ampersand - "&" + ampersands (Slang) - the posteriors + (four ampersands [111.11-.16]).

glimpse at - to cast a passing glance + glypho (fut. tense glypso) (gr) - to carve, cut out with a knife + glyphe (gr) - a carving, cut-out inscription.

scribbler - one who scribbles or writes hastily or carelessly

vocative case - that case of nouns, adjectives, or pronouns, which in inflected languages is used to express address or invocation

lapse - a 'slip' of the memory, the tongue, the pen, or the understanding; a slight error, a mistake; a decline to a lower state or degree, a fall

accusative - the case which follows prepositions implying motion towards, and expresses the object of transitive verbs, i.e. the destination of the verbal action

aphasia - loss of speech, partial or total, or loss of power to understand written or spoken language, as a result of disorder of the cerebral speech centres

slip - a mistake or fault, esp. one of a slight or trivial character, inadvertently made in writing, speaking, etc. + step by step

slipper - a light and usually heelless covering for the foot; one who slips

misnomer - to misname

ar - "R" + Sullivan, The Book of Kells 47: 'A preference is also shown for the capital R - obviously for greater clearness'.

bellical - pertaining to war, warlike + ars bellica (l) - the art of war.

hieroglyph - a hieroglyphic character; a figure of some object, as a tree, animal, etc., standing for a word

kettledrum - (also known as timpani) musical instrument in the percussion family. A type of drum, it consists of a skin called a head stretched over a large bowl traditionally made of copper, and more recently, constructed of more lightweight fiberglass.

oddsbobs - a mild oath (god’s body) + God's bones! (oath) + skull and crossbones (pirate flag).

wrast = wrest

red handed - fresh from the commission of murder or homicide; having the hands red with blood

hallowed - sanctified, blessed, consecrated, dedicated

rubric - written in red, a direction for the conduct of divine service inserted in liturgical books (printed in red)

truce - cessation or absence of hostilities; peace + truth

booty - plunder, spoil, gain; a prize + beauty

oremus pro Romulo (l) - let us pray for Romulus

fane - a temple

pinnacle - a small ornamental turret, usually terminating in a pyramid or cone, crowning a buttress, or rising above the roof or coping of a building

porter - a person employed to carry luggage and supplies; doorkeeper, someone who guards an entrance

aim - the act of aiming, or pointing the course of anything, the direction of a missile + within an ace of - on the very point of, within a hair's breadth of + within an aim's ace (Anglo-Irish) - very near, almost (from Middle English ambs ace: double ace, lowest throw in dice).

quatrain - a set of four persons (nonce-use.); a stanza of four lines, usually with alternate rimes

Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam - the title that Edward FitzGerald gave to his translation of a selection of poems, originally written in the Persian language and of which there are about a thousand, attributed to Omar Khayyám (1048–1123), a Persian poet, mathematician and astronomer. A Persian ruba'i is a two line stanza with two parts (or hemistechs) per line, hence the word "Rubaiyat", (derived from the Arabic root word for "4"), meaning "quatrains".

arse - ass, buttocks; sexual intercourse + Rubaiyat, page 1 (Fitzgerald's translation): And if the Wine you drink, the Lip you press, / End in the Nothing all Things end in--Yes- / Then fancy while Thou art, Thou art but what / Thou shalt be--Nothing--Thou shalt not be less; (Literal): If with wine you are drunk be happy, / If seated with a moon-faced (beautiful), be happy, / Since the end purpose of the universe is nothing-ness; / Hence picture your nothing-ness, then while you are, be happy!

ROE'S DISTILLERY - Roe and Co, distillers, were at 157-159 Thomas Street; the premises are now incorporated in Guinness's Brewery. There seems to be no record of a major fire at Roe's + Fire at Marrowbone Lane Distillery, Dublin, ca. 1860; whiskey ran down gutters in Cork Street. 

jig jog - to bounce jerkily up and down in proceeding

dicebox - the box from which dice are thrown in gaming, usually of the form of a double truncated cone

whang - a loud sharp vibrant or resonant sound; to attack vigorously, to strike or beat vigorously + Whang the Miller - character in The Citizen of the World by Oliver Goldsmith.

royal - noble, splendid, first-rate. Also (chiefly U.S. colloq.) used as an intensifier + six loyal Northern counties (Ulster).

bluid - blood + blyad' (Russian) - whore.

ooman - woman + 'Queen'.

rouge - a fine red powder used as a cosmetic to give an artificial colour to the cheeks or lips; the red colour in the game of rouge et noir (a game at cards, so called because the table at which it is played has two red and two black diamond-shaped marks, upon which the players place their stakes according to the colour they favour).

lobsters are red when boiled

lock - a tress. In pl. often = the hair of the head collectively

rossy = rosy (a.) + rossy (Anglo-Irish) - impudent girl, brazen woman.

