reeraw (Anglo-Irish) - fuss, confusion, clamour (from Irish: rí-rá) + Reerasta, Tipperary, where Ardagh chalice found.

puteter (Danish) - potatoes + peut-être (fr) - perhaps, maybe + Pute (ger) - turkey-hen + Tipperary potatoes.  

purple patch - a brilliant or ornate passage in a literary composition (after L. purpureus pannus)

massacre - the unnecessary indiscriminate killing of human beings; a general slaughter + Childermas (28 December) celebrates Herod's massacre of the Holy Innocent children [110.35] + FDV: on the seasands near the scene of the massacre of most of the jacobiters.

Boucicault: 'I've a Terrible Lot to Do Today' (song)

goddam = goddamn - damn; the utterance of this phrase + Goddam (French) - Englishman (derisive, from 'Goddamn') + god damn and by god (oaths).

stick and stour (stone) - Often used to signify all a person's goods and chattels + sticks and stones.

stank - p. od stink; pond, pool, a ditch containing water, dam + stank (Dutch) - stench.

Jacobite - in British history, a supporter of the exiled Stuart king James II (Latin Jacobus) and his descendants after the Revolution of 1688; The movement was strong in Scotland and Wales, where support was primarily dynastic, and in Ireland, where it was mainly religious + Jacob's Biscuits (Dublin) + Joyce's note, Cyclops: 'God, Healer of Wounds, Uniter of Hearts [446.8] take care of Peter's pence and Paul's pounds will take care of themselves, Irish massacre, Clive Holland (O. W's son)'.

FDV: The bird of promise in the case was the hen of the Doran's and what she was scratching looked uncommonly like a goodishsized sheet of letterpaper originating from Boston (Mass) of the eleventh of the fifth to dear which proceeded to mention Maggy well and everybody athome is general health and well and the a lovely face of some born gentleman and with a parcel of cookycakes for tea well and it was must now close a grand funeral Maggy and hopes to hear from with love & four kiss crosses [from loving] from a large looking stain of tea. The stain, & that of tea, marks it at once as a genuine relique of old Irish MS poetry.

Belinda - heroine of Pope's The Rape of the Lock. Pope's poem mocks the traditions of classical epics: the abduction of Helen of Troy becomes here the theft of a lock of Belinda's hair; the gods become minute sylphs; the description of Achilles' shield becomes an excursus on one of Belinda's petticoats. The humour of the poem comes from the storm in a teacup of vanity being couched within the elaborate, formal verbal structure of an epic poem.

quinque- - five + quinquaginta (l) - fifty + quinquagenarius (l) - a fifty-year old + Quinquegentiani - "Of Five Cities": a people in Cyrenaica (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake). 

Tertius (l) - "Third": Roman proper name + terzo (it) - third + terzi (Turkish, Albanian) - tailor.

sermi (Albanian) - silver

hane (Danish) - cock + hane (Albanian) - inn + hen exhibition.

klokken (Danish) - o'clock + klokken tolv (Danish) - twelve o'clock + klukke (Danish) - to cluck.

zigzag + zog (Albanian) - bird; young + Joyce's note, Eveline: 'her wet map: her tongue her lipstick: she walked alone from school. told her friends pop walked zigzag: man followed: books she read: her wit F. P.: she went in for the intermejet: weather was mean: she [word illegible]' + Joyce's note, Exiles: 'Trist's way for entering house (zigzag)'.

goodish - rather considerable (as in number or extent)

sheet - an oblong or square piece of paper or parchment, esp. for writing or printing; spec. one of the pieces of definite size (varying according to the kind) in which paper is made + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard, ch. 53: 'The sod just for so much as a good sized sheet of letter-paper might cover, was trod and broken'.

transcript - a written copy + tranship - to transfer from one ship to another + Boston Evening Transcript - a daily afternoon newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts published from July 24, 1830 to April 30, 1941 + Sauthenerom: la fonte del Necronomicon (Sauthenerom: The Real Source of the Necronomicon).

