for Muckinurney!" [264.L03]; "Quake up, dim dusky, wook doom for husky!" [593.14-15]  

pentecostal - of or pertaining to Pentecost (Whit-Sunday)

jest - an idle tale, a story, tale, joke

gregarious - seeking and enjoying the company of others, tending to form a group with others of the same kind + Weekly Irish Times 21 Jan 1933: article on the name O'Reilly: 'Count Alexander O'Reilly, who was a Spanish general; Count Andrew O'Reilly who was an Austrian Field-Marshal, who thereby exemplified the name "gregarious"'.

soever - in any conceivable manner

skilful - having practical ability, possessing skill, expert, dexterous, clever + Weekly Irish Times 21 Jan 1933: article on the name O'Reilly: 'The most usually accepted is that the name comes from the Irish words for RAGHEALLACH - ragh, "a race", and eallach, "learned or skillful"'.

fortitudo (l) - strength, power

fraught - supplied, furnished, filled, attended with

prudentia (l) - foresight, providence, sagacity + O'Reilly motto: Fortitudine et prudentia ('By Fortitude and Prudence').

Weekly Irish Times 21 Jan 1933: article on the name O'Reilly: 'The family derives its descent from the O'Rourke's kingly line'

slasher - one who slashes; a fighter + On August 3rd 1913 an imposing memorial to the memory of Myles O'Reilly (The Slasher) was unveiled in the Co Westmeath section of the village of Finea. Inscription reads "In memory of Myles O’Reilly, (The Slasher) who fell on the Bridge of Finea while defending against the English and Scottish forces under General Monroe on the 5th August 1646."

milemarbhadh (milyemoru) (gael) = meila murder (Anglo-Irish) - great commotion and destruction, lamentation (from Irish míle: thousand and English 'murder') + O'Reilly sept traced to Milesius (Maolmordha) O'Reilly.

mansion - a structure or edifice serving as a dwelling or lodging place

BREFFNY - Name of ancient tribe, which survived as name of districts in Counties Cavan and Leitrim. East Breffny is associated with the O'Reilly's, while West Breffny is associated with the O'Rourkes. Tullymongan is in East Breffny. Tiernan O'Rourke's wife's adultery with Diarmaid MacMurrough led to the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland. "Come back Paddy Reilly to Ballyjamesduff - come home Paddy Reilly to me", lines from the song by Percy French, pinpoint the original territory of the great sept of O Raghailligh in County Cavan or the ancient area known as Breffny.

inauguration - formal or ceremonial induction to an office or dignity

TULLYMONGAN - Name of 2 townlands near Cavan, County Cavan, in ancient territory of Breffny; originally the name of a hill above Cavan Town. Called Tulach Mongain, "Hill of Mongan," by the Four Masters, it was a place of inauguration of O'Reilly chiefs. Mongan was the 7th-century reincarnation of Finn MacCool.  

REILIG NA RIOGH - Ancient "Cemetery of the Kings," near Rathcroghan, County Roscommon, one of the 3 royal burial places of ancient Ireland (with Tailteann and Brugh) + O Ragheallaigh (Irish) - O'Reilly (from RAGHEALLACH: ragh, "a race", and eallach, "learned or skillful") + royal.


variety - diversity of nature or character; absence of monotony, sameness, or uniformity

MacMahon, Marie Edme Patrice Maurice de, duke of Magenta (1808-93) - French marshal, president. Descendant of a wild goose, he commanded a division whose assault led to the fall of Sebastopol. Maurice Mahan (Behan) is a name of the Man Servant + Reginald Fitz Urse, Becket's principal murderer, is said subsequently to have come to Ireland and founded MacMahon family (*S*) + On 24 March 1922, a band of men attacked the McMahon family, killing five of them.

do in - to kill

verdor (sp) - greenness, verdure + Verdun + field of honour - the ground on which a battle is fought, a battle-field + In heraldry, the field is the whole surface of an escutcheon or shield. Vert is the colour green, represented in a drawing or engraving by parallel lines sloping downward toward the right.

rampart - a mound of earth raised for the defence of a place; rearing up (Heraldry) + Shield of East Breffni O'Reillys: Arms: quarterly, one and four, vert two lions rampant combatant or supporting a dexter hand couped at the wrist erect and apaumee bloody proper. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet an oak tree entwined with a serpent descendant all proper; Motto: fortitudine et prudential [with fortitude and prudence] (PICTURE)

combatant - one who combats, a fighter, warrior + In heraldry combatant describes two bearings in the position of fighting, set face to face, each rampant. 

dexter - right (in Heraldry); skilful in the use of the limbs and in bodily movements generally (obs.) + dexter (l) - the right hand.

wrest - to pull, pluck, drag away, or detach (a person or thing) with a wrench or twist + resurrected.

puredee - thoroughgoing, 'regular' + purée de pommes (fr) - applesauce.

appaume - In heraldry, appaume describes a hand open, erect and extended so as to show the palm to the spectator.

proper - In heraldry, the term proper describes a charge represented in its natural colour. 

thick and thin - blindly loyal or devoted, ready to go through every difficulty and obstacle

wellwisher - one who wishes well to another

Milesius O'Reilly died at battle of Clontarf

John Ball - 14th century English rebel + John Boyle O'Reilly of Irish Republican Brotherhood (his unit produced treasonable ballads).

ferox (l) - wild, warlike + amplus (l) - large, glorious + for example.

venture - to dare, presume, go so far as, be so bold as (to do something)

beg - to ask as a favour or act of grace + (notebook 1922-23): 'bought a paper to see had he really committed suicide (W)' (last word not crayoned) Daily Mail 25 Nov 1922, 12/3-4: 'Wife's Story in Nullity Suit': 'She persisted in her refusal to marry him... Did you think he was going to commit suicide when he left you at Windermere. Yes I really did... I bought a paper to see if he had'.

Dublin + Hugh de Lacy [388.33] murdered Tiernan O'Rourke [.33]

a triweekly of pertinent interest (Joyce's note)

scatter brain - one who is incapable of serious connected thought + The Saturday Evening Post published in the 1930s stories by Clarence Buddington Kelland about 'Scattergood Baines'.

evening + aften (Danish) - evening + FDV: Indeed several wellwishers bought went so far as to buy copies of the evening editions just to make sure whether he was genuinely quite dead.        

one time - at once, immediately

quasi cum tribus sodaliciarius (l) - as it were comrade with three (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake)

genuinely - in a genuine (real, true) manner + (notebook 1923): 'Yes, genuinely (T)'.