pierce - to penetrate, or run through or into (a substance), as a sharp-pointed instrument does

puncture - to pierce with a sharp point; spec. To mark (the skin) with punctures; to tattoo + FDV: On holding it to the light it was seen to be pierced or punctuated (in the university sense of the word) by numerous dots cuts and gashes inflicted made by a pronged instrument.

stab - to make a hole through something; a wound produced by stabbing

foliated - shaped like a leaf or leaves, ornamented like leaves

gash - to make a cut or deep slash in any material object; a cleft in any object, such as would be made by a slashing cut; concluding ornamental curved flourish made with a pen (Anglo-Irish).

pronged - furnished with or having prongs + prong - a projecting spur of any natural object (esp. of one with several such), as a tooth, a deer's horn, a rock, etc.

1920s joke about a young lady being petted by a man and exclaiming: 'Stop!!!! Please stop!!! Do please stop!! O do please stop! O do please!! O do!!! O!!!!' + Sullivan: The Book of Kells 35: 'Speaking of the early Irish manuscripts generally... three dots (:.) mark a period; two dots, a comma; (..,), a semicolon; and one dot at half the height of the letters, a comma' (not the system used in the Book of Kells, though).

circumflex - bend or bending round, circuitous, winding  

sinle minded - honest, open; having but one aim or purpose

asylum - a secure place of refuge, shelter, or retreat; a sanctuary or inviolable place of refuge and protection for criminals and debtors, from which they cannot be forcibly removed without sacrilege; a benevolent institution affording shelter and support to some class of the afflicted, the unfortunate, or destitute (e.g. a 'lunatic asylum').

accentuated - emphasized, strongly marked

bits of broken glass and split china

the Yard - short for 'Scotland Yard'

inquiry - research, investigation, query, question

*V* + by a fork of a grave professor.

áth (Irish) - ford

é (Irish) - he + at his + Oliver Wendell Holmes: The Professor at the Breakfast-Table (taunted Muggletonians [123.21] for only accepting criticism from people professing Muggletonianism).

pique - to stimulate or excite to action or activity; to instigate or provoke, esp. by arousing envy, rivalry, jealousy, or other passion


punct - point; to prick, pierce + Punkt (ger) - period, point + puncting - pricking, piercing.

holes + FDV: These paper wounds, four in type, were gradually understood to mean stop, please stop, do please stop, and O do please stop respectively and investigation showed that they were provoked by the fork of a professor at the breakfast table professionally trying piqued to introduce tempo into [a plane] surface by making holes in space.

Old Italian writing placed 'i' before an 's' followed by consonant (e.g. Italian ispazio: space) + (notebook 1924): 'hole in space' + Kenneth Grant: "The star is 'hole in space' through which the energies (shaktis) pour".

thee (Dutch) = thé (fr) - tea (teastain; letter end, FW end, Tristan)

smørrebrød (Danish) - an open-faced sandwich, buttered bread + bread and butter - a slice of bread and butter; the means of living; spec. Of or pertaining to the age when bread-and-butter is extensively consumed; boyish, girlish; esp. school-girlish.


new laid - Of eggs: Newly or freshly laid + newlaid eggs.

ire - wrath, anger; air

visit - to inflict hurt, harm, or punishment upon (a person); to avenge, or inflict punishment for (wrongdoing) on or upon (also in, into) a person

Brotfresser (ger) - bread-eater; professor (jocular) + Brotprofessor (ger) - Schiller's term for pedant just working for bread and butter + professor

prender - the power or right under the law of taking a thing without its being offered + Prendergast, Reverend Patrick (d. 1824) - last lord abbot of Cong. He kept the Cross of Cong in an unlocked cupboard. A valuable collection of Irish manuscripts was left by him on his table once, and when he returned, his tailor had cut them up for measures. The destructive professor of 124.7-15 is Shaun-as-Wyndham Lewis whose Time and Western Man contains a chapter called "Time Upon the Social Plane in Philosophy".

underwit - silly, sensless, foolish; a poor or inferior kind of wit + unwittingly.

pneuma - universal spirit, vital soul; spirit, soul + pneuma (gr) - wind, air, breath + FDV: Deeply religious by nature it was correctly suspected that such anger could not openly have been directed against the ancestral spirit of her who one openly respected by him once a week as our first boys' best friend

rheuma - a non-specific term for medical problems affecting the joints and connective tissue + rheuma (l) - flow, flux + rheuma (gr) - that which flows, current, stream.

