by all means - in every way possible

terracotta - a hard unglazed pottery of a fine quality; a brownish red of various shades + terra (l) - earth, ground + concussa (l) - shaken + terra concussa (l) - shaken earth  + terra firma (l) - solid earth+ Kuss (ger) - kiss + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.296: (16th century military rite of kissing the ground and throwing earth over the left shoulder before charging the enemy) 'l'acte de baiser la terre... une marque d'obéissance passive envers un supérieur... l'expression de l'humiliation chrétienne' (French 'the act of kissing the earth... a sign of passive obedience to a superior... the expression of Christian humbleness').

worse luck - unfortunately + war's luck.

flung - p. of fling + (left-handed baseball pitcher).

home plate - Baseball. The plate at the apex of the diamond at which the batter stands, and which must be touched by the base runner before a run is scored + omoplate - shoulder blade + homoplatys (gr) - equally flat all over + Plato (b. 427 B.C.) - Greek philosopher.

all the while - during the whole time

philophoseia (gr) - love of light + phôs (gr) - light + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.304: 'la forme filofol, équivoque analogue à la fine folie, pour philosophie' (French 'the form filofol, an equivocal analogue of a fine madness, for philosophy').

forsake - to abandon, leave entirely, withdraw from + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.303: 'le terme saige-fol... répondant à celui de morosophe, épithète... que Rabelais donne à "l'unicque non lunaticque Triboullet"' (French 'the term saige-fol... corresponding to morosoph, epithet... that Rabelais gives to "the unique not lunatic Triboullet"') [i.e. French sage-fol: a wise fool, a jester].


please the pigs - please the fates, if circumstances permit, if all's well

Strick (ger) - rope, halter + Joyce's note 'strictly between ourselves this will never do'.  

that will do - that is sufficient + Francis Jeffrey's review of Wordsworth's Excursion in the Edinburgh Review: 'this will never do'.

frow - woman, wife, housewife + fowl.

flair - liking, taste, enthusiasm + flair (French) - sense of smell.

playful + Fell (ger) - skin + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.387: 'Cette locution escorcher le renard, pour rendre gorge à la suite d'un excès de boisson... Ecorcher la peau d'une bête aussi mal odorante provoque tout simplement la nausée... To spew, cast, vomit (especially upon excessive drinking)... En anglais... to flay the fox' (French 'This expression to flay the fox, for vomiting after an excess of drink... flaying the skin of such a bad-smelling animal simply provokes nausea... To spew, cast, vomit (especially upon excessive drinking)... In English... to flay the fox').

fetor - a strong offensive smell, stench

calamite - a fossil plant, of which the stems are found in jointed fragments + calamus (l) - reed, cane; reed-pen + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.118: 'Calamite, pierre d'aimant... de l'ital. calamita' (French 'Calamite, lodestone... from the Italian calamita').

columis (l) - unhurt, safe + columitas (l) - safety.

calamitous - disastrous, distressful; full of distress, affliction, or misery

scrutinize - to examine methodically and with close attention

indignant - inflamed at once with anger and disdain

whip - the instrument of flagellation + loop - something having the shape of a loop, e.g. a line traced on paper, a part of a written character + lash - a stroke with a thong or whip + FDV: Who that in scrutinising marvels at the indignant whiplashloops,

prudently - with prudence, circumspection, discretion, or practical wisdom; discreetly, wisely

bolted - closed and fastened with a bolt, fettered + FDV: the so prudently bolted and or blocked rounds,

reminiscence - an expression, feature, fact, etc., which recalls something else + FDV: the touching reminiscence of an incomplete trail or dropped final,  

round - approximately correct, exact only to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, ... + (notebook 1924): 'a round 100l' (i.e. £100).

whirligig - to whirl or spin round + whirligigs (Slang) - testicles.

gloriole - an indication of light around the head or body of a cacred personage, aureole + FDV: the gossipy threadreels, the whirligig glorioles which ambiembellish the majuscule of Earwicker,

preface - to stand in front of, to precede, herald

illegible - that cannot be read; esp. of written characters: Undecipherable.

airy - light, delicate, graceful in fancy or conception; lively, sprightly, merry

plume (fr) - feather + flight - the path followed by an object moving through space.