Boston (Mass), 1st last, Dear (gap) Maggy (Joyce's note, Circe) + Edgar Allan Poe - (b. Jan. 19, 1809, Boston, Mass., U.S.--d. Oct. 7, 1849, Baltimore, Md.), American writer who is famous for his cultivation of mystery and the macabre + "For know you, that your gold and marble city of wonder is only the sum of what you have seen and loved in youth. It is the glory of Boston's hillside roofs and western windows aflame with sunset, of the flower-fragrant Common and the great dome on the hill and the tangle of gables and chimneys in the violet valley where the many-bridged Charles flows drowsily. These things you saw, Randolph Carter, when your nurse first wheeled you out in the springtime, and they will be the last things you will ever see with eyes of memory and of love.'' (Nyarlathotep addressing Randolph Carter in The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath By H. P. Lovecraft) → Carter (Lovecraft) created in lucid dreaming his dream city based on Boston. Joyce in FW recreated Dublin. Lovecraft's stories, although describing lucid dreaming, are far from truthful dream-like description, they are just cumbersome stories. FW is lucid dreaming. 

from first to last - from beginning to end, throughout + (31. January) + An early Joyce's note reads: "on the N[orth] E[ast] slope of the dunghill the slanteyed hen of the Grogans scrutinized a clayed p.c. [postcard] from Boston (Mass) of the 12th of the 4th to dearest Elly from her loving sister with 4 ½ kisses" + ''It is a Secret Story by some of Us written little before Destruction of the last Kingdom of Atlantis... Gods knew that Judgment is still not fully executed so we set about to finish what had to be finished. First Civilization which we established [on Earth] was Hyperborea. We knew that Our Race will be totally Destroyed so that Eons after we should Rise towards New even Brighter Highness.'' (5. Chapter of Sauthenerom, explaining the origins of the Book, but without explanation who really wrote it - hint is that Sauthenerom wrote the Gods themselves, before final fall).

hate (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - heat + the heat turned the milk.

houten (Dutch) - wooden + Van Houten's Dutch Cocoa (PICTURE) + (Jarl Van Hoother and the Prankqueen).

erections + general election - an election of representatives thouroughout an entire country + FDV: of the eleventh of the fifth to dear which proceeded to mention Maggy well and everybody athome is general health

wedding cake - traditional cake served to the guests at a wedding reception after a wedding. It is usually a large cake, multi-layered or tiered, and heavily decorated with icing, topped with a small statue representing the couple + Joyce's note, Circe: 'general born, gent presnt of cakes' + FDV: and with a parcel of cookycakes for tea

funeral + + Joyce's note, Circe: 'waiting Kate, think you, funeral, into life's dinna forget, hopes soon to hear close, fondest to the twin underlings' + FDV: well and it was must now close a grand funeral Maggy and hopes to hear from

muggy - marked by warm dampness, humid

Several of Paul's epistles close: 'Salute one another with a holy kiss' (Romans 16:16, I Corinthians 16:20, II Corinthians 13:12).

hole-and-corner (phrase) - secret, clandestine, underhand + Holy Corner - colloquial name for a crossroads in Edinburgh, Scotland (from the large number of churches in the area).

holê polis (gr) - entire city + hoi poloi (gr) - the population, "the people", or the populace + roly-poly.

wholly - completely, totally + There are several Holy Islands off the coast of Britain, and there is also a Holy Island in the U.S. state of Massachusetts + xxxx - kisses at the end of the letter.

pee - 'P'

ess - 'S'

Joyce's note: 'white ants eat ban - God's name' → Holland: The Story of Mohammed 62: (of a parchment written against Mohammed) 'When the parchment was unrolled, it was found that most of it had been eaten away by white ants, and the rules of the Ban were unreadable. An Arab historian relates that the only word which was still visible was the name of God'.

