em - "M" + Joyce's notebooks contain some four-legged m's + Four Masters.

"D" + dia (Irish) - god (Pronunciation 'djee-e')

why O, why (Joyce's note) + YHWH - Tetragrammaton, God's unpronouncable name in Judaism.

cut and dry - in accordance with a plan, prepared and arranged in advance; ordinary, routine

"X" and "Y"

semifinal - next to the last + 'Ithaca' (Ulysses chapter, uses 'impersonal catechism').

Greek alphabet has 18 simple letters plus 6 compound additional letters: th, ph, ch, ks, ps and ô (=oo) + Ulysses has eighteen chapters, The Odyssey has twenty-four books.

Maurice Darantière - printed Ulysses in Dijon, 1922, as Mr Halper points out. Darantiere is the last name in Ulysses.  

zed - "Z" + said

Penelopean - rel. to the web or weaving, or time-gaining policy of Penelope + 'Penelope' (end chapter of Ulysses).

paraph - a flourish made after a signature, originally as a kind of precaution against forgery

colophon - the inscription or device, sometimes pictorial or emblematic, formerly placed at the end of a book or manuscript, and containing the title, the scribe's or printer's name, date and place of printing, etc.

stroke - a mark or dash made by a single movement of a pen + (notebook 1924): '5 strokes to 1 letter' Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 193: 'It is not rare to come across a single letter traced with several strokes of the pen' + 732 pages in first edition of Ulysses.

tail - to follow like a tail

lasso - a long rope of untanned hide, from 10 to 30 yards in length, having at the end a noose to catch cattle and wild horses

vaulting - leaping upwards, that vaults or leaps

libido - a sexual desire, emotional or psychic evergy + (notebook 1923): 'Is - her libido' → Mordell: The Erotic Motive in Literature 161: (of Troilus in Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde) 'The fear that he experienced at day, that his sweetheart would be lost to him - the anxiety that his libido would be repressed, become an anxiety dream'.

interbranch - occuring between branches

ogham - a system of alphabetic writing found in the British isles (5 th. century) [Joyce's note: 'ogham']

sweep - movement with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions + (up and in sweeps with a broom or as if with a broom).

repersuade - to persuade again

meandering - that meanders, flexuous, winding

duff - buttocks + duff (Anglo-Irish) - black + Muggli (ger) - (little mosquito) + deaf-mute.

dekter, dektos (gr) - a receiver + skopeo (gr) - to watch + phoneeis (gr) - vocal, sounding + scophony - a propriety name for a television system + Scophony system of supersonic light control - mechanical forerunner of television tube.

photosensitive - responding to light in some way

supra- - above, higher + supersonic - rel. to the sound waves inaudible to the human ear (>20.000 Hz); supersonic speed.

log - a record of performance, to enter details + look for - to seek, to search for.

turn out - to produce, as by a manufacturing process

chromophilos (gr) - color lover + 'omos (gr) - same, common.

centime - 1/100 francs

micro- - small, minute + amp - ampere (abbr.); amplifier + microamp - small unit of current.

paddy - Irishman, policeman + go easy (on or with) - to use sparingly; to act cautiously, to proceed with caution + William Carleton: Paddy-Go-Easy + happy-go-lucky.

Ulyssean - characteristic of, or resembling, Ulysses in craft or deceit, or in extensive wanderings + ulykke (Danish) - misfortune, accident.

tetrachoric - rel. to method of statistical correlation between variables that do not admit of exact measurement + tetracheirikos (gr) - four handed + tetracheir (gr) - having four hands (like an ape).

quadrumane - four handed, ape like (in destructiveness) + manus (l) - hand.

duck and drake - idle play, reckless squandering

dot and dash - ". -" (Morse alphabet)

perplex - perplexity, entanglement + FDV: Duff -Moeggli called this kind of partnership the Odyssean or heterochiric complex from after the wellinformed observation that in the case of the littleknown periplic poem popularly associated with that name a Punic admiralty report has been cleverly capsized & refloated by then saucily reissued as a dodecanesian baedeker of an every-place-tale-a-treat-itself variety which should amply could hope to satisfy the gander as well as the goose.

