mish - missionary + SLIEVE MISH - Mountain, County Antrim, where St Patrick tended swine as a boy slave of Milchu.

MELL OF MOY - Ancient Irish elysium; Magh Meall, Ir "honey plain." A name for the Otherworld.  

venture - voyage

capitol - the building in which a legislative body meets, statehouse + capital

pocketbook - a book for notes, memoranda, etc., intended to be carried in the pocket; a note-book. 

packetboat - a boat or vessel plying at regular intervals between two ports for the conveyance of mails, also of goods and passengers; a mail-boat. 

keep - care, attention; charge

lunger - one suffering from a chronic disease of the lungs + lunch

diener - a laboratory helper + Diener (ger) - servant + dinner

souper (Anglo-Irish) - a Catholic who converts to Protestantism in return for food

Tipperary - county in Ireland

distinctly - clearly, plainly

Wehr (ger) - defence, corps

morder = murder

ostman = hoastman - a member of a corporation of merchant guild in Newcastle-upon tyre + Ostmen - Scandinavians anciently settled along the east coast of Ireland.

effendi - a Turkish title of respect chiefly applied to members of learned professions, master.

serge - a woollen fabric

padishah - a persian title ("great king" or "emperor") applied in Persia to the shah, in Europe usu. to the sultan of Turkey.

baas - master, boss; base

Priam - last king of Troy, character of Homer's, Shakespeare's. 

parisite - a fluocarbonate of the metals of the cerium group, found in small brownish-yellow crystals in the emerald mines of Colombia + Paris - son of Priam. Carried off Helen to Troy, occasioning the Troyan War.

Les Rois Fainéants (fr) - "sluggard kings", last of the Merovingian kings (500 -751).

tiara - a high ovate-cylindrical or dome-shaped diadem worn by the pope; a kind of turban worn by Persians; the head-dress of the Jewish High Priest.

scone - (More fully scone cap) 'The old broad bonnet of the Lowlands'; a large round cake.

unfillable - incapable of being filled, insatiable

liam - leash + LIA FAIL - The "Stone of Destiny," a monolith at ancient Tara which shrieked at the coronation of rightful high kings, and caused "black spot" on any guilty man seated on it. 

felled - p. of fell - to beat or knock down, kill

Westminster - section of London in which the house of parliament is located. Wesminster Abbey is now the repository of the Lia Fail, aka the Stone of Scone. 

strike out - to cancel or expunge with or as with the stroke of pen + strike - to deal or aim a blow with the fist, a stick, etc. Const. at. Also to strike back, out.

row - 'To make a vigorous investigation' into something (dial.)

saul = soul + Saule (ger) - column, pillar.

predicament - condition, situation, position; esp. an unpleasant, trying, or dangerous situation.


match head - a piece of chemical composition with which a match is tipped.

aspen - a tree of the poplar family (Populus tremula), with greyish bark and spreading branches, the leaves of which are specially liable to the tremulous motion that characterizes all the poplars.

He will never set the Liffey on fire (or 'He’ll never set the Thames on fire') - He’ll never make any figure in the world; never plant his footsteps on the sands of time.

to spare the rod - to leave (a person) unhurt, to refrain from inflicting punishment upon + proverb Spare the rod and spoil the child.

proverb Marry in haste and repent at leisure + punk - to quit.

song Rosie O'Grady: 'And when we are married, O how happy we'll be'

to make the welkin ring - to make loud sounds + welkin (Archaic) - sky.

Wilkins Micawber - an improvident person who lives in expectation of an upturn in his fortunes (a character in Dicken’s novel "David Copperfield").

the god on top of the staircase - Osiris in 'the oldest representation of the god which we have', according to Wallis Budge.

carrion - dead putrefying flesh of man or beast + Budge: The Book of the Dead xxi: (The early inhabitants of Egypt) 'made no attempt to mummify the bodies... still... many bodies have been found wrapped in skins of animals, and grass mats'.

mat - a piece of a coarse fabric formed by plaiting rushes, sedge, straw, bast, etc., intended to lie, sit, or kneel upon, or for use as a protective covering for floors, walls, plants, etc., or in packing furniture.

falsehood - that which is contrary to fact or truth; an untrue proposition, doctrine, belief, etc. + Holland 82: It is related that some of the scouts came to the very mouth of the cave [where Mohammed was hiding], and were about to enter when they noticed a thick network of spider's web spun across the opening. Feeling certain that no one could have passed into the cave for a considerable time, they agreed that further search was useles.

spindle - intr. Of cereals: To shoot up into the slender stalks on which the ear is formed; to rise in a slender form + spider’s web + spindel (Swedish) - spider + Joyce's note: 'Spiders' web over cavemouth'.

unsightliness - ugliness

nestling - a young bird which is not yet old enough to leave the nest; the youngest child of a family + Joyce's note: 'accacia tree with 2 wild pigeons' Holland 82-83: Another legend tells that a party of armed men, ranging over Mount Thaur, came to the entrance of the cave, and behold! an acacia tree had sprung up just in front of the narrow opening, and two wild pigeons had perched on its branches… To this day the birds are regarded as sacred in the territory of Meccah; flocks of them are always to be seen around the Kaabah, and no one would ever think of hurting them.

