shoot off - to pass swiftly and suddenly from one place to another, rush, dart

hiss - a sharp continuous spirant sound such as is emitted serpents, 's'

muddle up - to mix up blunderingly, to confuse together

mishmash - a confused mixture; a medley, hodgepodge, jumble

dismantle - to strip (dress or covering), divest; to wear down, destroy

Noah (drunk, Genesis 9:21)

howbeit - however it may be, be that as it may, nevertheless, however + Comyn: The Youthful Exploits of Fionn: 'howbeit, we heard not a son to leave by him'.

oceanic - rel. to ocean or Oceania + A version of Comyn's The Youthful Exploits of Fionn published by Ossianic Society, Dublin.

old man - father + Comyn: The Youthful Exploits of Fionn: 'in his old man' (old age).

ignorance - the fact or condition of being ignorant, want of knowledge

Comyn: The Youthful Exploits of Fionn: Tulcha MacCumhall, Finn's brother.

lit. trans. an la bhi ann (gael) - that day, on that day + the day was in it (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - that day, on that day.

morrow - morning; the next following day + Comyn: The Youthful Exploits of Fionn: 'on the morrow' (literally 'after the morrow').

Diarmaid (Dermot) - disintegration of Fianna begins when handsome Diarmaid elopes with Gráinne (Grace), a king's daughter whom Finn, as an old man, wishes to marry. Later, when Diarmaid is wounded, Finn lets him die for lack of water + Diarmaid Mac Murchadha (d'irmid' mok murukhu) (gael) - Freeman son of Murchadh ("sea-warrior"); anglic. Dermot Mac Morrough, Leinster king who invited Anglo-Norman invasion, and who abducted Dervorgilla, wife of Tiernan O'Rourke. 

psalter - The Book of Psalms, as one of the books of the Old Testament

juxta - - near, by the side of, immediately adjacent + juncture - the action of joining together, joint + juxtajunctor (l) - a harnesser-together.

to pass out of - to issue from, leave + Comyn: The Youthful Exploits of Fionn: 'out of each desert into its fellow'.


Comyn: The Youthful Exploits of Fionn: Torba, one wife of Finn's father.

millinary - rel. to millenium (1.000 years) + military

Tommy Atkins - a name for the typical private soldier in the British army + totty - dazed, fuddled; a little child + totty (Dublin Slang) - girl; prostitute.

formella (l) - a little mould for baking in + Formel (ger) - formula + formerly

confound - to mix up in idea, erroneously regard or treat as identical, fail to distinguish.

amusement - musing, mental abstraction, reverie (obs.)

billiard ball - solid ivory balls for playing billiards

up and down - to and fro, here and there, thoroughly, completely, bluntly, directly, very steep, perpendicular.

ladder - an appliance made of wood, metal, or rope, usually portable, consisting of a series of bars or steps fixed between two supports, by means of which one may ascend to or descend from a height; lather (for shaving).

Hans - a familiar abbreviated form in German and Dutch of Johannes, John; hence, a German or Dutchman + Hans de Koerier (Dutch ) - Shaun the Post.

laughing - laughter + According to Ben Jonson, Shakespeare had 'smalle Latine and lesse Greeke'.

cheek - cool confidence, effrontery, impudence + to have the cheek (to do anything) - to have the 'face', audacity or effrontery.

bulb of percussion - the convex protuberance on the fractured surface of a flint + The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. II, 'Archaeology', 344d: 'If it were possible to determine with precision what were the peculiarities of the flint... thus altered by natural agencies, it would be easy to separate them from others purposely made by man... Even the one feature that is commonly held to determine human agency, the "bulb of percussion," cannot be considered satisfactory'.

Dublin phrase: It is as true as Essex Bridge.

I swan to man - I swear to God

jabber - rapid and indistinct or unintelligible talk, gabble, chatter, gibberish + Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking-Glass ch. I: 'Looking-Glass House': 'Jabberwocky'.

amok - in a violently raging manner + among

shower - to wet with shower + hovering - that hangs poised in the air.


hotly - eagerly, hastily, ardently

odious - causing or exciting hatred or repugnance, disagreeable, offensive, repulsive.

snatcher - one who snatches, a thief, a kidnapper + Joyce's note: 'notesnatcher'; MS 47473-39, TsILS: that odious and still today insufficiently despised ^+malestimated+^ note taker ^+snatcher,+^ Shem the penman | JJA 46:337 | Feb-Mar 1925 |

kakke (gr) - human ordure, shit + kak (gr) - letter K + kak (Dutch) - shit + cac (kok) (gael) - excrement + kak vy pozhivaete, moy chërny Gospodin? (Russian) - how are you, my black sir?

pfui - an exclamation of contempt or disgust + foei (Dutch) - fie! for shame!

bosh - int. Stuff and nonsense! Humbug!

poteen - Whisky distilled privately in Ireland

penman - a person who writes or copies for another, clerk, scribe; author + Jim the Penman - James Townshend Saward (fl. 1831-56) was so known. This respectable English barrister forged £100,000 worth of checks + THE DELIVERY OF THE LETTER