venerate - to pay honour to (something) by a distinct act of reverence

cockspur - a horny modification of the skin at a cock’s leg used in fighting

common - a common land or estate; the undivided land belonging to the members of a local community as a whole. Hence, often, the patch of unenclosed or 'waste' land which remains to represent that.

apple of someone’s eye - a person who is most dear to the person specified

A boy's best friend is his mother (proverb)

by the way - along the side of the road, in the course of journey; incidentally, a casual comment

peer - to look narrowly, esp. in order to discern something indistinct or difficult to make out

fourleaved - having four leaves

shamrock - a plant with trifoliate leaves, used (according to a late tradition) by St. Patrick to illustrate the doctrine of the Trinity, and hence adopted as the national emblem of Ireland.

quadrifoil - having four leaves, an ornament having four radiating leaflets or petals + Joyce's note: 'trefoil' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 28: 'the Kells Manuscript is full of foliageous forms such as the trefoil and the vine'.

jab - an act of jabbing, an abrupt blow with something pointed + Sullivan, The Book of Kells 36: 'the dots of which the puctuation is formed are... almost always square in shape, or quadrilateral - not round... here may perhaps be found an additional argument for ascribing a later date to the Book of Kells' (e.g. 9th century instead of 6th century)

recurrent - happening again and again + FDV: and when it was at last noticed detected that the fourth or heaviest gash was most more frequent where wherever the script was clear and the term terse

term - a word or phrase used in a definite or precise sense in some particular subject, as a science or art

terse - freed from verbal redundancy; neatly concise

selfsame - precisely the same + FDV: and that these were the exact places

perforation - the action of perforating, boring through, or piercing

Dame Partlet - a word used as the proper name of any hen; also applied, like 'hen', to a woman; heroine of Chaucer's "Nun's Priest's Tale" + FDV: carefully selected for her perforations by Dame Partland Partlet on the dunghill

dung heap - a heap of dung, a dung hill

Wasserung (ger) - watering, dilution + spiel- (ger) - play + grown in praty-land (Ireland) only: Shamrock (S); fowl: Hen (H); mi in fixed-do system of solmisation: E (E); not you: Me (M); case ending: -US (US) = SHEMUS [.17] [.21] [.27].

praties (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - potatoes + prati (Italian) - meadows + prati (Serbian) - to wash.

swarm - a body of bees which at a particular season leave the hive or main stock, gather in a compact mass or cluster, and fly off together in search of a new dwelling-place, under the guidance of a queen.

bees + bisse (Danish) - hooligan + bis (French) - a second time, twice; an encore + Biss (ger) - a bite + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.322: 'rire comme un tas de mouches' (French 'to laugh like a heap of flies').

bonny - comely, beautiful + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.353: (of euphemistic appellations for the devil) 'le Petit bonnet rouge' (French 'the Little red bonnet').

modest - Of women, their attributes and behaviour: Governed by the proprieties of the sex; decorous in manner and conduct; not forward, impudent, or lewd.

Camhelsson, Fjorgn - Finn MacCool, 'in mock Gaelic and Old Norse'

kvinne (Danish, Norwegian) - woman + Queen's County - County Leix + {exploits of Finn MacCool when he was in the old woman’s country [Ireland] with his soldiers}

fervour - passion, vehemence, intense zeal + father.

first instant - first of this month

yours most faithfully

spoil - goods, esp. such as are valuable, taken from an enemy or captured city in time of war; In spoil-five: A drawn game + {the basket, and Letter’s tea stain}

Norwegian Captain (a later story)

sup - a small quantity of liquid, a sip, drink

foam - to form foam, to be angry, rage + Robert Louis Stevenson: 'Home is the sailor, home from the sea, And the hunter home from the hill'.

fox and geese - a game played on a board with pegs, draughtsmen, or the like + Fox and Geese - district of Dublin + "Is milked Dan Tollan - without indecent exposure - near Fox and Geese every Tuesday and Friday" (James Joyce, Scribbledehobble p. 55.)

L'Auberge du Père Adam (fr) - Father Adam's Pub [003.01]

Jerusalem + Rome + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.353: (of euphemistic appellations for the devil) 'le Vieux Jérôme' (French 'the Old Jerome')

huffsnuff - a conceited person quick to take offence + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.402n: (quoting Cotgrave) 'Lifrelofre, a huff-snuff, swag bellie, puff-bag. A word coined in derision of the Germans and Swissers' + Ephesus.

ANTIOCH - Ancient city on the Orontes River, now Antakya in Turkey; a very early center for Christian missionary activity.

AlexandriaRome, Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria - 'the four-fold Apostolic See'.  

quiz - to question, interrogate (a person)

weekender - someone who vacations on a weekend