forestalling - anticipation, the action of appropriating beforehand + Vorstellungen uber das Studium (ger) - conceptions of the study.

studium - study (a seat of learning, university)

sexophone - an imaginary musical instrument resembling a saxophone and producing sexual sensations + sexo- (l) - sex + phono- (gr) - sound + logistikos (gr) - skilled in calculating + sexophonologistikos (l-g) - skilled in calculating sex sounds.

schizophrenia - a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown in the relation between thoughts, feelings, and actions, usu. with a withdrawal from social activity and the occurrence of delusions and hallucinations [Joyce's note: 'schizophrenia'] + phrenesis - inflammation of the brain or of its membranes, attended with delirium and fever; brain fever.

wellinformed - well equipped with information, fully furnished with knowledge

master - Used for: A work (of painting or sculpture) by a master + Master Kung & Jung & Freud.

cf. - L. confer 'compare' 

abaft - back, behind, in the rear

passim - indication that something in the book can be found at many places

periploos (gr) - circumnavigation, account of a coasting voyage + periplus - Latinization of an ancient Greek word, periplous (contracted from periploos), literally "a sailing-around; a circumnavigation, a sea voyage around a coastline, a record of such a voyage.


wretched - living in a state of misery, poverty or degradation; unhappy

mariner - a sailor, seaman + Samuel Taylor Coleridge: 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner'.

tria (gr) - three

Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.167: 'Chapeau à prunes sucées... en forme de noyau ou d'amande' (French 'Sugar-plum hat... in the form of a nut or an almond').

shop keeper - a merchant who owns or manages a shop

Punic - belonging to Carthage; Carthaginian + Les Pheniciens et l'Odyssee (1902-1903) - a book by Victor Berard with thesis that the Odyssey is based on Phoenician periploos of the western Mediterranean, in Homer's time unknown to the Greeks.

admiralty - the department of the British government that once had control over all naval affairs; a court exercising jurisdiction over all maritime cases

Macpherson, James (1736-96) - Scottish "translator" of Ossian's poems, whose hero is Ossian's father, Fingal on Finn MacCool

Jason's voyage in the Argo to the Black Sea in quest of the Golden Fleece + Jesus Christ.

capsize - to upset, overturn (esp. on the water)

saucily - disrespectfully, impudently

republish - to publish again

dodecanesian - rel. to Dodecanese islands in the Agean

baedeker - guide book, handbook + Baedecker's guidebooks to European cities and countries.

treat - something highly enjoyable; a great pleasure, delight, or gratification

tickle - to excite agreeably; to give pleasure or amusement to + FDV: a Punic admiralty report has been cleverly capsized & refloated by then saucily reissued as a dodecanesian baedeker of an every-place-tale-a-treat-itself variety which should amply could hope to satisfy the gander as well as the goose.

me - my

goose (Slang) - prostitute + guza (Serbian) - arse, buttock + game of goose - a game played with counters on a board divided into compartments, in some of which a goose was depicted (obs.) = fox and geese.

FDV: The identity of the persons in the complex came to light in a curious way. The original document was what is known as unbreakable script tracery, that is to say, it had no signs of punctuation of any kind. On holding it to the light it was seen to be pierced or punctuated (in the university sense of the word) by numerous dots cuts and gashes inflicted made by a pronged instrument. These paper wounds, four in type, were gradually understood to mean stop, please stop, do please stop, and O do please stop respectively and investigation showed that they were provoked by the fork of a professor at the breakfast table professionally trying piqued to introduce tempo into [a plane] surface by making holes in space. Deeply religious by nature it was correctly suspected that such anger could not openly have been directed against the ancestral spirit of her who one openly respected by him once a week as our first boys' best friend and when it was at last noticed detected that the fourth or heaviest gash was most more frequent where wherever the script was clear and the term terse and that these were the exact places carefully selected for her perforations by Dame Partland Partlet on the dunghill reluctantly the theory of the jabbering ape was abandoned hotly dropped and its place usurped by that odious & even now today insufficiently despised person notetaker, Jim the Penman.

