pew - a fine stream of breath forced through an aperture in the lips; a thin stream of air + A serpent with its tail in its mouth appears on the Tunc page of the Book of Kells (Sullivan, The Book of Kells plate XI) + pe (Hebrew) - mouth (a letter shaped like semicircle with an incurving tail).

Pat - a nickname for an Irishman

curt - Of words, sentences, style, etc.: Concise, brief, condensed, terse

witty - cleverly amusing, 'sparkling', smartly facetious or jocular

Watte (ger) - cotton wool

dash -  "-"; a stroke of a pen esp. when drawn through a word to cancel it

Joyce's note: 'Just right Heavenly'

trim - fit, competent, proper, suitable

trite - worn out by constant use or repetition, devoid of freshness or novelty

splutter - Of a pen: To scatter ink in writing; to utter hastily and indistinctly [Joyce's note: 'splutter']

petulance - redeness, peevishness, insolence, insolent behaviour or speech

cunningly - with knowledge employed to conceal facts or designs; craftily, artfully

maze - labyrinth

confused - mingled so as to be indistiguishable; blended, mixed + Joyce's note: 'confused' Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 187: (the caption of a figure) 'Inharmonious, discordant and disparate, imprecise, confused, unorganised, slovenly writing of an idiot'.

drapery - cloth or textile fabrics collectively

bee - "b" + phrase 'knows not a B from a bull's foot'.

dumb show - pantomime + dumm (ger) - dumb.

commoner - one of the common people

pronominal - of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a pronoun; serving to indicate things, instead of naming them (obs. rare.)

fun fair - a fair (or that part of a fair) which is devoted to amusements and side-shows + funeral

engrave - to carve (an inscription, figures, etc.) upon a surface

retouch - to touch again with a view to improving; to amend or improve by fresh touches.

pudden = pudding

Very like a whale: Polonius ("Hamlet") says this about a cloud.

farce - In cookery: To stuff (an animal, a piece of meat) with force-meat, herbs, etc. (obs); To amplify (a liturgical formula) by the insertion of certain words; to provide (an epistle) with a 'farse' or interpolated vernacular comment.

pemmican - a preparation made by certain North American Indians, consisting of lean meat, dried, pounded, and mixed with melted fat, so as to form a paste, and pressed into cakes; extremely condensed thought, or literary matter containing much information in few words.

nuzzle - to poke or push with the nose in or into something. Also fig.; to burrow or dig with the nose.

trillion - a very large number, 1 000 000 000 000

noddle - the head as the seat of the mind or thought. (Colloq., and usually with playful or contemptuous suggestion of dullness or emptiness.)

sink or swim - Used spec. in reference to the ordeal of suspected witches (to put (a person suspected of witchcraft) to the ordeal of being immersed in water, the proof of innocence being that the person sink);  hence fig. = 'whatever may happen'.

insomnia - inability to sleep; sleeplessness

raddled - confused; worn, broken; ruddled + ruddle - red ocher + (notebook 1924): 'raddle' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 47: (of a pigment used in the Book of Kells) 'of red hæmatite of an earthy nature, such as is termed raddle, there is a plentiful supply in the County Antrim'.

obelisk - a straight horizontal stroke, either simple (-), or with a dot above and one below (÷), used in ancient manuscripts to point out a spurious, corrupt, doubtful, or superfluous word or passage (= obelus, Gr.) in modern use applied to the mark µ used in printing for marginal references, foot-notes, etc. (= dagger) + obeli (l) - critical marks shaped like spits placed opposite spurious passages in text + (notebook 1924): 'red obeli = E O E' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 24: 'Attention is drawn to the error by four obeli in red, running down the middle of the page between the lines, and others round the margins, and red lines about the corners'.                     

cayennepepper - a very pungent powder obtained from the dried and ground pods and seeds of various species of Capsicum.

misalignment - the condition of being out of line or improperly adjusted; bad alignment.

magger = maggot

trifle - a matter of little value or importance; a trivial, paltry, or insignificant affair.

