stark - severely simple; providing no shelter or sustenance + stark (ger) - strong + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'Mor-annal' (glossed in a footnote: 'strong breath; a very proper name for a scout').

havoc - devastation, destruction + Howth.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Moran the son of Fithil!' (glossed in a footnote: 'Moran signifies many').

rope - to lay hold of + Europe.

Home Ruler - one who advocates or practises Home Rule (government of a country, colony, province, etc., by its own citizens)

figure - to give figure to, to form, shape, to represent in a picture + (figure in an illustration).

hoist - to raise aloft; to set or put up; to place on high

scruff -  the back side of the neck

shaggy - covered with or having long coarse or bushy hair + (hanged by the neck).

ration - to supply (persons) with rations, to provision; to divide (food, etc.) into rations, to serve out in fixed quantities

isobaric - indicating equal barometric pressure

patty - a little pie or pasty + (Eucharist) + (cannibalism).


RIESENGEBIRGE - "Giant mountains"; mountain range, part of Sudetic Mountains, along the boundary between South-West Poland (former Prussia) and North Czech + (the mountain of a man). 

fit up - to supply with necessary fittings, furniture, or stores

plantureux (fr) - copious + planters - English settled on forfeited Irish lands in 17th century.

existency - something which exists; a being, an entity

Sweet Rosie O'Grady (song) + oog (Dutch) - eye.  

mite - a very small object; often, a very small living creature, as a tiny child + (the mite of a woman).

hose - socks and stockings and tights collectively (the British include underwear as hosiery) + rose.

taut ship - a disciplined or strictly run ship

scupper - pl. an opening in a ship's side on a level with the deck to allow water to run away; a deprecatory term for woman esp. a prostitute

awash - washed by the sea, covered with water

mack - a waterproof raincoat made of rubberized fabric

Liebster (ger) - dearest + lobsterpot [or 'dear pet' ALP].

aquascutum (l) - water-shield + scutum (l) - shield + aquascutum - mackintosh ('Aquascutum' is a UK-based luxury clothing manufacturer and retailer, owned by Jaeger) + aquarium.

kay - key; left, sinister; "k" + kay (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - quay + Kate.

G man - a political detective in Ireland, a special agent (U.S.) + gee - horse, "g".

pierce - to enter, penetrate, or pass, as something sharp-pointed, into or through + Persse... O'Reilly + (javelin throwers).

ally - one united or associated with another by treaty or league

host - an armed company or multitude of men; a "company" of sparrows

"rawl chocolates" + (soldiers).

third party - a person other than the principals

rot - the process of rotting, or the state of being rotten; decay, putrefaction

rant - to talk or declaim in an extravagant high-flown manner; to use bombastic language; to be jovial, boisterous, uproariously gay or merry

oxtail - the skinned tail of cattle used for soup

porto - a well-known strong dark-red wine of Portugal

flippant - ready in the use of words, speaking freely, fluent, talkative, voluble

bigoted - obstinately and blindly attached to some creed, opinion, or party + Pigott Richard - English journalist. On April 18, 1887, The Times published a facsimile of a letter purporting to be written by Parnell condoning the Phoenix Park murders of May 1882. Nearly two years later, on the examination of Charles Russell, counsel of Parnel, Pigott's mis-speling of the word 'hesitancy' had revealed him as the forger of the letters supposedly written by Parnell himself, for in them the same error occured. 

silvicola (l) - inhabiting woods, sylvan + "Sylvia Silence, the girl detective..."

