mistook + Joyce's note: 'native night you twicetook me and the cousin Jermyn'.

Marianne chrie (fr) - French Republic + Joyce's note: 'la Marienne' ('la' not clear).

German + cousin-german - first cousin, the son or daughter of one's uncle or aunt + "Jermyn cousin," a phrase that Joyce in one of his letters used to denote Hitler ("any time I turn on the radio I hear some British politician mumbling inanities and his German cousin shouting and yelling like a madman", Joyce complained in 1935), and Nazi flag, twisted black X in a white circle on a red field.

ex - "x" + four kisses at the end of The Letter

Pharaohs used false beards on ceremonial occasions [.03] + earwig.

Clarkson, Willy - as Mr Wilder says, London maker of theatrical wigs

Pharaoh + perhaps.

Egypt + Aesop + Aos-sidhe (es shi) (gael) - fairy-folk + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: The Battle of Lora: 'Erragon, king of ships'.

makeup - cosmetics, paint, etc. used by actors in making up + FDV: I will tell you all sorts of stories, strange one. About every simple place we pass by. It is all so often and still the same to me.

Cead Mile Failte (ked mili falt'i) (gael) - A hundred thousand welcomes.

bienvenu (fr) - welcome + Bellevue, Islandbridge, South Circular Road, Dublin.

Cromwell (anagram) + Joyce's note: 'wellcrom' + welcome.

quid separabit (l) - what shall surpass? + quis/quid separabit (l) - who/what shall separate?

vilitas (l) - cheapness + valetudo (l) - health, state of health + vanitas vanitatum (l) - emptiness of emptinesses, vanity of vanities + vility (obs) - vileness, baseness, lowliness, meanness + vallet (obs) - small valley + Joyce's note: 'Villitis Vallitis'.

course - the part of a meal served at one time

murphy - potato

Spendlove, Mrs - Gogarty has an amusing account of a prostitute who went into prolonged, public mourning for Edward VII. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

Pat Claffey - the pawnbroker (Ulysses, 153), or, rather, his daughter, the pretty nun who becomes Calypso + Mac Fhlaitheamh (moklahiv) (gael) - son of Flaitheamh ("lord").


pomp - orig. the processions, public shows, spectacles of the circus, etc., associated with or sanctioned by the pagan worship; splendid display or celebration, magnificent show + pump.

(notebook 1923): 'a bad warrent to' ('to' not clear; last word not crayoned)

snug - Of persons (or animals): To lie or nestle closely or comfortably, esp. in bed; to snuggle + Joyce's note: 'those old four deciders, the puderests, sitting so snuggy and pretending they're owing their life for ' ('four' and 'deciders' not clear).

saloon bar + Joyce wore a Borsalino hat.

relict - a surviving trace, survival. Also transf. of a person.

Dan O'Conell + Conall O'Domhnaill (kunel o donel) (gael) - High-mighty descendant of Domhnall ("world-mighty").

Fionn-glas (finglos) (gael) - Clear-stream; stream and village N. of Dublin.

morrow - morn, morning; the day next after the present

signal - to make a signal to, signalize

flint - a kind of hard stone, most commonly of a steely gray colour, found in roundish nodules of varying size, usually covered with a white incrustation. In early and poetic use often put for hard stone in general.

rustling + Joyce's note: 'I'll signal you what flint & fern and are rastling so as you can wise your sulmon on to it'.

sing dumb - to be silent, hold one's peace

wise - to direct, aim, 'send' (Sc.); fig. to utter + Finn burnt his thumb while cooking the Salmon of Knowledge and in sucking it to relieve the pain acquired wisdom; in some accounts, he subsequently sucked his thumb when great decisions were required.

clane - obs. form of clean + Clane - Town, Co Kildare, on the Liffey + Cluain Tarbh (klun torev) (gael) - Bull Meadow; N.E. Dublin district, site of Brian Boru's defeat of Danes, 1014.