TIBERIAS - Town on Western shore of the Sea of Galilee, on Lake Tiberias (where Jesus divided the loaves and fishes and walked on water; John 6). Founded in 2nd decade of 1st century AD and named after the emperor Tiberius, it became the chief center of rabbinic scholarship, where the Jerusalem Talmud was edited. The Massonite scholars in Tiberias introduced the "points" for vowels in Hebrew script.  

ambi - both (ambivalent) + ambi (l) - on both sides + embelish - to beautify with adventitious adornments; to ornament.

majuscule - a large letter + Sullivan: The Book of Kells 16: 'large uncial and minuscule combined, initial letters of a highly ornamental character',

baffling - bewildering, that defeats skill or endeavour

chrismon - a christian monogram and symbol formed of the first two letters "x" and "r" of the greek word for Christ + (notebook 1924): 'trumpet Xri = Chrismon' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 18: 'verse 38 of the 27th chapter of St. Matthew, "Tunc crucifixerant XPI cum eo duos latrones" ("Then were there two thieves crucified with him"). The "XPI," which seems to belong to the sentence, is... probably only the mediæval note-mark composed of the monogram of "Christi," which was arbitrarily used to call attention to remarkable passages. It was known as the Chrismon' (Matthew 27:38).

trilithon - an ancient stone monument consisting of two upright megaliths carrying a third as a lintel + (notebook 1924): 'trilithons' → Gwynn: Connaught 59: 'in Hazelwood are what can be seen nowhere else in these islands but at Stonehenge — huge trilithons, part in the ritual of some Druidic cult'.

= archaic letter representing SS

watchwise made (Joyce's note) → Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 260: (of handwriting) 'l'ovale est tracé à l'envers, dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre' (French 'the oval is drawn the other way round, clock-wise').

sigla - letters (esp. initials) or other characters used to denote words; abbreviations or marks of abbreviation

fondly - affectionately, lovingly, tenderly

tautologically - in a tautological (identical) manner

consort - a husband; a partner, companion, mate (obs.)

cathay - one of the tartar race in northern china, broadly: Chinese + Kate + Alfred Lord Tennyson: Locksley Hall: 'Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay'.

tick - a moment, second, instant + a week or two - a moderate space of time.

SIANG-CHANG-KIANG - River (kiang) in central China + Hsiang-kang (Chinese) - Hong Kong.

san-shih-erh (Chinese) - thirty-two (in Chinese French Romanisation 'erh' is 'eul')

ninth from the twentieth - eleventh

Blavatsky: Isis Unveiled 32: discusses Hindu cycles of history, all based on 432,000 years + Saint Patrick landed in Ireland in A.D. 432.

inn - a dwelling-place, habitation; a hostelry or hotel; sometimes, erroneously, a tavern which does not provide lodging + village inn = sigla for HCE (*E*) + Joyce's note: '*E* village'.

'apsidô (gr) - to arch + Joyce's note: '*A* assback bridge over stream'.

multiplication sign - the sign × placed between two quantities to denote their multiplication + Joyce's note: '*X* crossroads ahead'.

marking - a mark or pattern of marks, natural or artificial

crossroads - the place of intersection of two roads; a point at which two or more courses of action diverge; a critical turning-point + crossroads ahead - sigla for X (four masters).

pothook - to curve into the shape of a pothook ("S", a hook in the form of "S" for hanging pots over an open fire) + *C* - symbol for Shem.

gibbet - Sc. A chimney crane for hanging a pot over the fire

fourwheeler - a one horse carriage with four wheels, a vehicle with four wheels + *F* (or *W*).

bucker - one that leads filled vegetable or fruit sacks in the field; a horse given to bucking + {a square like a horse’s field [for town or book or container]}

*T* - original siglum for Tristan, superseded by *Y* [created by merging of *C* (Shem, Cain) and *V* (Shaun, Abel)) a.k.a. Shem-Shaun or Magrath or Cad].  

blind alley - an alley closed at one end; a cul-de-sac; also fig., a course of action that fails to effect its purpose or from which there is no resultant benefit + *I* - siglum for Isolde (resembles blind alley roadsign) + Joyce's note: '*C* Culdesac deadwallend of a graveyard'.

plot - an area or piece (of small or moderate size) of ground; a plan or scheme for the constitution or accomplishment of anything + (cemetery).

Mors - Latin goddess of death + mors (l) - death + Champ de Mars - a large public greenspace in Paris. The park is named after the Campus Martius ("Mars Field") in Rome, a tribute to the Roman god of war. The name also alludes to the fact that the lawns here were formerly used as drilling and marching grounds by the French military.


interior - something that is within, inner part of a thing + interior monologue + FDV: the monology of its the interiors,

cudgel - a short thick stick used as a weapon; a club + (notebook 1924): 'some blame Him & more - the soot' ('Him' not clear).

soot - a black carbonaceous substance or deposit consisting of fine particles formed by the combustion of coal, wood, oil, or other fuel

unthank - to unsay or recall one's thanks to

pees - pl. of pee - letter "p", urine, pea + Joyce's note: 'swollen pees as often as not'.

awry - displaced, disordered, disarranged; crooked, distorted

as often as not - very often, usually

kew - thank you (short) + Sullivan, The Book of Kells 36: 'This page of the genealogy... contains a string of Q's with which are intertwined a number of droll and impish figures in various grotesque positions, with legs tucked under their arms, and tongues protruding'.

Ohr (ger) - ear + FDV: the pardonable confusion, owing to which at times the swollen pees with their caps awry are quite often as not kews with their tails in their mouths,