liven = enliven

arbutus - a genus of evergreen shrubs and trees + song My Love's an Arbutus.

to strike hands - (said of two parties to a bargain) to take one another by the hand in confirmation of a bargain.

warsheet - some kind of rope used on a ship + sheet - a broad piece of linen or cotton stuff, canvas, or the like, for covering, swathing, protecting from injury, etc. (obs.)

pledge - to bind by or as if by a pledge, plight + Joyce's note: 'great pledge'.

mantle - a loose sleeveless cloak of varying length; Applied (often with qualification Irish mantle) to a kind of blanket or plaid worn until the 17th c. by the rustic Irish, often as their only covering + Joyce's note: 'green mantle' Holland 80: Rumors of the plot [by the Kuraysh] having reached Mohammed, he escaped from the back of his house, and took refuge with his friend Abu Bakr. Meanwhile Ali laid himself down on the Prophet's bed, wrapped in his green mantle, to deceive any of the enemy who might chance to look in.

vicelegal, viceregal

sworn foe - one who has vowed perpetual enmity against another; hence, a determined or irreconcilable enemy + Swaran - in Macpherson's Fingal, leader of the Norse against whom Fingal fights. The Norse are defeated and general reconciliation occurs + foi (fr) - fidelity, loyalty, guarantee, confidence.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Four stones... rise on the grave of Câthba' (glossed in a footnote: 'This passage alludes to the manner of burial among the ancient Scots. They opened a grave six or eight feet deep... and four stones placed on end to mark the extent of the grave').

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: 'It is pierced, by his streams' (describes the death of Tur-lathon, whose shield was apparently pierced by the streams of the the Moruth river).

wassail bowl - a bowl used for mixing and serving liquor formerly drunk in England.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: The Death of Cuthullin: 'He offered him the shell of joy' + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: The War of Inis-Thona: 'They rejoiced in the shell' (glossed in a footnote: 'a phrase for feasting sumptuously and drinking freely' (as shells were used as drinking vessels)).

MORA - In Macpherson's poems, one of a chain of hills overlooking Moi-lena, the valley of the Lubar River, and the hill of Lora across the valley. Fingal spends most of his time there watching battles in the valley. 

in readiness - in a state of preparation + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: 'firm look in readiness' (gloss of name of Cairbar and Cathmor's father, Colc-ulla).

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'forward spear' (glossed in a footnote as signifying hostility).

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora V: 'her feet of wind'.

currach - a small boat made of wickerwork covered with hides, used from ancient times in Scotland and Ireland + Curach - Ossianic hero, killed by Swaran;                        James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Curach' (glossed in a footnote: 'Cu-roach... the madness of battle').

strew - to scatter, spread loosely

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal IV: 'I went, in suit of the maid, to Lego's sable surge. Twelve of my people were there, the sons of the streamy Morven!' + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VII: 'The poet describes a kind of mist, which rose by night from the Lake of Lego, and was the usual residence of the souls of the dead, during the interval between their decease and the funeral song'.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: (of Fingal) 'brightening in the last of his fields'.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VIII: (Fingal's companions) 'looked sidelong on Erin's host, and darkened as they went' (i.e. grieved).

Joyce's note: 'Year of mourning'

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Fithil' (glossed in a footnote: 'an inferior bard'; also in Temora IV).

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal II: 'the ghost of Crugal came from his cave. the stars dim twinkled through his form'.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'Fingal, who is terrible in battle, the king of streamy Morven!' + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal III: 'Morven's' (glossed in a footnote: 'All the northwest coast of Scotland probably went, of old, under the name of Morven, which signifies a ridge of very high hills').

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal IV: 'sunbeam' (glossed in a footnote: 'Fingal's standard was distinguished by the name of "sunbeam"... To begin a battle is expressed, in old composition, by "lifting of the sunbeam"').

hereditatis columna erecta (l) - the lofty column of inheritance (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

hagios chiton eripheios (gr) - holy garment of a kid (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

nod - to let the head fall forward when drowsy or asleep

for the nonce - for the occasion; hence (in modern use), for the time being; temporarily.

crow - to utter a loud inarticulate sound of joy or exultation

cheerio - a parting exclamation of encouragement; 'goodbye'; a salutation before drinking.

ecumenical - belonging to or representing the whole (Christian) world, or the universal church; general, universal, catholic.

equate - to state the equality of (one quantity) to or with (another).

integras (l) - you make whole, heal, repair + integers

conical - cone shaped + comical

headpiece - a piece of armour for the head, a helmet; any covering for the head, a cap + song Finnegan's Wake: 'Tim Finnegan... he carried a hod'.

chinchin - esp. of greeting or farewell, trivial talk, chatter; a phrase of salutation; insolent talk.

Thailand + T'AI SHAN - Mountain, Shantung province, China; for 4 millennia it has been a sacred mountain and a pilgrimage site, with pilgrims climbing the road to the temples on top + shanty (Anglo-Irish) - old house.  

gasometer - aparatus for measuring and hoding gas + gasometer (Slang) - voluble talker.

lithium - a metallic element of the alkaline group

lurid - pale and dismal in colour; shining with a red glow or glare amid darkness

anularis (l) - relating to a signet-ring; a white color made from chalk