Matrosen (ger) - sailors + Hosen (ger) - trousers + "Meagher, a naval rating,... with whom were Questa and Puella,..."

sinews - strength, energy, force + the sinews of war - money. 

chest of drawers

fief = feoff - an estate of inheritance in land + William Shakespeare: King Lear III.4.174: 'Fie, foh, and fum'.

copyhold - a kind of tenure in England of ancient origin

alday - every day, always

polemy - warfare, strife; polemical writing + polity - mode of administering or managing public or private affairs, policy + polemopoliteia (gr) - war-citizenship.

suntime - a time of brightness or joy; solar time

for the love of - for the sake of, on account of + {his pub is always open for sake of the city, except at night-time when he makes love to Janus [ALP/Issy]}

Janus - an ancient Italian deity, regarded as the doorkeeper of heaven, as guardian of doors and gates, and as presiding over the entrance upon or beginning of things; represented with a face on the front and another on the back of his head; the doors of his temple in the Roman Forum were always open in time of war, and shut in time of peace.

petti- - designing garments having some of the characteristics or functions of a petticoat + pickle - an unattractive woman.

jewess - a female jew + Maria the Jewess (or Maria Prophetissa) - important figure of early alchemy (she has lived anywhere between the first and third centuries A.D.). Several cryptic alchemical precepts have been attributed to Maria Prophetissa. She is said to have spoken of the union of opposites: "Join the male and the female, and you will find what is sought." The following was known as the Axiom of Maria: "One becomes two, two becomes three, and out of the third comes the one as the fourth."

Raoul - hero of Meyerbeen's opera, Les Huguenots; hero of Sweets of Sin  

in the sulks - in a state of ill humour + silks.

popeling - papist, a petty or deputy pope + Ulysses.8.622: 'poplin... The huguenots brought that here' + (Catholic).

run down - to collide with and knock down, to chase until exhausted

Huguenot - a French Protestant (16., 17. cent.)


Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington

uber (ger) - over + Meer (ger) - sea + Schall (ger) - resonance, echo + marshal.

Blücher (1742-1819) - Prussian marshal who came to Wellington's aid at Waterloo.  

supercharger - compressor that forces increased oxygen into the cylinders of an internal-combustion engine + 'Supercharger' - a triumph of myth over fact. Wellington rode not a white horse at Waterloo but a chestnut charger named Copenhagen, who was buried in 1836 with all honors.

Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 15: 'Mons. Ducrow and his Equestrian Company in the interesting spectacle, "The Battle of Waterloo." Ducrow was indeed the Napoleon of Equestrians' (Andrew Ducrow was a horseman).

Mudson (Slang) - Adam

Gardiner Street, Dublin + Henrik Ibsen: The Master Builder.

paunch - the belly + Punch - the name of the principal character, a grotesque hump-backed figure, in the puppet-show called Punch and Judy. (The name Judy for 'Punch's wife' appears to be later.) 

judex - judge

full of beans - lively

brehon - a lawyer of ancient Ireland

cauchemar (fr) - nightmare + coachman.

ectoplasm - a viscous substance which is supposed to emanate from the body of a spiritualistic medium, and to develop into a human form or face

pass for - to be taken for, to be accepted as

baa - the bleat of a sheep + 'Baa Baa Black Sheep, have you any wool?' (nursery rhyme)

black sheep - a bad character

wooly - a woollen garment or covering; a sheep

dramatize - to convert into a drama; to put into dramatic form, adapt for representation on the stage

Buck Mulligan + Alice Milligan: The Last Feast of the Fianna (a one-act play about Finn MacCool).

shepherd + Schubert, Franz Peter (1797-1828) - German composer. 

Samuel A. Ossory Fitzpatrick - author of 'Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account' + W.J. Fitzpatrick - authority on social life of past Ireland.

emirate - the jurisdiction or government of an emir

The Boys of Wexford (song about the 1798 insurgents)