supercilious - haughtily contemptuous in character or demeanour [(notebook 1924): 'supercillious'].

crisscross - to intersect or cross repeatedly

ees - pl. of "e" + Greek ees = epsilon (gr) - small letter E: e but with top loop open + superciliouslooking Greek ees = eta (gr) - long Greek vowel E transliterated by a circumflexed e: ê + supercilium (l) - eyebrow, a circumflex accent mark (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

cowardlike - like, or after the manner of, a coward; cowardly

perched - seated as a bird upon a perch, set up on a high point

out of date - no longer in vogue or fashion or suitable to the time, obsolete, antiqued.

hawk - to chase or hunt game with a trained hawk

to send owls to Athens - to 'carry coals to Newcastle', to take a commodity where it alredy abounds + (notebook 1924): 'Ferre noctuam Athenas owls to Athens coquilles à S Michel'.

geegee - horse, racehorse + gee - "g".

jesiutically - in jesuitical manner (deceitful, dissembling), with cunningly dissembled policy.

Occident - the west

Ostrogothic - rel. to East Goths + (notebook 1924): '*E* ostrogoth'.

kakography (gr) - bad writing (not in accordance with the way in which words are conventionally written).

affected - influenced, acted upon, physically or materially

Etruscan - of or belonging to ancient Etruria or its people; absol. the language of the Etruscans.

stable - Of a language: Having fixed meanings + (notebook 1924): 'Etruscan tabletalk *C*'.

Kinane: St. Patrick 12: (quoting a letter of approbation from the Bishop of Ross) 'The care, the learning, the deeply religious spirit, betrayed in almost every page' [(notebook 1924): 'the learning betrayed in almost every page'].

headstrong - not easily restrained, directed by ungovernable will

pencraft - the craft or art of the pen + paltry - worthless, insignificant.

ghimel - the 3d letter of the Hebrew alphabet, "g" (means 'camel') + Matthew 19:24: 'It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God'.

eye - Typog.: The enclosed space in the letters d, e, o, etc.

iota - "i" (Greek alphabet)

sinistro - - left + gyro - ring, circle + sinistrogyro (l) - I turn around to the left + FDV: Then a sudden sinistrogyric return to some sore point in the past [a word here so cunningly hidden a ______ nest of maze like a fieldmouse in a nest of coloured ribbons] the innocent exhibitionism of those capricious underlinings, [those exotic serpentines [since] properly banished from our scriptures, [the toomuchness and toomanyness of its four legged ems,]] the penelopean patience of the paraphe tailed by a leaping lasso — who thus at this marvelling will not go press on to see the feminine vaulting ambition sex libido of those interbranching sex upsweeps up&insweeps continually sternly controlled and led easily repersuaded by the uniform udeviating course matter of factness of a cold meandering male fist.   

throne - a seat or position of dominion or supremacy


muddy - turbid or foul with mud; not clear in mind, confused, muddled

terranean - rel. to the earth + Mediterranean (Sea)

damn - to affirm to be guilty, condemn, to pronounce to be bad

agglutinate - to unite or fasten as with glue; to glue, to cement

Figures called 'King', 'Queen' and 'Knave', are called court (i.e. coat) or picture-cards + ganz kurz (ger) - quite short + koorts (Dutch) - fever.

doublefold - twofold + Doppelvau (ger) - letter W.

flop - right, just, exactly + rightdown - complete, thorough.

fretful - irritable, peevish, ill-tempered; impatient, restless

fidget - a condition of vague physical uneasiness, seeking relief in irregular bodily movements.

ef - "f"

digamma - the sixth letter of the original Greek alphabet, the sound expressed by it having been gradually lost from the literary language (F).

unfashionable - out of date, outmoded, not in fashion, distorted

lips + lapsus linguae (l) - slip of the tongue.

Joyce's note: 'heterosexual'

boldfaced - type with a thick or 'fat' face (example) [Joyce's note: 'boldface']

wrongheaded - stubborn in adherance to wrong opinion or principles, perverse.