pierce - to penetrate, or run through or into (a substance), as a sharp-pointed instrument does.

puncture - to pierce with a sharp point; spec. To mark (the skin) with punctures; to tattoo.

stab - to make a hole through something; a wound produced by stabbing

foliated - shaped like a leaf or leaves, ornamented like leaves

gash - to make a cut or deep slash in any material object; a cleft in any object, such as would be made by a slashing cut + gash (Anglo-Irish) - concluding ornamental curved flourish made with a pen.

pronged - furnished with or having prongs + prong - a projecting spur of any natural object (esp. of one with several such), as a tooth, a deer's horn, a rock, etc.

1920s joke about a young lady being petted by a man and exclaiming: 'Stop!!!! Please stop!!! Do please stop!! O do please stop! O do please!! O do!!! O!!!!'

circumflex - bend or bending round, circuitous, winding + circumflexus (l) - bent; a vault.

sinle minded - frank, honest, open, having but one aim or purpose

asylum - a secure place of refuge, shelter, or retreat; a sanctuary or inviolable place of refuge and protection for criminals and debtors, from which they cannot be forcibly removed without sacrilege; a benevolent institution affording shelter and support to some class of the afflicted, the unfortunate, or destitute; e.g. a 'lunatic asylum'.

accentuated - emphasized, strongly marked

bits of broken glass and split china

the Yard - short for 'Scotland Yard'

inquiry - research, investigation, query, question


pique - to stimulate or excite to action or activity; to instigate or provoke, esp. by arousing  envy, rivalry, jealousy, or other passion.


punct - point; to prick, pierce + Punkt (ger) - period, point + puncting - pricking, piercing.


Old Italian writing placed 'i' before an 's' followed by consonant (e.g. Italian ispazio: space) + (notebook 1924): 'hole in space'.

thee (Dutch) - tea + thé (fr) - tea (teastain; letter end, FW end, Tristan)

smørrebrød (Danish) - an open-faced sandwich, buttered bread + bread and butter - a slice of bread and butter; the means of living; spec. Of or pertaining to the age when bread-and-butter is extensively consumed; boyish, girlish; esp. school-girlish;                       

new laid - Of eggs: Newly or freshly laid + newlaid eggs

ire - wrath, anger; air

visit - to inflict hurt, harm, or punishment upon (a person); to avenge, or inflict punishment for (wrongdoing) on or upon (also in, into) a person.

Brotfresser (ger) - bread-eater; professor (jocular) + professor

prender - the power or right under the law of taking a thing without its being offered + Prendergast, Reverend Patrick (d. 1824) - last lord abbot of Cong. He kept the Cross of Cong in an unlocked cupboard. A valuable collection of Irish manuscripts was left by him on his table once, and when he returned, his tailor had cut them up for measures. The destructive professor of 124.7-15 is Shaun-as-Wyndham Lewis whose Time and Western Man contains a chapter called "Time Upon the Social Plane in Philosophy".

underwit - silly, sensless, foolish; a poor or inferior kind of wit

pneuma - universal spirit, vital soul; spirit, soul + pneuma (gr) - wind, air, breath.

rheuma (l) - flow, flux + rheuma (gr) - that which flows, current, stream.

venerate - to regard with feelings of respect and reverence, to pay honour to (something) by a distinct act of reverence.

cockspur - a horny modification of the skin at a cock’s leg used in fighting

common - a common land or estate; the undivided land belonging to the members of a local community as a whole. Hence, often, the patch of unenclosed or 'waste' land which remains to represent that.

the apple of someone’s eye - a person who is most dear to the person specified.

proverb A boy's best friend is his mother

by the way - along the side of the road, in the course of journey; incidentally, a casual comment.

peer - to look narrowly, esp. in order to discern something indistinct or difficult to make out.

fourleaved - having four leaves

shamrock - a plant with trifoliate leaves, used (according to a late tradition) by St. Patrick to illustrate the doctrine of the Trinity, and hence adopted as the national emblem of Ireland.

quadrifoil - having four leaves, an ornament having four radiating leaflets or petals + Sullivan, The Book of Kells 36: 'the dots of which the puctuation is formed are... almost always square in shape, or quadrilateral - not round... here may perhaps be found an additional argument for ascribing a later date to the Book of Kells' (e.g. 9th century instead of 6th century).

jab - an act of jabbing, an abrupt blow with something pointed + Joyce's note: 'trefoil' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 28: 'the Kells Manuscript is full of foliageous forms such as the trefoil and the vine'.

recurrent - happening again and again

term - a word or phrase used in a definite or precise sense in some particular subject, as a science or art.

terse - freed from verbal redundancy; neatly concise

selfsame - precisely the same

perforation - the action of perforating, boring through, or piercing

Dame Partlet - a word used as the proper name of any hen; also applied, like 'hen', to a woman; heroine of Chaucer's "Nun's Priest's Tale." 

dung heap - a heap of dung, a dung hill

Wasserung (ger) - watering, dilution + spiel- (ger) - play + grown in praty-land (Ireland) only: Shamrock (S); fowl: Hen (H); mi in fixed-do system of solmisation: E (E); not you: Me (M); case ending: -US (US) = SHEMUS.

praties (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - potatoes

swarm - a body of bees which at a particular season leave the hive or main stock, gather in a compact mass or cluster, and fly off together in search of a new dwelling-place, under the guidance of a queen.

bees + bisse (Danish) - hooligan

bonny - comely, beautiful + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.353: (of euphemistic appellations for the devil) 'le Petit bonnet rouge' (French 'the Little red bonnet').

modest - Of women, their attributes and behaviour: Governed by the proprieties of the sex; decorous in manner and conduct; not forward, impudent, or lewd.

Camhelsson, Fjorgn - Finn MacCool, "in mock Gaelic and Old Norse."

kvinne (Danish) = kvinne (Norwegian) - woman + Queen's County - County Leix.

fervour - passion, vehemence, intense zeal

spoil - goods, esp. such as are valuable, taken from an enemy or captured city in time of war; In spoil-five: A drawn game.

William IV, "The Sailor King" (1765-1837) - king of England. 

sup - a small quantity of liquid, a sip, drink

foam - to form foam, to be angry, rage

fox and geese - a game played on a board with pegs, draughtsmen, or the like

L'Auberge du Père Adam (fr) - Father Adam's Pub

Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.353: (of euphemistic appellations for the devil) 'le Vieux Jérôme' (French 'the Old Jerome') + Rome, Jerusalem + Saint Cummian, regarded as heretic at time of 7th century Paschal dispute, justified himself by claiming compliance with Rome, Jerusalem, Antioch and Alexandria ('the four-fold Apostolic See').

huffsnuff - a boasting violently active soldier; adventurer or ruffian, swaggerer; a conceited person quick to take offence (obs).

Athens + ANTIOCH - Ancient city on the Orontes River, now Antakya in Turkey; a very early center for Christian missionary activity. 


quiz - to make sport or fun of (a person or thing), to turn to ridicule; to question, interrogate (a person); to find out (a thing) by questioning.

weekender - one who spends the week-ends away from home