puncture - to pierce with a sharp point; spec. To mark (the skin) with punctures; to tattoo.
stab - to make a hole through something; a wound produced by stabbing
foliated - shaped like a leaf or leaves, ornamented like leaves
gash - to make a cut or deep slash in any material object; a cleft in any object, such as would be made by a slashing cut + gash (Anglo-Irish) - concluding ornamental curved flourish made with a pen.
pronged - furnished with or having prongs + prong - a projecting spur of any natural object (esp. of one with several such), as a tooth, a deer's horn, a rock, etc.
1920s joke about a young lady being petted by a man and exclaiming: 'Stop!!!! Please stop!!! Do please stop!! O do please stop! O do please!! O do!!! O!!!!'
circumflex - bend or bending round, circuitous, winding + circumflexus (l) - bent; a vault.
sinle minded - frank, honest, open, having but one aim or purpose
asylum - a secure place of refuge, shelter, or retreat; a sanctuary or inviolable place of refuge and protection for criminals and debtors, from which they cannot be forcibly removed without sacrilege; a benevolent institution affording shelter and support to some class of the afflicted, the unfortunate, or destitute; e.g. a 'lunatic asylum'.
accentuated - emphasized, strongly marked
bits of broken glass and split china
the Yard - short for 'Scotland Yard'
inquiry - research, investigation, query, question
pique - to stimulate or excite to action or activity; to instigate or provoke, esp. by arousing envy, rivalry, jealousy, or other passion.
punct - point; to prick, pierce + Punkt (ger) - period, point + puncting - pricking, piercing.
Old Italian writing placed 'i' before an 's' followed by consonant (e.g. Italian ispazio: space) + (notebook 1924): 'hole in space'.
thee (Dutch) - tea + thé (fr) - tea (teastain; letter end, FW end, Tristan)
smørrebrød (Danish) - an open-faced sandwich, buttered bread + bread and butter - a slice of bread and butter; the means of living; spec. Of or pertaining to the age when bread-and-butter is extensively consumed; boyish, girlish; esp. school-girlish;
new laid - Of eggs: Newly or freshly laid + newlaid eggs
ire - wrath, anger; air
visit - to inflict hurt, harm, or punishment upon (a person); to avenge, or inflict punishment for (wrongdoing) on or upon (also in, into) a person.
Brotfresser (ger) - bread-eater; professor (jocular) + professor
prender - the power or right under the law of taking a thing without its being offered + Prendergast, Reverend Patrick (d. 1824) - last lord abbot of Cong. He kept the Cross of Cong in an unlocked cupboard. A valuable collection of Irish manuscripts was left by him on his table once, and when he returned, his tailor had cut them up for measures. The destructive professor of 124.7-15 is Shaun-as-Wyndham Lewis whose Time and Western Man contains a chapter called "Time Upon the Social Plane in Philosophy".
underwit - silly, sensless, foolish; a poor or inferior kind of wit
pneuma - universal spirit, vital soul; spirit, soul + pneuma (gr) - wind, air, breath.
rheuma (l) - flow, flux + rheuma (gr) - that which flows, current, stream.
venerate - to regard with feelings of respect and reverence, to pay honour to (something) by a distinct act of reverence.
cockspur - a horny modification of the skin at a cock’s leg used in fighting
common - a common land or estate; the undivided land belonging to the members of a local community as a whole. Hence, often, the patch of unenclosed or 'waste' land which remains to represent that.
the apple of someone’s eye - a person who is most dear to the person specified.
proverb A boy's best friend is his mother
by the way - along the side of the road, in the course of journey; incidentally, a casual comment.
peer - to look narrowly, esp. in order to discern something indistinct or difficult to make out.
fourleaved - having four leaves
shamrock - a plant with trifoliate leaves, used (according to a late tradition) by St. Patrick to illustrate the doctrine of the Trinity, and hence adopted as the national emblem of Ireland.
quadrifoil - having four leaves, an ornament having four radiating leaflets or petals + Sullivan, The Book of Kells 36: 'the dots of which the puctuation is formed are... almost always square in shape, or quadrilateral - not round... here may perhaps be found an additional argument for ascribing a later date to the Book of Kells' (e.g. 9th century instead of 6th century).
jab - an act of jabbing, an abrupt blow with something pointed + Joyce's note: 'trefoil' → Sullivan, The Book of Kells 28: 'the Kells Manuscript is full of foliageous forms such as the trefoil and the vine'.
recurrent - happening again and again
term - a word or phrase used in a definite or precise sense in some particular subject, as a science or art.
terse - freed from verbal redundancy; neatly concise
selfsame - precisely the same
perforation - the action of perforating, boring through, or piercing
Dame Partlet - a word used as the proper name of any hen; also applied, like 'hen', to a woman; heroine of Chaucer's "Nun's Priest's Tale."
dung heap - a heap of dung, a dung hill
Wasserung (ger) - watering, dilution + spiel- (ger) - play + grown in praty-land (Ireland) only: Shamrock (S); fowl: Hen (H); mi in fixed-do system of solmisation: E (E); not you: Me (M); case ending: -US (US) = SHEMUS.
praties (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - potatoes
swarm - a body of bees which at a particular season leave the hive or main stock, gather in a compact mass or cluster, and fly off together in search of a new dwelling-place, under the guidance of a queen.
bees + bisse (Danish) - hooligan
bonny - comely, beautiful + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.353: (of euphemistic appellations for the devil) 'le Petit bonnet rouge' (French 'the Little red bonnet').
modest - Of women, their attributes and behaviour: Governed by the proprieties of the sex; decorous in manner and conduct; not forward, impudent, or lewd.
Camhelsson, Fjorgn - Finn MacCool, "in mock Gaelic and Old Norse."
kvinne (Danish) = kvinne (Norwegian) - woman + Queen's County - County Leix.
fervour - passion, vehemence, intense zeal
spoil - goods, esp. such as are valuable, taken from an enemy or captured city in time of war; In spoil-five: A drawn game.
William IV, "The Sailor King" (1765-1837) - king of England.
sup - a small quantity of liquid, a sip, drink
foam - to form foam, to be angry, rage
fox and geese - a game played on a board with pegs, draughtsmen, or the like
L'Auberge du Père Adam (fr) - Father Adam's Pub
Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.353: (of euphemistic appellations for the devil) 'le Vieux Jérôme' (French 'the Old Jerome') + Rome, Jerusalem + Saint Cummian, regarded as heretic at time of 7th century Paschal dispute, justified himself by claiming compliance with Rome, Jerusalem, Antioch and Alexandria ('the four-fold Apostolic See').
huffsnuff - a boasting violently active soldier; adventurer or ruffian, swaggerer; a conceited person quick to take offence (obs).
Athens + ANTIOCH - Ancient city on the Orontes River, now Antakya in Turkey; a very early center for Christian missionary activity.
quiz - to make sport or fun of (a person or thing), to turn to ridicule; to question, interrogate (a person); to find out (a thing) by questioning.
weekender - one who spends the week-ends away from home