babu - a Hindy gentleman + babbo (it) - daddy + "Babbo was used in Joyce household. Joyce's daughter-in-law, Helen Joyce, had been complaining because Joyce wrote to his son Georgio in Italian, the family language. She felt somehow that he was talking about her in this language she could not read (a few months later she was hospitalized for paranoia). Joyce answered her in letter: "The reason I write in Italian to Giorgio [sic] is not to conceal anything from your keen swift flashing and infallible eye but because when he was introduced to me 30 years ago by Dr. Gilberto Sinigaglia I said: Toh! Georgio. To which he replied: Baaaa boooo. Our conversation has continued in that tongue." (Letters I: 381; 28 Aug.1935). “Toh!” may be an odd word in Italian, but it is one of the most common expressions in Hausa (exclamation point and all). It asks, “OK?” or “Agreed?” or, as an answer, expresses “OK!” or “Agreed!” So underneath Joyce’s exchange we could hear, “Is it OK?” and Georgio’s crying answer, “No.” (Baabu). So in what “tongue” has their dialogue taken place? Joyce has orchestrated this whole scenario only for himself, for it surely was not to be caught by Helen Joyce’s “infallible” eye.'' (Karl Reisman).

identified + indemnify - to secure against loss or damage, to insure, to provide someone with protection, especially financial protection, against possible loss, damage, or liability.

boro - rice harvested in spring; a pledge, borrow + Brian Boru - Irish high king who defeated the Danes at the Battle of Clontarf, 1014; his name is etymologised as 'Brian of the tributes'.

schenken (ger) - to give (present), to pour out (a drink) + schenkt (ger) - pours, gives + Schenke (ger) - pub.

brig (Slang) - military punishment cells + sent to Coventry - ostracised + (Henry II gave Dublin to people of Bristol in 1173).

drey = dry + drei (ger) - three + Ulysses.12.1460: 'three birthplaces of the first duke of Wellington'.

Ortschaft (ger) - village, place

entumulatus (l) - put into a burial mound, buried 

triplex (l) - threefold

likeness - a sculptured image, a statue; resemblance, similarity

terre cuite = terra cotta - a hard unglazed pottery, an object of art made of this substance + cuite (fr) - burned, fired.

give (something or someone) a rest - to stop thinking or talking about

rainbowed - brightened or spanned with or as with a rainbow

ebriety (Archaic) - drunkenness + Liberty, Fraternity, Equality - the motto of the French Revolution.

fraternity - a body or order of men organized for religious or devout purposes a body of men associated by some tie or common interest; a company, guild + froth-for-eternity.

reverse - the side of a coin or medal that does not bear the principal design

make a virtue of - to make a merit of, to gain credit by + make a virtue of necessity - obtain kudos from apparently willingly doing something that one was in fact couldn't avoid doing. It is also used to mean 'submit with good grace'.

obverse - the side of a coin or medal bearing the principal stamp or design + the obverse and reverse - the front and the back side.

mar - to spoil, impair + to mar (one's) market - to spoil (one's) own trade + {his first son makes a virtue of necessity [Shaun], while his other upsets his mother with all his invention [Shem]}

Necessity is the mother of invention

gunwale - the upper edge of a ship's side; flat braided cord attached near the lower edge of a sail for tying up a reef + {put silk on his sides and he's the second city in the Empire}

imperial - a kind of roofing slate + Hall: Dublin and Wicklow: 'In population and size, Dublin is the second city of the British Empire'.

point - a lace for tying parts of a garment + (points attach hose to doublet).

tenter = tenter hook - a hooked nail or spike, a metal hook upon which anything is hung.

lath - thin strips of wood used as a base for applying plaster + lath and plaster (Rhyming Slang) - master.

plaster - a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and water which hardens into a smooth solid (used to cover walls and ceilings) + {undo his stockings and his clothes and he’s the true master}

allthing - even, just, all through, entirely; everything + Althing (Danish) - national assembly.

ovum (l) - egg + ovo (l) - to exult, rejoice + uovo (it) - egg + each of us.

basideus (l) = basileus (gr) - king

árd-rí (Irish) - high king

kongsemne (Norwegian) - heir to the crown; pretender, claimant + Henrik Ibsen: Kongs-Emnerne (The Crown-Pretenders).

rex regulorum (l) - king of princes, king of kinglings

Dee river (two such rivers, in Scotland and in England) + Saint Patrick landed at Inverdea, at the mouth of the Vartry river (previously the Dea river).