unmistaken - that can not be mistaken  

TIBERIAS - Town on Western shore of the Sea of Galilee, on Lake Tiberias (where Jesus divided the loaves and fishes and walked on water; John 6). Founded around 20 CE and named after the emperor Tiberius, it became the chief center of rabbinic scholarship, where the Jerusalem Talmud was edited. The Massonite scholars in Tiberias introduced the "points" for vowels in Hebrew script + Tiberius, Roman emperor (A.D. 14-37) at time of Christ's crucifixion. 

duplex - orig. U.S. A house made up of two dwelling units + duplex (l) - twofold, double + (Oedipus complex).

devious - deviating or swerving from the straight way + FDV: The identity of the persons in the complex came to light in a curious way.

Hanno the navigator (fl. 500 B.C.) wrote an account of a voyage along the west coast of Africa. Inscribed on a tablet in the Phoenician tongue, it was hung in the temple of Melkarth. The primary source for the account of Hanno's expedition is a Greek translation, titled Periplus, of a tablet Hanno is reported to have hung up on his return to Carthage in the temple of Ba'al Hammon whom Greek writers identified with Kronos + hanno o non hanno (it) - they have or have not.

unbrookable - unendurable, unbearable + Brook, Charlotte (d. 1793) - authoress who published in 1789 ("with somewhat effusive apologies for leaving her pianoforte and needlepoint") Reliques of Irish Poetry; The "reliques" are poems in the Irish character with translations in English verse, including poems about Cuchulain, Deirdre, Finn.

script - a particular orthography or writing system + FDV: The original document was what is known as unbreakable script tracery, that is to say, it had no signs of punctuation of any kind.  

punctuation - the practice, art, method, or system of inserting points or 'stops' to aid the sense, in writing or printing; division of written or printed matter into sentences, clauses, etc. by means of points or stops + Sullivan, The Book of Kells 35: 'We find, as a fact, in the Book of Kells, many consecutive lines... where there is no trace of punctuation at all' + 'Penelope' chapter of Ulysses, has no punctuation.

verso - a left hand page + Joyce's note: 'recto/verso' → Sullivan: The Book of Kells 10: 'From fol. 20 R. to 26 V.' [.36] [124.02]

rush - grasslike plants growing in wet places and having cylindrical often hollow stems (used for burning; also ellipt., as in rushlight: primitive candle, rush dipped in grease) + rushlight (Slang) - liquor + "Bygmester Finnegan, of the Stuttering Hand, freemen's maurer, lived in the broadest way immarginable in his rushlit toofarback for messuages before joshuan judges had given us numbers or Helviticus committed deuteronomy..."

Morse Code + "James Henry Breasted is generally acknowledged as a scholar of great merit, and a brilliant writer whose works had a great popular appeal; his 'A History of Egypt' had been through eight printings by March, 1923. Joyce seems to have been more interested in another of Breasted's works, 'Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt' (1912). In this book Breasted attempts to trace religious and intellectual progress from the earliest times to Christian days in Egypt. In a book which was considered "epoch making in its significance for the history of human thought" (Wilson, p. 141), he develops the thesis that the Mosaic ethical tradition originated thousands of years before Moses in the solar religion of Heliopolis. The importance of the book lies in its comparative treatment of the Mosaic tradition, hence the play on "book of Moses". The Judeo-Christian heritage is traced back to worship of the sun, "the world's oldest light"." (Mark L. Troy: 'Mummeries of Resurrection)

Massey, Gerald: Ancient Egypt The Light of the World + (sun).

recto - a right side page

piquant - that stimulates keen interest or curiosity; pleasantly stimulating or disquieting + (notebook 1924): 'piquant fact'.