myrtle - a plant of the genus Myrtus (N.O. Myrtaceæ), esp. M. communis, the Common Myrtle, a shrub growing abundantly in Southern Europe, having shiny evergreen leaves and white sweet-scented flowers, and now used chiefly in perfumery. The myrtle was held sacred to Venus and is used as an emblem of love + Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice. 

Bacchus - the god of wine; hence, wine, intoxicating liquor + "When the myrtle of Venus joins with Bacchus's vine": line from song 'To Anacreon in Heaven' (air: Star-Spangled Banner).

waive - to abandon, leave, remove, banish + Wife, Children and Friends (song): "Let us drink, pledge me high, love and virtue shall flavor / The glass which I fill to - wife, children and friends."

chiltern - rel. to chalky, sandy and loamy soils of England; proper name of a range of hills (Chiltren Hundreds) + children

ormod - without spirit, despondent + oremus (l) - let us pray + ORMOND QUAY - North side of Liffey.

queue - a number of persons ranged in a line

granny - a stupid person, 'old woman' + Grania and Finn Mac Cool.

I, he, etc. would fain - gladly, willingly, with pleasure

quatrevingt dix (French) - ninety (literally 'eighty ten')

ceterum (l) - the rest, for the rest + one sitting-room + (20 + 90 + 1 = 111).

John Maddison Morton: Box and Cox + Boxer Rising of 1900 - last Chinese peasant rising.

House of the Golden Stairs - brothel in Shanghai

[618.25-.26] [626.12] [628.05]

Po (ger) - buttock + Po river, Italy + Little Annie Rooney (song): 'She's my Annie, I'm her Joe'.

Osiris was also known as 'First (or Foremost) of the Westerners.'

The Great Mosque of Mecca contains the Kaaba (named for its resemblance to a die or cube) and the well Zemzem (Zamzam), by legend the well from which Hagar drew water for her son, Ishmael + Lane-Poole: The Speeches & Table-Talk of the Prophet Mohammad xxi: 'Zemzem, the God-sent spring which gushed from the sand when the forefather of the Arabs was perishing of thirst'.

Zigzag Hill (Chufu) - ducal capital. Confucius and his mother moved to a village near the Chufu after his father's death.

Confucius was born in dry cave called 'The Hollow Mulberry Tree.'

taal - tale; the Dutch word for language, speech

taub (ger) - deaf + a tale of a tub - an apocryphal tale, a 'cock and bull' story.

log (lug) (gael) - pool from which a river rises + logarithm of anything to base L + anal.

Napper Tandy (1740-1803) - an Irish rebel leader + Napper Tandy is rhyming slang for brandy.

napiwek (Polish) - tip, gratuity + tip the (or a) wink - to give a wink to a person as a private signal or warning.

motyl (Polish) - butterfly + naughty little.

dant (Slang) - prostitute + Danzig, Poland + dancing girls.

przeszyć (Polish) - to pierce + Persse O'Reilly.

orel (Pan-Slavonic) = orzeł (Polish) - eagle (found on Polish national emblem) + The Wren, the Wren, The king of all birds (song).

Minne (ger) - (courtly) love + interior monologue.

extorreor (l) - be parched + exterior

monolith - a single block of stone, esp. one of notable size, shaped into a pillar or monument

Thomas Moore: song Drink to Her [air: Heigh Ho! My Jackey]

Thomas Moore: song If Thou'lt Be Mine [air: The Winnowing Sheet]

winnow - to waft, diffuse (poet.) + winnow sheet - a sheet set up under the winnowing basket machine to catch any seed which falls.

nuance - a slight or delicate variation or difference in expression, feeling, opinion, etc; a shade of colour + VICTORIA NYANZA - Lake (nyanza) Victoria, in central Africa, the source (through the Albert Nynaza) of the White Nile + ní h-annsa (Irish) - not hard (formula for answering riddles)

Ahn (ger) - ancestor, grandfather

da (Russian, Serbian) - yes + Da's a Daisy - Dad's a daisy, "daisy" being slang for 'the best'.

daisy - a familiar and favourite flower of the British Isles and Europe generally + "Daisy, Daisy give me your answer do": lyrics from 'Daisy Bell' by Harry Dacre, 1892. 

handsel - a gift or present (expressive of good wishes) at the beginning of a new year, or on entering upon any new condition, situation, or circumstances, the donning of new clothes, etc.; originally, deemed to be auspicious, or to ensure good luck for the new year, etc.