affectionate - loving, fond, tenderly-disposed

tache - a spot, stain, blotch + THE REVERED LETTER

tch - an utterance of this exclamation (used to express vexation) + chai (Pan-Slavonic) - tea + FDV: and hopes to hear from with love & four kiss crosses [from loving] from a large looking stain of tea.


overcautious - too cautious + cautelousness (obs) - craftiness; wariness + cautel (Middle English) - crafty device, cunning; caution, precaution; a direction for the proper administration of the sacraments (especially in 'Cautels of the Mass') + kautos (gr) - boiling.

master builder - one who is skilled in the art of building, an architect. Chiefly in rhetorical use or fig. context + Henrik Ibsen: The Master Builder + bilker - one who practises cheating + masturbator - a person who practices masturbation.

mark off - (Engin. and Shipbuilding): to mark (an object) with lines to serve as a guide for subsequent cutting, machining, alignment, etc.; to represent (a dimension or detail) on an object in this way.

spout (of a teapot) + on the spur of the moment - suddenly, without thinking + on the spot - straightway, at once + FDV: The stain, & that of tea, marks it at once as a genuine relique of old Irish MS poetry.

relique = relic - a surviving trace of some practice, fact, idea, quality, etc.

pottery - pottery-ware, earthenware + Brook, Charlotte (d. 1793) - authoress who published in 1789 ("with somewhat effusive apologies for leaving her pianoforte and needlepoint") 'Reliques of Irish Poetry' + The 'reliques' are poems in the Irish character with translations in English verse, including poems about Cuchulain, Deirdre, Finn + peasant poetry.

ladylike - resembling what pertains to a lady + Lydian - the designation of one of the modes in ancient Greek music, characterized as soft and effeminate.

languishing - pining with love or grief + Lydia Languish, in Sheridan's The Rivals, wrote letters to herself (so did Molly Bloom).

{written as a letter to one’s self}

how - an artificial mound, tumulus, or barrow; care, anxiety, trouble, sorrow (obs. dial.)

photoist - photographer

chemicals - a substance obtained or used in chemical operations + worth one's salt - worth the money that one is paid; efficient or capable.

tip - to give private or confidential information

teaser - something difficult to solve or decide about

grotesquely - comically incongrous or absurd, bizzare + FDV: Any photoist worth his chemicals will tell you that if a negative melts while drying the resultant positive will be a grotesque distortion of values, tones & masses.

milkwhite horse [262.22] + Ulysses.9.84: 'Horseness is the whatness of allhorse' (parody of Aristotle).

tip - a place or receptacle into which earth or rubbish is tipped or shot, a dumping-ground

missive - a written message, a letter

turb - a number of individuals or units gathered together; a group of trees + turf

wisp - to rub (esp. a horse) with a wisp, to twist into a wisp + keep off the grass - a notice frequently posted in a park or garden to which the public are admitted; also used fig. as a warning not to take liberties, encroach, or interfere + (wipe the letter with a sod of turf).

boucher - a treasurer, cashier; butcher (obs.) + {Kate's midden} + FDV: This freely is what must have happened to that missive unfilthed by the sagacity of a slant eyed hen.

sagacity - keenness and soundness of judgement in the estimation of persons and conditions, and in the adaptation of means to ends

Love Me Little, Love Me Long (song)

FDV: The heat Heated residence for who since nobody knows when in the orangeflavoured mound had gro partly dissolved the first impression and caused some features palpably near nearer us to be swollen up most grossly while the farther back we seem to get the more we need the loan of a lens to see as much as the hen saw. Wonderfully well this explains the double nature of this gryphonic script and while its ingredients stand out with stereoptican relief we can see peep tour beyond the figure of the scriptor into the subconscious writer's mind. 

orange flower - the white flower of the orange-tree + flavoured - having a specified flavour

obliterate - to blot out (anything written, figured, or imprinted) so as to leave no distinct traces

to start with - 'to begin with', at the beggining

palpably - clearly, obviously, manifestly

pecker (Slang) - penis; nose

grossly - excessively, flagrantly; indelicatly, indecently