rotabilis (l) - whirling, rotary + rotabile (it) - (of vehicles) wheeled.

toll - a charge for the right of passage along a road (at a turnpike or toll-gate) + the toll of the road (phrase) - its cost in damage, injury and lives.

bred - p.p. of breed

stepson - a son of one’s spouse by a former marriage

heptagon - having seven angles and seven sides

imprison - to confine, shut up (in various connexions)

false + fausse (fr) - false (feminine).

indument - clothing, garment

shovel - to throw as if with shovel; to intrude; to excavate, dig up

arson - the act of wilfully and maliciously setting fire to another man's house, ship, forest, or similar property; or to one's own, when insured, with intent to defraud the insurers.

song Bill Bailey, Won't You Please Come Home?

quadrant - a square; a square thing or piece (also fig.)

tile - a thin slab of burnt clay (used in building generally); a hat (Slang) + to have a tile loose (and similar expressions derived from roofing tiles) - to be slightly crazy, or not quite right in the head.

cad a chlog (kod a khlug) (gael) - what o’clock

longon (French Slang) - penis

stand up (Slang) - to coit with (a girl; originally of perpendicular conjunction)

legge (it) - law + legge (Norwegian) - to put, to lay.

harrow - a heavy frame of timber (or iron) set with iron teeth or tines, which is dragged over ploughed land to break clods, pulverize and stir the soil, root up weeds, or cover in the seed.

moss rose - a garden variety of the cabbage rose, Rosa centifolia

seam - the junction made by sewing together the edges of two pieces or widths of cloth, leather, etc.; a line, groove, furrow or the like formed by the abutting edges of two parts of a thing (on a surface of rock, stone, etc.); Geol. A thin layer or stratum separating two strata of greater magnitude.

fort - a strong position, stronghold

postern - a back door, private entrance

F.E.R.T. - "Fortitudo ejus Rhodum tenuit" (His firmness guarded Rhodes). This is a tribute to Amadeus the Great (b.1249), the founder of the dynasty of Savoy. In 1310 he helped against the Saracens at the siege of Rhodes + Femina erit ruina tua (l) - woman will be thy undoing.

buckler - a small round shield

in chief - in the chief or highest place or position

out-Herod - to out-Herod Herod: to outdo Herod (represented in the old Mystery Plays as a blustering tyrant) in violence; to be more outrageous than the most outrageous; hence, to outdo in any excess of evil or extravagance. (A casual Shaksperian expression, which has become current in the 19th c.)

barker - one who barks, a dog; a noisy assailant; a pistol

SHOOLBRED'S - London department store of James Shoolbred and Co, in Tottenham Count Road.

whitely - quietly + WHITELEY'S DEPARTMENT STORE - The London department store of William Whitehey, Ltd, in Queensway, Bayswater; founded 1863 in Westbourne Grove, it was the 1st of the great London stores.  

sweep - a disreputable person; a scamp, blackguard + Swede

zoomorph - something in the form of an animal + zoomorphologia (gr) - the study of the shape of animals.

omni - - all, universally + omne animal (l) - 'every living creature'.

brooch - to adorn as with a brooch

Edison, Tomas - American inventor (1847-1931) 

lampless - darkened, unlighted

sunbeam - ray of light of the sun + Swann, Sir Joseph (1828-1914) - British inventor of an incandescent lamp.

deep - the deep part of the sea, or of a lake or river; a deep (i.e. secret, mysterious, unfathomable, or vast) region of thought, feeling, or being.

malefactor - one guilty of a heinous offence against the law; a felon, a criminal. 

Frau (ger) - woman

Frou Frou - title of Meilhac and Halévy's opera

dook - duck


battleworthy - fit for use in battle + boose - alcoholic drink, chiefly beer; U.S. esp. spirits + BOSWORTH FIELD - Area in Leics, England, site of the last battle (1485) of the War of the Roses; Richard III ("Crookback") was defeated and killed by Earl of Richmond, hater Henry VII.  

junket - to make merry with good cheer, to feast

boos = 3d. sing of boo - a shout of disapproval, "boo"

baa - to cry baa, bleat

ass + Aas (ger) - carrion.

luke = look

Plunkett, Luke - Dubliner who played Richard III's death scene so comically that the audience demanded an encore. The corpse rose, bowed, died again. 

Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 16: 'A new Opera, written by a lady of this city... entitled "The Cavern; or, the Outlaws." It is surmised that Lady Morgan was the authoress'.

Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 9: 'Business. -- All movements and actions used by actors in playing a scene; such as opening and reading letters, eating or preparing meals, fights, smoking, etc.' [Joyce's note: 'his business - eat, letters, smokes, fights'].

tumbler - glass cup without a handle or foot, having a heavy flat bottom.

minerals - mineral water

to brush up - to brighten up by brushing, to free from dust or cobwebs.

juju - a fetish, charm or amulet of west african tribes; a marijuana cigarette.

toffee - a sweet-meat made from sugar or treacle, butter, and sometimes a little flour, boiled together.

birthday, Christmas, Easter, New Year cards - cards printed with ornamental designs, etc. to be sent (on the occasions indicated) as an expression of compliments or good wishes.

red clay - a fine grained red or reddish brown clay

sahara - a shade of brown or yellow color

iron oxide (red, brown or black) + oxhide - the skin of an ox + iren = iron + song The Exile of Erin.

arraign - to call upon one to answer for himself on a criminal charge; to indict before a tribunal.

attaint - to convict, accuse, condemn; fig. To sully (lustre, purity, etc.) + attaint (Middle English) - convict.

list - to include on a list; to recruit; to enclose, to shut in with rails or like.

lit - to blush deeply + lite (it) - lawsuit, litigation, dispute, quarrel.

plead - to allege or urge as a plea esp. in defence, apology or excuse.

check - a sharp stoppage of motion; an interruption in a course, a sudden stoppage or pause; a written order (on a printed form or otherwise) to a banker by a person having money in the banker's hands, directing him to pay, on presentation, to bearer or to a person named the sum of money stated therein (called in Bank of England books 1717 a Drawn Note).

Bank of England + indgang (Danish) - entrance.

endorse - to sign one's name on the back of (a bill, promissory note, or cheque) + endure - to suffer without resistance, submit to, tolerate.

Lane-Poole: The Speeches & Table-Talk of the Prophet Mohammad xvii: 'Damiri has a saying, "Wisdom hath alighted on three things, the brain of the Franks, the hands of the Chinese, and the tongue of the Arabs"'.

to call the bluff - to make person show his 'hand', to accept the challenge

block - interruption of the function of the organ

MORGAN, JOSEPH, MRS - Hat manufacturer, 9 Grafton Street, around the turn of the century + morgen (Danish, Dutch) = Morgen (German) - morning. 


geheimrat - privy councilor (a confidential adviser)

ernst (ger) - serious

Maus (ger) - mouse + mausey (Anglo-Irish) - having heavy buttocks, having large hips (from más (Irish) - buttock).

lustig (ger) - merry, cheerful

rump - the hind-quarters, posteriors, buttocks

marigold window - a circular window with radial tracery (a decorative intelacing of lines).

myrioscope - a variation of the kaleidoscope

piscine - a stone basin near altar of a church for liturgical ablutions

ambry - a place for keeping things, pantry; a place for books, library, archives; a cupboard or closed recess in a church used for books, vessels, etc.

portcullised - furnished with or having a portcullis (a strong and heavy frame or grating, formed of vertical and horizontal bars of wood or iron (the vertical ones being pointed at the lower end), suspended by chains, and made to slide up and down in vertical grooves at the sides of the gateway of a fortress or fortified town, so as to be capable of being quickly let down as a defence against assault).

nave - the main part or body of a church, extending from the inner door to the choir or chancel, and usually separated from the aisle on each side by pillars.

from the year dot (also from/since the year one) - from long ago