Brian Boru - Gael. Brian Boroimhe (brien borivi): "Brian of the Tribute"; high king killed defeating Danes at Clontarf, 1014 + bron (bron) (gael) - sorrow, grief + broin (brin) (gael) - g. [of a] raven.

mushrooms + Ulysses.8.491: 'Kerwan's mushroom houses' + Pyramids of Egypt (one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World).

ager (l) - territory, cultivated land; soil, field + acres, rods and perches + Walls and Hanging Gardens of Babylon (one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World).

dom (Serbian) - home, heartstone + Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World).

dim (Serbian) - smoke + dim (Ruthenian) - house + Tom/Tim (motif) + Lighthouse at Alexandria (one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World).

dym (Polish, Ruthenian) - smoke


Olympic games, in which races were held in the stadion + Statue of Zeus at Olympia (one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World).


stadium - a place for athletic exercises; spec. an enclosed area for sporting events equipped with tiers of seats for spectators + steady on.

colossus - a statue or image of the human form of very large dimensions; the most famous in antiquity being the bronze statue of Apollo at Rhodes, one of the seven wonders of the world, reputed to have stood astride the entrance to the Rhodian harbour (whence the ref. in Shaks.), and stated by Pliny to have been seventy cubits high.

knock - to bump into something

dustbin - a bin or receptacle for the dust, ashes, and other refuse of a house + Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World).

lintil = lentil - the seed of a leguminous plant (Ervum lens, Lens esculenta) + lentil, pea (legumes) + little

cara (kore) (gael) - friend + cara (it) - dear (feminine) + caraway - an umbelliferous plant (Carum Carui): its small fruits, commonly called 'caraway-seeds', are aromatic and carminative; they are used in cakes, sweetmeats, etc., and yield a volatile oil.

mite - a very small object

neighbors + boulotte (fr) - work, toil; food + boulotter (fr) - jog along nicely + nebulae for Newton.

Eblana (gr) Magna (l) - Great Dublin ['Eblana' is first word in Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section (chronological list of events in the city's history from A.D. 140)].

hazily beheld

loom - to appear indistinctly, to come into view in an enlarged and indefinite form. Also with up + lumen (l) - light. 

Dublin + dumbness + dumblinas (Lithuanian) - muddy, dirty.

sama (Sanskrit) - same + sama (Serbian) - alone (feminine).

citt (it) - city

lap - Of water: To move with a rippling sound like that made in lapping; to beat upon (the shore, etc.) with a lapping sound.

Cockney phrase: 'it fair takes your breath away' ("It fair takes your breath away," declared the astounded Mr. Dowson; "This summer began with my first view of the Moon through a 24-inch telescope at Lowell Observatory. You've seen plenty of photos of the Moon. Head on down to your nearest observatory and see it for yourself. It fair takes your breath away").

Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1452: 'The Liffey was entirely dry at Dublin for the space of two minutes' + "While you'd parse secheressa she hielt her souff." [204.01-02]

saffron - an orange-red product consisting of the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus. Now used chiefly for colouring confectionery, liquors, etc., and for flavouring.

Gunn, Michael - manager of Gaiety Theatre, Dublin + gone.

in a jiffy - in moment, instantly + Liffey river + FDV: If I lose my breath for a minute or two don't speak, remember. [It's thinking of all.] I'll begin again in a giffy jiffy. Look! Your blackbirds! That's for your good luck. How glad you'll be I waked you. My! How well you'll feel. For ever after. First we turn a little here and then it's easy. I only hope the heavens sees us. Here weir, reach, island, bridge. There! That's what cockles the hearty! A bit beside the bush and then a walk along the  

nd (Welsh) - cry, howl + nod + nick of time - the last possible moment, a critical moment ("I caught the ball in the nick of time").

vagary - a wandering or devious journey or tour; a wandering in speech or writing + FDV: First we turn a little here and then it's easy.

agate - an ornamental stone consisting of a hard variety of chalcedony, typically banded in appearance

Whittington, Dick (d. 1423) - thrice Lord Mayor of London. He has been confused with the folk-figure Dick Whittington, who was recalled to London by the prophetic peal of Bow bells: "Turn again, Whittington, Lord-Mayor of London." The story of Dick's cat, who rid a ship of rats, is told in many languages. Also a pantomime + Joyce's note: 'turn again wedding turn' (crossed out in green ink)

lon dubh (lon duv) (gael) - blackbird + lionn dubh (lyon duv) (gael) - porter, stout + linn dubh (lin duv) (gael) - black pool; (Dublin).