O'Mara, Joseph - Irish tenor, sang Tristan + Omar Khayyam. 

villain - deficient in courtesy or good breeding, boorish + King William II of England was known as William Rufus due to his red face.

rufus - a countryman; a nickname for a red haired person

spoil five - a round game of cards which is said to be 'spoiled' if no player wins three out of a possible five tricks

spud - a digging or weeding implement of the spade-type + {Matthew leads a red six, Mark plays a red queen, Luke plays a red king, but Johnny trumps it with the five of spades, the highest trump in spoil five}

whack - a vigorous stroke with a stick or the like

kisser (Slang) - mouth

K.M. - King's Messenger; Knight of Malta

tunc (l) - then + anagram of 'cunt'.

aisle - a passage-way in a building (esp. a theatre, cinema, etc.)

cruciform - of the form of a (right-angled) cross; cross-shaped + The Letter: P.S. four crosskisses.

basium (l) - a kiss + basia (l) - kisses (of a passionate sort)

oscula = osculum - a kiss + Joyce's note: 'osculum (cheek) basium (lips) suavium (tongue)'.

overcarefully - excessively careful

scrape away - to remove (an outer layer or something adhering) by drawing across the surface the edge of some instrument

tenebrous - dark, mysterious, obscure

Tunc page [Tunc cruciferant XPI cum eo duos latrones (l)] - Then were crucified CHRI with him two thieves (Mark 27:38): wording of the Tunc page of the Book of Kells + XPI[CTOC] = CHRI[STOS] (gr) - "Anointed": Christ + The Tunc page of the Book of Kells (Sullivan, The Book of Kells plate XI) is composed a serpentine capital T followed by UNCCR and a smaller U (top third), a line reading CIFIXERANT (centre quarter), and the words XPI CUM EO DU-OS LATRONES arranged in two triangles with apexes touching to form a Saint Andrew's Cross (bottom half) PICTURE

Book of Kells - illuminated gospel book (MS. A.I. 6; Trinity College Library, Dublin) that is a masterpiece of the ornate Hiberno-Saxon style. It is probable that the illumination was begun in the late 8th century at the Irish monastery on the Scottish island of Iona and that after a Viking raid the book was taken to the monastery of Kells in County Meath, where it may have been completed in the early 9th century.

squad - a small number of men, a subdivision or section of a company, formed for drill or told off for some special purpose + On the Tunc page of The Book of Kells (Sullivan, The Book of Kells plate XI) there are three small rectangular panels cut into the margins, each containing the heads and shoulders of five figures in profile.

crucial - very important + cruciarius (l) - pertaining to the cross + Rosicrucians.

panel - a distinct piece or portion of some surface usually contained in a frame or border

Saint Columba (521 - 597), sometimes referred to as Columba of Iona, or, in Old Irish, as Colm Cille or Columcille (meaning "Dove of the church") + 'The Book of Kells', also known as 'The Book of Columba' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 4: 'the famous Book of Kells, or as it is often called the Book of Colum Cille'.

chug - to move with a sound characteristic of a steam engine + choked

ballot box - a box in which voting ballots are deposited, or from which, in drawing lots, small balls are taken out

set apart - to lay aside; to get rid of, to dismiss from one's consideration

hanging committee - a committee having charge of the managing of pictures in an exhibition

degree awarded with distinction - acknowledgement of excellence awarded to candidates in some examination

Two's company, three's a crowd (proverb) + "The first indication of the fact that numbers larger than two were once treated as "many" comes from some five millennia ago. In the language of Sumer in Mesopotamia, the name for the number 3, "es," served also as the mark of plurality (like the suffix "s" in English). Similarly, ethnographic
studies in 1890 of the natives of the islands in the Torres Strait, between Australia and Papua New Guinea, showed that they used a system known as two-counting. They used the words "urapun" for "one," "okosa" for "two," and then combinations such as "okosaurapun" for "three" and "okosa-okosa" for "four." For numbers larger than four, the islanders used the word "ras" (many). Almost identical forms of nomenclatures were found in other indigenous populations from Brazil (the Botocudos) to South Africa (Zulus). (Mario Livio: The Golden Ratio)

labio- - the lips + lingua (l) - tongue + labiolingualis (l) - pertaining to the lips and tongue.

basium (l) - a (passionate) kiss

suavium (l) - a kiss + Joyce's note: 'basium (lips) suavium (tongue)'.

with tongue in one’s cheek - saying something that one does not seriously mean

embracer - one who embraces, one who adopts (a doctrine, religion, etc.)

droop - to hang or sink down + (notebook 1924): 'lines drooping ends' Crépieux-Jamin, Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 185: 'The line begins to droop and droops more and more until the end of the letter'.

dwindle - to become smaller and smaller, to shrink + Joyce's note: 'droopadindle' ('a' not clear).

slope - upward or downward inclination; deviation from the horizontal or perpendicular

blarned (Joyce's note) → Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 247n (sec. 245): 'There exists also a word blarned, a blending of blamed and damned (darned)'.

scrawl - something scrawled; a hastily and badly written letter, a careless sketch

imperfectible - incapable of being made perfect + Joyce's note: 'imperfectible' Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 271: 'handwriting specimens of a girl of 13, depraved enough to disturb all who come close to her. Her character is one of the worst and people bitterly complain of her laziness, her disobedience, her lies and her stubbornness, which make her appear incorrigible'

'morally blind *C*' (Joyce's note) → Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 301: (after discussing physical blindness) 'Intellectual or moral blindness is no less essential to help us form our judgements of character'.