at hand - within easy reach + sleight of hand - manual dexterity in the execution of tricks.

theatron (gr) - "place of seeing," later translated to theater + 'the' at the end of the FW.

lemon & orange (i.e. the mound) → "on that fatal midden or chip factory or comicalbottomed copsjute (dump for short) afterwards changed into the orangery when in the course of deeper demolition unexpectedly one bushman's holiday its limon threw up a few spontaneous fragments of orangepeel" [110.25-29] + hemorrhage - an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel + Ulysses.15.492: 'The answer is a lemon' (a derisive reply) → A lemon is any unexpectedly defective or undesirable thing or person, usually said of bad choices, as in "We picked a lemon when we chose that guy," or of unsellable cars ( in the motor trade), or new-bought cars that develop mysterious serial problems. To hand someone a lemon is to swindle.

Milch (ger) - milk

kermesse (fr) - fair, carnival, kermis (especially in the Netherlands) "even the goat king of Killorglin," [087.26] + fairness.

Daghdha (dage) (gael) - god or hero surnamed Ollathair ("All-father"), father of Aonghus; anglic. Dagda + dogdhri (Sanskrit) - giving milk.

wall + Humpty Dumpty (nursery rhyme): 'Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall'.

thundering + Hundred of Manhood, Sussex [030.08]

blundering - making or characterized by gross mistakes

dunder - a noise like thunder, a noisy blow + donder (Dutch) - thunder + dunderhead - a ponderously stupid person + founder.

plunder - the action of plundering or taking as spoil; spec. as practised in war or a hostile incursion

renascence - rebirth, renewal, revival + renaissance - the revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th16th centuries.

incarnate - embodied in flesh; in a human (or animal) bodily form + Finn.

foretold - predicted

hearthside - a place near the hearth + "he spat in careful convertedness a musaic dispensation about his hearthstone, if you please, (Irish saliva, mawshe dho hole," [037.23-25]

matin (fr) - morning; the first canonical hour at daybreak (matins) + as a matter of fact.

kind (Dutch) = Kind (German) - child + Erskine Childers helped run guns to Howth for the 1916 Easter Rising

fum - a fabulous bird (by Europeans commonly called the phoenix), one of the symbols of the imperial dignity in China

mow - a grimace; esp., a derisive grimace; a stack of hay, corn, beans, peas, etc. + thumb in his mouth (Finn used to suck his thumb, after it was burnt while cooking the Salmon of Wisdom, in order to have truth revealed to him, e.g. Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 462).

resurge - to rise again + risurgere (it) - rise again, revive.

crest - the curling foamy top or ridge of a wave + Christ.

victis poenis hesternis (l) - yesterday's punishment having been overcome + victis Poenis hesternis (l) - yesterday's Carthaginians having been conquered + victus poenis hesternis (l) - conquered by punishments of a former day + poena (l) - penalty, punishment + hesternus (l) - yesterday.

solas (sulus) (gael) - light + phospate of salts Phosphate salts that are commonly used for preparing buffer solutions at cell pHs include Na2HPO4, NaH2PO4, and the corresponding potassium salts.

fram = from

wile - a crafty, cunning, or deceitful trick; a sly, insidious, or underhand artifice; a stratagem

warman - a fighting-man, warrior, soldier + women + warmen (Swiss German) - homosexuals.

sons + sogno (it) - dream + sogn (Danish) - parish + J.H. Voss: 'wine, women and song'.

til = till - until + til (Danish) - to.

Banba (bonbe) (gael) - Ireland (poetic)

Thirty-nine Articles - clauses of a doctrinal statement drawn up by the Church of England in the sixteenth century, to which those taking orders in that Church have to assent.

reconstitution - a fresh constitution

consecrandus (l) - [one] to be made sacred + Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 459: (of Saint Patrick) 'Just then Patrick was chanting the Lord's order of the canon (i.e., Mass), and lauded the Creator, and pronounced a benediction on the rath where Finn mac Cumaill had been'.

worrier - one who causes distress of mind to another; also, one who gives way to anxiety or mental disquietude + Unknown Warrior.