Barbara, St - patron of armorers, gunsmiths, gunners, thunderstorms + Barbarossa or Frederick I of Germany (1152-90) - German emperor who sleeps in a cave (like Finn, Arthur) and will come again at his country's need. He was a determined opponent of Adrian IV. 

barrel organ - an instrument used by street musician, a church organ

rank - a row of people + rag, tag and bobtail - a common rabble, the hoi polloi. A bobtail was the tail a horse which was cut short. Shakespeare makes reference to the word in King Lear, 1605. Soon after that it was used by John Fletcher, in Monsieur Thomas, 1619, as slang for a cur or contemptible rascal. A tag was a piece of torn, hanging-down cloth. Those were combined with rag to form the earlier version of the phrase - tag, rag and bobtail. This was recorded by Samuel Pepys in his Diary for 6th March 1659: "The dining-room... was full of tag, rag, and bobtail, dancing, singing, and drinking."

[Anima mea tristis] usque ad mortem (l) - [My soul is sorrowful] even unto death (Christ's words in Gethsemane: Matt. 26:38)

Jumbo and Alice - two famous pachyderms of London Zoo, one of which was sold to America; Mrs Conway (Dante Riordan) and her wandering husband (who had gone to South America, taking his wife's fortune with him) called each other 'Jumbo' and 'Alice' + 'Jumbo said to Alice: "I love you"' (song refers to Jumbo, a famous elephant bought by P.T. Barnum from London Zoo and shipped to America in 1882, to the English public's dismay).

anisette - a liqueur flavoured with aniseed

Ophelia - the name of the heroine of Shakespeare's play Hamlet. Like St Kevin's Cathleen or Nuvoletta, Ophelia drowned herself because of male coldness to her.  

culprit - prisoner at the bar; he who is arraigned for a crime or offence; the accused + O felix culpa (l) - "O happy sin" (medieval hymn on Adam's "fortunate fall" that resulted in incarnation) + cul (French) - arse + (prints left by the buttocks).

Dansk (Danish) - Danish + My Old Dutch (song).

whisht - hush, silence; sush + Walter Pater: The Renaissance: 'She is older than the rocks on which she sits' (Da Vinci's Mona Lisa).

Ayesha - best-loved wife of Mohammed, married when she was nine and he over fifty + 'And they call me the jewel of Asia' (song): "He call'd her the jewel of Asia, of Asia, of Asia, But she was the Queen of the Geisha, the Geisha, the Geisha".

Lapp - one of a nomadic people, inhabiting the north of Scandinavia

Finn - an individual of a people in North-Eastern Europe and Scandinavia + Finnegan's Wake, chorus: 'Lots of fun at Finnegan's Wake'.

coon - a negro, a black person (offensive)

buckling - a young buck; a smoked herring + How Buckley shot the Russian General.

Rush, town, County Dublin

William Shakespeare: Macbeth II.3.115: 'Look to the lady'

The historian J. L. Motley wrote "The Rise of the Dutch Republic." 

Bastille + Postille (ger) - book of family sermons.

of opening the mouth of the 2 ways (notebook 1930) Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 10: 'ancient funerary works, such as the Book of Opening the Mouth, the Liturgy of Funerary Offerings, and the Book of the Two Ways'.