TUMBARUMBA - Town, North-South-West, Australia, in the mountains a few miles North of Victoria border, halfway between Sydney and Melbourne. The name Tumbarumba may be derived from Wiradjuri dhamba dhamba, meaning "very soft" or alternatively from the Aboriginal words for "hollow sounding ground", "thunder", "sound" or "place of big trees".

Lancelot of the Lake - knight of King Arthur's, lover of Guinevere, father of Galahad + slot (Danish) - castle.

forbi (Danish) - past 

rasaidh (rasi) (gael) - wandering woman, jilt + razzia (it) - raid + the full title of the Russian czar included the phrase 'Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias'.

leery - wide-awake, knowing, 'fly'; hungry, faint for want of food + Dn Laoghaire.

sub = subject

dub - a muddy or stagnant pool + suburb of Dublin + Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 433: (Finn's right-hand man during his last battle was) 'Loegaire of the Swift Blows the son of Dub'.

WOODHENGE - Prehistoric circle 1 1/2 miles North-East of Amesbury, Wiltshire, England; near Stonehenge. First discovered from the air.  

hang out - to reside, lodge, live (colloq. or slang)

Spanish + Mangan: My Dark Rosaleen (song): 'Spanish ale' + Ulysses.12.1298: 'Spanish ale in Galway'.

English + angelus (l) - messanger, angel + gala (gr) - milk + aingealach (anelokh) (gael) - numbness + an gealach (un gyalokh) (gael) - the moon + Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 458: 'the Angalach or drinking horn which Moriath daughter of the king of Greece gave to Finn'.

sasanach (sosenokh) (gael) - English(man)

gnome (gr) - means of knowing, mark, token + sulfoeides (l+gr) - looking like brimstone + 4 elements: earth (gnome), air (sylph), fire (salamander), water (merman).

bruiser + Edward and Robert Bruce went to Ireland in 1315.

F.E.R.T. - "Fortitudo ejus Rhodum tenuit" (His firmness guarded Rhodes). This is a tribute to Amadeus the Great (b.1249), the founder of the dynasty of Savoy. In 1310 he helped against the Saracens at the siege of Rhodes. 

gunning - the shooting of a gun; the practice or art of firing guns + 18th century Irish Gunning sisters married English aristocrats.

ceathar cuige (kaher kuge) (gael) - "four-fifths": four provinces + cuige (kuge) (gael) - "fifth" province; modern Ireland has four provinces.

bloke - man, fellow

benedicted (obs.) - 'blessed'

kilderkin - a cask for liquids, fish, etc. of a definite capacity (half a barrel)

pamphilius (gr) - beloved of all + Pamphilius, Gneius Babius - died while asking a boy the time + pamphile (fr) - jack of clubs in game of pamphile

vindicat (l) - [he] lays legal claim to + vinea (l) - vineyard.

nivis (l) - of snow

contrivance - a plan or scheme for attaining some end, an ingenious device or expedient

Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 432: (of Finn) 'he put a stout corslet... so that it reached from the thick of his thighs to his arm-pit'.


ruth - the feeling of sorrow for another; compassion, pity

gren - obs. form of green

broke - to bargain, to negotiate, to traffic


gard (obs.) - attention, watchfulness. Also, the object of one's attention.

crane - the skull; a large grallatorial bird of the family Gruid, characterized by very long legs, neck, and bill + Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 422-423: (a hag tricking Diarmuid and Grainne during the approach of Finn to their hiding-place on Howth) '"there is not a smooth plain in all Elga... Not a bell is heard, no crane talks"'.

Inis Elga - old name of Ireland + Elga by Hauptmann James Joyce: Letters II.85: letter 15/03/05 to Stanislaus Joyce: 'In 'Elga' Hauptmann again uses the mechanism of a dream or vision'.


Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 427: (of Finn uttering prophecies in the form of short poems) 'and then he spoke the lay'.

impediment - esp. An organic obstruction to ready or distinct speech, a stammer or stutter.

gigantoguroi (pl.) (gr) - giant circles + gyre - a turning round, revolution; a ring, circle; also, a vortex.

William Shakespeare: King Lear III.4.174: 'Fie, foh, and fum' (phrase is of imitative origin, rooted in the sounds of flustering and anger).

parasama (pl.) (gr) - marginal marks or notes; insigniae + parasema (gr) - emblems + parasama (Sanskrit) - pre-eminently like.

atman - the innermost essence of each individual; the self or soul; the supreme principle of life in the universe + atma (Sanskrit) - the mind + atma eva (Sanskrit) - the very mind + Adam and Eve.

puler - one who pules; a whining, weakly person + puer (l) - boy.

paladin - any of the twelve peers of Charlemagne's court, of whom the count palatine was the chief; a knight renowned for heroism and chivalry

white lock → "on the spindle side had inherited with the hereditary whitelock" [031.15], "a kind workman, Mr Whitlock, gave him a piece of wood." [098.25]

tempora (pl.) (l) - the times, the circumstances + soleo (l) - to be accustomed + soleo tempora (l) - accustomed to the times + leon (gr) - lion.

Sickerson + The guilty stutter associated with H.C.E. is gone, although an afterthought reminds us that he is still far from perfect in this new eon: he "stoaters some" (Benstock, Bernard / Joyce-again's wake : an analysis of Finnegans wake).

bug - ? A person of assumed importance. Possibly this may survive in the U.S. slang 'a big bug' for an aristocrat.

dahlia - a Genus of Composite plants, natives of Mexico, introduced into Europe in 1789, and commonly cultivated in gardens + dahlias eaten by earwigs.

inspectorum (l) - of observers, of inspectors + police inspector searching (sergeant).

holocaust - a sacrifice wholly consumed by fire; a whole burnt offering + Holy Ghost.

fabulafiguratus (l) - fashioned by story + fabula (l) - story, fable + figuratus (l) - formed, fashioned. 

Vipra (Sanskrit) - wise, inspired; a Brahman + "Giambattista Vico and the Sanskrit Jambu Dvipa, the "great continent inhabited by man," foreshadow the new era; the seven alliterated attributes of the new man include the process of synthesis undergone to reconcile the opposite elements within him" (Benstock, Bernard / Joyce-again's wake: an analysis of Finnegans wake).

foresee - to see beforehand

versicle - a short sentence said or sung antiphonally in divine service

repurchase - to buy back, redeem

paddy - having pads; cushion-like; soft; also, 'comfortable', placidly self-satisfied

pan + Pfanne (ger) - skillet.

milkwhite + pot calling the kettle black (phrase).

sturdy - Of persons: Characterized by rough bodily vigour; characterized by rough mental vigour; robust in mind or character.

serene - Of a person, his mind, circumstances, etc.: Calm, tranquil, untroubled, unperturbed.

synthetical - involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis

Swift was kidnapped within a year of his birth and kept for three years [595.35]

antar (etr) - eagle + antar (Sanskrit) - within, between, amongst

Jesus - Used as (or as part of) an oath or as a strong exclamation of surprise, disbelief,  dismay, or the like; also in various phrases, as by Jesus, Jesus (H.) Christ, Jesus wept + yasas (Sanskrit) - beautiful appearance, splendour, renown.

ruse - a trick, stratagem, 'dodge'

worthily - in accordance with one's own dignity or personal worth; deservedly, justly

Fingal - area north of Dublin + (foreigner, as the drops on his mantle are not from around Fingal) + Judges 6:37-8: 'dew on fleece, dry on all land' + "An old woman out to betray Diarmuid and Grainne to Finn is unmasked by the salt water upon her cloak" (Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 422-423).

gote! (fr) - taste! + goutte (fr) - a drop + gut (ger) - good

LOCHLANN (LOUGHLINN) - The ancient Irish name ("country of lakes") for the Country of the Ostmen, ie, Norway, and for the Scands themselves + (advertisement) → will make new man of anyone.