I have not stopped water when it should flow (notebook 1930) The Book of the Dead ch. CXXV (quoting from Budge): deceased is addressing Osiris, reciting a long list of things not done: 'I have not stopped water [when it should flow]'.

attraente (it) - attractive + (notebook 1930): 'I know the 42 names of ye' The Book of the Dead ch. CXXV (quoting from Budge): deceased is addressing Osiris: 'I know thee, and I know thy name, and the names of the Forty-Two who live with thee in the Hall of Maāti, who keep ward over sinners'.

tortor - a torturer, tormentor; an executioner; torture + Tartar.

TORY ISLAND - Island, 7 miles off North coast of County Donegal; ancient haunt of pirates, esp. "Balor of the Baleful Eye," who had one eye whose glance could kill. The island was noted for its various clays, used for heat-resistant pottery. 

trait - treat

galaxia (l) - galaxy (a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas and dust, held together by gravitational attraction; the Milky Way) + gala (gr) - milk.

milchcow - a cow 'in milk', a cow giving milk or kept for milking; a source of regularly accruing gain or profit; esp. a person from whom money is easily drawn

abbey - a monastery of religious persons secluded from the world + Abbey and Gate Theatres, Dublin.

Crow Street Theatre, Dublin (18th century; opened to rival Smock Alley Theatre) + Alister Crowley.

lude - noise, clamour + rift in the lute (phrase) - small defect marring general result + ludus (l) - game, play + ludo (l) - I play, I act + in the nude.

smock - a woman's or child's loose dress or blouse resembling a smock-frock in shape + Smock Alley Theatre, Dublin (18th century) + Mookse/Gripes (motif).

aunt (Slang) - prostitute

clodhopper - a clumsy heavy footed person + Ondt/Gracehoper (motif).

horoscope + Joyce's note: 'Isis revives O he begets Horus'  Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 16: 'before Osiris was laid in his tomb, his wife Isis, by means of her magical powers, succeeded in restoring him to life temporarily, and made him beget of her an heir, who was called Horus'.

old sire - an old man, an aged sire + Osiris.

dead to the world - unconscious or fast asleep, unaware of the external world; drunk

Waterloo + GLEN OF AHERLOW - Traditional refuge of hunted men (in caves in the Galtee Mountains) County Tipperary. Song: 'In the Glen of Aherhow' + Waterlow, Sir Ernest Albert (1850-1919) - English painter, famous for "Galway Gossips." 

suk (Danish) - sigh + faith, he's exceeded my expectations.

two steps forward, one step back - a catchprase reflecting on an anecdote about a frog trying to climb out of a water well; for every two steps the frog climbs, it falls back by one step, making its progress arduous + (*VYC*, *IJ*).

columbus - explorer, discoverer + columba (l) - dove, pigeon + Saint Colmcille (Columba).

gage - a pawn, pledge, security + Gage Street, Hong Kong - brothel area.

crany - cranium, skull; clerk (Slang

savings - a sum of money saved

Triones (l) - the constellation of the Wain, i.e. Ursa Major and Ursa Minor + trio (*VYC*).

bottle washer - one who washes bottles; one who looks after affairs (humorous) + battle watchers + Joyce's note: 'battlewatchers / ― flats' Account 40-1: "The popular legend of the bloody battle by Stamford Bridge, or, as it was afterwards called, "Battle Bridge," is not yet obsolete. A piece of ground near the bridge over the river Derwent is called "Battle-flats," and in the surrounding fields, where, for about a century after the battle, large heaps of human bones were to be seen, joint-bones, together with iron swords and other weapons, have been ploughed up, as well as horse-shoes that would be suitable for the small Norwegian horses."

totty - a girl or woman, esp. a 'good time' girl + totties (Dublin Slang) - girls; prostitutes.

duet (*IJ*) + 'Them Lads made a trion of battlewatschers and They Totties a doit doeit of deers' (1936)

deer = dear - dear one, darling


terris = terrace - a table land